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Oracle IT Architecture Release 3 Essentials
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AWS Certified Solutions Architect exam Guide

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect certification is an industry‑recognized professional certification that validates one’s knowledge in the design and deployment of distributed applications in AWS Cloud. Having the certification can be a unique opportunity to grow your career, boost your resume, highlight in‑demand skills and generally become more competitive.

Get this prep guide for FREE and learn all you need to know to pass the AWS Certified Solutions Architect certification exam:

  • Deep dive into exam domains (including storage, networking, security and more!)
  • Tips on how to prepare and understand theories
  • Links to useful resources and demo exam questions

Download now!


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Killexams : Best Enterprise Architect Certifications

Enterprise IT architect certifications appear most often at the apex of certification programs, where less than 1% of IT professionals ultimately ascend. Even so, many IT architect certifications are available, and you don’t need to invest in one certification sponsor’s vision to reach the top.

Many IT certifications in this area fall outside vendor umbrellas, which means they are vendor-neutral or vendor-agnostic. Nevertheless, the number of vendor-specific IT certifications exceeds vendor-neutral ones by a factor of more than 2 to 1. That’s why we devote the last section of this article to all such credentials, as we encountered them in search of the best enterprise architect certifications.

For IT pros who’ve already invested in vendor-specific certification programs, credentials at the architect level may indeed be worth pursuing. Enterprise architects are among the highest-paid employees and consultants in the tech industry.

What do enterprise architects do?

Enterprise architects are technical experts who are able to analyze and assess organizational needs, make recommendations regarding technology changes, and design and implement those changes across the organization.

How much does an enterprise architect earn?

The national average salary per SimplyHired is $130,150, in a range from $91,400 to a whopping $185,330. Glassdoor reports $133,433 as the average. Ultimately, the value of any IT certification depends on how long the individual has worked and in what part of the IT patch.

How do I become an enterprise architect?

Becoming an enterprise architect is not easy. While the requirements may vary by employer, most enterprise architects have a bachelor’s degree or higher in a computer-related field along with 5-10 years of professional work experience. Many enterprise architects obtain additional certifications past graduation.

Why should I get certified?

Certifications are a great way to demonstrate to prospective employers that you have the experience and technical skills necessary to do the job and provide you a competitive edge in the hiring process. Certification holders also frequently earn more than their uncertified counterparts, making certifications a valuable career-building tool.

Which certifications are the best?

Below, you’ll find our top five certification picks. Before you peruse our best picks, check out the results of our informal job board survey. Data indicates the number of job posts in which our featured certifications were mentioned on a given day. The data should provide you an idea of the relative popularity of each of these certifications.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order, by certification)

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs LinkUp Total
AWS Certified Solution Architect (Amazon Web Services) 1,035 464 2,672 240 4,411
CTA (Salesforce) 303 787 3,201 353 4,644
ITIL Master (Axelos) 641 848 1,218 1,119 3,826
TOGAF 9 (The Open Group) 443 730 271 358 1,802
Zachman Certified – Enterprise Architect (Zachman) 86 107 631 252 1,076

AWS Certified Solution Architect

Making its first appearance on the leaderboard is the Certified Solutions Architect credential from Amazon Web Services (AWS). AWS, an Amazon subsidiary, is the global leader in on-demand cloud computing. AWS offers numerous products and services to support its customers, including the popular Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) and Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2). AWS also offers numerous cloud applications and developer tools, including Amazon Comprehend, Amazon SageMaker Batch Transform and Amazon Lightsail.

AWS offers certifications at the foundation, associate and professional levels across five role-based categories: architect, developer, operations, cloud and specialty certifications. Foundation-level certifications validate a candidate’s understanding of the AWS Cloud and serve as a prerequisite to AWS specialty certifications. Foundation certifications are a recommended starting place for those seeking higher-level credentials.

Associate credentials typically have no prerequisites and focus on technical skills. They are required to obtain professional-level certifications, which are the highest level of technical certification available. Specialty certs, meanwhile, focus on skills in targeted areas.

AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate 2019

AWS currently offers the following credentials:

  • Foundation credentials: AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner
  • Associate credentials: AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate, AWS Certified Developer and AWS Certified SysOps Administrator
  • Professional: AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional and AWS Certified DevOps Engineer
  • Specialty: AWS Certified Advanced Networking, AWS Certified Big Data and AWS Certified Security

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect credential is available at the associate and professional levels. The associate credential targets candidates with at least one year of experience architecting and implementing solutions based on AWS applications and technologies. AWS updated the associate-level exam in February 2018 to include architecture best practices and new services.

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional certification targets senior AWS architects who can architect, design, implement and manage complex enterprise-level AWS solutions based on defined organizational requirements. Candidates should have a minimum of two years’ direct experience deploying and designing on the AWS cloud and be able to translate organizational requirements into solutions and recommend best practices. The associate credential is a mandatory prerequisite.

AWS Certified Solution Architect facts and figures

Certification name Certified Solution Architect – Associate

Certified Solution Architect – Professional

Prerequisites and required courses Associate: One year of hands-on experience recommended, AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner

Professional: Certified Solution Architect – Associate credential plus a minimum of two years of hands-on experience

Number of exams Associate: One exam (65 questions, 130 minutes to complete)

Professional: One exam (170 minutes to complete)

Certification fees Associate: $150 (practice exam $20)

Professional: $300 (practice exam $40)

URL https://aws.amazon.com/certification/
Self-study materials AWS makes demo questions, practice exams, exam guides, whitepapers and more available on the certification home page.

