Being a pilot requires specialized equipment. The days of being a pilot with only a leather jacket and a can-do attitude are gone. These days, pilot essentials include: proof of certification, personal protective gear, tools for the cockpit and aircraft inspection, and materials for navigation.
At a minimum, pilots should have a headset, and a kneeboard or tablet for writing down information. Other nice-to-haves include appropriate VFR sectionals and terminal area charts–either paper or electronic.
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For cross-country flights (that’s anything more than 50 nm long for airplanes and 25 nm for helicopters), you’ll want a completed navigation log, and a flight computer that allows you to determine time, speed, and distance calculations. For instrument flight, add in approach plates, and an IFR en route chart—high or low, according to your mission.
Pilot essentials related to the airplane include checklists appropriate to the aircraft, a fuel pipette and fuel strainer, rags to check the oil, and any other specialized tools required for the preflight inspection.
Other pilot essentials are: a multitool and a working flashlight—and a bag large enough to fit all these things in. If you are using the flight to build cross-country hours toward a private or sport pilot certificate, you will also have to carry your logbook with you.
Some gear is specific to pilots, for example, the pilot kneeboard is sort of a lap desk suited to the cockpit. It straps to the leg, usually with velcro. Clipboards, like the kind coaches carry, are often too large to use in the cockpit. The flashlights pilots carry are also pilot-specific as they usually have a colored lens—either green, red, blue, or yellow, because these colors do not destroy night vision like white light will.
Below, FLYING offers some suggestions for what a pilot should carry on every flight. Remember to pack the pilot essentials appropriate for the mission. For example, on warm days, you’ll likely want to pack more water.
In order to exercise your privileges as pilot in command or as a required flight crew member, you need to have in your possession your pilot certificate, a government-issued photo ID, and if required, your medical certificate. These are basic pilot essentials for every flight. Keep them together just in case you are “ramp checked” and asked to show them. If you are using the flight to build experience for a private or sport pilot certificate, you are also required to have your logbook in your possession.
A good quality aviation headset is another pilot essential because it is a vital piece of safety equipment. Many pilots will experience some degree of hearing loss at the end of their career, so it is important to protect the hearing you have from the beginning. Make sure the headset fits you and that there’s a tight seal between the ear cups and your ears. You can spend $1,000 or more on a headset so you might want to shop around to see if anyone has one for sale for a reduced price. For additional hearing protection on the ground, you might use custom aviation earplugs.
Make sure you get a headset that is appropriate for the aircraft you are flying. An airplane headset will not work in a helicopter unless it has a special adapter, and a helicopter headset will not work in an airplane without a special adapter—so make sure you pick the right headset to avoid having to get an adapter.
If you are going electronic, an iPad loaded with appropriate sectional charts and approach plates, if applicable, is a must—many pilots carry paper backups as a precaution because no one ever lost the use of their paper sectional from dropping it on the ramp, or because it ran out of juice or became overheated in the sun.
If you are using paper and writing implements as a backup or a primary means of copying down information, such as the weather before a flight, bring pens, pencils, and paper notebooks.
Sunglasses are also pilot essentials. They help protect your eyes from glare and strain. Be careful to select the unpolarized kind, though, because polarized lenses destroy depth perception and can render the screens of glass cockpit aircraft black and unreadable. Your best bet here is to find an inexpensive pair of non-polarized sunglasses. Make sure the bayonet (that’s the earpiece) interfaces properly with your headset. You may also want to wear a ballcap to shade your eyes.
Unlike a car trip, you can’t just pull over for snacks and water when flying an airplane. Carry them with you amongst your other pilot essentials. Just be careful about opening packages and bottles at altitude as pressure changes can result in explosive decompression of food and beverage containers.
An aviation fuel tester, sometimes called a strainer, is another pilot essential. Fuel inspection is perhaps the most important element of the preflight inspection, and even if the device is ostensibly supposed to be kept in the airplane, they do have a tendency to grow legs and wander off, so keep yours in a safe place.
