When it comes to managing computer systems, whether in an office environment, on a campus or in an enterprise data center, there’s a long list of tools and technologies SysAdmins need to master. There are numerous certifications can help validate knowledge and skills in those areas.
In addition to server and client configuration and maintenance, many system administrators must understand access controls, network services and resource requirements for applications. They often find themselves working with directory and name services as well as network addressing, database services, web and desktop applications, email, and more.
Making sense of all these different system administrator roles and accompanying certifications is no easy task. After examining various credentials, we came up with a list of our five favorite system administrator certifications for 2019.
The following chart shows the results of an informal job search we conducted that gives you an idea of the relative frequency with which our top five certifications appear in genuine job postings. While all the certifications are popular, the CompTIA Server+ stands out as the clear favorite.
|MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure (Microsoft)||112||247||253||151||773|
|Oracle Linux System Administrator (Oracle)||311||377||124||304||1,116|
|RHCE (Red Hat)||507||625||864||286||2,282|
*When searching for VCP – Data Center credentials, we found most job descriptions didn’t indicate a specific version.
Although employers tend to pay SysAdmins less than some of their IT peers, such as network engineers and data architects, a career in system administration is still worth pursuing. SimplyHired reports $77,296 as the national average salary for SysAdmins, in a range from $49,746 to $120,102. Indeed.com pegs averages at $75,967 for plain-vanilla, and $88,032 for senior systems administrators.
The Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) certification has long ruled the hearts and minds of those who work on Microsoft-based systems, servers and clouds. MCSE certifications focus on the latest technologies for business applications, cloud infrastructures, data management and analytics, mobility, and productivity.
But when it comes to system administration certifications in general, the brightest lights are those that address Windows Server at the enterprise and server administrator levels. While these credentials don’t all specifically use “system administrator” in their descriptions, they all fall well inside the roles and responsibilities of system administration jobs. They’re also in high demand in job postings and classified job advertisements.
The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure targets IT professionals seeking to promote careers such as information security analysts or computer support specialists. Those obtaining the certification will find that the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure credential is designed to validate the skills necessary to effectively run a data center, including networking, storage, systems management, virtualization and identity management.
Note: The Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) is Microsoft’s prevailing mid-range IT certification. It covers most administrative job roles, including system administration at both the desktop and server levels, as well as more specialized job roles that include SQL Server and Office 365. MCSA: Cloud Platform is a gateway certification that feeds into these MCSE certifications.
System administration candidates might also want to take a close look at the MCSE: Productivity credential, which garners nearly as many hits on job boards as the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure cert. The MCSE: Productivity focuses on Microsoft Exchange, SharePoint or Skype For Business. Because communications systems and services of all kinds are so important to business, these are good areas for aspiring and practicing system administrators to specialize in.
The Microsoft Certification Program underwent extensive changes in September 2016. Once you earn one of the latest MCSE credentials, you do not have to recertify within three years as used to be the case. However, by passing an elective test each calendar year, you add an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skillset.
|Certification Name||Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Cloud Platform and Infrastructure|
|Prerequisites & Required Courses||Any one of the following MCSAs is required:
MCSA: Windows Server 2016
MCSA: Cloud Platform
MCSA: Linux on Azure
MCSA: Windows Server 2012
|Number of Exams||One additional elective test is required to earn this MCSE. Valid electives include:
70-532 Developing Microsoft Azure Solutions
70-533 Implementing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions (exam retires December 31, 2018)
70-473 Designing and Implementing Cloud Data Platform Solutions
70-475 Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions
70-744 Securing Windows Server 2016
70-745 Implementing a Software-Defined Datacenter
70-413 Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure
70-414 Implementing an Advanced Server Infrastructure
70-537 Configuring and Operating a Hybrid Cloud with Microsoft Azure Stack (coming soon)
Candidates are encouraged to check the certification web page for the most current list of qualifying exams.
|Cost per Exam||$165 per test in the USA|
|Self-Study Materials||Visit the certification web page and Microsoft Learning for practice tests, free online training, Microsoft Official Curriculum in-classroom and on-demand course offerings, books, online resources and more. Candidates will find links to training resources including practice exams, books, video, and formal training on the test web page.|
Although known for its database products and solutions, Oracle also has its own distribution of Linux, geared for the enterprise and designed to support cloud environments. In fact, Oracle Linux is optimized for various Oracle products and platforms, such as Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud and Oracle Database Appliance.
To support Oracle Linux, the company offers the Oracle Linux System Administrator certification at Associate and Professional levels. A single Oracle Linux Certified Implementation Specialist credential is also offered. We focus on the Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) version in this section.
The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification, currently at version 6 (although version 7 should be coming soon), covers a lot of details. Candidates must be well-versed on the Btrfs file system, control groups, Linux containers, advanced storage administration techniques, Oracle cluster management and package management. The certification also tests for knowledge of dump analysis, dynamic tracing, network and security configuration and more.
The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification requires that candidates first obtain the Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator certification and pass one exam.
SysAdmins who support Oracle Solaris might be interested in the Oracle Solaris System Administrator certification, which Oracle offers at the Associate and Professional levels. Oracle also offers several server-related certifications for SPARC and Fujitsu servers.