CTA: Certified Technical Architect

In 1999, Salesforce revolutionized the world of CRM when it introduced the concept of using the cloud to provide top-notch CRM software. Today, Salesforce has more than 150,000 customers, making it the industry leader for CRM enterprise cloud platforms. Currently, Salesforce offers solutions for various focus areas, including sales, service, marketing, commerce, engagement, community, productivity (Quip), platform and ecosystem, integration, analytics, enablement, internet of things (IoT), artificial intelligence, mobility, and industry (financial and health).

To meet industry needs for qualified and experienced professionals with the skills necessary to support its growing customer base, Salesforce developed and maintains a top-tier certification program. It offers many paths to candidates, including for administration, app building, architecture and marketing.

Salesforce Architect certifications are hierarchical, with most (but not all) lower-level credentials serving as prerequisites for more advanced credentials. At the top of the certification pyramid is the highest credential a Salesforce professional can earn – the Certified Technical Architect (CTA), which is our featured Salesforce certification.

The Salesforce Architect certification pyramid has three levels:

  • Specializations: These form the bottom tier of the pyramid. Salesforce offers eight specializations, four of which support application solutions, while the other four support system solutions. Application specializations include certifications for Data Architecture and Management Designer, Sharing and Visibility Designer, Platform Developer I, and Platform App Builder. System specializations include Development Lifecycle and Deployment Designer, Identity and Access Management Designer, Integration Architecture Designer, and Platform Developer I credentials.
  • Domain Architect: There are two Salesforce Domain Architect credentials: the Certified Application Architect and the Certified System Architect. The Certified Application Architect designation targets professionals with expert-level knowledge in Salesforce product functionality and features, while the Certified System Architect credential focuses on governance, integration and testing. Both credentials require the candidate to first earn their corresponding specialization certifications in addition to meeting other requirements.
  • Technical Architect: The Certified Technical Architect (CTA) is the highest Salesforce credential available. CTAs are experts in all Salesforce domains and possess skills necessary to design, build and implement Salesforce platform solutions. To earn the CTA, candidates must first obtain both the Certified Application Architect and Certified System Architect credentials or pass a single exam. Candidates must meet experience requirements and pass a rigorous board review, which validates their knowledge and skills in Salesforce competency areas, such as communication, development lifecycle and deployment planning, integration, solution architecture, data, security, and systems architecture.

Salesforce requires CTAs to maintain current skills. Credential holders must pass maintenance module exams with each new product release cycle (typically in summer, winter and spring). While challenging to earn, the CTA is important for IT professionals who are serious about a Salesforce technologies career.

CTA facts and figures

Certification name Certified Technical Architect (CTA)
Prerequisites and required courses Salesforce Certified Application Architect and Salesforce Certified System Architect credential:
  • Five years of implementation experience (must include development experience across the full software development lifecycle)
  • Three years of experience in an architect role
  • Two years of experience with the Lightning Platform (one year must be in an architect role while implementing Salesforce technologies and applications)
  • Experience as a technical architect on multiple complex deployments OR equivalent knowledge through project participation
  • Additional experience – guiding teams on platform technology; identifying and mitigating technical risks; exposure to project globalization, object-oriented design patterns, platform-specific design patterns and limits; developing code on the Force.com platform; building and addressing security complexities, mechanisms, and capabilities on the Force.com platform as part of a functional security model; knowledge of data migration, design trade-offs and ETL tools, large data volume considerations, risks and mitigation strategies, general mobile solutions and architecture, on-platform mobile solutions, and considerations as well as project and development lifecycle methodologies
Number of exams One exam (four hours to complete; candidates must formulate, justify and present recommendations based on a hypothetical scenario to a review board)
Certification fees $6,000

Retake fee: $3,000

URL http://certification.salesforce.com/technicalarchitect
Self-study materials Salesforce maintains links on the certification webpage to numerous review materials, including the online documentation, tip sheets, user guides, exam guide and outline, Architect Journey e-books, Trailhead trails, and the Salesforce Certification Guide.

ITIL Master Certificate – IT Service Management

One of our favorite credential sets (and for employers as well, judging by job board numbers) is the ITIL for IT Service Management credentials from Axelos. Axelos is a global provider of standards designed to drive best practices and quality throughout organizations. ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) joined the Axelos family in 2013.

Axelos manages ITIL credentialing requirements and updates, provides accreditation to Examination Institutes (EIs), and licenses organizations seeking to use ITIL. In addition to ITIL certifications, Axelos offers credentials for Prince2 2017 (which includes Foundation, Practitioner and Agile qualifications), Prince2 Agile, Resilia, MSP, MoP, M_o_R, P30, MoV, P3M3 and AgileSHIFT.

ITIL is a set of well-defined and well-respected best practices that specifically target the area of IT service management. There are more than 2 million ITIL-certified practitioners worldwide. ITIL is perhaps the most widely known and globally adopted set of best practices and management tools for IT service management and support.

