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Killexams : Oracle Infrastructure outline - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1Z0-1085-20 Search results Killexams : Oracle Infrastructure outline - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1Z0-1085-20 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Oracle Killexams : Software supply chain security takes center stage at Black Hat 2022

black-hat-2022-software-supply-chain-securityBlack Hat is best known for hardware and traditional software exploits, but this year it showcases more software supply chain security issues—marking the shift in the threat landscape.

Black Hat, the annual gathering of hackers and information security pros in Las Vegas, kicks off next week — the 25th such gathering. It comes after two years of COVID-inspired cancellations and delays. Over the years, Black Hat and its sister conference, DEF CON, have made headlines by showcasing high-profile exploits of hardware and software — from Cisco routers and ATMs to enterprise platforms like Oracle, SQL Server, and Active Directory. 

You can find plenty of those talks this year, also. But they will share the stage with a growing number of discussions of cyber threats, vulnerabilities and potential attacks on developers, open source modules and the underlying infrastructure supporting modern DevOps organizations. Together, the talks mark a shift in the threat landscape and the growing prominence of security threats to the software supply chain.

Here are the talks related to software development and supply chain risk, and some of the themes that emerged.

Development teams in the crosshairs

The security of tools and platforms used by DevOps organizations is a clear theme at this year’s Black Hat Briefings, with a number of talks addressing specific threats to source code management systems for both closed- and open source software. 

On Wednesday, for example, NCC Group researchers Iain Smart and Viktor Gazdag will present their talk, RCE-as-a-Service: Lessons Learned from 5 Years of Real-World CI/CD Pipeline Compromises. In the talk, the two leverage years of work testing the security of development groups within a range of organizations – from small businesses to Fortune 500 firms. 

Describing CI/CD pipelines as the “most dangerous potential attack surface of your software supply chain,” the pair will argue that these development platforms are the crown jewel in any company’s IT infrastructure, providing attackers with a way to turn tools meant to accelerate software development into a malicious “Remote Code Execution-as-a-Service” platform. The pair will also talk about the best approach for defending CI/CD pipelines from attacks and compromises. 

Also picking up the theme of “threats to DevOps environments” is the Thursday presentation by researcher Brett Hawkins of IBM X-Force. Brett will dig into the various ways that source code management (SCM) systems like GitHub Enterprise, GitLab Enterprise and Bitbucket might be attacked and compromised.

Hawkins’ talk, Controlling the Source: Abusing Source Code Management Systems, presents research that has uncovered a variety of attack scenarios that can give malicious actors access to SCM systems. He will also release open source tools to facilitate SCM attacks including reconnaissance, manipulation of user roles, repository takeovers, and user impersonation. Hawkins will also provide guidance on how to defend SCM systems from attack. 

Open source: risky business

Given the software industry’s heavy reliance on open source software to facilitate development, and the growing prevalence of threats and attacks via open source platforms and code, it is no surprise that open source cyber risk is another central theme at this year’s Black Hat Briefings. Data compiled by the firm Synopsys, for example, found that the average software application in 2021 depended on more than 500 open source libraries and components, up 77% in two years. Attackers have taken notice. As we have noted, there have been numerous software supply chain attacks playing to developers (and development teams) heavy reliance on open source repositories like PyPi and npm

The agenda at Black Hat picks up on this trend, with talks that explore the risks posed by open source code and propose remedies. 

For example, researchers Jonathan Leitschuh, Patrick Way and Shyam Mehta use their talk to tackle a key problem in open source security: how to scale security response to meet the challenge of massive open source platforms like GitHub. While modern tools might allow us to automate vulnerability scanning and identification, the output of such endeavors often overwhelms the mere homo sapiens who are tasked with assessing, triaging and responding to the flood of identified flaws. 

Leitschuh, Way and Mehta propose one solution: automated bulk pull request generation, as well as tools such as the Netflix developed OpenRewrite that can help security teams scale their security response. Check out their talk, Scaling the Security Researcher to Eliminate OSS Vulnerabilities Once and For All, on Thursday at 3:20 PM. 

And, as companies let AI loose on the vast repository of open source code in the hopes of developing coding bots that might one day replace developers, the presentation In Need of ‘Pair’ Review: Vulnerable Code Contributions by GitHub Copilot deserves your attention. The work of a group of researchers from NYU and the University of Calgary, the talk analyzes the output of “Copilot,” an ‘AI-based Pair Programmer’ released by GitHub in 2021.

Copilot leverages a deep learning model trained on open-source GitHub code. But, as the researchers note, much of that code “isn’t great.” And, as Microsoft learned with its AI-based chatbot for Twitter, artificial intelligence is great at absorbing input and teasing out patterns, but terrible at assessing the underlying quality of the information it is being fed.  

An analysis of Copilot code revealed a high preponderance of common flaws, among them SQL injection, buffer overflow and use-after-free vulnerabilities. In fact, of 1,689 suggestions generated across 89 different scenarios using the Copilot AI, the researchers found approximately 40% to be vulnerable.

The talk has implications for development organizations that would look to offload low-level coding work to bots, of course. But the high density of flaws in GitHub repositories is also a red flag to organizations that more scrutiny is needed to assess the quality and stability of open source components before dependencies are created, rather than after. 

Developers: the elephant in the security living room

The elephant in the living room of DevOps security is, of course, the developer themself. While Source Code Analysis tools can Boost security assessments of proprietary and open source code, and vulnerability scans can identify flaws and weaknesses in developed code, the best security “fix” comes in the form of better written, high quality code. 

That’s the subject that researcher Adam Shostack tackles in his talk A Fully Trained Jedi, You Are Not, on Wednesday, August 10 at 11:20. Shostack, an expert in threat modeling, secure development and DevOps, talks about the ‘boil the ocean’ problem that many organizations face as they try to train up developers in the intricacies of secure development without sacrificing other priorities, like developing usable code on time and on budget. 

In this talk, Shostack talks about how organizations can operationalize security training for developers. The goal is not to produce a staff of “Jedi-quality” secure developers, but to Boost the security awareness and skills of the broad population of developers, with a goal of reducing common but still prevalent security issues that plague developed applications. 

“A rebellion doesn’t run on a single Jedi,” Shostack notes. To that end, he’ll present the broad outlines of a “knowledge scaffolding and tiered approach to learning” that is scalable across development organizations. 

Keep learning

*** This is a Security Bloggers Network syndicated blog from ReversingLabs Blog authored by Paul Roberts. Read the original post at: https://blog.reversinglabs.com/blog/software-supply-chain-security-takes-center-stage-at-black-hat-2022

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 02:46:00 -0500 by Paul Roberts on August 3, 2022 en-US text/html https://securityboulevard.com/2022/08/software-supply-chain-security-takes-center-stage-at-black-hat-2022/ Killexams : Liquid Cloud Unveils Access to Oracle Cloud via FastConnect

Liquid Cloud, a business of Cassava Technologies, a pan-African technology group, announced it will offer connectivity to Oracle Cloud through Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) FastConnect in South Africa within the Oracle Cloud Johannesburg Region. 

The collaboration with Oracle will allow Liquid Cloud customers to access Oracle Cloud through FastConnect using Liquid’s  extensive fibre network.

In addition to organisations using FastConnect via Liquid CloudConnect as a service, it will also be available at existing Africa Data Centre (ADC) facilities across the continent for Liquid Cloud’s co-located customers. This service will connect an organisation's on-prem applications and their Oracle Cloud Fusion Applications, providing an enhanced user experience. With FastConnect via Liquid CloudConnect, businesses can move large volumes of data in a secure, cost-effective, and efficient manner.

Liquid will help its customers achieve simplicity, enterprise-class security and seamless operations, be it on-prem or co-located through the ADC facilities across the continent.

With OCI, customers benefit from best-in-class security, consistent high performance, simple predictable pricing, and the tools and expertise needed to bring enterprise workloads to cloud quickly and efficiently.

Specifically architected to meet the needs of the enterprise, Oracle Cloud is a next-generation cloud that delivers powerful compute and networking performance and a comprehensive portfolio of infrastructure and platform cloud services from application development and business analytics to data management, integration, security, artificial intelligence (AI), and blockchain. With unique architecture and capabilities, Oracle Cloud delivers unmatched security, performance, and cost savings. Oracle Cloud is the only cloud built to run Oracle Autonomous Database, the industry's first and only self-driving database.

Liquid Cloud's global client base will be able to harness the power of Oracle Cloud locally. Providing their operations with higher-bandwidth options and offering more stable and consistent networking experiences than internet-based connections, thus enhancing their growth.

David Behr, CEO of Liquid Cloud and Cyber Security
Businesses in Africa have been digitally transforming their operations, and their expectations include a seamless experience irrespective of where applications and infrastructure operates. With Oracle FastConnect, Liquid will help its customers achieve simplicity, enterprise-class security and seamless operations, be it on-prem or co-located through the ADC facilities across the continent.

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 13:40:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.thefastmode.com/technology-solutions/26518-liquid-cloud-unveils-access-to-oracle-cloud-via-fastconnect
Killexams : AI Infrastructure Market Size, Share, Service Technology, Future Trends and Forecast 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Jul 26, 2022 (Market Insight Reports) -- The AI Infrastructure Market research report gives snippets of data on headway influencing parts, for example, industry plans, slight application, understanding purchaser requests, brutal scene, brand orchestrating and regarding appraisal. Industry plans give basic data to clients, dealing with their capacity to devise an outline that will help being development of their respective connections. Additionally, the regarding data given in the report thinks about the persistent thing exceptional, mechanical advances watching out and expected revives from now into the foreseeable future.

