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Killexams : Oracle Fundamentals test - BingNews Search results Killexams : Oracle Fundamentals test - BingNews Killexams : Performing a Unit Test of Your PL/SQL in Oracle SQL

Lokesh Gaglani

Software Test Engineer


This tutorial shows you how to perform a unit test of your PL/SQL code in Oracle SQL Developer 3.0.

Time to Complete

Approximately 30 minutes


The SQL Developer unit testing framework involves a set of sequential steps for each test case. The steps are as follows, including the user input for before the step is run and the framework activities for the step while the test is being run.

  1. Identify the object to be tested.
    • User Input: Identify the object, such as a specific PL/SQL procedure or function.
    • Framework Activities: Select the object for processing.
  2. Perform any startup processing.
    • User Input: Enter the PL/SQL block, or enter NULL for no startup processing.
    • Framework Activities: Execute the block.
  3. Run the unit test object.
    • User Input: (None.)
    • Framework Activities: Execute the unit test.
  4. User Input: Identify the expected return (result), plus any validation rules.
    • User Input: (None.)
    • Framework Activities: Check the results, including for any validation, and store the results.
  5. Perform any end processing (teardown).
    • User Input: Enter the PL/SQL block, or enter NULL for no teardown activities.
    • Framework Activities: Execute the block.


Before starting this tutorial, you should:

  • Install Oracle SQL Developer 3.0 from OTN. Follow the release notes here.
  • Install Oracle Database 11g with demo schema.
  • Unlock the HR user. Login to SQL Developer as the SYS user and execute the following command:
    alter user hr identified by hr account unlock;
  • Download and unzip the to a local folder on your file system. In this tutorial, we use the C:sqldev3.0 folder.

Create a Procedure to Award Bonuses to Employees

In the HR schema, you will create a PL/SQL procedure called AWARD_BONUS which will calculate an employee's bonus if they have a commission_pct. The input parameters for the AWARD_BONUS procedure are the emp_id and the sales_amt. The emp_id identifies the employee, the sales_amt is used in the bonus calculation. Perform the following steps:

1 .

If you installed the SQL Developer icon on your desktop, click the icon to start your SQL Developer and go to Step 4. If you do not have the icon located on your desktop, perform the following steps to create a shortcut to launch SQL Developer 3.0 directly from your desktop.

Open the directory where the SQL Developer 3.0 is located, right-click sqldeveloper.exe (on Windows) or (on Linux) and select Send to > Desktop (create shortcut).

2 .

On the desktop, you will find an icon named Shortcut to sqldeveloper.exe. Double-click the icon to open SQL Developer 3.0.

Note: To rename it, select the icon, press F2 and enter a new name.

3 .

Your Oracle SQL Developer opens.

4 .

Right-click Connections and select New Connection.

5 .

Enter the following and click Test:

Connection Name: HR_ORCL
Username: hr
Password: <your_password>
Select Save Password checkbox
Hostname: localhost
Port: 1521
SID: <your_SID>

6 .

Check for the status of the connection on the left-bottom side (above the Help button). It should read Success. Click Save. Then click Connect.  

7 .

Now you need to create a procedure. In the SQL Worksheet window, enter the following script and click Run Script. This code is also in the file award_bonus.sql from the directory where you downloaded the zip file from the Prerequisites section.

create or replace
PROCEDURE award_bonus (
emp_id NUMBER, sales_amt NUMBER) AS
commission REAL;
comm_missing EXCEPTION;
SELECT commission_pct INTO commission
FROM employees
WHERE employee_id = emp_id;

IF commission IS NULL THEN
RAISE comm_missing;
UPDATE employees
SET salary = salary + sales_amt*commission
WHERE employee_id = emp_id;
END award_bonus;

8 .

Your procedure was created successfully. In the next section, you will create a database user for the unit testing repository.

Creating a Database User for the Testing Repository

In this section, you create a database user called UNIT_TEST_REPOS. You create this user to hold the Unit Testing Repository data.

Perform the following steps:

1 .

Create a connection for the SYS User. Right-click Connections and select New Connection.

2 .

Enter the following information and click Connect.

Connection Name: sys_orcl
Username: sys
Password: <your sys password>
Select Save Password checkbox
Hostname: localhost
Port: 1521
SID: <your_SID>

3 .

Your connection was created successfully. Expand the sys_orcl connection and right-click Other Users and select Create User.

4 .

Enter the following information and select the Roles tab.

Username: unit_test_repos
Password: <your_password>
Default Tablespace: USERS
Temporary Tablespace: TEMP

5 .

Select the Connect and Resource roles and click Apply

6 .

The unit_test_repos user was created successfully. Click Close.

7 .

You now need to create a connection to the unit_test_repos user. This user will hold the unit testing repository data. Right-click Connections and select New Connection.

8 .

Enter the following information and click Connect.

Connection Name: unit_test_repos_orcl
Username: unit_test_repos
Password: <your_password>
Select Save Password checkbox
Hostname: localhost
Port: 1521
SID: <your_SID>

The unit_test_repos user and unit_test_repos_orcl connection were created successfully. 