ITIL Foundation (2011): Complete course and 2 practice exams

Axelos maintains a robust ITIL certification portfolio consisting of five ITIL credentials:

  • ITIL Foundation: An entry-level credential that validates general ITIL knowledge, including terminology, concepts, elements, services lifecycle and ITIL processes
  • ITIL Practitioner: A steppingstone credential for the Intermediate credential that tests a candidate’s ability to use ITIL principles within their business organization
  • ITIL Intermediate: An industry-recognized qualification with a modular structure, each module focusing on a different aspect of IT service management
  • ITIL Expert: An expert-level credential for candidates who possess broad ITIL knowledge that covers the entire ITIL scheme
  • ITIL Master: The highest ITIL credential from Axelos, targeting professionals who recommend and implement ITIL best practices

Axelos introduced ITIL 4 in early 2019. ITIL 3 practitioners should check the Axelos website frequently for updates about the transition to ITIL 4 and availability of the ITIL 4 transition modules.

The ITIL Master is the pinnacle ITIL certification, requiring experience, dedication, and a thorough understanding of ITIL principles, practices, and techniques. To gain the ITIL Master designation, candidates must have at least five years of managerial, advisory or other leadership experience in the field of IT service management. They must also possess the ITIL Expert certification. Once the skill and certification requirements are met, the real certification work begins.

Upon completing the prerequisites, candidates must register with PeopleCert, the sole approved Axelos Examination Institute, and submit an application. Next, candidates prepare and submit a proposal for a business improvement to implement within their organization. The proposal submission is followed by a “work package,” which documents a real-world project that encompasses multiple ITIL areas.

The work package (1) validates how the candidate applied ITIL principles, practices, and techniques to the project; and (2) documents the effectiveness of the solution and the ultimate benefit the business received as a result of the ITIL solution. Finally, candidates must pass an interview with an assessment panel where they defend their solution.

Axelos will soon be sponsoring 50 lucky people in their quest to obtain the ITIL 4 Master certification. You can register your interest in the program here.

ITIL Master facts and figures

Certification name ITIL Master Certificate – IT Service Management
Prerequisites and required courses ITIL Expert Certificate: Five years of IT service experience in managerial, leadership or advisory roles
Number of exams No exam required, but candidates must complete the following steps:
  • Register with PeopleCert.
  • Submit application.
  • Submit proposal.
  • Submit work package.
  • Attend interview.
Certification fees $4,440 if all ITIL credits obtained through PeopleCert

$5,225 if some ITIL credits were obtained from other institutes

URL https://www.axelos.com/certifications/itil-certifications/itil-master
Self-study materials Axelos provides documentation to guide candidates in the preparation of proposal and work package submissions. Available documents include ITIL Master FAQs, ITIL Master Proposal Requirements and Scope, and ITIL Master Work Package Requirements and Scope.

TOGAF 9

A leader in enterprise architecture, The Open Group’s standards and certifications are globally recognized. The TOGAF (The Open Group Architecture Framework) standard for enterprise architecture is popular among leading enterprise-level organizations. Currently, TOGAF is the development and architecture framework of choice for more than 80% of global enterprises.

TOGAF’s popularity reflects that the framework standard is specifically geared to all aspects of enterprise-level IT architectures, with an emphasis on building efficiency within an organization. The scope of the standard’s approach covers everything from design and planning stages to implementation, maintenance, and governance.

The Open Group offers several enterprise architect credentials, including TOGAF, Open CA, ArchiMate, IT4IT and the foundational Certified Technical Specialist (Open CTS).

The Open Group reports that there are more than 75,000 TOGAF-certified enterprise architects. At present, there are two TOGAF credentials: the TOGAF 9 Foundation (Level 1) and TOGAF 9 Certified (Level 2). (The TOGAF framework is currently based on version 9.2, although the credential name still reflects version 9.)

The TOGAF 9 Foundation, or Level 1, credential targets architects who demonstrate an understanding of TOGAF principles and standards. A single exam is required to earn the Level 1 designation. The Level 1 exam focuses on TOGAF-related concepts such as TOGAF reference models, terminology, core concepts, standards, ADM, architectural governance and enterprise architecture. The Level 1 credential serves as a steppingstone to the more advanced TOGAF Level 2 certification.

The TOGAF 9 Certified, or Level 2, credential incorporates all requirements for Level 1. Level 2 TOGAF architects possess in-depth knowledge of TOGAF standards and principles and can apply them to organizational goals and enterprise-level infrastructure. To earn this designation, candidates must first earn the Level 1 credential and pass the Level 2 exam. The Level 2 exam covers TOGAF concepts such as ADM phases, governance, content framework, building blocks, stakeholder management, metamodels, TOGAF techniques, reference models and ADM iterations.

Candidates wanting a fast track to Level 2 certification may take a combination exam, which covers requirements for both Level 1 and 2. Training is not mandatory for either credential but is highly recommended. Training classes run 2-5 days, depending on the provider and whether you’re taking the combined or single-level course. The Open Group maintains a list of approved training providers and a schedule of current training opportunities on the certification webpage.

TOGAF 9 facts and figures 

Certification name TOGAF 9 Foundation (Level 1)

TOGAF 9 Certified (Level 2)

Prerequisites and required courses TOGAF 9 Foundation (Level 1): None

TOGAF 9 Certified (Level 2): TOGAF 9 Foundation (Level 1) credential

Number of exams Level 1: One exam (40 questions, 60 minutes, 55% required to pass)

Level 2: One exam (eight questions, 90 minutes)

Level 1 and 2 combined exam (48 questions, 2.5 hours)

Certification fees $320 each for Level 1 and Level 2 exams

$495 for combined Level 1 and Level 2 exam

Exams are administered by Pearson VUE. Some training providers include the exam with the training course.

