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Exam Code: 1Z0-1014 Practice test 2022 by team
1Z0-1014 Oracle Sales Cloud 2018 Implementation Essentials

Exam Title: Oracle Sales 2018 Implementation Essentials
Exam Number: 1Z0-1014
Format: Multiple Choice
Duration: 120 Minutes
Number of Questions: 70
Passing Score: 62%
Validated Against:

Oracle Cloud Certification credentials are valid for a period of 18 months from the date you earn the credential. The credential will become inactive at the end of 18 months. Oracle requires candidates to hold an active credential in order to access certain certification benefits including, without limitation, use of Oracle certification logos, eCertificates, score reports and certification verification. To stay current, candidates must re-certify themselves with the latest version of the exam. Oracle Cloud Certifications include Oracle Certified Associate, Specialist and Professional titles. Oracle Cloud Certifications are updated continuously throughout the year to keep current with major product and service releases, and re-released on an annual basis with a new title.

Oracle Sales Cloud 2018 Implementation Essentials
Oracle Implementation test success
Killexams : Oracle Implementation test success - BingNews Search results Killexams : Oracle Implementation test success - BingNews Killexams : Companies work together to build global e-invoicing exchange

More countries this year are cooperating on building a common electronic invoicing network that will enable companies to securely exchange invoices, while allowing tax authorities to monitor them, with dozens of companies in the U.S. joining a pilot program to test the network.

Several countries are either implementing mandatory e-invoicing or launching pilot programs on a voluntary basis before wider compulsory adoption, including Egypt, France, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Spain, the United Kingdom and Vietnam, according to the tax technology company Avalara. The U.S. is still in the voluntary category, but by joining the E-invoice Exchange Market Pilot, e-invoicing could become mandatory here as well. As of last month, 78 organizations had signed on to participate in the U.S. Market Pilot, an initiative that will build and test a virtual network that will allow U.S. businesses to exchange e-invoices with each other through a secure, open e-invoice delivery framework between providers. Under the pilot, there will be three waves of access point development and delivery, with each successive wave building upon the previous ones. The pilot will run through 2022 to establish an operational B2B invoice exchange framework for the U.S. market in 2023. The e-invoicing trend promises to help international tax authorities with collection of indirect taxes such as value-added taxes and sales taxes. 

“We’re seeing more and more tax authorities and governments introducing e-invoicing mandates, making it mandatory for businesses to release invoices in electronic formats normally via a government platform to business customers,” said Alex Baulf, senior director of global indirect tax at Avalara. “That means the governments actually have transactional level detail of every transaction the business is involved in. It’s a move away from the summary VAT return looking at aggregated sales data, and moving to a model where instead they’re looking at every single transaction. Not only is it more granular data, but it’s actually in real time. In some countries, the tax authority receives the invoice and the invoice data, and they approve it before it’s physically routed onto the customer.”

The trend could eventually spell the end of the traditional tax return filing process for companies abroad. “We're already seeing some countries pre-prepare the VAT return with the data they have,” said Baulf. “Some countries are doing that with data they receive electronically on customs declarations. The French are doing that at the moment. The Spanish have pre-populated their annual VAT return with data they get through e-reporting. In January of this year Norway actually got rid of the VAT return. Instead you send your transactional data tagged with the relevant kind of tax code where it would go on a return and then the authorities create the return for you. The return is just the medium for how to visualize the net position. France is introducing e-invoicing in July 2024. Part of the objective set out in their policy documents is they’re going to reduce the compliance burden for French businesses. They say ultimately we will have all the data we need to prepare the VAT returns on behalf of the taxpayers.”

As the U.S. pilot tests the possibilities, the Federal Reserve is helping spearhead the coalition behind the effort. “The pilots are organized by the Business Payments Coalition, the BPC,” said Baulf. “That’s actually a group that’s organized and led by the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. The initiative they’re looking at is to promote greater B2B electronic payments, remittance data and also invoicing, so they’re looking at all three parts. But because there’s no federal VAT in the U.S. — it's state and local taxes with hundreds of different tax authorities involved — there’s no real driver like the equivalent of the IRS to do this. Instead, they’re looking at it more as process efficiency and helping speed up payment remittance, to reduce costs and just make it easier for businesses to adopt e-invoicing.”

To make the e-invoicing technology work across various technology providers, the coalition has been developing standards that invoices will need to meet in terms of content and format. “For a network of e-invoicing to work, you need to have lots of different e-invoice technology providers like Avalara,” said Baulf. “But to ensure that every invoice that they generate will be accepted and processed by another party and their invoice software, they need interoperability. That’s why these e-invoicing standards are being developed.”

The standards are largely built on European standards such as PEPPOL, a network for free invoicing that grew out of public procurement needs. 

Phase one of the pilot program wrapped up at the end of June with approximately 20 businesses involved. “The success story is they have all been able to issue and receive e-invoices,” said Baulf. “They’ve created a directory now where you can search for your customer and then send any invoice document to that counterparty. The idea is there will be cost savings. The French estimate that the typical cost of an invoice in France is 10 euros for a paper invoice, but with an e-invoice it’s less than a postage stamp.”

There are also process efficiencies. Backers of the U.S. pilot program are hoping the network will lead to automatic payment remittance. “It will be easier for that invoice to be received and posted to an ERP system as opposed to a more manual process today where invoices may be sent via a PDF or an email and someone manually reviews it and then sends it to someone else, or a paper invoice is being received by a shared service center, for example,” said Baulf.