Creating the Unit Testing Repository

In order to create a unit test, you need to create a unit testing repository. You will create the repository in the schema of the user that you created. Perform the following steps:

1 .

Select Tools > Unit Test > Repository, then select Select Current Repository

2 .

Select the unit_test_repos_orcl connection and click OK.

3 .

You would like to create a new repository. Click Yes.  

4 .

This connection does not have the permissions it needs to create the repository. Click OK to show the permissions that will be applied. 

5 .

Login as the sys user and click OK

6 .

The grant statement is shown. Click Yes.

7 .

The UNIT_TEST_REPOS user needs select access to some required tables. Click OK.

8 .

The grant statements are displayed. Click Yes.

9 .

The UNIT_TEST_REPOS user does not currently have the ability to manage repository owners. Click OK to see the grant statements that will be executed.

10 .

The grant statements are displayed. Click Yes.

11 .

A progress window appears while the repository is created.

12 .

Your repository was created successfully. Click OK.

Creating a Unit Test

Now that the Unit Testing Repository has been created, you need to create a unit test for the PL/SQL procedure you created earlier in this tutorial. Perform the following steps:

1 . 

Select View > Unit Test

2 .

In the Unit Test navigator, right-click Tests and select Create Test.

3 .

In Select Operation, select the HR_ORCL connection that you used to create the AWARD_BONUS procedure.

4 .

Expand Procedures, select AWARD_BONUS and click Next

5 .

In Specify Test Name window, make sure that AWARD_BONUS is specified for Test Name and that Create with single Dummy implementation is selected, then click Next.

6 .

In Specify Startup window, click and select Table or Row Copy from the drop down list box. 

7 .

Enter EMPLOYEES for Source Table and click OK. Note that the table affected by the test will be saved to a temporary table and the query to the table is automatically generated. 

8 .

Click Next.

9 .

In the Specify Parameters window, change the Input string for EMP_ID to 177 and SALES_AMT to 5000 and click Next.

10 .

In the Specify Validations window, select to create a process validation.

11 .

Select Query returning row(s) from the drop down list.

12 .

Specify the following query and click OK. This query will test the results of the change that the unit test performed.

SELECT * FROM employees
  WHERE employee_id = 177 and salary = 9400;

13 .

Click Next.

14 .

In the Specify Teardown window,click and select Table or Row Restore from the drop down list.

15 .

Leave the Row Identifier as Primary Key and click OK.

16 .

Click Next.

17 .

Click Finish.

18 .

Expand Tests. Your test appears in the list.

Running the Unit Test

Next you will run the unit test to see if various values will work. Perform the following steps:

1 .

Select the AWARD_BONUS test in the left navigator. Notice that the test details are displayed on the right panel.

2 .

Run the test by clicking the Debug Implementation .

3 .

The results are displayed. Notice that the test ran successfully. Click Close.

4 .

Expand AWARD_BONUS in the navigator to see the detail nodes.

5 .

At this point you want to test when an Employee does not have a commission percent to see what will happen. You can create another implementation of this same test and then change the test parameters. Right-click AWARD_BONUS and select Add Implementation.

6 .

Enter empty_comm_pct for the Test Implementation Name and click OK.

7 .

Select empty_comm_pct in the left navigator to show the test details for this implementation.

8 .

Change the Input parameter for EMP_ID to 101 and SALES_AMT to 5000. Click Debug Implementation again.

9 .

Click Yes to save your changes before running the test.

10 .

Notice that you received an error. This error indicates that there was an exception because a commission_pct does not exist for this employee. You want to specify this exception in your test. Click Close.

11 .

For Expected Result, select Exception and enter 6510 in the field next to it. This means that an error will not be found if the exception has an error code of 6510. Click Debug Implementation

12 .

Click Yes to confirm changes.

13 .

Notice that the test executed successfully this time because the exception was handled. Click Close

14 .

At this point, you want to run the test and save the results. Click run .

15 .

Your test run has been saved with results for both implementations.

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Sat, 28 May 2022 13:41:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Post-bubble Economic Contraction

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

Stock-Markets / Financial Markets 2022 Oct 16, 2022 - 09:24 PM GMT

By: Gary_Tanashian


“Post-bubble contraction” (PBC) as coined by Bob Hoye, may finally be at hand

Bob Hoye has been talking about a coming post-bubble contraction (PBC) for many years, in my experience. Now after many false starts, it may finally be in play on the wider macro picture. Past contractions (e.g. 2008 and 2020) have proven to be little more than precursors, triggers to new asset bubble phases because the Fed’s main macro manipulation tool, bonds, were in a multi-decade long trend of disinflationary signaling.

To this point with respect to the PBC, timing has been an issue. This is not a critique of Hoye, a fine financial historian and macro fundamental analyst. In fact, it is the opposite. It is from him that I learned the proper fundamentals for gold and especially the gold mining industry. But perfectly good deflationary meltdowns (of previous inflationary operations) were foiled in both 2008 and 2020.

Why were they foiled so effectively? Because the Federal Reserve and global central banks have for decades had a lenient bond market to fall back on (the fabled ‘bond vigilantes of yore apparently rode into a small town, hit the saloon and never again emerged… until 2022, that is). I have for many years now used the 30-year yield ‘Continuum’ (monthly 30yr yield chart, below) as a nice visual to the mechanics of the Fed’s macro-manipulative wheel house, the US Treasury bond market.