URL http://www.opengroup.org/togaf9/cert/docs/indiv.html
Self-study materials A number of resources are available from The Open Group, including whitepapers, webinars, publications, TOGAF standards, the TOGAF Foundation Study Guide ($29.95 for PDF; includes practice exam), practice test (99 cents for PDF) and the TOGAF 9 Certified Study Guide (a combined study guide is available for $59.95). The Open Group also maintains a list of accredited training course providers and a calendar of training events.

Zachman Certified – Enterprise Architect

Founded in 1990, Zachman International promotes education and research for enterprise architecture and the Zachman Framework. Rather than being a traditional process or methodology, the Zachman Framework is more accurately referred to as an “ontology.” Ontologies differ from a traditional methodology or process in that, rather than focusing on the process or implementation, they focus on the properties, types and interrelationships of entities that exist within a particular domain. The Zachman Framework ontology focuses on the structure, or definition, of the object and the enterprise. Developed by John Zachman, this framework sets a standard for enterprise architecture ontology.

Zachman International currently offers four enterprise architect credentials:

  • Enterprise Architect Associate Certification (Level 1): Candidates must attend a four-day modeling workshop and pass a single exam. The workshop covers key concepts relating to enterprise architecture and the Zachman Framework, case studies, engineering vs. primitive models and manufacturing vs. composite models, and hands-on experience building Framework models. The workshop fee ($3,499) includes the exam and certification fees for Level 1 and Level 2.
  • Enterprise Architect Practitioner Certification (Level 2): Architects must submit case studies of primitive and composite models that address specified management issues. Case studies must pass a referee review.
  • Enterprise Architect Professional Certification (Level 3): Candidates must complete a case study demonstrating primitive (architectural) and composite (implementation) models and complete a referee review. Level 3 credential holders may advertise themselves as “Zachman consultants.”
  • Enterprise Architect Educator Certification (Level 4): Designed for educators, this credential prepares candidates to develop and teach the Zachman Framework. To earn this credential, candidates should go through all educational materials related to the Zachman Framework, develop their own curricula and course materials, and present those materials for review and approval. While this is not required, Zachman recommends that Level 4 candidates obtain the Level 3 Professional designation.

Zachman credentials are valid for three years. To maintain these credentials, candidates must earn continuing education credits (referred to as EADUs). The total number of EADUs required varies by certification level.

Zachman Certified – Enterprise Architect facts and figures

Certification name Enterprise Architect Associate Certification (Level 1)

Enterprise Architect Practitioner Certification (Level 2)

Enterprise Architect Professional Certification (Level 3)

Enterprise Architect Educator Certification (Level 4)

Prerequisites and required courses Level 1 Associate: Four-day Modeling Workshop ($3,499)

Level 2 Practitioner: None

Level 3 Professional: None

Level 4 Educator: Review all materials related to The Zachman Framework; Level 3 Professional recommended

Number of exams Level 1 Associate: One exam

Level 2 Practitioner: No exam; case studies and referee review required

Level 3 Professional: No exam; case studies and referee review required

Level 4 Educator: None; must develop and submit curriculum and course materials for review and validation

Certification fees Level 1 Associate: exam fee included as part of required course

Level 2 Practitioner: None, included as part of Level 1 required course

Level 3 Professional: Not available

Level 4 Educator: Not available

URL https://www.zachman.com/certification/what-we-certify/enterprise-architect#enterprise-architect-associate-level-1
Self-study materials Live classroom and distance learning opportunities are available. Zachman also offers webcasts, a glossary, the Zachman Framework for Enterprise Architecture and reference articles.

Beyond the top 5: More enterprise architect certifications

The Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) is a great credential, especially for professionals working with Red Hat Enterprise Linux.

The Project Management Professional (PMP) certification from PMI continues to appear in many enterprise architect job descriptions. Although the PMP is not an enterprise architect certification per se, many employers look for this particular combination of skills.

Outside of our top five vendor-neutral enterprise architect certifications (which focus on more general, heterogeneous views of IT systems and solutions), there are plenty of architect-level certifications from a broad range of vendors and sponsors, most of which are vendor-specific.

The table below identifies those vendors and sponsors, names their architect-level credentials, and provides links to more information on those offerings. Choosing one or more of these certifications for research and possible pursuit will depend on where you work or where you’d like to work.

Sponsor Enterprise architect certification More information
BCS BCS Practitioner Certificate in Enterprise and Solutions Architecture BCS homepage
Cisco Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) CCAr homepage
Enterprise Architecture Center of Excellence (EACOE) EACOE Enterprise Architect

EACOE Senior Enterprise Architect

EACOE Distinguished Enterprise Architect EACOE Enterprise Architect Fellow

EACOE Architect homepage
EMC EMC Cloud Architect Expert (EMCCAe) GoCertify
FEAC Institute Certified Enterprise Architect (CEA) Black Belt

Associate Certified Enterprise Architect (ACEA) Green Belt

FEAC CEA homepage
Hitachi Vantara Hitachi Architect (three tracks: Infrastructure, Data Protection, and Pentaho Solutions)

Hitachi Architect Specialist (two tracks: Infrastructure and Converged)