In the realm of Linux system administrator certifications, Red Hat certs really stand out. Red Hat’s more senior-level certifications are especially popular among IT professionals as well as the employers who hire them. Those holding the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) credential qualify for job roles such as senior Linux administrator, senior UNIX administrator, senior systems engineer, infrastructure systems engineer, IT analyst and the like.
The RHCE is regarded as a high-level credential that’s not easy to obtain. Candidates must first obtain the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) credential and then pass a three and a half hour, hands-on, performance-based test that’s intense and demanding. Those who earn the RHCE can go on to earn the Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) in Infrastructure credential.
The current RHCE test is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7. RHCE certification is valid for three years from the date the certification was achieved. To maintain the certification, a credential holder must pass any RHCA test or pass the RHCE certification test again before the end of the three-year period.
Note: In October 2018, IBM announced that it was acquiring Red Hat for the princely sum of $34 billion. It’s too early to tell what impact this may have on Red Hat certification offerings, if any.
|Certification Name||Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)|
|Prerequisites & Required Courses||Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) certification (does not have be on the same Red Hat Enterprise Linux version). RHCSA requires one exam: EX200 — Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).
Note: Courses recommended but not required
|Number of Exams||One exams:
EX300 – Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam, 3.5 hours
|Cost per Exam||$400 (RHCE test fee only)|
|Self-Study Materials||Red Hat Training offers multiple training options, including classroom, virtual, online, video and private onsite. The Red Hat Learning Subscription offers online and video courses, including cloud-based labs, in Basic and Standard subscriptions. Prices vary by geography. Candidates in the U.S. can expect to pay $5,500 (or 19 training units) for the Basic tier and $7,000 (or 24 training units) for the Standard tier.|
CompTIA offers a long list of entry-level certifications, such as the A+ for hardware technicians, Network+ for network admins and Security+ for security specialists, all of which are highly regarded in the computing industry. The CompTIA Server+ certification is no exception. Companies such as Intel, HP, Dell, Lenovo, Xerox and Microsoft, as well as the U.S. Department of Defense, recommend or require that their server technicians earn CompTIA Server+.
The Server+ certification test focuses on foundational server-related courses that are vendor-neutral in nature, including server hardware, operating systems, storage systems, networking, the IT environment (documentation, diagrams and best practices), security and disaster recovery, virtualization and troubleshooting.
The Server+ credential, along with sufficient experience, is a great asset for individuals seeking a position as a server or network administrator, systems engineer or website administrator. You can also consider it as a stepping stone to a more focused certification, such as the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) or the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).
Server+ certification requires one exam, SK0-004. CompTIA recommends that candidates have at least 18 months of experience and A+ certification before sitting for the exam.
|Certification Name||CompTIA Server+|
|Prerequisites & Required Courses||Required: None
Recommended: CompTIA A+ certification plus 18 to 24 months of IT experience
|Number of Exams||One exam: SK0-004 (90 minutes, 100 multiple-choice questions, 750 on a scale of 100-900 required to pass)|
|Cost per Exam||$319. Purchase vouchers through CompTIA Marketplace. test administered by Pearson VUE.|
|Self-study Materials||Links to practice questions, test objectives, eBooks, and other training resources are available on the certification web page. test study bundles including eBooks and CertMaster practice are available from the CompTIA Marketplace.|
The VMware family of certifications are must-have credentials for IT professionals interested in the field of virtualization. Offering a comprehensive certification program that encompasses all skills levels, VMware credentials are recognized globally as best in class.
The latest incarnation of the VMware vSphere product is Version 6.5. VMware currently offers two credentials which target vSphere V6.5 users: the VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization and the VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (Design and Deploy). It’s anticipated that the VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV) will be available soon.
Although Version 6.5 is the newest version of the vSphere product, interested candidates can still certify on vSphere V. 6. The VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6-DCV) is one of VMware’s most popular credentials with more than 100,000 certified credential holders. The VCP6-DCV prepares credential holders for more advanced certifications, including the VMware Certified Advanced Professional (VCAP6-DCV) and the pinnacle cert, VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV). For this article, we chose to concentrate on the requirements for the VCP6.5 – DCV since it’s based on the newest version of vSphere.
Training is required for non-credential holders seeking to obtain the VCP6-DCV. VMware offers a variety of training options to meet the training prerequisite: self-paced (on demand), live online and live classroom, some of which include virtual labs. Those possessing a valid VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential need only pass a delta exam to obtain the credential.
|Certification Name||VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6.5-DCV)|
|Prerequisites & Required Courses||Path 1 (non-VCP credential holders): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam
Path 2 (active VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential holders): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, pass the VCP6.5–DCV or VCP6.5–DCV Delta exam. Training is recommended but not required.
Path 3 (expired VCP-DCV): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam
Path 4 (active VCP 6, 6.5 or 7 in a different track): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience and pass the VCP6.5–DCV exam. Training is recommended but not required.
See the VCP6.5-DCV web page for list of current approved training courses.
|Number of Exams||One or two exams depending on certification path.
vSphere 6 Foundations Exam, 2V0-620, 115 minutes, 65 questions
vSphere 6.5 Foundations Exam, 2V0-602, 105 minutes, 70 questions
VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exams:
VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization, 2V0-622, 105 minutes, 70 questions
VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta, 2V0-622D, 106 minutes, 70 questions
|Cost per Exam||vSphere Foundations test (V6 or V6.5), $125
VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exam, $250
VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam, $250
|Self-Study Materials||A link to an test guide, training and a practice test (if available) appear on each test page (see the How to Prepare tab). VMware Learning Zone offers test prep subscriptions. Numerous VCP6-DCV study materials are available through Amazon.com. MeasureUp offers a VCP6-DCV practice tests and a practice labs.|
Beyond the five system administrator certifications featured in this article, there are many other certification programs that can help to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work in system administration.
It makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-specific programs available for those who work with systems from companies such as Brocade, Dell EMC, HPE, IBM, NetApp, Symantec and so forth. Many of them play into key system specialty areas, such as storage, security or virtualization, while others offer a broad range of platforms for these and other technology areas. Here are some examples:
Likewise, vendor-neutral certification programs also offer a variety of interesting and potentially valuable credentials. For example, the LPI LPIC certifications, which had been in our top five list for several years, are well known and widely recognized in IT shops and operations that depend on Linux servers to handle their workloads. It’s best to think of our top five certifications as a good place to start, while also realizing that there are many other options to consider as well.
Database administrators are responsible for the day to day management of database environments, including relational databases management systems, cloud databases, or those used for database-driven web applications. Database administration is a great career choice, with plenty of employment options and (typically) a great salary. The competition for DBA jobs can be fierce, however, and, as such, we recommend getting a database administrator certification. With that in mind, this tutorial highlights some of the best DBA certifications designed to enhance your career.
Looking to learn more about database administration prior to taking a DBA certification exam? Check out our list of the Best Courses for Database Administrators to get started.
A DBA certification is a certificate (paper of digital) a person earns that specifies the owner has acquired experience, knowledge, skills, and abilities related to the administration of a particular type of database system, as well as the ability to manage stored data. There are a slew of database administration certificates available and your choice of which to pursue will largely depend upon your current career or where you would like to see yourself in the future.
Odds are, you will want to pursue multiple DBA certifications in order to enhance your skills and employability (not to mention salary range). For instance, you may want to get certified in managing an MS SQL server and T-SQL (Transaction Structured Query Language) if you want to work in a shop that uses Microsoft-related technology.
There are several types of database administrator certifications to consider as well. As in the above example, some DBA certifications fall in the “proprietary” classification. Proprietary certifications relate to certs that are for specific database vendors, like Microsoft, IBM, or Oracle. Regular DBA certifications, however, will cover courses that are vendor-agnostic, such as SQL, database development, data modeling, or data analysis.
Each type of database certification has its pros and cons and the decision of which to choose will, again, depend on your career path and future goals.
Below you will find some of the top database administration certifications, listed in no particular order of importance.
The first certification on our list is from Microsoft and is dubbed the Microsoft Certified Azure Database Admin Associate certification. If you are a DBA that uses SQL and Microsoft Azure, this certificate is a must-have. It is a beginner/entry-level certification that consists of a single exam, during which you will need to exhibit the following competencies:
If you would like to train for the test, Microsoft has a free training course to let you test your abilities. Those that pass the test receive a digital DBA certification and a Microsoft Certified badge for LinkedIn. The test costs $165. You can sign-up for the certification test by visiting its page: Microsoft Certified Azure Database Administrator Associate.
IBM DB2 is one of the top database systems in the world, regardless of whether you work in a Linux, Unix, or Windows-based environment. It is an intermediate-level database administration certification that validates admins who are capable of routine database administrative tasks, including how to create, update, and maintain databases and write basic SQL. Other requirements of the test include being able to manage a database server, monitor activity, performance, and availability, as well as, secure a database system.
The certification is made up of two exams, which are each around 60 questions and 90 minutes apiece. Each test will run $200 (or $400 in total) and are available via Pearson VUE. You can also learn more about the test by visiting the IBM Certified Database Administrator Certification page.
For database admins that prefer the SQL flavor of PostgreSQL, the Certified PostgreSQL DBA (CPSDBA) certification is a must. While a bit on the costly side ($2395-2995) and time constrained – you have to complete a series of courses over a 4-day time period – the certification can help open many doors if you are looking for a job as a PostgreSQL DBA.
Day 1 of the certification covers systems architecture, installation and database clusters, and how to create and manage databases. Day 2 is all about database security, monitoring, User Tools and GUI, database configuration, tablespaces, backup, and recovery.
Day 3 tackles routine database maintenance, performance optimization, best practices for upgrading a database, and streaming replication. The program comes to a close on Day 4, which centers around Point-in-Time recovery, how to set up BART, how to load and move data, how to partition tables, and a miscellany of advanced database administration topics.
You can learn more by visiting the Certified PostgreSQL DBA page.
MySQL is one of the most widely used relational database management systems (RDBMS) in the world and is very popular among web developers and PHP programmers – among others. Most database admins will work with MySQL at some point in their career and that makes earning this particular DBA certification worth it.
To earn this MySQL certification, database administrators will need to pass an test and showcase the following abilities:
Oracle offers a training course for this DBA certification through the Oracle University. The test itself costs $245 and earns DBAs a certificate and online badge for social media platforms and LinkedIn.
You can learn more about this database administration certification, its free course, and take the test by visiting the Oracle Certified Professional MySQL Database Administrator Certification page.