The last time that the Continuum approached its (former) limiters (monthly EMA 100 & 120) was in 2018, when we noted:

My theory has been that since the 2016 election the Fed has firmed its resolve to extricate itself from a dangerous situation; caught with its pants down as Trump/Republican fiscal (i.e. politically instigated) stimulus was going to be laid on top of already extreme monetary stimulus [as perma-promoted by the Bernanke Fed through 7 long, saver killing years of ZIRP].

Q4, 2018 was a time when a tweeting president was routinely berating Fed chairman Powell for rate cuts because said Fed head would not back off his hawkish stance even though stock markets were cratering. We knew that the Fed would not willingly allow the Continuum, by which it was given license to inflate over the previous post-Volcker decades, to break out. Thus we knew that Trump’s harangues were falling on deaf ears.

Also from that post:

I continue to maintain that an impulsive breakout in yields would have blown the Fed’s racket. How do you maintain an orderly system of inflationary operation – that has endured through many decades – if bonds are burning and inflationary asset bubbles (most notably in stocks on the post-2008 bubble engineered by Bernanke-era monetary policy) are raging? The answer may well be, you don’t.

Dialing ahead to 2019, our most accurate journey along the Continuum has resulted in a spike that just today [Thursday] hit our upside target of 4%. It was a simple (inverted H&S) pattern measurement to a logical resistance zone.

How We Got Here

The progression toward today’s [Thursday’s] potentially max inflation hysteria (by the public, forward inflation indicators topped quite a while ago) point went something like this…

  • Powell’s hawk routine worked to once again contain the Continuum in late 2018.
  • As inflationary pressure eased, the yield began to drop.
  • As the pandemic raged and economies stopped in their tracks, the yield utterly crashed.
  • This is where politicians and the public alike invited the (economic) blood sucking Vampire back into their macro house. That is my way of saying that just like a vampire, you have to invite a self-conscious Fed into your house. It will not do its work in the (inflationary) light of day. It will do it under cover of deflationary night. In Q1, 2020 it was given all the darkness it needed as politicians and public alike demanded action.
  • We identified extreme and unsustainable over-bearish market sentiment in Q1, 2020 and also noted the Fed signaling, preparing and implementing its inflationary operations. It was a slam dunk to go bullish on the markets in H1, 2020.
  • As the yield above (and other indicators) began to recover we established a target at or just above 2.5% based on the formerly red (now green) resistance of the monthly EMA 100 & 120, which had limited all moves by the yield over the disinflationary continuum against which the Fed routinely manufactured inflation.
  • Today those limits are green and they are no longer resistance but instead, support to any future pullback in the yield during an interim disinflationary or deflationary phase that is expected to follow when today’s acute inflationary hysteria blows out.

That brings us back full circle to the opening concept of the article; that this time the PBC squirrel may indeed find his bubble ending nut.

This story is being told by the chronically strong US dollar, main receiver of frightened liquidity on the run. The story is also being told by its fellow Horseman of (macro) Apocalypse, the Gold/Silver ratio which is, in Hoye’s words “a metallic credit spread”. When gold rises relative to silver, it is a signal toward anti-liquidity for the markets, especially inflation-sensitive markets (silver having more cyclical, industrial and inflation sensitive utility than gold).

The Continuum & a PBC

The bottom line is that if/when this inflationary phase falters as expected there is going to have to be a lot (and I am talking about something way beyond the routine bear market that is in play now) of anti-asset price pain before that vampire gets invited back into this particular house (of cards, actually).

I have long viewed the 30yr yield above as the most elegant indicator I have. It was so beautiful in its unbroken structure and ‘like clockwork’ accuracy at forecasting macro turning points (along an inflation>deflation>inflation>deflation, etc. continuum with a bias to disinflationary signaling).

But now that important tool used by the Fed is broken. It broke in April with that big spike candle that pierced through the limiters (now green) and importantly, held the limiters on a subsequent test a few months later.

If you believe as I do that the implied disinflationary backbone known as the Continuum above was instrumental in the Fed’s power to manipulate the bond market in service to its inflationary operations, then maybe like me you might wonder how on earth is the Fed going to save the world again during the next meltdown? Or will it simply be runaway inflation forever? von Mises, anyone? Beuller?

There is only one clear answer for the years upcoming; this ain’t Grandpa’s or even Dad’s bond market. People have for decades claimed that the Fed is in a box, yet there they always were, inflating away as needed. But one firm statement I can make now is that the assumptions and metrics traditionally used by conventional market analysts (and tragically for the public, financial advisers) are obsolete for what is ahead.

For decades the sustaining constant has been periodic deflationary/disinflationary episodes routinely met by a dovish Fed. Today the Fed is forced by its own excess to try to recapture something that has gotten out of its bottle. But the spike above the green moving averages looks like a broken lid, and the Genie is not going to willingly go back in.

If this is finally THE post-bubble contraction the Fed is going to have to invent some new form of manipulation or else it’s going to be a long (and long overdue) economic and financial market contraction that the Fed has been warding off with extremely loose policy for decades. Said PBC would have to clear of its own mechanics. But boy there is a lot of clearing to do after decades of excess.