Training & Certification homepage
IASA Certified IT Architect – Foundation (CITA-F)

Certified IT Architect – Associate (CITA-A)

Certified IT Architect – Specialist (CITA-S)

Certified IT Architect – Professional (CITA-P)

CITA homepage
National Instruments Certified LabVIEW Architect (CLA) CLA homepage
Nokia Nokia Service Routing Architect (SRA) SRA homepage
Oracle Oracle Certified Master, Java EE Enterprise Architect Certified Master Java EE homepage
Red Hat Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) RHCA homepage
SOA (Arcitura) Certified SOA Architect SOA Architect homepage

These architect credentials typically represent pinnacle certifications within the programs to which they belong, functioning as high-value capstones to those programs in many cases. The group of individuals who attain such credentials is often quite small but comes with tight sponsor relationships, high levels of sponsor support and information delivery, and stratospheric salaries and professional kudos.

Often, such certifications provide deliberately difficult and challenging targets for a small, highly select group of IT professionals. Earning one or more of these certifications is generally the culmination of a decade or more of professional growth, high levels of effort, and considerable expense. No wonder, then, that architect certifications are highly regarded by IT pros and highly valued by their employers.

Choosing the right IT architect credential

Enterprise architect credentials will often be dictated by choices that your employer (or industry sector, in the case of government or DoD-related work environments) have already made independent of your own efforts. Likewise, most of the vendor-specific architecture credentials make sense based on what’s deployed in your work environment or in a job you’d like to occupy.

Though there are lots of potential choices IT pros could make, the actual number they can or should make will be influenced by their circumstances.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10758-best-enterprise-architect-certifications.html
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*

Certification

SimplyHired 

 Indeed 

 LinkedIn Jobs 

 LinkUp 

Total

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

463

607

845

747

2,662

Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**

1,661

1,955

1,259

1,373

6,248

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator

205

342

182

142

871

Oracle Database 12c Administrator

235

295

695

214

1,439

SAP HANA

101

150

84

80

415

*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)

plus

DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.

URL

https://www.ibm.com/certify/cert?id=08002109

Self-study materials

Each exam webpage provides exam objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the exam Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.

MCSA

Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)

MCSE

There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One exam (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam

URL

www.microsoft.com/learning/en-us/certification-overview.aspx

Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice exams and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one exam from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.

URL

https://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/ou_product_category.getFamilyPage?p_family_id=32&p_mode=Certification

Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification exam webpage lists exam Topics as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most recent SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), exam code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam

$552

URL

https://training.sap.com/certification/c_hanatec_12-sap-certified-technology-associate—sap-hana-edition-2016-g/

Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to demo questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : RBSE Class 10,12 exam 2023 Syllabus Out At Rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
RBSE Class 10,12 exam 2023 Syllabus Out At Rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
RBSE has released the Class 9, 10,11 and 12 board exam syllabus.

Image credit: Shutterstock

RBSE Class 10,12 exam 2023: The Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education (RBSE) has released the Class 9, 10,11 and 12 board exam syllabus. Candidates can check and obtain the RBSE 2023 board examination syllabus through the official website – rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.

Latest: Register for ANTHE 2022. Get up to 100% Scholarship, Here
Don't Miss: RBSE Class 12th Question/Sample Papers. Download Now
Suggested: Toppers' Preparation Tips to Score 99+ in Boards, Check Now

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic scenario, the Rajasthan board has changed the board exam pattern and divided it into semesters. The board will conduct the 2023 final examination with 100 per cent syllabus. Last year the exam was held on a reduced syllabus. Recently an official notification from RBSE stated that the approved paper pattern for the 2023 examination will remain the same, however, choice in the question paper should be limited to long answer questions only. There will be no option for short answer questions. RBSE is likely to conduct the Class 10, and 12 exams 2023 next year in the month of March.

RBSE Class 10 exam 2023 Syllabus Direct Link

RBSE Class 12 exam 2023 Syllabus Direct Link

  1. Candidates at first need to visit the official website - rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
  2. Then on the homepage, click on the link ‘Anudeshika Pathyakram 2022-23’
  3. Then click on the RBSE syllabus 2023 link.
  4. The board exam syllabus will get displayed on the screen
  5. Download and take a printout of the RBSE 2023 board exam syllabus.
Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.ndtv.com/education/rbse-class-1012-exam-2023-syllabus-out-at-rajeduboardrajasthangovin
Killexams : Board Exams No result found, try new keyword!Karnataka 2nd PUC Supplementary results 2022 have not been released. The results will be declared on September 12, 2022 at 11 am. Karnataka 2nd PUC Supplementary results 2022 not out, to release ... Sat, 08 Oct 2022 03:06:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.hindustantimes.com/education/board-exams Killexams : Punjab ADA 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: obtain Official Syllabus PDF

Punjab ADA 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: Know about the Punjab ADA exam pattern & syllabus in detail. Also, get the marking scheme, exam duration, and official syllabus PDF announced by the Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC).

Punjab ADA 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus

Punjab ADA 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: The Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC) released the Punjab Assistant District Attorney (ADA) exam Pattern and Syllabus on its official website. Candidates must be well-versed in the syllabus and exam pattern of Punjab ADA 2022 to align their studies with the exam requirements. The official notification for the same was released in April 2022 and the written competitive exam is likely to be conducted on November 6, 2022. 