A portable device charger is a must-have, as well, because we’re so dependent on our electronic devices, be it in the air or on the ground. Make sure the charger is adaptable to the aircraft. Most plug into the cigar/cigarette lighters that many aircraft were designed with but that no one uses anymore because smoking in aircraft is usually prohibited, and the smoke can damage the flight deck’s delicate instruments.
There are all sorts of ways to hurt yourself around an airplane. You can walk into the flap or ailerons of a high-wing airplane and get a cut on your forehead, or burn your hand on a hot oil cap. You’ll be happy that you have a portable first-aid kit—another pilot essential—with you in these instances. Make sure you have a variety of adhesive bandages, gauze, and antiseptic wipes to address these small injuries.
Just about every pilot has experienced a radio failure at some point—or they will. While the FAA has emergency light gun signals that pilots are required to know, it usually is a lot easier—not to mention safer—to pull out your hand-held radio and transmit your intentions on that rather than have the other pilots guessing at what you are doing. For this reason, FLYING recommends a two-way radio be included in your pilot bag essentials.
Because the TSA does not allow small knives and multi-tools on airliners, there is a special thrill in being able to carry one in your own aircraft. Make sure you get one that has at least one knife blade, both Phillips-head and flathead screwdrivers, pliers, and a wire stripper.
Some multi-tools have built-in flashlights—if not, be sure to carry a flashlight that has multiple colored lenses. White light is useful for preflight inspection at night and looking into dark engine compartments and fuel tanks. The colored lenses are useful in the cockpit to preserve your night vision during night flight.
Flight bags are designed for pilot gear. They have specialized pockets, often padded and shaped to hold specific items such as headsets, sunglasses, and flashlights. You should practice packing and unpacking the bag to help acquaint yourself with where everything is so you do not have to fumble with the bag under a time crunch. A well-organized flight bag containing all the pilot essentials is critical for mission success.
Yes, there are several student pilot essentials. Student pilots need to carry their pilot logbook on every flight when they act as Pilot in Command because the flights are being done in pursuit of a certificate or rating. In addition, solo flight is permitted only through endorsement from their flight instructor. These endorsements are located in the student’s logbook.
In addition, when on cross-country flights, the student should have their E6-B flight computer at the ready because one of the skills they are practicing is checking time, speed, and distance to calculate fuel burn.
In addition, most student pilots are working off a syllabus that should be carried in the aircraft during flight to make sure that the tasks required are the tasks performed.
When you begin your flight training, the flight school or flight instructor will probably deliver you a list of needed pilot supplies. Some of these supplies can be purchased at the flight school, others can be purchased online from retailers such as Sporty’s Pilot Shop, The Pilot Mall, Aircraft Spruce, and Mypilotstore.
The accounting profession in government, corporate, and public practice is currently in a state of flux, reflecting massive changes taking place in technology, social values and in social, government, and business institutions. It is, therefore, necessary to assure that professional education meets the changing needs of professional practice, just as the practice evolves to meet the changing needs of the society it serves.
The Certified Public Accountants, a national professional institute with international perspectives, recognises and responds to today's changing social attitudes and incorporates a wide range of subjects, studied in a structured and integrated way, relevant to both the accountancy profession and other areas of business. The diversity of the Advisory Council members of the Institute is a direct reflection of the types of talent and organizations that are needed to address the changing circumstances and multi-faceted nature of the accountancy profession.
ICPA is dedicated to the promotion of the highest accounting, finance, auditing taxation, management strategy and ethical standards.The CPA qualification test syllabus is divided into three levels; Foundation, Graduate and Professional.The examinations are designed to test the extent and depth of a candidate's theoretical knowledge as well as practical training experiences. The professional accountancy qualification of Certified Public Accountant opens the doors to many exciting and rewarding possibilities. The CPA designation is the most widely used designation worldwide for professional accountants and enjoys wide international recognition.
CPA OPENS DOORS
If you've been waiting for the right door to open, at CPA Sri Lanka, we have a suggestion for you........
Lecturer recommended my assignment, I was confident of success however I have come down in assignment based testing. This is a common problem with most of the students studying for CIM new syllabus even though some institutions boast of having top marketers in the panel, some more than 90% pass rate (fake pass rates to misrepresent students) and some even promising to create horses out of ponies.