The report moreover gives experiences on the AI Infrastructure market outline, market division and serious scene. The market outline contains key information gathered from different industry and exchange affiliations, data merchants, government bodies, and other such affiliations.

Get demo Copy of this Report: https://www.infinitybusinessinsights.com/request_sample.php?id=655762

The worldwide AI Infrastructure market is expected to grow at a booming CAGR of 2022-2028, rising from USD billion in 2021 to USD billion in 2028. It also shows the importance of the AI Infrastructure market main players in the sector, including their business overviews, financial summaries, and SWOT assessments.

AI Infrastructure Market, By Segmentation:

AI Infrastructure Market segment by Type:

On Premises
Cloud
Hybrid

AI Infrastructure Market segment by Application:

Enterprises
Government Organisations
Cloud Service Providers
Others

The years examined in this study are the following to estimate the AI Infrastructure market size:

History Year: 2015-2019
Base Year: 2021
Estimated Year: 2022
Forecast Year: 2022 to 2028

In the report, the topographical level of the AI Infrastructure market report is detached into locales like North America, Latin America, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and Middle East and Africa. The report separates mindfully the augmentation of the market in essential countries.

Due to issues like headway penchants and the weakness of lockdowns (midway or complete) set up, demand in pandemic-affected nations isn’t projected to be high. On account of the COVID-19, the business’ positions should drop in 2020. Notwithstanding, the market offered hints of recovery in 2021, with the ardent number of new demands beating the total number of new demands in the essential half year.

The Key companies profiled in the AI Infrastructure Market: Cisco, IBM, Intel Corporation, Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd, Google, Microsoft, Micron Technology, Inc, NVIDIA Corporation, Oracle, Arm Limited, Xilinx, Advanced Micro Devices, Inc, Dell, Hewlett Packard Enterprises Development LP, Habana Labs Ltd, Facebook, Inc, Synopsys, Inc, Nutanix, Pure Storage, Inc, Amazon Web Services, Inc

FAQs:

1. What are the market components?
2. Which piece of the business offers the most space for improvement?
3. Who are the primary dealers in this market?
4. What district is projected to have the most necessity for the market in the accompanying several years?

If you need anything more than these then let us know and we will prepare the report according to your requirement.

For More Details On this AI Infrastructure Market Report @:https://www.infinitybusinessinsights.com/request_sample.php?id=655762

Table of Contents:
List of Data Sources:
Chapter 2. Executive Summary
Chapter 3. Industry Outlook
3.1. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry segmentation
3.2. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry size and growth prospects, 2015 - 2026
3.3. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry Value Chain Analysis
3.3.1. Vendor landscape
3.4. Regulatory Framework
3.5. Market Dynamics
3.5.1. Market Driver Analysis
3.5.2. Market Restraint Analysis
3.6. Porter's Analysis
3.6.1. Threat of New Entrants
3.6.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
3.6.3. Bargaining Power of Buyers
3.6.4. Threat of Substitutes
3.6.5. Internal Rivalry
3.7. PESTEL Analysis
Chapter 4. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry Product Outlook
Chapter 5. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry Application Outlook
Chapter 6. AI Infrastructure Market - Industry Geography Outlook
6.1. AI Infrastructure Industry Share, by Geography, 2022 & 2028
6.2. North America
6.2.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.2.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.2.3. The U.S.
6.2.3.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.2.3.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.2.4. Canada
6.2.4.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.2.4.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3. Europe
6.3.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.3.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.3. Germany
6.3.3.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.3.3.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.4. the UK
6.3.4.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.3.4.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.5. France
6.3.5.1. Market 2022 -2028 estimates and forecast, by product
6.3.5.2. Market 2022 -2028, estimates and forecast, by application
Chapter 7. Competitive Landscape
Chapter 8. Appendix

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COMTEX_410968808/2599/2022-07-26T02:24:08

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The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 18:24:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/ai-infrastructure-market-size-share-service-technology-future-trends-and-forecast-2028-2022-07-26
Killexams : Breaking down the CISA Directive

Security at the speed of cyber: What is CISA’s Binding Operational Directive (BOD) 22-01?

The Biden Administration is continuing efforts to adopt new cybersecurity protocols in the face of ongoing attacks that threaten to disrupt critical public services, infringe on citizen data privacy and compromise national security.

On November 3, 2021, the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) issued a directive for federal agencies and contractors who manage hardware or software on an agency’s behalf to fix nearly 300 known cyber vulnerabilities that malicious actors can use to infiltrate and damage federal information systems. These known exploited vulnerabilities fall into two categories, each with a deadline for remediation:

  • 90 vulnerabilities that were discovered in 2021 must be remediated by November 17

  • About 200 security vulnerabilities that were first identified between 2017 and 2020 must be remediated by May 3, 2022

As part of the directive, CISA also created a catalog of known exploited vulnerabilities that carry “significant risk” and outlined requirements for agencies to fix them. The catalog includes software and configurations supplied by software providers like SolarWinds and Kaseya, and large tech companies like Apple, Cisco, Google, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP.

Improving the nation’s cybersecurity defenses continues to be a top priority as the country has experienced an unprecedented year of cyberattacks. Malicious actors are continuing to target remote systems and prey on known vulnerabilities as the pandemic continues, leading to public service disruptions in telecommunications and utilities.

This directive comes just shy of six months since President Biden issued his Executive Order on Improving the Nation’s Cybersecurity, which aims to modernize cybersecurity defenses by protecting federal networks, strengthen information-sharing on cyber issues, and strengthen the United States’ ability to quickly respond to incidents when they occur.

While the Biden Administration and many federal agency heads agree that these actions are necessary to Boost cybersecurity protocols — they can be extraordinarily difficult to implement without the right tools.

In the next section, we will explore how federal agencies and their security teams can gain visibility across distributed environments to remediate vulnerabilities outlined in the directive.

Gaining visibility into federated IT environments

While most federal agencies are headquartered in Washington, D.C., field offices and agency staff are spread across the country, using many different endpoints (laptops, desktops, and servers) to access federal networks. This distributed IT environment can make it difficult for CISOs and their security teams to gain visibility into their agency’s environment in real time.

To comply with CISA’s BOD 22-01, security teams first need to gain visibility across federated IT environments and be able to answer a few basic questions, including:

  • How many endpoints are on the network?

  • Are these endpoints managed or unmanaged?

  • Do any known exploited vulnerabilities cataloged in the

    directive exist in our environment? If so, do we currently have

    the tools to patch them quickly and at scale?

  • Do we have the capability to confirm whether deployed

    patches were applied correctly?

While these questions may seem straightforward, they often take agencies weeks or months to answer due to a highly federated

IT environment and the nature of IT management, which often includes tool sprawl and conflicting data sets — which is at odds with the aggressive timelines outlined in the directive.

With Tanium, CISOs and their security teams can discover previously unseen or unmanaged endpoints connected to federal networks, and then search for all applicable Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs) listed in the directive in minutes. With Tanium, it only takes a single agent on the endpoint to obtain compliance information, push patches and update software. Tanium provides a “single pane of glass” view to help align teams and prevent them from spending time gathering outdated endpoint data from various sources.

As CISA has committed to maintaining the catalog and alerting agencies of updates for awareness and action, having a unified endpoint management platform that provides visibility across an organization gives CISOs and their teams the tools they need to scan and patch future vulnerabilities at scale.

In the next section, we will explore how federal agencies and their security teams can prioritize actions and deploy patches to meet deadlines outlined in the directive.

Prioritizing actions and patching known vulnerabilities quickly

Once agency heads and their security teams have a clear picture of the state of their endpoints, the next step is to pinpoint known vulnerabilities and fix them fast based on associated deadlines in the directive.

With Tanium, federal agencies can search for the specific vulnerabilities listed in the directive and then patch those vulnerabilities in minutes, while having the confidence that patches were applied correctly. As a single lightweight agent, Tanium doesn’t weigh down the network. Remediation typically takes less than a day if an agency is already using Tanium. Existing customers should reference this step-by-step technical guidance on how to address the vulnerabilities laid out in the directive.

In addition to fixing known vulnerabilities, the directive also outlines other actions federal agencies must take, including:

Reviewing and updating internal vulnerability management procedures within 60 days.
At a minimum, agency policies must:

• Pave the way for automation around a single source of truth with high-fidelity data and remediate vulnerabilities that CISA identifies within a set timeline

• Assign roles and responsibilities for executing agency actions to align teams around a single source of truth

• Define necessary actions required to enable prompt responses • Establish internal validation and enforcement procedures to ensure adherence to the directive

• Set internal tracking and reporting requirements to evaluate adherence to the directive and provide reporting to
CISA, as needed

Reporting on the status of vulnerabilities listed in the catalog.

• Agencies are expected to automate data exchanges and report their respective directive implementation status through the CDM Federal Dashboard

As new threats and vulnerabilities are discovered, CISA will update the catalog of known vulnerabilities and alert agencies of updates for awareness and action.

Many federal agencies already use Tanium to provide visibility and maintain compliance across their distributed IT environment. Federal agencies can count on Tanium to be a valuable tool in discovering, patching and remediating future known critical vulnerabilities.