All the eligible candidates aspiring for this upcoming recruitment exam should check the Punjab ADA exam Pattern to get an idea of the scheme followed by the commission. As per the official notification, the selection will be based on the written exam with 120 questions asked from Subject based topics, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability, and General Knowledge. 

Download Govt Exams Calendar for Oct 2022

Along with the exam pattern, the commission has also released the official Punjab ADA Syllabus and Marking scheme for the ease of the aspirants. Candidates can obtain the same to ace the ADA written exam in one attempt.

Punjab ADA 2022 Important Dates

Check out the important dates for Punjab ADA recruitment elaborated below:

Events

Dates

Application Start Date

30th April 2022

Last Date to submit application

20th May 2022

Last Date for paying the application fee and examination fee

30th May 2022

Punjab ADA Admit Card

Five Days before the exam

Exam Date

6th November 2022

Punjab ADA Result Date

To be updated soon

Punjab ADA exam Pattern 2022

  • The written competitive exam is a pen & paper-based test. It consists of Multiple Choice Questions in the machine-gradable OMR sheet to be marked by a ballpoint pen.
  • The medium of the exam will be in English Language only.
  • The exam duration will be 2 hours.
  • As per the Punjab ADA Marking Scheme, candidates will be awarded 4 marks for every correct answer. Also, there will be a provision for negative marking (One mark for each question) for the questions marked incorrectly by the candidates.
  • The minimum qualifying mark to ace the competitive exam is 40% marks (35% for the candidates belonging to the Schedules Caste of Punjab and Backward Classes of Punjab).

Check the detailed exam pattern of the written exam below:

Punjab ADA Paper Pattern

Topic

Number of Questions

Marks

Duration

Subject Based Questions (Part A)

100

400

2 Hours

Logical Reasoning, Mental ability and General Knowledge(Part B)

20

80

Total

120

480

Punjab ADA Syllabus 2022

Candidates who are aspiring to participate in the upcoming Punjab ADA written exam should be well acquainted with the official syllabus. The commission has released the syllabus and scheme for all the subjects in the official notification PDF.  Candidates can obtain a copy of the Punjab ADA Syllabus to concentrate on the Topics important for the exam. The detailed syllabus is notified below:

Punjab ADA Syllabus

Subject

Punjab ADA Topics

Subject Based Questions

Code of Criminal Procedure

Code of Civil Procedure

Indian Penal Code

Constitutional Law

Indian Evidence Act

General Knowledge

General Knowledge and Current affairs of National and International importance including 

History of India with special reference to Indian freedom struggle movement History of Punjab- 14th century onwards

Science and Technology.

Economic issues. 

Environment issues

Polity issues 

Any other current issues. 

Logical Reasoning & Mental Ability

Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability.

Basic numerical skills, percentages, magnitudes, numbers, and numerical relation appreciation.

Data analysis, spreadsheets, tables, Graphic presentation charts

After getting well-versed with the above-mentioned syllabus for the Punjab ADA exam, the next thing to do is create a study schedule and follow it regularly. Also, attempt the latest mock tests, current affairs quizzes, and previous year's question papers to boost your preparation. Identify your strong and weak points and work on improving the weak areas to achieve the best score in the exam.

FAQ

Q1. What is Punjab ADA exam Pattern 2022?

Ans. As per the Punjab ADA Paper Pattern, the written exam is a pen-paper-based test. It comprises 120 multiple-choice questions (4 marks for each question) with an exam duration of 2 hours. A negative marking of 1 mark is applicable for every incorrect answer marked by the candidates.

Q2. What is the selection process for Punjab ADA Recruitment 2022?

Ans. The candidates will be selected for the post of Assistant District Attorney (Group-B) based on the written examination only.

Q3. Has the commission released the Punjab ADA Syllabus 2022?

Ans. Yes, the commission has released the Punjab ADA Syllabus for all the subjects, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability, General Knowledge, and Subject Based Topics. Candidates must go through the official ADA syllabus PDF and prepare accordingly for the exam.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 01:15:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/punjab-ada-2022-exam-pattern-download-official-syllabus-pdf-1665655275-1
Killexams : AP PGT 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: obtain Official Post Graduate Teacher Syllabus PDF

AP PGT 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: Get the details on the marking scheme, exam duration, and official syllabus PDF released by the Andhra Pradesh Education Board for the recruitment of the AP Post Graduate Teacher (PGT). 

AP PGT 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus

AP PGT 2022 exam Pattern & Syllabus: The Government of Andhra Pradesh School Education Department has released the AP PGT Syllabus and exam Pattern on its official website. Candidates should obtain the syllabus and exam pattern for the AP Post Graduate Teachers exam before starting the preparation. As per the latest notice, the department has withheld the AP PGT recruitment process due to the court case and the new dates of commencement of the process shall be intimated later.

Recent Story: AP TGT PGT Recruitment Process 2022 Withheld

The candidates who are going to write the upcoming exam should know about the AP PGT exam pattern to regulate their preparation for the Topics relevant to the exam. As per the notification, the selection process will have a written exam with questions asked from subjects such as the English Language Proficiency Test, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs, Perspective in Education, Educational Psychology & Content of the concerned subject, and Methodology of the concerned subject.

Check CTET Certificate & Marksheet 2022 New Update

Candidates should also obtain the detailed AP PGT Syllabus including the names of the Topics and marking scheme released on the official website of the department. This will help them to plan effective study strategies and ace the AP PGT exam in a single attempt.