The reality is that now the history of what the lecturers have done during their life time, sweet stories, fake pass rates, lecturers' driving BMW or Lexus or whether the lecturers are smart, good talkers, has MBAs earned with others work do not matter.
What matters is a process specially designed for assignment based testing delivered by a dedicated panel of lecturers supported by a team of support staff specially assigned with pre identified tasks.
ABS being the 1st CIM ACCREDITED TUITION Centre in Sri Lanka having the experience of handling several CIM syllabus changes in the past, had a special study into the problems students face in assignment based testing and what the examiners really look for in the assignment based testing.
In test based testing examiners are flexible since they respect the fact that the students answer within a period of only 3 hours. BUT with assignment based testing examiner is of the view that the students have 6 months to attend to the assignment or at least 3 months. Hence, the focus on quality presentations is at a higher level. Accordingly; grammar, spellings, nature of presentation, application of concepts to the selected company within given tasks are evaluated on a strict basis.
The panel of young dedicated lecturers at ABS with wider exposure to real life marketing handling key brands in the country got together and arrived at a well structured process for CIM students delivered in the state of the art lecture environment at ABS using the ISO 9001:2000 and CIM -UK certified quality process.
Coaching Plan for CIM new
Syllabus @ ABS
Delivering knowledge and real life exposure in a pre determined structure driving students to a smooth completion of assignment.
Knowledge sharing on relevant subject areas with concepts applied in real life situations;
Giving leads to students to find Companies to carry out the assignment;
Group work throughout creating an Interactive learning experience;
2 Residential Workshops; ONE IN MARCH AND THE OTHER IN MAY;
nMarch workshop covering the Initial tasks of the assignment and the workshop in May covering the rest of the tasks.
ABS having produced 2 World Prizes and 86 Sri Lankan Prizes with the previous syllabus' of CIM is fully geared to deliver another success story in the new syllabus. Students taking up CIM are strictly advised to check whether an instit6ute has a pre determined process for assignment based testing before joining and invite students to join ABS and be successful in CIM.
When you join ABS YOU SELECT A PROVEN ACADEMY WITH QUALITY PROCESSES ACCREDITED BY CIM and ISO and not just an institute located in a house run by a family of one person or an institute turning ponies or an institute talking of strategy without strategy but a place full of activities, fun and passion for student success.
CIM -CASE STUDY-ANANLYSIS AND
DECISION @ CPDM Level
Wahish specializing in this subject over the last several years has proven the students that he is the best. Students from other institutes having been let down by their lecturers are seeking the assistance of Wahish. ABS with Wahish have created a smooth well structured process that will make students feel easy at case study.
Prerequisite: To have completed the introductory course if the professional experience is less than five years.
Teaching method: Expert presentations, discussions and a lunch conference for each course. Participants will be required to take a quiz after each of the five courses they take to achieve certification.
Real estate development or redevelopment projects are becoming increasingly complex. Municipalities have a largely discretionary approach to urban planning. Social acceptance and environmental issues have become determining factors for developers to obtain permits and authorizations.
Getting projects approved is becoming an increasingly cumbersome, lengthy and expensive process. As such, developers and investors must be familiar with the requirements and procedures they will be subject to in their quest for authorizations and permits.
This course will help you to:
- Understand the extent to which the implementation of real estate development or redevelopment projects is increasingly complex
- Understand why municipalities have developed a mostly discretionary approach to urban planning and the impacts and consequences of such an approach
- Analyze social acceptance as an almost singular condition for obtaining permits and authorizations
- Master environmental issues as a determining factor in urban planning policies
Investors looking to purchase, lease or develop property in Canada need to be aware of the legal framework and contractual process that govern the Canadian real estate market. This course provides an overview of the real estate investment process from a legal, transactional and contractual point of view. It covers common commercial real estate legal structures and agreements as well as latest trends in the sector.
This course will help you to:
- Understand real estate law terminology
- Avoid legal problems related to investments
- Explore ethics and its implications in real estate transactions
Before closing any deal, it is essential to take a deep dive into your real-estate investment. Investment analysis and operational due diligence allow you to update your projections to accurately plan and execute based upon the findings uncovered during the bidding and earlier due diligence work.