Tanium in action: scanning distributed networks and remediating at scale

While CISA has previously imposed cybersecurity mandates on federal agencies to immediately fix a critical software problem, this new directive is notable for its sheer scope and respective deadlines. Leveraging Tanium, federal agencies and contractors who manage hardware or software on an agency’s behalf can patch known critical vulnerabilities and comply with the deadlines in a fraction of the time.

The Tanium platform unifies security and IT operations teams using a “single pane of glass” approach of critical endpoint data, so that federal agencies can make informed decisions and act with lightning speed to minimize disruptions to mission-critical operations.

With Tanium, you can get rapid answers, real-time visibility and quickly take action when addressing current vulnerabilities in BOD 22-01. As CISA adds more vulnerabilities to the catalog, you can have confidence that Tanium is constantly checking for compliance and patching your endpoints quickly across your environment.

To learn more about how Tanium can help your agency remediate known vulnerabilities outlined in the CISA directive, visit Tanium.com/cisa

Mon, 18 Jul 2022 06:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nextgov.com/sponsors/2022/07/breaking-down-cisa-directive/374589/
Killexams : Data chess game: Databricks vs. Snowflake, part 1

To further strengthen our commitment to providing industry-leading coverage of data technology, VentureBeat is excited to welcome Andrew Brust and Tony Baer as regular contributors. Watch for their articles in the Data Pipeline.

This is the first of a two-part series. Read part 2, which looks at Databricks, MongoDB and Snowflake are making moves for the enterprise

Editor’s note: A previous version of this article incorrectly stated that Databricks, unlike Snowflake, “runs within a single region and cloud, as the Databricks service does not currently have cross-region or cross-cloud replication features.” This statement has been removed.

June was quite a month by post-lockdown standards. Not only did live events return with a vengeance after a couple years of endless Zoom marathons, but the start of summer saw a confluence of events from arguably the data world’s hottest trio: in sequential order, MongoDB, Snowflake and Databricks.

There may be stark and subtle differences in each of their trajectories, but the common thread is that each is aspiring to become the next-generation default enterprise cloud data platform (CDP). And that sets up the next act for all three: Each of them will have to reach outside their core constituencies to broaden their enterprise appeal.

Because we’ve got a lot to say from our June trip report with the trio of data hotshots, we’re going to split our analysis into two parts. Today, we’ll focus on the chess game between Databricks and Snowflake. Tomorrow, in part 2, we’ll make the case for why all three companies must step outside their comfort zones if they are to become the next-generation go-to data platforms for the enterprise.

The data lakehouse sets the agenda

We noted that with analytics and transaction processing, respectively, MongoDB and Snowflake may eventually be on a collision course. But for now, it’s all about the forthcoming battle for hearts and minds in analytics between Databricks and Snowflake, and that’s where we’ll confine our discussion here.

The grand context is the convergence of data warehouse and data lake. About five years ago, Databricks coined the term “data lakehouse,” which subsequently touched a nerve. Almost everyone in the data world, from Oracle, Teradata, Cloudera, Talend, Google, HPE, Fivetran, AWS, Dremio and even Snowflake have had to chime in with their responses. Databricks and Snowflake came from the data lake and data warehousing worlds, respectively, and both are now running into each other with the lakehouse. They’re not the only ones, but both arguably have the fastest growing bases.

The lakehouse is simply the means to the end for both Databricks and Snowflake as they seek to become the data and analytics destination for the enterprise.

To oversimplify, Snowflake invites the Databricks crowd with Snowpark, as long as they are willing to have their Java, Python or Scala routines execute as SQL functions. The key to Snowpark is that data scientists and engineers don’t have to change their code.

Meanwhile, Databricks is inviting the Snowflake crowd with a new SQL query engine that’s far more functional and performant than the original Spark SQL. Ironically, in these scuffles, Spark is currently on the sidelines: Snowpark doesn’t (yet) support Spark execution, while the new Databricks SQL, built on the Photon query engine, doesn’t use Spark.

The trick question for both companies is how to draw the Python programmer. For Snowflake, the question is whether user-defined functions (UDFs) are the most performant path, and here, the company is investing in Anaconda, which is optimizing its libraries to run in Snowpark. Databricks faces the same question, given that Spark was written in Scala, which has traditionally had the performance edge. But with Python, the differences may be narrowing. We believe that Snowflake will eventually add capability for native execution in-database of Python and perhaps Spark workloads, but that will require significant engineering and won’t happen overnight. 

Meanwhile, Databricks is rounding out the data lakehouse, broadening the capabilities of its new query engine while adding a Unity Catalog as the foundation for governance, with fine-grained access controls, data lineage and auditing, and leveraging partner integrations for advanced governance and policy management. Andrew Brust provided the deep dive on the new capabilities for Delta Lake and related projects such as Project Lightspeed in his coverage of the Databricks event last month.

Who’s more open, and does it matter?

Databricks and Snowflake also differ on open source. This can be a subjective concept, which we’ve documented here, here, here, here, and here, and we’re not about to revisit the debate again. Been there, done that.

Suffice it to say that Databricks claims that it’s far more open than Snowflake, given its roots with the Apache Spark project. It points to enterprises that run Presto, Trino, DIY Apache Spark or commercial data warehouses directly on Delta without paying Databricks. And it extends the same argument to data sharing, as we’ll note below. To settle the argument on openness, Databricks announced that remaining features of Delta Lake are now open source. 

Meanwhile, Snowflake makes no apologies for adhering to the traditional proprietary mode, as it maintains that’s the most effective way to make its cloud platform performant. But Snowpark’s APIs are open to all comers, and if you don’t want to store data in Snowflake tables, it’s just opened support for Parquet files managed by open-source Apache Iceberg as the data lake table format. Of course, that leads to more debates as to which open-source data lake table storage is the most open: Delta Lake or Iceberg (OK, don’t forget Apache Hudi). Here’s an outside opinion, even if it isn’t truly unbiased.

Databricks makes open source a key part of its differentiation. But excluding companies like Percona (which makes its business delivering support for open source), it’s rare for any platform to be 100% open source. And for Databricks, features such as its notebooks and the Photon engine powering Databricks SQL are strictly proprietary. As if there’s anything wrong with that.

Now the hand-to-hand combat

Data warehouses have been known for delivering predictable performance, while data lakes are known for their capability to scale and support polyglot data and the ability to run deep, exploratory analytics and complex modeling. The data lakehouse, a concept introduced by Databricks nearly five years ago, is intended to deliver the best of both worlds, and to its credit, the term has been adopted by much of the rest of the industry. The operable question is, can data lakehouses deliver the consistent SLAs produced by data warehouses? That’s the context behind Databricks’ promotion of Delta Lake, which adds a table structure to data stored in open-source Parquet files.

That set the stage for Databricks’ TPC-DS benchmarks last fall, which Andrew Brust put in perspective, and of course, Snowflake responded. At the conference, Databricks CEO Ali Ghodsi updated the results. Watching him extoll the competitive benchmarks vs. Snowflake rekindled cozy recollections of Larry Ellison unloading on Amazon Redshift with Autonomous Database. We typically take benchmarks with grains of salt, so we won’t dwell on exact numbers here. Suffice it to say that Databricks claims superior price performance over Snowflake by orders of magnitude when accessing Parquet files. Of course, whether this reflects configurations representative for BI workloads is a matter for the experts to debate.

What’s interesting is that Databricks showed that it wasn’t religiously tied to Spark. Actually, here’s a fun fact: We learned that roughly 30% of workloads run on Databricks are not Spark.

For instance, the newly released Photon query engine is a complete rewrite, rather than an enhancement of Spark SQL. Here, Databricks replaced the Java code, JVM constructs and the Spark execution engine with the proven C++ used by all the household names. C++ is far more stripped down than Java and the JVM and is far more efficient with managing memory. The old is new again.

This is an area where Snowflake sets the agenda. It introduced the modern concept of data sharing in the cloud roughly five years ago with the data sharehouse, which was premised on internal line organizations sharing access and analytics on the same body of data without having to move it. 

The idea was a win-win for Snowflake because it provided a way to expand its footprint within its customer base, and since the bulk of Snowflake’s revenue comes from compute, not storage, more sharing of data means more usage and more compute. Subsequently, the hyperscalers hopped on the bandwagon, adding datasets to their marketplaces.

Fast forward to the present and data sharing is behind Snowflake’s pivot from cloud data warehouse to data cloud. Specifically, Snowflake cloud should be your organization’s destination for analytics. A key draw of Snowflake data sharing is that, if the data is within the same region of the same cloud, it doesn’t have to move or be replicated. Instead, data sharing is about the granting of permissions. The flip side is that Snowflake’s internal and external data sharing can extend across cloud regions and different clouds, as it does support the necessary replication.

The latest update to Snowflake Data Marketplace, which is now renamed Snowflake Marketplace, is that data providers can monetize their data and, in a new addition, their UDFs via a Native Application Framework, which certifies that those routines will run within Snowpark. They can sell access to the data and native apps sitting in Snowflake without having to pay any commission to Snowflake. The key is that this must happen within the Snowflake walled garden as the marketplace only covers data and apps residing in Snowflake.