More than 20 years after Linus Torvalds developed Linux, the operating system remains a force in the computing industry. While Linux is not widely used on desktops (making up just over 2.4% of the overall desktop operating system market share in January 2019, according to NetMarketShare), it is extraordinarily strong on the web server side, where it enjoys a market share of almost 54%.
IT professionals invest considerable time learning about server computing for everything from installation, configuration, maintenance and virtualization to application support and security. This also means that many IT professionals are working with and around Linux operating systems daily, often alongside Windows and various UNIX OS brands as well.
The best of the Linux certifications vie for considerable mindshare among IT professionals and present an interesting mix of distribution- or brand-agnostic credentials alongside some pretty formidable vendor-specific credentials. There are multiple well-elaborated certification ladders available to those interested in learning, using, and mastering the Linux operating system environment and all the many bells and whistles it supports.
The results of a job search we conducted on several popular job posting sites show which Linux certifications employers are looking for when hiring new employees. While results vary from day to day (and job board to job board), this table reflects those Linux-related certifications that employers were seeking in the U.S.
|GCUX (SANS GIAC)||30||30||55||12||127|
|Oracle Linux OCA||27||31||33||12||103|
|Oracle Linux OCP||61||69||69||25||224|
|RHCA (Red Hat)||89||102||190||38||419|
|RHCE (Red Hat)||467||553||754||267||2,041|
|RHCSA (Red Hat)||417||504||667||241||1,829|
We found that for nearly every certification category listed above, the number of national jobs postings mentioning that certification has increased, in some cases substantially, since we surveyed the same job sites a year ago. Linux system administrators and engineers can expect average earnings in the low $70s and upward, depending on the job role. PayScale lists $70,194 as the average salary for Linux system administrators ($52,000/low and $101,000/high). Glassdoor reports earnings for Linux system administrators averaging $68,884, Linux system engineers at $99,348 and senior Linux system engineers at $122,071.
The Global Information Assurance Certification (GIAC) program is part of SANS, a highly regarded source of instruction and research in the information security field. SANS also provides breaking news, operates a security alert service and serves on all kinds of government, research and academic information security task forces, working groups and industry organizations.
The SANS GIAC program encompasses 37 information security certifications across several categories, such as cyber defense, penetration testing, incident response and forensics, management, audit, legal, developer and industrial control systems. The GIAC Certified UNIX Security Administrator (GCUX) falls under its Cyber Defense category, and aims at professionals who install, configure, monitor, secure and audit both Unix and Linux systems.
GIAC certifications must be renewed every four years by earning 36 continuing professional experience (CPE) credits. Also, credential holders must pay a certification maintenance fee of $429 every four years.
|GIAC Certified Unix Security Administrator (GCUX)|
Prerequisites & Required Courses
|None; SEC506: Securing Linux/Unix training recommended (classroom, on demand, self-study or private; $6,610)|
Number of Exams
|One test (75 questions, two hours, minimum passing score 68%)|
Cost per Exam
|$1,899 without training (called a GIAC certification attempt; includes two free practice exams) $769 as part of a training course $769 retake fee $429 certification renewal
Exams administered by Pearson VUE.
|Practice tests available on the GIAC test preparation page (two tests included in test fee; additional practice exams are $159 each). No GCUX-specific study guides found; GIAC recommends searching for self-study materials based on the GCUX objectives’ knowledge areas and getting practical experience.|
CompTIA exercises extraordinary certification clout at the entry level in many IT niches. This nonprofit has shown itself as willing to team up with more focused IT organizations, associations and consortia to combine their own market reach and visibility with niche smarts and subject matter expertise on loan from various partners.
One great example is the organization’s partnership with the Linux Professional Institute (LPI), which resulted in the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI credential. This unique certification replaced the original CompTIA Linux+ certification in 2010 and uses the same two exams required for LPIC-1 certification.
As a result of this partnership, IT professionals who are serious about Linux can earn both the Linux+ credential and the LPIC-1 at the same time. Candidates must first earn the Linux+ credential and then submit a request to CompTIA asking that their results be sent to LPI to obtain the LPIC-1 certification. CompTIA test records are confidential, so candidates must request that their records be forwarded to LPI when taking the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI exams.
Earning the CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI requires candidates to pass two exams. The first covers system architecture, installation and package management, GNU and Unix commands, devices, file systems and standard file system hierarchies. The second test digs into command shells, scripting and data management, user interfaces and desktops, administrative tasks and activities, basic system services, networking fundamentals and security topics. The CompTIA Linux+ Beta test (XK1-004) closed as of October 22, 2018, though candidates who took the test prior to the end date can still access those scores and apply a passing grade to their Linux+ certification. The replacement Linux+ 104 test based on this beta test will become publicly available in April of 2019.
Note that the Linux+ credential is valid for life.
|CompTIA Linux+ Powered by LPI|
Prerequisites & Required Courses
Recommended: CompTIA A+, CompTIA Network+ and 12 months of Linux administration experience
Number of Exams
|Two exams: LX0-103 and LX0-104 (60 multiple-choice questions each, 90 minutes, 500 required out of 200 to 800 scale to pass). Note that the LX0-104 Beta test is no longer offered as of October 22, 2018; the replacement 104 test becomes publicly available in April of 2019.|
Cost per Exam
|$200 per exam; prices vary by geography|
|CompTIA maintains a list of training materials and additional study options, including links to study guides, test crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, CertMaster, and more. Additional third-party reference and review materials can be found on Amazon.|
The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) started up in October of 1999, almost one decade after Linus Torvalds began his pioneering efforts on the Linux kernel. Since then, LPI has become one of the leading certification providers on Linux courses and technologies. Given the organization’s distribution-agnostic approach to Linux, it offers excellent coverage of a platform that’s available in many forms and flavors in today’s marketplace.