This course will help you to:
- Learn about new trends, technologies, and standards in real estate valuations, including the process and factors that determine value
Whether acquiring, developing, financing, or disposing of a commercial asset, having a current understanding of its value can mean the difference between a good and a bad investment decision.
Debt financing is an integral part of real estate investment. Both investors and lenders must understand how the estimation of value and other underwriting considerations are used to determine the amount of financing available for a real estate deal.
This course will help you to:
- Explore the objectives and underwriting methods associated with different types of real estate loans and investments
The development of commercial real estate is a complex and multifaceted process. While each project has its own issues and nuances, commercial real estate development transactions include similar steps. It involves identifying a suitable location, planning and design, obtaining all required regulatory approvals and entitlements, financing, construction and leasing or selling the property.
This course will help you to:
- Explore the process of commercial real estate development
- Examine each stage of development
- Learn how value is created, as well as the key players, critical tasks, controllable costs and significant risks for each
The climate change and prescription drug law has revived a set of party goals that were widely thought to be dead.
By Michael Barbaro, Eric Krupke, Will Reid, Nina Feldman, Mooj Zadie, Rachelle Bonja, Rachel Quester, Marion Lozano, Brad Fisher and Chris Wood
University of Delhi’s statutory body’s members have urged the varsity to defer the implementation of four-year undergraduate programmes by one year. According to them, students have a right to know the full syllabi of these courses.
The move comes days before DU’s Academic Council meeting on August 3, 2022 to discuss syllabi of the first semester of the four-year undergraduate programmes (FYUP) based on the newly introduced Under Graduate Curriculum Framework (UGCF).
In a letter to Yogesh Singh, vice-chancellor, four academic council members, including Ratnesh Saxena and Meghraj, and a member of university court, Aman Kumar, voiced that the UGCF 2022 is being implemented ‘without proper planning and vision’.
According to the members, for the meeting on August 3, the varsity has put on the agenda the syllabus of various departments for one semester only which the university was earlier planning for two semesters at the beginning of this year.
The new curriculum will be implemented from the academic year 2022-23. The Executive Council (EC), Delhi University’s academic council, had in February approved the UGCF 2022, as formulated by a National Education Policy (NEP 2020) cell.
The framing of the syllabus needs a ‘rigorous exercise’ and teachers of various colleges are to be involved to ensure that the future generations get the best academic knowledge as per the undergraduate degree that they opt for, they said.
“Since the admissions are offered for the entire course and not just for one semester, the students seeking admissions have a right to know the full syllabi,” the letter said.
“A piecemeal syllabi can’t serve the purpose and would create confusion among admission seeking students not only at national level but also would discourage foreign students to take admission at undergraduate level in the University of Delhi,” the letter read.
The members also pointed out that 26 papers of Skill Enhancement Courses (SEC), which were approved by the Standing Committee on Academic Matters, do not include any SEC paper recommended by science, social science and other arts departments.
This has created an impression among university academia that to accommodate the concerns of the Department of English this has been done and SEC papers from other departments are not taken care of, they said.
“In view of the above, we demand that implementation of UGCF-2022 should be deferred for at least by one year and departments should be given one full year to frame the entire syllabus of UGCF, SEC papers of science, social science and arts departments should also be included among SEC, and English should be retained as a choice in AEC papers,” the letter read.
With inputs from PTI.
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Unit 1: Electrostatics
Uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)
Unit 3: Current electricity
Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; series an parallel combinations resistors
Unit 4: Moving charges and Magnetism
Unit 5: Magnetism and matter
Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar Magnet) along axis and perpendicular to its axis
Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field
Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances, with examples
Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets
Unit 7: Alternating current
Unit 8 : Electromagnetic
Basic idea of displacement current
Unit 9: Ray optics
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, (recapitulation) mirror formula
Scattering of light –blue colour sky and reddish appearance of the sun sunrise and sunset
Unit 10: Wave Optics
Resolving power of microscope and astronomical telescope
Polarisation, plane polarise light, Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarised light and polaroids.