Last month, Databricks came out with its answer, announcing the opening of internal and external data marketplaces. The marketplace goes beyond datasets to include models, notebooks and other artifacts. One of the features of Databricks marketplace is data cleanrooms, in which providers maintain full control over which parties can perform what analysis on their data without exposing any sensitive data such as personally identifiable information (PII), a capability that Snowflake already had.

There are several basic differences between the Snowflake and Databricks marketplaces, reflecting policy and stage of development. The policy difference is about monetization, a capability that Snowflake just added while Databricks purposely refrained. Databricks’ view is that data providers will not likely share data via disintermediated credit card transactions, but will instead rely on direct agreements between providers and consumers. 

The hands-off policy by Databricks to data and artifacts in its marketplace extends to the admission fee, or more specifically, the lack of one. Databricks says that providers and consumers in its marketplace don’t have to be Databricks subscribers.

Until recently, Databricks and Snowflake didn’t really run into each other as they targeted different audiences: Databricks focusing on data engineers and data scientists developing models and data transformations, working through notebooks, while Snowflake appealed to business and data analysts through ETL and BI tools for query, visualization and reporting. This is another case of the sheer scale of compute and storage in the cloud eroding technology barriers between data lakes and data warehousing, and with it, the barriers between different constituencies.

Tomorrow, we’ll look at the other side of the equation. Databricks and Snowflake are fashioning themselves into data destinations, as is MongoDB. They are each hot-growth database companies, and they will each have to venture outside their comfort zones to get there.

Stay tuned.

This is the first of a two-part series. Tomorrow’s post will outline the next moves that Databricks, MongoDB and Snowflake should take to appeal to the broader enterprise.

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Killexams : #TECH: Oracle expands distributed cloud services No result found, try new keyword!DESIGNED to run any application, Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) has all the services any scale of enterprises need in order to migrate, build, and run all IT tasks – from existing enterprise ... Mon, 11 Jul 2022 18:22:17 -0500 en-my text/html https://www.msn.com/en-my/news/techandscience/numbertech-oracle-expands-distributed-cloud-services/ar-AAZtqoA Killexams : Oracle Names WorkForce Software the Cloud HCM ISV Partner of the Year as Winner of the 2021 Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Visionary Award

TMCNet: Oracle Names WorkForce Software the Cloud HCM ISV Partner of the Year as Winner of the 2021 Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Visionary Award

Oracle Names WorkForce Software the Cloud HCM ISV Partner of the Year as Winner of the 2021 Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Visionary Award

WorkForce Software wins the Visionary Award for ISV Partner of the Year, an Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Award, by changing the way customers benefit from greater automation, productivity, and efficiency through the use of cloud technology.

LIVONIA, Mich., Aug. 4, 2022 /CNW/ -- WorkForce Software, the first global provider of integrated employee experience and workforce management solutions, announced today that it has been recognized in the Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Awards as the winner of the Visionary Award for the HCM ISV Partner of the Year category. This award celebrates the most innovative technology solution that complements Oracle Fusion Cloud Human Capital Management (HCM) and transforms the customer experience.

(PRNewsfoto/WorkForce Software)

For large employers with unique workforce needs such as substantial union, hourly or shift-based employee teams, the WorkForce Suite, powered by Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI), is one of the most reliable, performant, and secure cloud platforms available in the market today. WorkForce Software has one hundred percent of their resources dedicated to delivering modern workforce management solutions for global enterprises—fully focused on innovation and customer value. WorkForce Software is ISO 27001, ISO 27017, ISO 27018, and ISO 27701 certified and EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) compliant making it an ideal workforce management solution for global employers.  With pre-built integrations to HR and payroll systems, WorkForce Software delivers functionally rich workforce management capabilities without compromise while helping eliminate exposure to compliance risk.

The past year has presented a unique set of challenges for global employers and employees alike. Employers are navigating continued labor shortages, increased expenses, retention challenges, shifts to remote work, changing employee demands, and demands for progress on worker safety and diversity, equity and inclusion. Many outdated systems, processes, and previous technology investment decisions are hampering progress, driving more organizations to seek a technology solution that connects their workforce to the business – even those working in frontline positions often without corporate email access. The 2021 Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Award recognizes WorkForce Software for its innovative solutions to digitally transform its customers' employee communications and make work more human by leveraging Oracle Cloud HCM running on OCI.

"It takes a visionary to deliver solutions that can help organizations become more resilient, flexible, and positioned for the future," said Yvette Cameron, senior vice president of global product strategy, Oracle Cloud HCM. "WorkForce Software is changing the way customers work with greater automation, and efficiency through the use of technology and we congratulate them on their Oracle Cloud HCM HR Heroes Award win."  

"We are thrilled to be recognized by Oracle as their ISV Partner of the Year, especially in a time where there have been such dramatic changes to the way people work." said WorkForce Software CEO Mike Morini. "The WorkForce Suite, powered by OCI, is a comprehensive modern workforce management solution. With customers reporting up to 40 percent performance improvements from deployments in the Oracle cloud, it is essential that every business is executing on their cloud migration strategy to achieve operational efficiency and agility necessary for businesses to remain competitive."

WorkForce Software and its WorkForce Suite were also recently reognized by industry analyst groups with distinguished honors including, WorkForce Software earning the leadership position in Nucleus Research's 2022 Workforce Management Technology Value Matrix report, ranking higher than all other software providers; WorkForce Software was named Champion in SoftwareReviews' Workforce Management Emotional Footprint report for the enterprise market, surpassing all other vendors; WorkForce Software was honored as the Gold STEVIE® award winner in 2022 American Business Awards® for Innovation of the Year – Business Products Industries; The Company's employees ranked them highest to earn WorkForce Software honors alongside Microsoft and Amazon in Comparably's Annual Ranking of Top Companies for having the best product and design departments; WorkForce Software was named a Gold Winner in the Most Innovative Company of the Year Best in Biz Awards 2021 for the Company's innovative and modern workforce management and employee experience platform; WorkForce Software was a Winner in the 2021 Brandon Hall Group Excellence in Technology Awards and received top honors for product innovation and value realized by its customers with its modern workforce management and integrated employee experience platform in the 'Best Advance in Emerging Workforce Management' category; WorkForce Software was also recognized by Ventana Research as Exemplary Value Index Leader for creating the best customer experience and delivering the best return on investment to its global customers.

Explore the Oracle OCI and WorkForce Software Partnership and learn more about WorkForce Software's award winning WorkForce Suite.  

About WorkForce Software

WorkForce Software is the first global provider of workforce management solutions with integrated employee experience capabilities. The company's WorkForce Suite adapts to each organization's needs—no matter how unique their pay rules, labor regulations, and schedules—while delivering a breakthrough employee experience at the time and place work happens. Enterprise-grade and future-ready, WorkForce Software is helping some of the world's most innovative organizations optimize their workforce, protect against compliance risks, and increase employee engagement to unlock new potential for resiliency and optimal performance. Whether your employees are deskless or office workers, unionized, full-time, part-time, or seasonal, WorkForce Software makes managing your global workforce easy, less costly, and more rewarding for everyone. For more information, please visit www.workforcesoftware.com.

About Oracle PartnerNetwork

Oracle PartnerNetwork (OPN) is Oracle's partner program designed to enable partners to accelerate the transition to cloud and drive superior customer business outcomes. The OPN program allows partners to engage with Oracle through track(s) aligned to how they go to market: Cloud Build for partners that provide products or services built on or integrated with Oracle Cloud; Cloud Sell for partners that resell Oracle Cloud technology; Cloud Service for partners that implement, deploy and manage Oracle Cloud Services; and License & Hardware for partners that build, service or sell Oracle software licenses or hardware products. Customers can expedite their business objectives with OPN partners who have achieved Expertise in a product family or cloud service. To learn more visit: http://www.oracle.com/partnernetwork

Trademarks

Oracle, Java and MySQL are registered trademarks of Oracle Corporation.

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SOURCE WorkForce Software

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Killexams : BrightView Holdings, Inc. (BV) CEO Andrew Masterman on Q3 2022 Results - Earnings Call Transcript

BrightView Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:BV) Q3 2022 Earnings Conference Call August 4, 2022 10:00 AM ET

Company Participants

Faten Freiha - Vice President of Investor Relations

Andrew Masterman - Chief Executive Officer

John Feenan - Chief Financial Officer

Brett Urban - Incoming Chief Financial Officer

Conference Call Participants

Tim Mulrooney - William Blair

George Tong - Goldman Sachs

Justin Hauke - Baird

Pete Lukas - CJS Securities

Operator

Good morning and welcome to today's BrightView Holdings Incorporated Third Quarter Fiscal 2022 Results Call. My name is Bailey and I will be your moderator for today's call. All lines will be muted during the presentation portion of the call with an opportunity for questions-and-answers at the end. [Operator Instructions]

I would now like to pass the conference over to our host Faten Freiha, Vice President of Investor Relations. Please go ahead.

Faten Freiha

Thank you, operator, and good morning everyone. Thank you for joining BrightView's third quarter fiscal 2022 earnings conference call. Andrew Masterman, Chief Executive Officer; John Feenan, Chief Financial Officer; and Brett Urban, Incoming Chief Financial Officer are on the call.

Please remember that some of the comments made today including responses to questions and information reflected on the presentation slides are forward-looking and genuine results may differ materially from those projected. Please refer to the company's SEC filings for more details on the risks and uncertainties that could impact the company's future operating results and financial condition. Comments made today will also include a discussion of certain non-GAAP financial measures. Reconciliations to comparable GAAP financial measures are provided in today's press release. Disclaimers on forward-looking statements and non-GAAP financial measures apply both to today's prepared remarks as well as the Q&A.