The LPI Certification (LPIC) program is available in three distinct levels:
In addition to the LPIC-1, 2 and 3 credentials, LPI also offers an entry-level credential, the Linux Essentials Professional Development Certificate (PDC). Linux Essentials focuses on foundational skills, such as creating and running simple scripts, restoring compressed backups and archives, working with the command line, Linux operating system basics, FOSS, and users/groups and file permissions for public and private directories. Linux Essentials is a great way to get started while gaining the skills and knowledge needed for the more challenging LPIC credentials.
LPI’s newest certification is the LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer, which recognizes the effective use of tools for collaboration during system and software development. There are no prerequisites, and the single test lasts for 90 minutes and has 60 questions.
LPIC credentials are worthwhile for IT pros whose chosen Linux distributions do not warrant their own certification programs, and for those seeking broad, vendor- and distribution-neutral coverage of Linux topics, tools and technologies. They are popular among IT pros and in demand among IT employers.
|LPIC-1: Linux Administrator
LPIC-2: Linux Engineer
LPIC-3: Linux Enterprise Professional
Prerequisites & Required Courses
|LPIC-1: None, Linux Essentials recommended
LPIC-2: Active LPIC-1 certification
LPIC-3: Active LPIC-2 certification plus completion of one of the 300 series specialty exams
Training is recommended but not required
Number of Exams
|LPIC-1: Exam 101-500 and Exam 102-500
LPIC-3: One of the 300 series exams: Mixed Environment (Exam 300-100)
Security (Exam 303-200)
Virtualization and High Availability (Exam 304-200)
Cost per Exam
|$200 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE. Linux ID required to register.|
|Study guides, courseware knowledge packs, eLearning courses, test crams, practice tests, online and classroom training, Linux Academy subscriptions and more are available at LPI test Preparation, LPI Marketplace and Amazon.|
When Oracle bought Sun Microsystems in 2010, it acquired a rich and deep UNIX tradition. Oracle started phasing out Solaris almost immediately after finalizing the Sun acquisition.
Today, Oracle offers associate- and professional-level certifications based on Linux rather than harking back to any kind of UNIX roots. These certifications retain enough of their Sun roots, however, so that courses are not mandatory prerequisites to taking the exams for the two Oracle Linux certifications currently available.
As with other vendor-specific Linux certifications, Oracle’s are most appealing to those who work with or around that distribution, or who wish to work for employers who use those distributions.
|Oracle Certified Associate (OCA), Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator
Oracle Certified Professional (OCP), Oracle Linux 6 System Administrator
Prerequisites & Required Courses
|OCA: No prerequisites. Recommended training: Oracle Linux System Administration OCP: OCA Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator or Linux Administrator Certified Associate (now retired). Recommended training: Oracle Linux System Administration|
Number of Exams
|OCA: One exam, 1Z0-100 Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administration (150 minutes, 80 questions, 61% to pass) OCP: One exam, 1Z0-105 Oracle Linux 6 Advanced System Administrator (150 minutes, 97 questions, 61% to pass)|
Cost per Exam
|Oracle offers online and in-class training for its credentials, with hit-or-miss coverage for them on the aftermarket. Start with Amazon searches — check test IDs 1Z0-100 and 1Z0-105 to get a sense for what’s available.|
Note: Though there is now an OCA and OCP test available for Oracle Linux 7 System Administrator, Oracle has yet to announce this new certification or release the details of new Linux 7-based certification tests for OCA and OCP candidates.
The Oracle Linux 6 Certified Implementation Specialist Certification is a certification available for those who sell, design, configure and implement Oracle Linux 6 solutions. Though any candidate can complete this certification, it is most typically achieved by Oracle partner implementation personnel with strong foundational experience in Linux and previous field experience implementing Linux 6.
If there’s one major star in the vendor-specific Linux certification firmament, it’s got to be Red Hat. The company has major market presence and serious duration as a commercial provider of Linux platforms and technologies.
Red Hat offers a typical administrator, engineer, architect certification ladder. Unlike many other such programs, however, it offers highly regarded and valued credentials at each rung, along with demanding and hands-on oriented exams and an excellent training curriculum to match. All exams for the following Red Hat certifications are performance based and last two hours or longer.
The giveaway for Red Hat certifications is that all come with acronyms that start with RH, as follows:
Because Red Hat Linux is widely used in the business world, the RHCA certification is an excellent choice for those interested in a more platform-focused path into the Linux world. Of course, for those who already work with or around Red Hat, it is a natural certification choice as well.
|Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA)
Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)
Prerequisites & Required Courses
|RHCSA: No prerequisites Recommended training:
RHCE: RHCSA credential Recommended training:
Same as for RHCSA, plus
Red Hat System Administration III (RH254) ($3,400)
RHCE-certified (Infrastructure track) – Candidates currently holding an RHCE certification must pass five additional exams from the Infrastructure track below.