Unit 11: Duel nature of
Unit 13: Nuclei
Radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law, hal life and mean life
Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
Unit 14: Semiconductor
Zener diode and their characterestics, zener diode as a voltage regulator
Unit 1: The Solid State
Unit 2: Solutions
Abnormal Molar masses
Unit 3: Electrochemistry
Unit 4: Chemical Kinetics
Unit 5: Surface Chemistry
Unit 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
Unit 7: p-Block Elements
Oxides of Nitrogen (structures)
Phosphorus - allotropic forms,
Phosphine; Preparation and properties
Phosphorous halides 7.9 Oxoacids of Phosphorus.
Sulphuric Acid: Industrial process of manufacture
Unit 8: d and f Block Elements
Some important compounds of Transition elements
The Lanthanoids: Chemical reactivity of lanthanoids.
Actinoids –Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids
Unit 9: Coordination
Unit 10: Haloalkanes and
Unit 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
Some commercially important alcohols
Unit 13: Amines
Unit 14: Biomolecules
Unit 15: Polymers
Unit 16: Chemistry in Everyday life
Unit 1: Relations and Functions
Composition of functions and invertible functions
Unit 2: Inverse Trigonometric Functions
Unit 3: Matrices
Existence of non-zero matrices whose product is the zero matrix.
Concept of elementary row and column operations.
Proof of the uniqueness of inverse, if it exists
Unit 4: Determinants
Properties of determinants
Consistency, inconsistency and number of solutions of system of linear equations by examples
Unit 5: Continuity and Differentiability
Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorems (without proof) and their geometric interpretation
Unit 6: Applications of Derivatives
Rate of change of bodies, Use of derivatives in approximation
Unit 7: Integrals
Integrals of the functions√(ax²+bx+c), and(ax+b)√(ax²+bx+c)
Definite integrals as a limit of a sum
Unit 8: Applications of the Integrals
Area under multiple curves
Unit 9: Differential Equations
Formation of differential equation whose general solution is given.
Solutions of linear differential equation of the type: dx/dy+px=q, where p and q are functions of y or constants
Unit 10: Vectors
Scalar triple product of vectors
Unit 11: Three-dimensional Geometry
Calculating the Angle between (i) two lines, (ii) two planes, (iii) a line and a plane
Unit 12: Probability
Mean and variance of random variable, Binomial probability distribution
TimesPro and the Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Nagpur have launched the postgraduate certificate programme in Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) to equip working professionals with new-age and technological skills. The programme aims to enable learners to make data-driven decisions to facilitate employee and organisational growth.
According to an official statement, the 12-month programme aims to provide learners with a comprehensive understanding of SHRM and prepare them for HR leadership roles.
The programme will develop strategic concepts, elevate organisational performance, and boost employee well-being as they develop a deeper understanding of the design and execution of human resource management strategies, an official statement added.
The course will be conducted via TimesPro’s Interactive Learning (IL) platform and delivered in Direct-to-Device (D2D) mode that includes a three-day campus-immersive session for learners, the statement added.
Furthermore, the programme focuses to help learners vastly enhance their skill sets by learning subjects such as Strategic Talent Acquisition, Performance Management System, HR Metrics and Analytics, Conflict Management and Negotiation Skills, Emotional Intelligence and Neuroscience of Leadership, Labour Laws and HR Compliance, among others.
Interested candidates can register for the programme at the official website of IIM Nagpur.
“The programme will enable HR professionals to develop skills to help achieve business objectives. The curriculum is designed to help learners understand nuances of smart people management and provide value to their organisations with a robust HR strategy aligned to business outcomes. As HR functions have evolved to incorporate technology and new-age strategy, this programme will prepare the next-gen professionals to create value and support the organisation’s long-term goals,” Brillian S K, Chief People Officer, TimesPro, said.
“The Strategic Human Resource Management programme for working professionals will ensure the deployment of a capable and committed future workforce with new-age skills to usher in organisational growth. The combination of data and technology will enable learners to take a significant leap in acquiring modern-day skills and conform to industry requirements.” Bhimaraya Metri, director, Indian Institute of Management Nagpur, said.
With inputs from PTI.
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