I'll now turn the call over to Brightview's CEO, Andrew Masterman.

Andrew Masterman

Thank you Faten, and good morning, everyone. We are delighted to report on another strong quarter, demonstrating momentum in our fundamental business drivers and the resiliency of our model.

Before we start, let me take the opportunity to thank the BrightView team for their hard work and dedication in a rapidly changing and challenging environment. Their efforts help fuel our performance and enable us to remain poised for long-term success.

On today's call, I will review the third quarter performance at a high level, discuss execution against our key growth drivers, elaborate on external headwinds facing our durable business, and outline the confidence underpinning our optimistic long-term view.

Let me start with Q3 performance. We delivered strong land organic growth for the fifth consecutive quarter, implemented our strategic pricing initiatives and managed through multiple external headwinds with tenacity and focus on positioning BrightView for long-term success. We continue to execute on our successful Strong-on-Strong M&A strategy, made progress on ESG initiatives and enhance our value proposition to customers through technology investments, all while managing through rising fuel costs as well as continued inflation of material and labor expenses. Our focus on organic growth and profitability improvements will enable us to leverage our scale to further power our growth and deliver exceptional shareholder value.

Let's review a few financial highlights for the quarter on slide 4. Revenue grew by 11% for the quarter, reflecting strong total organic growth of 5.6% and continued benefits from M&A transactions. Strong net new growth, ancillary penetration, snow removal services and pricing initiatives powered our total maintenance organic growth of 3.1% on top of a prior year organic growth rate of 11%. Due to a late spring and extended snow season, our maintenance business benefited from significant growth in snow removal services relative to the prior year.

In addition our land business delivered 2.3% organic growth, which resulted in total maintenance organic growth of 3.1%, in line with our expectations. This dynamic demonstrates the agility of our business and how our service mix, snow and land, allows us to manage through seasonality.

A robust rebound in our backlog drove development organic growth of 14%, demonstrating a continuation of our strong performance. Development organic growth continues to exceed our expectations. And looking at the bidding pipeline, we remain optimistic about the momentum in the business.

It is clear from our top line results that we transform the business to focus on driving sustainable organic growth. Importantly, we anticipate this momentum to continue over the near and long-term. As a result we expect fourth quarter maintenance land organic growth to be approximately 3% in line with long-term plans and development organic growth to be about 8%.

Furthermore, we are confident that our robust sales engine will continue to drive solid organic growth in fiscal year 2023 and beyond. Adjusted EBITDA was $94 million in the quarter, up about 1% year-over-year. Our profitability was impacted by the unexpected level of increase in fuel costs. Fuel expense increased by about $10 million year-over-year, roughly $1 million of that was driven by volume and the remaining $9 million was price.

We began implementing fuel surcharges in April, which enabled us to offset approximately $2 million of that rise in fuel costs. As a result, fuel costs had a net impact of approximately $7 million on adjusted EBITDA. Excluding this incremental fuel headwind, our adjusted EBITDA would have been $101 million or up about 8% prior to relative to the prior year, above the high end of our guidance range. The strength of our performance demonstrates the outsized execution of our team across our 280-plus branches.

Adjusted EPS came in at $0.43 per share for the quarter, reflecting the benefit of recent share repurchases, strong top line performance, and effective management of our direct costs, labor and materials.

Let's move to slide 5 to discuss our growth drivers. We are intently focused on executing on our strategy, which is validated by the momentum in our business and centered around three main pillars. First, delivering robust organic growth through our dedicated locally driven sales force of 200-plus team members focused on customers and new opportunities. Second, investing in technology, digital services and marketing, to continue to drive a significantly differentiated customer value proposition and expand our market share. Third, executing on our strategic and accretive M&A transactions, enabling efficient expansion in the high-growth markets.

Let me dive into each pillar with some details. Starting on slide six. Our strong organic growth performance over the last five quarters was powered by significant growth in net new sales, as our sales force continued to attract new and larger customers. Over the last several years, we have increased average job size by more than 40% in the maintenance business, as we attracted customers with larger demands and expanded share of wallet with existing customers.

Our land maintenance business generated more than $150 million of organic revenue growth over the last five consecutive quarters. Importantly, our growth is ahead of the industry, which is projected to grow at 0.9% for 2022 according to IBIS reporting. This compares to our projected land organic growth of 4% to 5% and our total projected growth of approximately 8% for fiscal 2022. Despite the headwinds we are facing, we are significantly outgrowing the industry.

Furthermore, we have, and continue to gain market share. Despite the scope reductions, we are seeing across the landscaping industry. These scope reductions are driven by two factors. First, there is natural desilting that occurs as plant life takes group of soil requiring less maintenance over time. Second, the current inflationary environment and some customers -- we've led some customers to actively reduce scope. As a result, we are seeing modest growth in the market that is certainly below today's inflationary levels.

However, landscape maintenance continues to be a sizable marketplace with massive opportunities, given our share of approximately 3%. Similar to maintenance, our development business is relationship based with the majority of our customer relationships exceeding 10 years. Repeat customers make up more than 85% of our development business. And retaining these repeat marquee clients remains our goal through our intense customer focus.

Our model is project-based and we learned over decades of experience that highly repeatable customers tend to be more profitable in nature. Our end markets are diverse with a balanced distribution of contract sizes and verticals, including commercial, hospitality, parks and public facilities. Furthermore, we are increasing workload in the public sector, a market that will benefit from increased infrastructure spending. All of these efforts have helped power the recovery of our development business and the strength of its organic growth.

Let's turn to technology on slide 7. Strategic investments in technology provide a differentiated customer value proposition across all verticals. Technology investments directly support our maintenance book with new and bigger accounts and enhance retention. Technology also drives efficiency and engagement, including many of the tools we've discussed, BrightView or HOA Connect, quality site assessments, Salesforce CRM and service confirmation. Each has been implemented as digital tools to engage customers, while supporting property enhancement and increased ancillary penetration.

By the end of this calendar year, we will be upgrading our customer portal and launching BrightView Connect 2.0. This enhanced portal will be available to all customers and will put the entire relationship online, similar to online banking. Once this portal is launched, our customers' quality site assessments, monthly reviews, enhancement proposals, contact points and maintenance schedules will all be digitally available. Through this service, customers can engage with us in an efficient manner and we can readily address their needs.

Importantly, we will be the only landscaping company that offers this customized service, which is aligned with our customers' demands. All of these digital advancements have driven net new growth and is one of the reasons we continue to see it for the fifth consecutive quarter, solid land organic growth, exceeding our industry. In addition, our integrated suite of applications enable efficiency, seamless acquisition, integration and robust data analytics, and operational efficiencies delivered cost savings along with better service quality and safety.

Let's turn now to our acquisitions and move to slide eight. We continue to execute on our Strong-on-Strong M&A strategy, a strategy we have developed, refined and effectively deployed over the last five years. Our 30-plus acquisitions over that period position us as market leaders in key high-growth MSAs enable us to further extend our reach and grow market share. Importantly, our pipeline remains robust with attractive valuations of more than $700 million of opportunity.

Recently, we acquired SGS Hawaii, a premier commercial landscaping provider headquartered in Wailuku, Hawaii with operations on Maui, the Big Island and Kauai. SGS focuses primarily on the hotel and resort sector with services ranging from ground management and lawn maintenance to irrigation, tree trimming, arbor care, soil testing and fertilization.

Importantly, SGS sustainability characteristics aligned with our ESG priorities, SGS utilizes electric powered equipment across all of its operations and its business is entirely supported by a modern specialized electric fleet. SGS's expertise in the hotel and resort industry strengthens our portfolio, while its commitment to reducing carbon emissions through the use of electric powered equipment is the perfect complement to our environmental sustainability strategy. With SGS, we now have presence on all major islands in Hawaii which solidifies our presence in this attractive market.

Let's now move to Slide 9. Our successful execution comes in a challenging and dynamic environment with sustained uncertainty associated with notably -- most notably with inflationary trends. Let me address three external factors that are influencing our business: Material cost inflation, labor challenges and rising fuel costs. And how our team is responding to position the company for long-term profitable growth.

Let's start with material cost inflation which has mainly impacted the profitability in our development business. Development has been impacted by material price increases that has put significant pressure on margins over the last five quarters. Historically, contracts had three to six months and sometimes 9-month lead times. We have shifted now to allow 10 to 15 days of pricing commitments in our contracts which shortens the time line and mitigates the impact of rising material costs.

By the end of this current fiscal year, the impact of the contracts with longer lead times and fixed pricing should be behind us. As a result, we expect our margins in the development business to Boost over the coming quarters. Labor cost inflation continues to be a headwind similar to many other companies. Historically, we have seen on average wages increase in the 4% to 5% range and now we are seeing increases in the 6% to 7% range.

Our pricing volume and operating efficiencies have helped to offset this wage pressure. The teams in the field have done an outstanding job of attracting labor to execute on our customers' demands usually during this busy summer season. In addition, the influx of H2B workers continues to support our labor needs. The combination of this influx and the ability of our teams to recruit and step up has put us in a great position to ensure that we can execute on our customers' demands this year.