For “best of breed” top down analysis of all major markets, subscribe to NFTRH Premium, which includes an in-depth weekly market report, detailed interim market updates and NFTRH+ dynamic updates and chart/trade setup ideas. You can also keep up to date with actionable public content at by using the email form on the right sidebar. Follow via Twitter ;@NFTRHgt.

By Gary Tanashian

© 2022 Copyright  Gary Tanashian - All Rights Reserved

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.

© 2005-2019 - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.

Sun, 16 Oct 2022 07:54:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Oracle, fear and loathing

With Oracle CloudWorld in Las Vegas kicking off, the on-going battle with third party support provider Rimini Street is once again making the news. On October 10th Oracle said it had informed the court that it is prepared to proceed with a bench trial “because it is the most efficient path to ending Rimini’s illegal conduct, including its longstanding and continuing violations of Oracle’s copyrights.”

Oracle offers three support stages for its enterprise software, tools and databases: Premier Support, Extended Support, and Sustaining Support. In Oracle’s words, these “deliver maximum value by providing you with rights to major product releases so you can take full advantage of technology and product enhancements.”

Premier Support provides a standard five-year support policy for Oracle Technology products; Extended Support provides for an additional three years, and Sustaining Support is indefinite technical support.

In its Magic Quadrant report for cloud database management products, Gartner warned that Oracle’s on-premises products are often perceived to be expensive and difficult to manage, and customers continue to raise concerns about contract negotiations. In fact, Oracle recently increased maintenance charge from 5% to 8% of the original contract value.

Fixes, updates, and critical patch updates created during Premier Support and Extended Support are the only fixes available when the product reaches Sustaining Support. One needs to question why people continue to buy support, if the only patches they are entitled to are the ones that have already been published.

The challenge for many IT leaders is that while they may wish to continue running Oracle, especially if it is part of a core system of record, such as the Oracle relational database, they are being encouraged, or worse, coerced, into upgrading. One of the big benefits of third-party support contracts is that they separate software from maintenance and support.

But Oracle contracts stipulate that technical support may not be discontinued for a single program module within a custom application bundle. In effect, buying the best Oracle deal bundle will mean the customer remains tied in to paying full maintenance fees on all products in that bundle, even if some are replaced with non-Oracle products or third party support is used.

Rimini Street originally ended up on the wrong side of Oracle IP (intellectual Property) in 2010 and in October 2015, a jury found that Rimini Street infringed 93 copyrights.

While Oracle claims Rimini downloaded its IP illegally, customers paying Oracle for maintenance have every right to download fixes, patches and documentation, so long as these things remain on their own systems. What Oracle’s latest actions show is that it remains deadly serious about putting the knife into third party maintenance and support.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 23:23:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Oracle Lays Off 201 Employees In California

Cloud News

David Harris

The cuts affected workers at Oracle offices in Redwood City, Calif., home to the tech giant’s former headquarters. The jobs that were affected included data scientists, application developers, marketing certified and software developers.


Oracle has laid off more than 200 of its workers in California months after reports surfaced that the tech giant was considering “thousands” of job cuts on the heels of its $28 billion Cerner acquisition.

The Austin, Texas company cut 201 jobs in total on Oct. 3 from its Redwood City, Calif. office, according to its Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) filed in California. The job cuts took effect Oct. 3 and was received by the California Employment Development Department Sept. 30, according to the WARN.

In a letter to the state obtained by CRN, Oracle said the layoffs would be permanent and said that its Redwood Shores campus would not be closing as a result of the job cuts. Oracle formerly housed its headquarters in Redwood City, but moved it to Austin at the end of 2020.

Among the jobs cut in this round, according to the Aug. 4 letter to the state from Anje Dodson, senior vice president of human resources at Oracle: data scientists, application developers, marketing certified and software developers.

CRN has reached out to Oracle for comment.

As of this past May, Oracle employed approximately 143,000 full-time employees, of which about 48,000 are based in the U.S. and the rest internationally, according to a regulatory filing.

Oracle closed its acquisition of healthcare digital information system provider Cerner in June. The company began to notify employees of layoffs in early August, according to a report in The Information at the time. That matches with the date on the WARN notice, which states that this crop of employees received notification about the layoffs on August 4.

The company is the No. 1 employer in Redwood City, Calif. with over 6,500 workers there, according to the city.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 06:05:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Oracle Releases Java 19

New release delivers seven JDK Enhancement Proposals to increase developer productivity, Improve the Java language, and enhance the platform's performance, stability, and security

Java 19's key capabilities to be showcased at JavaOne 2022 in Las Vegas on October 17-20

AUSTIN, Texas, Sept. 20, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Oracle today announced the availability of Java 19, the latest version of the world's number one programming language and development platform. Java 19 (Oracle JDK 19) delivers thousands of performance, stability, and security improvements, including enhancements to the platform that will help developers Improve productivity and drive business-wide innovation. Oracle will showcase the latest capabilities in Java 19 at JavaOne 2022, taking place October 17-20 in Las Vegas, and via a keynote broadcast airing on at 9:00 a.m. PT on Tuesday, September 20.