RHCJD/RHCEMD-certified (Enterprise Applications track) – Candidates currently holding an RHCJD or an RHCEMD certification must pass five additional exams from the Enterprise Applications track below.
Number of Exams
|RHCSA: One exam, EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) test (2.5 hours) RHCE: One exam, EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) test (3.5 hours) RHCA: Five exams total depending on whether you have already completed an RHCE certification (for the RHCA Infrastructure track), or an RHCEMD/RHCJD (for the RHCA Enterprise Applications track): An RHCE must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA in Infrastructure:
RHCSA: One exam, EX200 Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) test (2.5 hours) RHCE: One exam, EX300 Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) test (3.5 hours) RHCA: Five exams total depending on whether you have already completed an RHCE certification (for the RHCA Infrastructure track), or an RHCEMD/RHCJD (for the RHCA Enterprise Applications track): An RHCE must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA in Infrastructure:
RHCEMDs and RHCJD must pass five exams from the following list to achieve the RHCA certification in Enterprise Applications:
Cost per Exam
|$400 each ($2,000 total RHCA test costs)|
|Red Hat skills assessments and other materials can be located on the training page. Red Hat Training includes multiple training options (online, classroom, self-paced, virtual, video and more). Red Hat Learning Subscription includes all online courses in one package; prices vary by geography, candidates can expect to pay $5,500 for a Basic Subscription and $7,000 for a Standard Subscription. Study guides are on Amazon.|
Outside the top five Linux credentials and programs covered in this article, other Linux certifications may be worthy of your time and attention.
The Linux Foundation, a membership-based organization, promotes the development of the Linux kernel through collaboration, conferences and education. The organization’s small but respected certification program includes the Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS) and the Linux Foundation Certified Engineer (LFCE).
IBM continues to offer a handful of Linux-related certifications. One certification of interest is the Certified Database Administrator, which continues to be in demand for those running DB2 on Linux, Unix and Windows systems.
Many industry experts, including Steven J. Vaughn-Nichols, a long-time user and expert on Linux and Unix operating systems, say that certifications can be an important ingredient in a job candidate’s qualifications. But interviewers should also pay close attention to how many Linux systems candidates have set up, managed or used to get a sense of the scale and scope of their experience.
In other words, when you see a web hosting service advertising for Linux jobs, they’re not looking for people who’ve installed and used Linux at home or in a small business setting; they’re looking for professionals who’ve set up and managed Linux in a highly distributed and virtualized data center environment, with lots of complex networking and services coming into the mix.
Oracle seeks to help law enforcement and first responders handle emergency situations through its new technology platform, Oracle Public Safety Services.
The platform is developed to provide emergency response workers with real-time information and situational awareness to help their decision-making process, the information technology company said Sunday.
Oracle Public Safety Services is also designed to do away with data silos and remove manual busy work.
Oracle has utilized its cloud infrastructure and worked with local government authorities, emergency medical service experts and law enforcement technology professionals for the development of its public safety platform.
The Oracle Public Safety Services suite includes a computer-aided dispatch command center for emergency call management and dispatch, wearable computer communications and camera system for officers, real-time video communication tools, a touch-talk-listen tablet application for vehicle communication and coordination, as well a cloud-based law enforcement records and jail management systems.
“We designed our systems to make the on-scene experience less isolating and emotionally charged by enabling responders to act as a blended team with someone monitoring the situation remotely,” said Steve Seoane, senior vice president and general manager for Oracle’s local government operations.
ENSURE the optimal provisioning of ICS services while providing functional & process leadership and expert technical expertise as the next Senior Principal Consultant: Database Administration (Oracle) sought by a dynamic Tertiary Institution. You will provide critical input relating to your stream of expertise, identify existing and potential system performance issues and conduct the necessary system configuration to optimize system performance. The role will also entail the assessment and analysis of future system requirements and forecasting system capacity needs to then recommend solutions that would best meet those needs. The ideal candidate must have Matric / Grade 12 National Senior Certificate, a 3-year ICT-related tertiary qualification OR Information Management OR Information Systems qualification at least NQF Level 7 with 8 years relevant and proven work experience in systems, server, and application provisioning in large and complex ICT environment of which 5 years must be in Oracle DBA.
Strategic alignment of technology, Installation, and customization –
Maintenance, Troubleshooting, Optimization, and Integration of specialized systems –
Leadership, Project Management & Research –
While we would really like to respond to every application, should you not be contacted for this position within 10 working days please consider your application unsuccessful.
When applying for jobs, ensure that you have the minimum job requirements. OnlySA Citizens will be considered for this role. If you are not in the mentioned location of any of the jobs, please note your relocation plans in all applications for jobs and correspondence. Please e-mail a word copy of your CV to [Email Address Removed] and mention the reference numbers of the jobs. We have a list of jobs on [URL Removed] Datafin IT Recruitment – Cape Town Jobs.
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The rollout of new commercial electronic health record software to new locations at the Department of Veterans Affairs is on pause until June 2023, the agency announced on Thursday.
The VA had hoped to resume deployments in January, after years of recurring problems including system slowness, unexpected downtime, problems with scheduling and referrals and other issues.