Lastly rising fuel costs have significantly impacted our business this quarter. As I mentioned earlier fuel costs had a net impact of approximately $7 million on our adjusted EBITDA. While we have been able to offset inflationary pressure on wages through pricing initiatives, fuel costs have presented more of a challenge given the rapid escalation in costs.

Although we instituted food fuel surcharges, they were based on lower gasoline prices back in fiscal Q2. Also keep in mind that these are customers, we reached out to a few months back for significant price increases. It's important to note that the dialogue with customers has been constructive and the majority have accepted the fuel surcharges.

We have elected to take a balanced approach, absorb some of the incremental fuel costs in the near term and focus on strategic pricing initiatives improving ancillary penetration and attracting larger clients. Ultimately, we believe the impact of rising fuel cost is transitory, either costs will normalize or we will further adjust our pricing in the upcoming renewal season to reflect the continued rising costs.

Let's turn to Slide 10. Despite these external headwinds business fundamentals remain strong and give us confidence that we continue to be poised for long-term profitable growth. First commercial landscaping is a resilient business that has withstood various economic cycles and environments. We have over 80 years of experience in this business and have navigated countless cycles. Our team is prepared and focused on achieving our goals.

Second our customers span across a number of diverse verticals. We serve marquee customers across various end markets including corporate and commercial properties HOAs, public parks, hotels and resorts, hospitals and other healthcare facilities, educational institutions, restaurants and retail and golf courses among others. Our business and customer mix give us the agility to continue to thrive in a rapidly changing environment.

Third, we have a differentiated customer value proposition powered by technology, a focus on sustainability and an unparalleled network of expertise. Fourth, secular trends including moving towards greener equipment and irrigation and maintenance are in our favor and position us very well competitively.

We have invested heavily behind our environmental efforts and have made great progress in moving towards using greener handheld equipment, as well as technology-powered water systems that reduce usage. Lastly, we have multiple opportunities organic and M&A that will power our growth and fuel long-term profitability. Our organic growth will be driven by technology enhancements, as well as our powerful sales engine and expertise across various ancillary services. Our M&A pipeline remains robust and we are well positioned to attract M&A candidates.

Before turning the call over to John, I'd like to speak to our environmental sustainability efforts on Slide 11. As a company dedicated to designing developing and maintaining the best landscape on earth, we have continually focused on seeking and investing behind sustainable solutions that minimize, our impact on the environment.

Our customers have understood the value of sustainability for many years. In addition to reducing carbon emissions, water conservation remains at the forefront for many of our clients particularly as we continue to face drought conditions across several regions in the United States. As the leader in irrigation services, we are thrilled to partner with customers to help them reduce water usage through smart irrigation technology and turf conversion into native landscapes which are less water-intensive.

Let me illustrate with a couple of examples. A few years ago, we partnered with Oracle to maintain two of their California locations. We installed smart irrigation controllers and planted native plants to help reduce water consumption, enabling them to achieve savings of more than $0.5 million and 91 million gallons of water in one year. Both sites were recognized for efficient water use by the Silicon Valley Water Conservation Awards Coalition.

We continue to work with Oracle, along with several other large companies across the country with corporate campuses, to maintain native landscapes, track and monitor water usage and enhance irrigation helping them save millions of gallons of water and significant reduced facility costs.

Importantly, we support customers across a diverse set of end markets including golf course, municipalities, and HOA communities. For instance, earlier this year in Nevada, legislation was put into place that requires turf removal, in cases where grass exists for purely aesthetic purposes. As a result, we are now working closely with a number of HOAs in Las Vegas, to help them convert decorative or nonfunctional turf, into less water-intensive native landscapes.

Our expertise in water management enables us to drive water conservation efforts and allows us to expand our relationship with existing customers, through additional ancillary irrigation services. We are privileged to work with a diverse mix of customers, who continue to embrace environmentally conscious practices, particularly in the area of water conservation.

To wrap up, we are pleased with our results and proud of our financial and strategic progress amid a challenging environment. We are executing on our key growth drivers, investing in our sales team and technology, with power net new customers and improved ancillary penetration leading to solid organic growth.

Our M&A strategy continues to be a reliable and sustainable source of growth. Our disciplined pricing efforts, build on that growth and support our ability to offset cost headwinds. Importantly, we are dedicated to positioning the business to thrive in the face of external macro headwinds, changing secular trends and regulatory requirements. I'm confident that our efforts will continue to position us for long-term profitable growth.

I'll now turn it over to John, who will discuss our financial performance in greater detail.

John Feenan

Thank you, Andrew and good morning to everyone. I'm pleased to report on another solid quarter. We delivered strong organic growth in our Maintenance and Development businesses, and our team navigated through a challenging environment and managed through rapidly evolving external headwinds, including most notably the continued rise in fuel costs. We remain focused on our key investment pillars of cash generation, organic growth, mergers and acquisitions, and margin enhancement over time.

Before I cover our financial results in detail, I'd like to give Brett Urban, our incoming CFO, a couple of minutes to introduce himself. Going forward, Brett will be leading our earnings calls. Brett?

Brett Urban

Thank you, John and good morning, everyone. BrightView is a durable business with multiple growth opportunities, and an exciting time for me to be part of this dedicated team. I have been with BrightView for seven years and have served as head of the company's Financial Planning and Analysis Group, as well as CFO of our Maintenance segment. In my new role, as the company's CFO, I will follow in John's footsteps and support the team to execute on growth drivers that maximize our potential and expand our market share

In addition, I'll be focused on consistently growing our business, enhancing our balance sheet and executing on capital allocation plans that create long-term shareholder value. I'm fortunate to have John's guidance during this transition period, which will certainly position me and BrightView for success.

Lastlym I believe engagement with our investors and analysts, is essential to our long-term success. Working with Andrew, John and the team, I look forward to meeting and partnering with you all over the coming months.

I will now turn the call back over to John, to cover our results.

John Feenan

Thank you, Brett. Let me now provide a snapshot of our third quarter results. Moving to Slide 14. Total revenue for the third quarter, increased by 11% reflecting 5.6% of total organic growth. Total revenue growth was supported by increases in both on maintenance and development segments. Maintenance revenues, increased by 7.1% driven by 3.1% of total organic growth, which included 2.3% of land organic growth. Our total maintenance organic growth benefited from better-than-expected snow removal services, as a result of the longer than typical snow season, which offset ancillary services in April.

Land organic growth was driven by strong contract growth and a continued rebound in our ancillary services. In addition, our pricing strategy contributed approximately 50 basis points to our land organic top line growth, net of scope reductions as expected. Last week, we realized $20.8 million of incremental revenue from acquired businesses. Development revenues increased by 24% compared to the prior year. The increase was driven by a combination of strong organic growth of 14%, and M&A contributions of approximately $15 million.

We remain encouraged by our pipeline and bid calendar, and we anticipate continued strong organic growth in the fourth quarter, of approximately 8%. As Andrew mentioned, we serve a diverse mix of end markets in our development business and we are seeing growth across all of these verticals most notably in public works, and commercial construction projects.

Turning to the details on Slide 15. Total adjusted EBITDA for the third quarter was $94.3 million, up 0.7% compared to the prior year. Our adjusted EBITDA performance was impacted predominantly by higher fuel prices. For the third quarter, of this fiscal year gasoline spend represented 3.4% of total revenue compared to 2.2% in the prior year.

While the guidance for the third quarter that we provided back on the second quarter call reflected the higher level of fuel versus prior year. The genuine surge was much higher than anticipated, especially in May and June, two of our busiest months of the year, where fuel consumption is at its highest.

As a result, the unanticipated level of increase resulted in adjusted EBITDA that is about a net $7 million below our expectations. Excluding this incremental fuel headwind, our adjusted EBITDA would have been $101 million for the fiscal third quarter, above the high end of our guidance range.

Looking at our results by segment. Maintenance adjusted EBITDA was $89 million or down 1.5% compared to the prior year and reflects an adjusted EBITDA margin of 15.9% compared to 17.3% in the prior year. Solid contract growth and a rebound in our ancillary services penetration was more than offset by the surge in fuel prices.

The rise in fuel prices year-over-year largely impacted our maintenance segment, where the net impact was approximately $6 million. Excluding the net impact of fuel, maintenance adjusted EBITDA margin for the third quarter would have been approximately 17%, roughly flat with the prior year.

In the Development segment adjusted EBITDA increased by 11.8% for the third quarter. This growth was driven by stronger revenues and the implementation of mitigating actions to offset inflationary headwinds, primarily in material costs. Development adjusted EBITDA margin was 11.2% or 120 basis points lower than the prior year, roughly in line with the guidance we provided last quarter.

Relative to the prior year, profitability in the Development segment was impacted by higher subcontracted labor, due to project mix, as well as higher fuel costs, which were partially offset by reduced material costs.

As a reminder, the margin decline in the Development segment represents an improvement over prior quarters, where development adjusted EBITDA margins were decelerating at a greater pace.

On slide 16, this chart illustrates the historical improvement we have experienced in our development adjusted EBITDA margins over the last three quarters. We expect this improvement to be sustained and we still anticipate achieving positive margin growth in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2022 for the Development segment, despite the expected fuel headwind.

Turning now to slide 17. For fiscal Q3, corporate expenses represented 2.1% of revenue, a 20 basis point improvement relative to the prior year and reflects our focus on expense management. Interest expense for the third quarter was $15 million compared to $9 million in the prior year, reflecting an increase in interest rates coupled with increased borrowings.