"Our ongoing collaboration with the developer community is the lifeblood of Java. As the steward of Java, Oracle is steadfastly committed to providing developers and enterprises with the latest tools to help them create innovative apps and services," said Georges Saab, senior vice president of development, Java Platform and Chair, OpenJDK Governing Board, Oracle. "The powerful new enhancements in Java 19 are a testament to the monumental work across the global Java community."

The latest Java Development Kit (JDK) provides updates and improvements with seven JDK Enhancement Proposals (JEPs). Most of these updates are to be delivered as follow-up preview features improving on functionality introduced in earlier releases.

JDK 19 delivers language Improvements from OpenJDK project Amber (Record Patterns and Pattern Matching for Switch); library enhancements to interoperate with non-Java Code (Foreign Function and Memory API) and to leverage vector instructions (Vector API) from OpenJDK project Panama; and the first previews for Project Loom (Virtual Threads and Structured Concurrency), which will drastically reduce the effort required to write and maintain high-throughput, concurrent applications in Java.

"Java developers are increasingly seeking tools to help them efficiently build highly functional applications for deployment in the cloud, on-premises, and in hybrid environments," said Arnal Dayaratna, research vice president, software development, IDC. "The enhancements in Java 19 deliver on these requirements and illustrate how the Java ecosystem is well-positioned to meet the current and future needs of developers and enterprises."

Oracle delivers new Java Feature releases every six months via a predictable release schedule. This cadence provides a steady stream of innovations while delivering continuous improvements to the platform's performance, stability, and security, helping increase Java's pervasiveness across organizations and industries of all sizes.

The most significant updates delivered in Java 19 are:

Updates and Improvements to the Language

  • JEP 405: Record Patterns (Preview): Enables users to nest record patterns and type patterns to create a powerful, declarative, and composable form of data navigation and processing. This extends pattern matching to allow for more sophisticated and composable data queries.

  • JEP 427: Pattern Matching for Switch (Third Preview): Enables pattern matching for switch expressions and statements by permitting an expression to be tested against a number of patterns. This allows users to express complex data-oriented queries concisely and safely.

Library Tools

  • JEP 424: Foreign Function and Memory API (Preview): Enables Java programs to more easily interoperate with code and data outside of the Java runtime. By efficiently invoking foreign functions (i.e., code outside the Java Virtual Machine [JVM]), and by safely accessing foreign memory (i.e., memory not managed by the JVM), this API enables Java programs to call native libraries and process native data via a pure Java development model. This results in increased ease-of-use, performance, flexibility, and safety.

  • JEP 426: Vector API (Fourth Incubator): Enables superior performance compared to equivalent scalar computations by expressing vector computations that reliably compile at runtime to vector instructions on supported CPU architectures.


Project Loom Preview/Incubator Features

  • JEP 425: Virtual Threads (Preview): Dramatically reduces the effort of writing, maintaining, and observing high-throughput concurrent applications by introducing lightweight virtual threads to the Java Platform. Using virtual threads allows developers to easily troubleshoot, debug, and profile concurrent applications with existing JDK tools and techniques.

  • JEP 428: Structured Concurrency (Incubator): Streamlines error handling and cancellation, improves reliability, and enhances observability by simplifying multithreaded programming and treating multiple tasks running in different threads as a single unit of work.

Driving Java Innovation in the Cloud

The Java 19 release is the result of extensive collaboration between Oracle engineers and other members of the worldwide Java developer community via the OpenJDK Project and the Java Community Process (JCP). In addition to new enhancements, Java 19 is supported by Java Management Service – an Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) native service – that provides a single pane of glass to help organizations manage Java runtimes and applications on-premises or on any cloud.

Supporting Java Customers

The Oracle Java SE Subscription is a pay-as-you-go offering that provides customers with best-in-class support, entitlement to GraalVM Enterprise, access to the Java Management Service, and the flexibility to upgrade at the pace of their businesses. This helps IT organizations manage complexity, contain costs, and mitigate security risks. In addition, Java SE and GraalVM Enterprise are offered free of charge on OCI, enabling developers to build and deploy applications that run faster, better, and with unbeatable cost-performance on Oracle Cloud. 

Underscoring Java's popularity with the global developer community, Oracle is proud to recognize the one millionth completed Java certification. Java certifications help developers stand out as Java experts and raise their profiles with enterprises seeking to attract highly skilled Java professionals.

Additional Resources

About Oracle

Oracle offers integrated suites of applications plus secure, autonomous infrastructure in the Oracle Cloud. For more information about Oracle (NYSE: ORCL), please visit us at


Oracle, Java, and MySQL are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation.


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Tue, 20 Sep 2022 04:04:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oracle pays to make bribery charges go away

Only in America you can pay to make bribery charges go away 

Oracle has paid $23 million to the US Securities and Exchange Commission to settle corruption charges that subsidiaries in Turkey, United Arab Emirates and India used "slush funds" to bribe foreign officials to win business.

The SEC said Oracle violated provisions of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) during a three-year period between 2016 and 2019.

The cash that was apparently set aside was to  paying foreign officials to attend technology conferences, which breaks Oracle's own internal policies and procedures.