AP PGT 2022 Important Dates

The important dates for AP PGT 2022 are detailed below:

Event

Dates

Application Start Date

To be updated soon

Last Date to submit application

To be updated soon

Admit Card Release Date

To be updated soon

AP PGT Written exam Dates

To be updated soon

Result Release Date

To be updated soon

Check CTET 2022 Registration Process

AP PGT exam Pattern 2022

The AP PGT exam Pattern comprises two papers, i.e., Paper I (English Language Proficiency Test) and Paper II (Teacher Recruitment Test(TRT)). Check out the detailed exam pattern for both papers shared below:

Paper I

  • The English Language Proficiency Test (Paper I) consists of multiple-choice questions.
  • The standard of questions of Paper I will be up to the intermediate level. 
  • The duration of the exam shall be 1 Hour and 30 Minutes.
  • The medium of the question paper will be English.

AP PGT Paper Pattern

Part-I

English Language Proficiency Test

100 MCQs

100 Marks

Paper II

  • The Teacher Recruitment Test(TRT) (Paper II) consists of Objective Type questions with Multiple choice answers.
  • A total of 200 MCQs asked for a maximum of 100 marks.
  • The duration of the examination is 3 Hours.
  • The question paper will be asked in English medium.

AP PGT Question Paper Pattern

Part

Subject

Number of Questions

Maximum Marks

Part-I

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

20 MCQs

10 Marks

Part-II

Perspective in Education

20 MCQs

10 Marks

Part-III

Educational Psychology

20MCQs

10 Marks

Content of concerned subject

100 MCQs

50 Marks

Part IV

Methodology of concerned subject

40 MCQs

20 Marks

Total

200 MCQs

100 Marks

Important Notes:

  • Paper I is the only qualifying paper and marks obtained in this paper are not considered for the preparation of the merit list.
  • The minimum qualifying marks for the English Proficiency Test are 60 marks for OC/BC category candidates and 50 marks for SC/ST/PH candidates.
  •  If the candidate of PGT fails to secure the qualifying marks in Paper-I then their Paper-II will not be evaluated and shall not be considered eligible for further rounds.

AP PGT Syllabus 2022

The candidates who are going to appear for the upcoming AP PGT exam should make sure that they are familiar with the official syllabus. The department has released the syllabus for all the subjects on the official website. Candidates can go through the AP PGT syllabus to cover all the Topics relevant to the exam.

AP PGT Paper I Syllabus

Check out the detailed syllabus for paper I of the AP PGT exam below:

AP PGT Syllabus for Paper I

 

Subject

AP PGT Topics

English Language Proficiency Test

Phrasal Verbs 

Parts of Speech

Prepositions 

Clauses 

Idiomatic Expressions

Homonyms 

Synonyms/ Antonyms

Homophones

Hypernyms & Hyponyms 

Spelling

Tenses

Subject/ Verb Agreement

One-word Substitutes

Foreign Phrases Used in English

Helping Verbs 

Degrees of Comparison

Language Functions

Sentence Improvement

Direct/ Indirect Speech

Proverbs

Modal Auxiliaries

Word Formation

Short Forms - Full Forms

Word Collocations

Ordinary Verbs 

Articles 

Transformation of Sentences

Common Errors

Punctuation and Capitalization 

Sentence Structures

Active/ Passive Voice

Word Order

Linkers 

Reading comprehension

Writing of Discourses

Dictionary Skills 

Question Tags

Types of Sentences

AP PGT Paper II Syllabus

Check out the official syllabus for Paper II of the AP PGT exam shared below:

AP PGT Syllabus for Paper II

 

Subject

AP PGT Topics

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

Standard GK and Events Happened in year 2022

Perspective in Education

  • History of Education
  • Teacher Empowerment
  • Educational Concerns in Contemporary India
  • Acts / Rights
  • National Curriculum
  • National Educational Policy

Educational Psychology

  • Development of Child
  • Understanding Learning
  • Pedagogical Concerns

Content

  • English
  • Telugu
  • Mathematics
  • Civics
  • Physical Science
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • Physics
  • Sanskrit
  • Chemistry
  • Social Studies
  • Commerce
  • Economics
  • Hindi

The AP PGT exam is going to be conducted soon. Candidates can check out the above-mentioned syllabus and exam pattern of AP PGT recruitment to understand the exam closely. Also, it is advised to pick the right set of books and attempt mock tests to strengthen the preparation.

FAQ

Q1. What is the AP PGT exam Pattern for Paper I 2022?

As per the AP PGT Paper Pattern, Paper I is a qualifying paper and comprises 100 multiple-choice questions for 100 marks. The duration of the exam is 1 Hour and 30 Minutes.

Q2. What is the selection process of AP PGT Recruitment 2022?

The AP PGT selection process comprises two stages, a Written exam followed by a Certificate Verification round.

Q3. What are the sections under d the AP PGT 2022 Exam?