Looking ahead to the fourth quarter, we expect interest expense to be approximately $20 million, reflecting higher SOFR rates and increased long-term debt due to our recent refinancing.

Our adjusted earnings per share for the quarter was $0.43, compared to $0.44 for the prior year. Adjusted earnings per share benefited from a decrease in our share count driven by recent share repurchases, strong top line performance as well as solid cost management of direct costs, labor and materials. These benefits were offset by the rise in fuel costs and higher interest expense.

In summary, we are pleased with the top line growth we delivered during the quarter. Net new growth, improved ancillary trends and our pricing initiatives drove solid organic growth and enabled us to offset labor and material cost inflation. Furthermore, our M&A strategy continued to be a reliable source of growth.

Fuel will likely remain a headwind for the fourth quarter and we will continue to work to mitigate its impact on our profitability. We believe our pricing initiatives and operational efficiencies will continue to support our goal of expanding margins to pre-pandemic levels over time.

Let's move now to our balance sheet and capital allocation on slide 18. Net capital expenditures totaled $21 million for the third quarter or 2.8% of revenue, compared to $13 million or 1.9% of revenue in the prior year. This increase was driven by the timing of received orders that were impacted by pandemic-related supply chain challenges. Looking ahead, we continue to anticipate capital expenditures to be approximately 3.5% of revenue for fiscal 2022, which is in line with our recent guidance.

Net debt on June 30 2022 was approximately $1.37 billion reflecting an increase of $109 million sequentially. Our leverage ratio was 4.8 times at the end of the third quarter, up from 4.4 times in the second quarter. The increase in net debt and leverage ratio was driven primarily by the repurchase of the second tranche of shares held by MSD. We expect positive free cash flow in the fourth quarter and anticipate a modest decline in our leverage ratio by fiscal year-end.

Moving to slide 19. Year-to-date free cash flow was an outflow of $17 million compared to positive $96 million in the prior year. The variance in our free cash flow was driven by the following: first, $45 million of increase in net capital expenditures, due to the timing of received orders that were impacted by pandemic-related supply chain challenges; $34 million of net outflow associated with the repayment of the payroll tax deferral under the CARES Act; and $13 million of cash tax outflow due to the timing associated with the CARES Act tax planning.

Looking ahead, we expect fourth quarter free cash flow to significantly Boost relative to the fourth quarter of the prior year resulting in second half 2022 results that are in line or modestly ahead of 2021 second half performance.

It's important to reiterate, that we expect capital expenditures for 2022, to represent approximately 3.5% of revenue in line with our prior projections. And we anticipate a similar run rate for fiscal 2023.

Fiscal year 2022 free cash flow is not typical of our business which has consistently delivered solid free cash flow, as evidenced by the generation of $500 million of free cash flow over the last five years.

Looking beyond 2022 and the impact of timing-related drivers such as the tax impact associated with the CARES Act, we anticipate robust free cash flow generation over the long-term. An update on liquidity is on slide 20.

At the end of the third quarter of fiscal 2022, we had approximately $324 million of availability under our revolver and receivable financing agreement and $26 million of cash on hand.

Total liquidity as of June 30th 2022 was approximately $350 million, compared to $403 million in the prior year. Our liquidity continues to provide us with ample flexibility and optionality. Let's turn now to slide 21, to review our outlook for the fourth quarter.

We remain optimistic about the momentum we are seeing in our business and expect to deliver another strong quarter of organic growth in both land maintenance and development segments. Our maintenance land contract-based business is growing and demand for ancillary services is improving.

We believe this will result in durable organic maintenance land growth of approximately 3% for the fourth quarter, in line with our long-term expectations. Notably, this growth is up a high growth rate in the prior year of 9.2%, which demonstrates the strength of our momentum in our business.

In our Development segment, we are encouraged by our pipeline and booking and backlog trends. And we expect organic growth to be about 8% for the fourth quarter. In both segments, the market pressure we have seen from inflation which affects the cost for materials needed for projects and labor will continue.

We are confident that our efforts including pricing will help to offset these headwinds. Fuel will remain a headwind for the fourth quarter, and we will continue to manage the impact on our profitability with fuel surcharges through a balanced approach.

Given the uncertainty around fuel prices our guidance assumes a fuel headwind that is similar to the headwind we experienced in the third quarter. As a result for our fourth quarter fiscal 2022, we now anticipate total revenues between $711 million and $731 million in line with our prior implied guidance.

And our total adjusted EBITDA, we now expect between $88 million and $94 million compared to our prior implied guidance of $94 million to $100 million. This decrease is driven by the $6 million to $7 million of expected net impact of fuel costs. Note that at the midpoint, this implies 2% adjusted EBITDA growth year-over-year for the fourth quarter.

With that, I'll turn the call back over to Andrew.

Andrew Masterman

Thank you, John. We have a strong, resilient and agile business. We are leaders in our industry with an unparalleled customer value proposition, supported by our investments behind digital services and sustainability.

We are executing against our growth initiatives and driving strong momentum in our business. Our investment in sales, technology and marketing continue to fuel our momentum. Pricing efforts will help us enhance our profitability and our excellent M&A engine will support further top line acceleration and expand our footprint.

Our performance in the third quarter was excellent and we exceeded our internal expectations excluding the fuel headwind. We drove strong organic growth, offset our operational costs, labor and materials through price increases and our teams executed at the highest level.

We expect this momentum to continue for the fourth quarter. And, as we look out to fiscal year 2023, we continue to see a clear path to approaching $3 billion in total revenues. Importantly, our business generates solid free cash flow and the strength of our balance sheet gives us the flexibility to continue to invest in our business and drive shareholder value.

Our model creates a cycle of high free cash flow and reinvestment capacity. The recurring revenue model drives profitable top line growth. And that in turn delivers strong free cash flow which is predictable and consistent overtime, as evidenced by the generation of approximately $500 million of free cash flow over the last five years.

All of these efforts along with the benefit of secular trends give us strong confidence in the long-term prospects of our business. Our future remains bright. And we are confident that we have the right strategy to accelerate our performance.

In closing, I'd like to thank our customers for their support and partnership, and working with us on managing the current inflationary environment. We are excited to see our customers' landscape blossom, as we move through our green season.

Also I'm thankful for our teams, for their continued attention to designing, creating, maintaining and enhancing the best landscapes on earth. Thank you for your interest and for your attention this morning. We'll now open the call for your questions.

Question-and-Answer Session

Operator

Thank you. [Operator Instructions] The first question today comes from the line of Tim Mulrooney from William Blair. Please go ahead, your line is now open.

Tim Mulrooney

Andrew, John, Brett, good morning.

Andrew Masterman

Good morning Tim.

Tim Mulrooney

So, I wanted to ask about your maintenance land business. You were forecasting 3% to 4% organic growth in the back half of the year. And it looks like the third quarter came in slightly below that at 2%. So, I was wondering if that was because you didn't get the net new contract growth that you were looking for this selling season or if maybe there was a slight pullback in enhancement spend could you just provide a little bit more color on the spending patterns that you're seeing within your customer base with a particular focus on how that enhancement piece of the business is doing? Thank you.

Andrew Masterman

Absolutely Tim. Yes, it was a dynamic similar to what we saw a couple of years ago and that we had a late spring with snow coming in at the beginning of April. And so as we missed that window for ancillary installation because we had snow coming down that really was the offset.

So, if we hadn't had the snow, we would have replaced it with ancillary. So, we saw a similar demand as we expected. It just we couldn't get to it because there was snow on the ground. And so it really was that straightforward.

Tim Mulrooney

Yes. That makes sense. And we're hearing that from like the pest guys other similar industries were affected by a cold spring. So, that all makes sense.

Andrew Masterman

Exactly. And we continue to be very confident that as we go forward that continued growth right around 3% is what we should expect going forward.

Tim Mulrooney

Okay. All right. That's helpful too. If I could sneak one more in. Just on pricing. Last time we spoke I think you expected about 50 to 100 basis points of organic growth in maintenance land come from pricing this year. And I know usually you get pricing through changes in scope.

But this year you're actually expecting price to contribute to organic growth now that we're through that key selling season and with the fuel surcharge, I wanted to check in on that number and see how we should still be thinking about pricing this year if that 50 to 100 basis points contributing to organic growth is the right number or if it's a little higher or lower than that? Thank you.

Andrew Masterman

Yes, right in that range, Tim. We're seeing -- we saw this quarter about 50 basis points impacting us from price. And we believe that as you said the pricing and season is by and large over and we expect that to continue into the fourth quarter.

Tim Mulrooney

Very helpful. Thanks guys.

Andrew Masterman

Welcome.

Operator

Thank you. The next question today comes from the line of George Tong from Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead, your line is now open.

George Tong

Hi, thanks. Good morning. I wanted to dive a little bit into fuel prices which remain a headwind. To the extent that fuel prices remain elevated, could you talk a little bit more about the strategies you have to manage through the impact?

You touched on efficiencies and pricing anything directly related to hedging or pass-throughs that you can implement that can help mitigate any surprises or unforeseen changes in oil prices?

Andrew Masterman

Yes George and obviously fuel was the biggest impact to our business here in the third quarter. And as we look at the fourth quarter we see fuel continuing to be at a relatively higher level compared to last year. What we continue to do is work with our customers on fuel surcharges.