SEC said that in some instances, it found Oracle staff at the Turkish subsidiary had spent the funds on taking officials' families with them on International conferences or side trips to California.

SEC investigator Charles Cain said: ""The creation of off-books slush funds inherently gives rise to the risk those funds will be used improperly, which is exactly what happened here at Oracle's Turkey, UAE, and India subsidiaries. This matter highlights the critical need for effective internal accounting controls throughout the entirety of a company's operations."

However, because Oracle wrote a cheque for its antics it does not have to admit or deny the findings of the SEC's investigation, it just has to promise not to do the thing it does not admit to, ever again.

Tue, 27 Sep 2022 21:01:00 -0500 Nick Farrell en-gb text/html
Killexams : Oracle NetSuite Accounting Software Review
  • Oracle NetSuite is an enterprise resource planning (ERP) platform that comes with a robust financial management solution.
  • Its pricing is customized for each user based on the needs and circumstances of your business.
  • Oracle NetSuite is ideal for midsize businesses, manufacturers and companies that need advanced features.
  • This article is for entrepreneurs considering implementing Oracle’s NetSuite ERP platform as their financial management and accounting solution.

As your business grows, you may invest in a greater number of software solutions to keep your operations moving forward. Businesses that reach this point often find it’s easiest to streamline all of their systems ‒ including accounting and financial management ‒ into one convenient enterprise resource planning (ERP) platform like Oracle NetSuite.

Oracle NetSuite

Affordable pricing 1.0/2.0
Free trial 1.5/2.0
Robust integrations 2.0/2.0
Invoicing and bill pay 2.0/2.0
Mobile app 2.0/2.0
Editor’s score 8.5/10

As part of its robust ERP offering, Oracle NetSuite offers an intuitive cloud financial management solution that allows businesses to track their financial data and automate many essential accounting functions. Like any highly-rated accounting software, it offers reporting, planning, and billing features and easily integrates with other software, including Oracle’s suite of business solutions. It can also be used seamlessly with multiple currencies, so it’s a great option for growing companies with a global customer base.

If your business wants to expedite its accounts receivable and payable, accelerate deal closings, and keep up with financial compliance obligations, while taking advantage of a full suite of powerful business management features, Oracle NetSuite is an ideal accounting solution within an ERP platform.

Oracle NetSuite Summary

Base price $999 per month
Invoicing and payments Yes
No. of clients supported Unlimited
Free trial No


Because they can perform a wide range of complex business management functions, ERP platforms are typically priced on a custom basis. Factors such as business size, annual revenue and desired features all affect the cost of the software. Oracle NetSuite is no different, and to get an accurate price estimate, you’ll need to contact an Oracle sales representative. The sales rep will walk you through all the available features of the platform, including inventory management, financial management, point of sale, customer relationship management (CRM) and human capital management software

Based on our research, Oracle NetSuite pricing includes a $999 monthly licensing fee, plus a per-user fee that starts at $99 a month. While this base price can be used as an estimate, your costs may vary significantly depending on your specific business needs.

Because of its high price point, Oracle NetSuite is likely not well suited for a smaller business with simple accounting and bookkeeping needs. However, if your business is growing internationally and you anticipate needing an ERP platform to manage everything, this can be an excellent accounting solution that sets you up for financial success as your company grows. Thanks to NetSuite’s integrated ecosystem, you can save time and money that would otherwise be spent managing multiple software solutions from different vendors.

Key takeawayKey takeaway: Oracle NetSuite’s price varies depending on the different software modules required, the size of your business, its annual revenue and the number of orders your company processes.

Accounting Features

Oracle NetSuite’s financial management solution offers a wide range of useful accounting features. Here’s more about how NetSuite can help growing businesses:

Finance and Accounting

With Oracle NetSuite, your business can seamlessly combine its core finance and accounting functions with strong compliance management. This ERP’s financial management solution offers real-time access to your financial data to help you drill into important details, resolve delays, and generate compliance statements and disclosures for your stakeholders.

NetSuite provides the following basic accounting functions to streamline and simplify your financial processes:


Whether your business operates on a transaction, subscription, usage-based or hybrid model, Oracle NetSuite can help you manage your billing operations. It fully integrates into the platform’s advanced revenue management and compliance functions.

Revenue Recognition

Businesses with financial reporting obligations can use NetSuite to easily comply with accounting standards, including ASC 605, 606 and IFRS 15. Using the platform’s rule-based event-handling framework, you can easily automate numerous revenue management and reporting functions, such as forecasting, allocation, recognition, reclassification and auditing.

Financial Planning and Reporting

NetSuite’s planning, budgeting and forecasting functions allow your business to plot out its financial future based on real-time analytics. Use your business data to forecast revenue, plot out what-if scenarios and develop accurate budgets. Oracle’s powerful reporting and analytics tools also allow you to gain a more complete picture of your business at any time to make better informed decisions about your finances.

NetSuite’s mobile app enables you to manage your accounting needs while you’re on the go.

Source: Oracle NetSuite

Global Account Management and Consolidation

If your business plans to expand its borders and go global, you need a financial management solution that helps you manage your international transactions and compliance obligations. Oracle NetSuite’s powerful financial engine gives you maximum transparency and visibility into your business across countries and in real time so you can manage your operations at the local and global level.