"Right now, the Oracle Cerner electronic health record system is not delivering for veterans or VA health care providers—and we are holding Oracle Cerner and ourselves accountable to get this right," said Donald Remy, the agency deputy secretary and the official charged with oversight over the multibillion Electronic Health Record Modernization program. "We are delaying all future deployments of the new EHR while we fully assess performance and address every concern. Veterans and clinicians deserve a seamless, modernized health record system, and we will not rest until they get it."
The VA said it will "correct outstanding issues—especially those that may have patient safety implications—before restarting deployments at other VA medical centers" in a release announcing the news.
A VA spokesperson said there was nothing specific to add to today's release in response to a question from FCW about whether holding "Oracle Cerner and ourselves accountable" included financial consequences for the vendor.
For patients at the five clinical facilities that already use the Oracle Cerner software, VA said it will focus on improvements to the system and ask veterans whose care has been impacted by the new system about the timeliness of prescription deliveries, referrals, scheduling and other aspects of their relationship with VA. Veterans who get in touch with complaints about their care can expect to hear back within five business days, the VA said.
The program to replace the homegrown VistA system with Cerner's electronic health record has been troubled since before it went live in October 2020 at the Mann-Grandstaff Medical Center in Spokane, Washington. Training deficiencies, technical problems including very long login times for users and frequent outages with consequences for morale among clinicians and reports of risks to patient safety are among the major issues cataloged by VA's Office of Inspector General and congressional overseers.
In May 2018, VA signed a $10 billion sole-source deal with Cerner (since acquired by Oracle for $28 billion) to supply its commercial electronic health record software to VA. The agency selected Cerner because it was already contracted to supply a system to the Department of Defense. The use of the same software for active duty and retired military personnel was designed to promote interoperability—a problem that has historically dogged VA, which relied on a stopgap read-only system to communicate between military and veterans' records.
VA planned on spending $6 billion on infrastructure improvements and program management over the 10-year install period’ however, that total $16 billion outlay is likely dwarfed by the true costs of the change to Cerner. Various watchdogs have put the final costs of installing and running the Cerner system at between $21 billion and over $50 billion.
"This program shows all the signs of a classic large scale government program failure," Roger Baker, former chief information officer at VA, told FCW. "It keeps missing schedule dates, the budget keeps expanding, no one seems to be in control, and users hate it. All there is left to do now is waste a billions of dollars more trying to save face before admitting the obvious."
Rep. Mark Takano (D-Calif.) the chairman of the House Veterans Affairs Committee, said in a statement that he supported the delay for the sake of patient safety and added, "the sole-source nature of this contract, the lack of market research, misunderstandings about interoperability, and incomplete requirements development under the Trump Administration led to the situation VA is currently in."
Rep. Matt Rosendale (R-Mont.), the ranking. member on a House subcommittee focused on oversight of the EHRM program and other VA tech, said the pause was "welcome news, adding: "There has been a lot of demonstrated problems with this program and I’m glad that Secretary McDonough is honoring his word in delaying this program until it can be fixed."
VA Secretary Denis McDonough has said at various times that the deployment schedule initially drafted was a "mistake" and that his "confidence has been shaken" after multiple outages, service degradations and other problems with the system.
However, VA so far has only withheld $156,750 in payments to Oracle Cerner for failing to hit system uptime targets under the $10 billion contract, according to congressional testimony from Dr. Terry Adirim, the program executive director for the EHRM project.
At a subsequent hearing of the House Veterans Affairs Committee's Subcommittee on Investigations, Michael Parrish, VA's principal executive director for the Office of Acquisition, Logistics and Construction said he did not think the $156,750 penalty was high enough given the extent of the system outages—which totaled 44 days.
"Coming from the corporate world, that would be different, and that's something we're looking at renegotiating," Parrish said.
As Operations Coordinator, LeJeune Will Work Alongside the Company’s Marketing, Sales, and Warehouse Teams to Help Manage Their Day-to-Day Operational Needs
METAIRIE, LA, Oct. 17, 2022 – Oracle Lighting (www.oraclelights.com), the market leader in creating high quality lighting products and innovative LED solutions for the automotive aftermarket, is proud to announce it has added Grant LeJeune to its Operations team.
“As Oracle Lighting continues to advance, we decided to add new talent in the form of an Operations Coordinator to assist in managing our growth and expansion,” said Sandy Crespo-Mossi, Oracle Lighting Director of Operations. “Grant has the education and work experience to be a successful and integral part of helping Oracle Lighting’s marketing, sales, and warehouse teams with their operational needs as we continue to develop and grow as a company.”
LeJeune has a B.S. degree in business administration, management, and marketing from Spring Hill College.
“I am thrilled to be a part of the Oracle Lighting team during these exciting times,” said LeJeune. “With the exact growth in the market sector and shortages still being experienced from the COVID-19 pandemic, I must ensure everything operates as smoothly as possible. At Oracle Lighting, I get to work in the thriving automotive industry, a dream of mine since I was a kid. I am excited to be working at one of the industry’s most groundbreaking automotive companies, which happens to be in my hometown of New Orleans.”
Louisiana-based Oracle Lighting has been designing innovative lighting products and technologies for the automotive/12Volt, powersports, motorcycle, and marine markets since 1999. Oracle’s philosophy is this: in today’s world of fly-by-night vendors, we think it is important to partner with businesses that you can trust to be there for you today, tomorrow, and for years to come.