We feel like we've pretty much completed the discussions with those customers to be able to continue to receive the surcharges as long as fuel remains above that kind of $3.50 kind of level and so we're able to protect it there.

Fuel hedges we did not hedge in 2022 for 2023 because we saw escalating fuel prices continuing to raise and we're concerned a little more about the volatility that we would see at fuel. And the last thing I think anyone wants to do is to see the hedge of the peak and when fuel prices potentially came down.

So, that's why we didn't hedge before. We'll think about it again as we look at every year about hedges as a potential mechanism to be able to offset the fuel. But at this point in time given where fuel is at we have not placed any additional hedges as we look forward into Q1 or Q2 2023.

George Tong

Okay, got it. That's helpful. You talked a bit about market impact that you're seeing from inflation as it relates to material and labor in your development business. Are you seeing any easing of trends or peaking of trends here, or is the momentum still sort of up and to the right as it relates to input costs?

Andrew Masterman

Yes. And well I will have to say we've said we're beyond the peak. We're kind of on the other side of the curve. And so we saw especially as we progressed through the third quarter as we saw the material portion of material impact or the negative material impact to lessen in the development segment.

So, we're believing as we go into the fourth quarter that we're going to start to see that turn as we've talked about for several quarters now is that we needed to get towards the latter half of the summer into the fall and we are actually seeing that. We're seeing improvements in our material rates.

And that's a combination of getting out of the contracts that were priced with historically longer lead times and getting into the newer contracts, which have much shorter lead times. So on the material side we see a turn on that.

And on the labor side of the business, the teams in both the development and maintenance segments have done an outstanding job of managing labor. If you can look at our notes that we talked about as well as the overall results being able to manage a labor environment and deliver -- basically the only impact being fuel deliver results that were pretty much in line with what we expected with the exception of a commodity base.

Fuel drive has really been able to give us confidence about what we see looking forward. And this is in combination with leveraging the technology that we've deployed with our electronic time capture and our labor management tools to be able to have that tight management across both segments the Maintenance and Development segments in our business.

George Tong

That’s great. Thanks very much.

Operator

Thank you. The next question today comes from the line of Justin Hauke from Baird. Please go ahead. Your line is open.

Andrew Masterman

Hello, Justin.

Operator

Hello, Justin. Are you there?

Justin Hauke

Yes. Can you hear me now?

Operator

Yes.

Andrew Masterman

We can now Justin.

Justin Hauke

Great. Thank you. So I wanted to ask I guess how do I ask this a little bit about kind of the balance sheet and cash flow here. The reason why I ask you quantified for 4Q the M&A contribution is going to be about the same as what it's been so $35 million-ish a quarter that you had.

As we look into 2023 though with leverage being 4.8 times, I'm just curious the extent to which you're able to continue to do a similar level of M&A next year? And part of the reason why I ask is because some of the cash flow headwinds you had this year I think will continue.

Next year you've got another CARES Act repayment. I think you're making in December. And then also your interest expense the $20 million you're guiding to in 4Q is like $80 million annualized. So I'm just thinking -- I guess the question is how do you think about free cash flow for next year and the ability to actually continue to deploy the balance sheet as you have over the last couple of quarters?

John Feenan

Yes. It’s a great. A lot in there Justin. So let me unpack that question for you. I think when we look at the cash flow this year it was definitely impacted when you look at it year-to-date by really three things. It was impacted by the increase in capital, but we were very clear that we expect that to maintain a 3.5%, and you can do that math.

We also were impacted by I call it the unwinding of the CARES Act where we had benefits and then payments and that was about $34 million $35 million. And then the increase in cash taxes which is more of a normalized rate this year when we were benefited from tax planning in the prior year.

When we look forward we are very confident that this is still going to revert back to our average. If you go look at our average over the last five years where we mentioned about $0.5 billion we're averaging about $100 million a year and we think that's still very attainable.

Let me kind of walk you through some of the key points. When we think about where we're going to be next year we've guided -- or we've said that we would be at approximately -- approaching $3 billion right? And what's going to happen next year? We are going to grow so there's going to be a headwind around working capital. We're growing quite a bit.

We are going to have an increase in interest expense driven by -- mainly around rates and the increase in SOFR. But a couple of positives are going to occur. We're growing the business so we would expect incremental EBITDA. And then when you look at the payments into your piece on the CARES Act, yes, we have that outflow in the first half of fiscal 2023.

But we're also going to benefit from some tax planning that we've put in place that will more than offset that CARES Act payment probably by a magnitude of 1.5 times to 2 times that CARES Act component. So we're very confident we'll still be in that $90 million - $100 million range of cash generation, which reverts right back to our average over the last five years. And obviously that allows us to continue the M&A strategy.

Justin Hauke

Okay. Great. So $90 million to $100 million is kind of -- that's in tune for next year. I guess the next question I don't have a lot on the P&L just because you did a good job talking about the fuel impact and then labor it sounds like it's mostly offset by what you're doing.

But on some of the items that you're also spending on like all the IT spend this year. I guess, I was just curious how much more is there to go on kind of that spend? Does that taper off after the fourth quarter. And then some of the other items that are excluded like the COVID expenses how much longer is that going to be something that's continuing to impact the results at least on a GAAP basis?

Andrew Masterman

Justin, let me talk about the IT and maybe John can then pick up on the COVID expenses. But our IT pipeline that we have for initiatives around digital implementation of tools actually has a pretty long horizon when I look over several years. And these tools are things which will engage customer engagement things like HOA and BV Connect 2.0 that's going to be coming out. That's only 2.0.

There are actually constructs out there what 3.0 could look like. And as we continue to enhance that combined with tools that help us in our ancillary management, help us in our tree care management things that think about employee engagement.

There are multiple tools that we have out as we continue to transform this industry into a really a more digital and future-focused organization that will not only drive better customer retention and employee engagement and employee retention, but also look at growth initiatives in our digital marketing spend and our approach to digital. So that IT spend, I don't see coming down and I see the opportunity is fairly significant as we continue to deploy that. Fortunately, that mostly happens in a capitalized way. So we don't foresee that to be an expense headwind at all. And John I'll have you.

John Feenan

Yeah. And Justin on the COVID, we expect that to drop precipitously going forward. We have started to see that this year. We're down about $2 million sequentially from Q2 to Q3. We expect that to continue to drop quite a bit, where it will be I would say de minimis in fiscal 2023.

Justin Hauke

Great. Thank you for better color on both of those. I appreciate it.

John Feenan

Yeah. No problem.

Operator

Thank you. The next question today comes from the line of Bob Labick from CJS Securities. Please go ahead. Your line is now open.

Pete Lukas

Hi. Good morning. It's Pete Lukas for Bob. Just looking at it, due to cost inflation scope changes et cetera kind of hard to gauge the underlying growth of the business in terms of net number of contracts, revenue per contract. Just wondering if you could comment a little bit more on how these have trended and give us a little sense and any kind of clarity or more info you can give us on that? And also, is there a better way to look at growth there?

Andrew Masterman

Yeah, sure. And I can give you certainly, we looked at price and the impact of price being about 50 bps in the quarter. Outside of that, it's really a combination of contracts and ancillary. We saw some rebound in ancillary, but ancillary is pretty much running at historical levels. So we continue to see net new contract improvement, which basically that's underlying growth. And we saw that in the first quarter, we saw the second quarter and we're seeing in the third quarter and we're going to see in the fourth quarter. And we see that because our contract wins that we've got in the third quarter we see that kind of spill out and basically impact the next several quarters when it comes to contract growth.

So we do see a significant amount of growth continuing to come into the business and net new contracts and then you look at the size of our contracts also those are growing. So we see our positive about the trends of the investments in our sales force really continue to pay off and will continue to deliver a sustainable picture. We've done five quarters of organic growth. Next quarter, will be our sixth quarter and we believe those quarters will continue. This is a steady machine that we expect to continue to deliver for the foreseeable future.

Pete Lukas

Great. And just following up on that. In terms of the biggest focus for new wins, if you could kind of talk about that and what end markets do you think you have the biggest advantages there?

Andrew Masterman

Yeah. It's a great question because this marketplace has so many diverse elements of -- there are so many different types of customers. And we are seeing -- it's interesting. We're not seeing necessarily any specific customer except I would say the larger customers, one that have a more sophisticated approach. And so that can be in the commercial area. It can be in homeowners associations. It can be in parks and recreation. But the larger size of a customer comes, the more resonation that comes with ancillary services that we can provide across the whole suite of services we deliver combined with the attention that our account managers who are doing a great job of really engaging with our customers and really demand that level of horticultural expertise combined with direct customer communication. So there is something about size of customer and that's why we've increased the size of our customers by over 40% in the last several years looking at what contracts really demand that high customer touch and really delivers the kind of value that we see. So I would say rather than necessarily any particular vertical, it's more just on looking at the increasing size of the customer.

Pete Lukas

Very helpful. Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. There are no additional questions waiting at this time. So I'd like to pass the conference over to Andrew Masterman for closing remarks.

Andrew Masterman

Thank you, operator. Once again, I'd like to thank everyone for participating in the call today and for your interest in BrightView. We look forward to speaking with you at upcoming events and we will report our fourth quarter results in November. Until then, stay safe and be well.

Operator

That concludes today's conference call. Thank you all for your participation. You may now disconnect your lines.

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