To make it easier to run an international business, NetSuite offers a variety of language interfaces to overcome language barriers and a multicurrency management system that supports over 190 different forms of currencies and automatically accounts for the current exchange rate for real-time conversion.

Governance, Risk and Compliance

With Oracle NetSuite, your business will always be audit-ready. This ERP platform supports your company’s governance, risk, and compliance (GRC) programs so you can handle increasingly complex regulatory, operational, and compliance challenges as you scale.

The platform can also establish a sustainable risk management and compliance process for your company so you can anticipate major risks before they happen.


Oracle NetSuite offers seamless integration with all its ERP solutions and integrates with many leading business software providers. If you use other vendors to manage your operations, you can use NetSuite’s open APIs to introduce new integrations.

To take advantage of these integrations, businesses can hire a NetSuite dedicated implementation team for an additional fee. The team not only helps set up the ERP platform itself, but also assists with any additional integrations and project management planning.

Netsuite provides business owners with access to all their business data in one central location.

Source: Oracle NetSuite

ERP Features

Want to use Oracle NetSuite as part of a larger ERP solution? Your financial management processes will integrate seamlessly with Oracle’s full suite of products. This is helpful if you’re trying to gain a more holistic view of your business’s financial transactions, budgets and forecasts.

Here are a few additional useful functions you’ll find within Oracle NetSuite.

Order Management

Stay on top of your warehouse ordering. This solution helps you ensure ideal quantities of each item you sell by automatically analyzing historical sales and logistics data. NetSuite can determine the best reordering time frame for each product and replenish stock to an optimal threshold when it runs low.

Production Management

NetSuite helps companies with every sales or work order while providing real-time visibility into every step of the production process. This ERP’s end-to-end manufacturing software solution can help you run your entire business and make better-informed decisions.

Supply Chain Management

NetSuite helps you seamlessly manage each point in your supply chain, regardless of where your physical product is manufactured or stored.

Warehouse and Fulfillment

NetSuite helps businesses with inbound logistics, outbound logistics, and inventory management, streamlining your warehousing operations and helping you minimize costs for on-time delivery. The built-in warehouse management solution enables you to manage your distribution operations using customized user-defined strategies and advanced real-time updates and integrations.

NetSuite’s one-click capabilities make it easy to drill down into operations directly from the dashboard.

Source: Oracle NetSuite


With Oracle NetSuite, it’s easy to purchase goods and services for your business quickly and at the best prices. Real-time information helps you better understand your company spend and vendor performance while automation and workflow integrations deliver a more accurate procure-to-pay process.

Human Capital Management

Manage your team and your human resources processes with NetSuite’s HCM solution, SuitePeople. This solution allows you to streamline employee onboarding and information collection for new hires while also giving visibility into your workforce operations.

Did you know?Did you know? Oracle NetSuite offers several key tools that are critical for financial management, including basic accounting functions, billing, revenue recognition, planning and reporting, GRC, and more.

Oracle NetSuite Pros

For growing international businesses, Oracle NetSuite offers a robust, all-in-one ERP solution that puts your most valuable business data into a single platform. NetSuite’s full product suite allows your organization’s various departments and systems to operate harmoniously and in real time so every person in your company is always up to date.

Key takeawayKey takeaway: Oracle NetSuite provides just about every feature you could want in an ERP, allowing for a seamless single solution for managing all your operations.

Oracle NetSuite Cons

In terms of accounting software, NetSuite may be prohibitively expensive for smaller businesses. Additionally, it may offer far more functionality than your business needs at this point in its growth, and you don’t want to pay for features you’ll never use.

Ultimately, NetSuite is ideal for midsize and large businesses operating a complex operation, as this ERP solution performs best when all of the modules are used in conjunction with one another.

TipTip:The high price tag of Oracle NetSuite may be too much for small businesses with less complex financial management needs.

Customer Service

Oracle NetSuite delivers top-notch customer service across its entire ERP platform, including its financial management solution. The company’s educational resources provide users the opportunity to learn about NetSuite’s full range of products and stay updated on any new features or capabilities.

NetSuite offers 24/7, real-time support for industries via phone, email and a built-in chatbot on its website. The automated chat functionality can answer simple FAQs or connect you with a customer service representative.

Key takeawayKey takeaway: Oracle NetSuite’s customer service is on a par with what you would expect from a world-class ERP solution, so you can count on being able to find answers to your questions and concerns.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : VirtualBox 7 remotes into Oracle Cloud

Oracle VM VirtualBox 7, the latest release of the company’s open source, cross-platform virtualization software, integrates with Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) for remote control of cloud-hosted VMs, adds support for fully encrypted VMs, enhances 3D video support, and features an automated virtual machine builder.

The upgrade was unveiled October 12. VirtualBox 7 is intended to help devops engineers and distributed teams increase productivity, easing the creation and management of VMs and removing the complexity of configuring them for the cloud. Management of multiple physical systems is also addressed in the new release.