For more information on Oracle Lighting and its full product line, please visit www.oraclelights.com, call (800) 407-5776, or email [email protected].
About Oracle Lighting
Metairie, Louisiana-based Oracle Lighting has been designing innovative lighting products and technologies for the automotive/12Volt, powersports, motorcycle, and marine markets since 1999. Oracle’s philosophy is this: in today’s world of fly-by-night vendors, we think it is important to partner with businesses that you can trust to be there for you today, tomorrow, and for years to come. Oracle Lighting uses only premium-level LEDs, and we are committed to exceeding our customers’ expectations and staying on the cutting edge of lighting technology. We achieve this though constant innovation as well as first class customer care.
Located just outside New Orleans, Oracle Lighting has received accolades from numerous organizations for our business practices, including being listed on the Inc500 list of the Fastest Growing Businesses in the USA for multiple years, being awarded SEMA’s Manufacturer of the Year in 2021 and SEMA’s YEN Vanguard Award in 2021 for outstanding contribution to the automotive industry, winning the 2012 Bronze Stevie Award for Consumer Products Company of the Year, and being named The Small Business Administration’s Exporter of the Year and a Small Business Champion by the U.S. Senate Small Business and Entrepreneurship Committee. In 2012, Oracle was named the Jefferson Parish Small Business of the Year by JEDCO. New Orleans CityBusiness Magazine also named ORACLE Lighting a Top Private Company in the Greater New Orleans Area in 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017.
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DUBAI - Zayed University and Oracle today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) at GITEX Global 2022 to expand their partnership into innovative new technologies. This builds on Zayed University and Oracle's existing 15-year partnership.
As part of the new agreement, Oracle will support Zayed University on its digital transformation strategy in the areas of artificial intelligence, machine learning, blockchain & data science, conduct workshops and training for ZU employees, review the university's existing technology architecture and provide access to subject-matter experts as required.
Speaking on the occasion, Nadia Obaid AlQabanji, Director of Zayed University's Information Technology Department, said, "Oracle and Zayed University have a strong relationship and shared ambition to provide students with access to world-leading technologies in the digital learning space. Technology is at the heart of an innovation revolution which has been taking place in the higher education space and Zayed University is determined to remain ahead of the curve.
"The possibilities provided by artificial intelligence, machine learning, blockchain and data science in the education sector are potentially transformational. Expanding this agreement with Oracle ensures that Zayed University's students and faculty will benefit from best-in-class infrastructure, services and software as we continue to roll out our exciting new strategy."
In line with the new strategy, this collaboration with Oracle will increase Zayed University student's employment prospects when they graduate, as they will be equipped with the skills needed to thrive in the technology-driven jobs of the future.
"Our agreement with Zayed University is intended to enhance digital literacy in the UAE's educational space. By enabling students and educators with advanced technology resources and training programs, we aim to strengthen their knowledge, expertise and adaptability to build talent readiness for the digital economy," said Cherian Varghese, Senior Vice President, Technology - Middle East, Africa, Turkey and Levant, Oracle.
The MoU was signed by Sherif Mousa, Acting Chief Administration and Financial Officer from Zayed University, and Varghese from Oracle.
Database developers and database administrators (DBAs) have been using open-source databases, such as MySQL and PostgreSQL, for years. The platforms are mature, offer flexibility with low license costs and have a huge community following. Plus, they help reduce your dependence on commercial databases, such as Oracle Database.
What’s getting in the way of your using them more?
This technical brief explores ways to use SharePlex® by Quest® to replicate your Oracle data to open-source databases. Data analysts and DBAs will see how SharePlex replicates data from Oracle in nearly real time to platforms like MySQL and PostgreSQL. The replication technology in SharePlex opens up your options for enjoying the maturity, flexibility and low cost of open source in your IT landscape.
The cuts affected workers at Oracle offices in Redwood City, Calif., home to the tech giant’s former headquarters. The jobs that were affected included data scientists, application developers, marketing specialists and software developers.
Oracle has laid off more than 200 of its workers in California months after reports surfaced that the tech giant was considering “thousands” of job cuts on the heels of its $28 billion Cerner acquisition.
The Austin, Texas company cut 201 jobs in total on Oct. 3 from its Redwood City, Calif. office, according to its Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) filed in California. The job cuts took effect Oct. 3 and was received by the California Employment Development Department Sept. 30, according to the WARN.
In a letter to the state obtained by CRN, Oracle said the layoffs would be permanent and said that its Redwood Shores campus would not be closing as a result of the job cuts. Oracle formerly housed its headquarters in Redwood City, but moved it to Austin at the end of 2020.
Among the jobs cut in this round, according to the Aug. 4 letter to the state from Anje Dodson, senior vice president of human resources at Oracle: data scientists, application developers, marketing specialists and software developers.
CRN has reached out to Oracle for comment.
As of this past May, Oracle employed approximately 143,000 full-time employees, of which about 48,000 are based in the U.S. and the rest internationally, according to a regulatory filing.
Oracle closed its acquisition of healthcare digital information system provider Cerner in June. The company began to notify employees of layoffs in early August, according to a report in The Information at the time. That matches with the date on the WARN notice, which states that this crop of employees received notification about the layoffs on August 4.
The company is the No. 1 employer in Redwood City, Calif. with over 6,500 workers there, according to the city.