English Language Proficiency Test, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Perspective in Education, Educational Psychology & Content of the concerned subject, and Methodology of the concerned subject

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 21:22:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/ap-pgt-2022-exam-pattern-syllabus-pdf-download-1665734179-1
Killexams : Rajasthan Board To Conduct Class 10, 12 Board Exams 2023 With 100% Syllabus
Rajasthan Board To Conduct Class 10, 12 Board Exams 2023 With 100% Syllabus
RBSE 10th, 12th exam syllabus is available at rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in

Image credit: shutterstock.com

RBSE 10th, 12th Exams 2023: The Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education, Ajmer released the Class 10, 12 board exam syllabus for the academic year 2022-23. The Rajasthan Board will conduct the Class 10, 12 exams on full syllabus this year, last year it was held on a reduced syllabus. "By canceling the 30 per cent cut in the syllabus in the 2022 examination, 100 per cent syllabus should be implemented in all subjects in Class 10th and 12th for 2023 examination,” RBSE notification mentioned. RBSE 10th, 12th exams syllabus is available on the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in. ALSO READ | CBSE Class 12 Board Exams 2023: Biology demo Papers, Paper Pattern

Latest: Register for ANTHE 2022. Get up to 100% Scholarship, Here
Don't Miss: RBSE Class 12th Question/Sample Papers. Download Now
Suggested: Toppers' Preparation Tips to Score 99+ in Boards, Check Now

RBSE will soon upload a new model question paper for the 10th, 12th exams which will be held for 3 hours 15 minutes. “The pattern of approved papers for the examination will remain the same, but the choice in the question paper should be given only in long answer questions. No option for short answer questions should be given," it mentioned. READ MORE | CBSE 2023 Board exam Date: Updates On Complete Schedule; Class 10, 12 demo Papers

  1. Visit the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
  2. Click on RBSE 10th, 12th exams 2023 syllabus
  3. RBSE 10th, 12th exams 2023 syllabus PDF will appear on the screen
  4. Download it, and take a print out for further reference.

The Rajasthan Board is likely to conduct the Class 10, 12 exams 2023 in March, the timetable will be released soon on the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 04:11:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.ndtv.com/education/rajasthan-board-to-conduct-class-10-12-board-exams-2023-with-100-percent-syllabus-rajeduboard-rajasthan-gov-in
Killexams : RBSE 10th, 12th Syllabus 2023 check Rajasthan board exam pattern here rbse 10th, 12th syllabus 2023 check rajasthan board exam pattern here © Provided by Times Now rbse 10th, 12th syllabus 2023 check rajasthan board exam pattern here

Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan, Ajmer has released the syllabus for classes 9, 10,11 and 12 on rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in. Candidates who will be taking the board exams next year, that is in 2023 will have to study as per the syllabus which has been released. The RBSE Class 10th syllabus 2023 and RBSE Class 12th syllabus 2023 can be checked by following the steps mentioned below.

Many boards including Rajasthan Board changed their exam pattern and divided it into semesters due to the outbreak of COVID. However, unlike the previous year, RBSE board will be conducting the final RBSE examination 2023 with 100 per cent syllabus.

Know how to check and obtain syllabus

  1. Concerned candidates should go to the official RBSE website - rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
  2. On the homepage, click on the link which reads ‘Anudeshika Pathyakram 2022-23’
  3. Now click on, ‘RBSE class 10 syllabus 2023’ or ‘RBSE class 12 syllabus 2023’ (Whichever you want to check)
  4. RBSE syllabus pdf file 2023 will be displayed on screen
  5. Go through the details mentioned on it and download
  6. Take its printout for future reference
Students should make sure to check the latest exam pattern for current academic session so that they can prepare for the final examination accordingly. As of now, the exam time table has not been released. Following the trends, it is expected to be released next month. For more details, they can go to the official website of Rajasthan Board.
Thu, 13 Oct 2022 16:35:00 -0500 en-IN text/html https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/rbse-10th-12th-syllabus-2023-check-rajasthan-board-exam-pattern-here/ar-AA12WwLS
Killexams : Rajasthan Board Exams 2023 For Classes 10, 12 Will Be Conducted With 100 Per Cent Syllabus Rajasthan Board exam 2023 for class 10, 12 will be conducted with full syllabus. © Shrimansi Kaushik Rajasthan Board exam 2023 for class 10, 12 will be conducted with full syllabus.

RBSE 10th, 12th Exams 2023: The Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education, Ajmer released the Class 10, 12 board exam syllabus for the academic year 2022-23. The Rajasthan Board will conduct the Class 10, 12 exams on full syllabus this year, last year it was held on a reduced syllabus. "By canceling the 30 per cent cut in the syllabus in the 2022 examination, 100 per cent syllabus should be implemented in all subjects in Class 10th and 12th for 2023 examination," RBSE notification mentioned. RBSE 10th, 12th exams syllabus is available on the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.

NEW MODEL OF QUESTION PAPER

RBSE will soon upload a new model question paper for the 10th, 12th exams which will be held for 3 hours 15 minutes. "The pattern of approved papers for the examination will remain the same, but the choice in the question paper should be given only in long answer questions. No option for short answer questions should be given," it mentioned.

RBSE 10th, 12th Exams 2023: How To obtain Syllabus

  • Visit the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
  • Click on RBSE 10th, 12th exams 2023 syllabus
  • RBSE 10th, 12th exams 2023 syllabus PDF will appear on the screen
  • Download it, and take a print out for further reference.

The Rajasthan Board is likely to conduct the Class 10, 12 exams 2023 in March, the timetable will be released soon on the official website- rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 15:26:00 -0500 en-IN text/html https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/other/rajasthan-board-exams-2023-for-classes-10-12-will-be-conducted-with-100-per-cent-syllabus/ar-AA12T3su
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