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure integration in VirtualBox 7 enables users to centrally manage development and production VMs running either on-premises or on OCI instances using any VirtualBox-supported operating system, such as Linux, Windows, and MacOS. With a single command or button push, users can export a VM from an on-premises host and run it on OCI, or import a VM from OCI to the user’s local computer.

Oracle VM VirtualBox is downloadable from Other capabilities in VirtualBox 7:

  • For management of VMs, an enhanced GUI simplifies management of VMs on OCI and on-premises devices, providing a centralized dashboard showing resources used by each VM.
  • An automated VM builder accelerates the time to build and run a VM by automating the creation of VMs using the unattended installation feature or open source Vagrant boxes. VMs can be brought up in less than a minute.
  • Full encryption of VMs uses AES 128-bit or 256-bit encryption for VM data, logs, and configuration files without impacting performance.
  • Enhanced 3D support in VMs using DirectX 11/OpenGL support. 3D applications can be run including conferencing and CAD.
  • Enhanced nested virtualization supports running VMs with Microsoft Windows 10 and Windows 11 fully virtualized, which by default require Hyper-V.

Oracle is providing a developer preview of an installer package for macOS/Arm64 systems using an Apple Silicon CPU to run some guest operating systems for Intel/AMD x86 CPUs in emulation. The preview is a work in progress and provides early access to unsupported software features. VirtualBox 6.0 arrived in December 2018.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 15:58:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : SEC fines Oracle $23 million, says the company bribed foreign officials for business

A sign is posted in front of Oracle headquarters on December 09, 2021 in Redwood Shores, California.

Justin Sullivan | Getty Images

Oracle has settled with the Securities and Exchange Commission after it was charged with violating the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act for a second time, the SEC announced Tuesday.

The SEC said Oracle violated provisions of the act between 2016 and 2019 when its subsidiaries in India, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates created slush funds used to bribe foreign officials. Oracle's subsidiaries also used the funds to pay foreign officials to attend technology conferences, according to the SEC.

The company did not admit to or deny the SEC's findings, and it will pay more than $23 million to settle the charges.

"The conduct outlined by the SEC is contrary to our core values and clear policies, and if we identify such behavior, we will take appropriate action," said Oracle corporate communications vice president Michael Egbert.

The company also settled charges in 2012 after Oracle India created millions of dollars of side funds, the SEC said.

Charles Cain, the SEC's FCPA unit chief, said in the release that the charges highlight a need for "effective internal accounting controls" at Oracle.

"The creation of off-book slush funds inherently gives rise to the risk those funds will be used improperly, which is exactly what happened here at Oracle's Turkey, UAE, and India subsidiaries," he said.

Tue, 27 Sep 2022 02:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Oracle Announces General Availability of MySQL Heatwave on AWS

Oracle recently announced the general availability (GA) of MySQL Heatwave, a service that combines OLTP, analytics, machine learning, and machine learning-based automation within a single instance on AWS.

The company first released the cloud database service on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) in 2020 to provide customers with a managed offering that integrates both online analytics and transaction processing capabilities. Later in 2022, autoML was added to the service. Now, it is available for the first time outside the Oracle Cloud Infrastructure – allowing users to run their transaction processing, analytics, and machine learning workloads in one service on AWS without needing ETL duplication between separate OLTP and OLAP databases.


Peter Zaitsev, founder & CEO at Percona, tweeted:

Oracle finally admits nobody cares about Oracle Cloud and takes Heatwave to AWS, where previously it was one of unique "completing" features of OCI.

In a press release, Oracle announced several new capabilities for MySQL HeatWave on AWS. The service offers a native experience on AWS, the ability to monitor performance and the utilization of provisioned resources, and integration with MySQL Autopilot, which provides workload-aware, machine learning-based automation of the application lifecycle, including data management and query execution. In addition, it also offers comprehensive security features such as server-side data masking and de-identification, asymmetric data encryption, and a database firewall.

Sanjeev Mohan, a principal at Sanjmo, explains in a LinkedIn blog post:

The data plane, control plane, and console all run natively on AWS. The code base used for AWS is the same as the one used on OCI. However, Oracle has added several enhancements and integrated with AWS services, such as CloudWatch for monitoring resources and operational logs and metrics.

In the same press release, Oracle claims that MySQL HeatWave compared to other systems on AWS, provides better price performance. For instance, MySQL HeatWave on AWS delivers a price-performance seven times better than Amazon Redshift, ten times better than Snowflake, 12 times better than Google BigQuery, and four times better than Azure Synapse when running queries derived from the 4TB TPC-H benchmark.

Holger Mueller, VP and principal analyst, Constellation Research, said in one of the industry analyst statements on MySQL on AWS: 

The fact that the MySQL Engineering team can not only deliver the MySQL Heatwave offering on AWS but also provide architectural adaptations for better performance and TCO is another proof of the brilliance of the underlying software architecture.

In addition, Mueller told InfoQ:

Oracle is moving its software to the data on AWS, which will make potential adoption of customers on AWS with their data there - managed on competitive platforms - easier to migrate.

Lastly, MySQL HeatWave is now available in multiple clouds, OCI and AWS, with Microsoft Azure following soon. 

Wed, 21 Sep 2022 06:06:00 -0500 en text/html
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