Approximately 80 different business organizations are involved in the wider pilot program. Not all the major ERP companies were in the initial pilot, though ERP giants like Oracle, SAP and Microsoft are part of the overall coalition. 

“Even though there’s a smaller subset physically exchanging invoices, there are IT companies and e-invoicing businesses who are involved in the wider consultation and providing some of the technology for the pilot,” said Baulf. “There are some early adopters who are part of this proof of concept pilot. The big ERP cloud software providers are very much focused on countries where e-invoicing is mandated. They have their large road maps of country coverage they need to meet. If they can’t make the necessary changes, in effect, businesses can’t continue to do business in those countries. A lot of them are relying on third parties, working with companies like Avalara to build integrations to their e-invoicing software, just like they would with a tax engine for tax calculation.”

Playing Whac-A-Mole

It’s likely that many businesses will be hesitant to share tax information with the authorities so vendors are treading cautiously, at least in the U.S., where there aren’t any mandates for e-invoicing right now. 

“I think a lot of them haven’t joined the U.S. pilot, but most of them are doing something in relation to e-invoicing globally, so they will have some functionality,” said Baulf. “They may have some country coverage, but they are relying on e-invoicing certified to sometimes provide that last mile, the final filing, the connection to government portals and government platforms. Some of the newer cloud-based ERP companies which have smaller startups and dynamic businesses using their platforms have actually been very quick to adopt e-invoicing. Xero is a great example in Australia. Australia is encouraging e-invoicing. The government is really supporting digitalization out there. They’re adopting the PEPPOL standard as a common standard for businesses to follow, and they’re going to make it compulsory for business-to-government invoicing to be electronic as well. Xero has actually said this is core functionality we’re going to provide to our customers in Australia and they’re providing that out of the box.”

The trend is spreading even more quickly in Europe. “Between 2023 and 2025, there will be over a dozen countries within the EU that implement mandatory invoicing,” said Baulf. “Italy was the first in 2019, but over the next couple of years, you’re going to see France, Spain, Belgium and Poland all introduce the mandate. That’s quite a game changer because suddenly any multinational business with a footprint within the EU is going to have to find a solution. Instead of looking for individual local bits of software, customizing their systems, they’re going to try and look at this holistically and strategically because it is the clear direction of travel. Ultimately in the next few years, every country in Europe will have e-invoicing and e-reporting as a mandatory requirement. We’re talking to a lot of customers and prospective customers, and they say it's like playing Whac-A-Mole at the moment. It’s difficult to keep up with the latest road map of requirements.”

That road map keeps changing, and sometimes the dates for implementation are moving as well. “It’s a moving target,” said Baulf. 

Closing the VAT gap

At the same time, the European Commission level is currently working on an initiative called VAT in the Digital Age, which includes e-invoicing and digital reporting, as a way to lessen the tax gap between the amount of taxes that should be collected versus the amount that is actually collected in value-added taxes. 

“They’re looking at seeing how they can encourage the increased use of e-invoicing because they obviously see the benefits not only from a business process perspective, but also to reduce VAT fraud,” said Baulf. “The VAT gap in the EU currently stands at 134 billion euros at the last count. That can be explained by fraud and other abuses, but also errors as well. And e-invoicing and e-reporting are seen as the solution to that because there’s suddenly a tax authority that can follow every transaction. They can run analytics, they can run AI exception reports, and they can do that in real time. They suddenly have access to a much broader data set than they currently do. And it also means because they’ve got that data, they can really focus their time, attention and resources on businesses that have a high risk of fraud. They can spot the hallmarks with the data they receive.”

It’s unclear how such a mandate could be imposed in the U.S., however, and whether it would come from Congress, the Treasury Department, the IRS, the Securities and Exchange Commission or state tax authorities, especially when there is so much resistance to raising taxes or imposing tax audits. 

“Because there’s no federal VAT or federal sales tax, it’s very difficult for tax to be the main driver for the mandate,” said Baulf. “Where could the catalyst come in relation to tax? It could come from state tax authorities. Potentially we could see a drive to more digital reporting or e-invoicing or sharing of the invoice data with the individual tax authorities. Could we see that scaled through something like the Streamlined Sales Tax Initiative? But you’ve also got the complication in the U.S. of intrastate versus interstate, and who has the power to regulate that. I think that’s the issue with e-invoicing because your customer could be anywhere. They could be across the street, or they could be in a different state or overseas. That’s the complication in the U.S. Maybe it won’t come through a mandate. Maybe it will come more through a combination of businesses just wanting to transform their finance function for process efficiency. But it may also be that businesses are having to implement the invoicing across the globe, and that’s the clear direction of travel. And if they’re doing that for the rest of the world, why wouldn’t they automate in the U.S. at home? If they’re making that investment at an IT level in shared service centers, maybe they want to realize some of the process benefits locally.”

He also sees some governments trying to incentivize businesses rather than require them to implement e-invoicing. “Maybe it’s not mandated, but we could see campaigns like we’re seeing in Australia and New Zealand where the government really promotes the standard,” said Baulf. “They try to educate businesses on the advantages. Could we see changes in procurement rules? That’s been the first step a lot of countries in the EU made, making it mandatory for public procurement to be in a digital format, everything from the submission of a tender offer to raising your invoice for payments.”

B2B and B2C

The e-invoicing technology is mostly being used for business transactions, but consumers can also see their tax transactions reported as well.

“Within Europe, most of the legislation on e-invoicing only applies to business-to-business invoices and sales to other businesses,” said Baulf. “But of course, the tax authority also wants the data on B2C sales to private consumers. They also, for VAT, see details on purchases and cross-border activity because we have a credit mechanism within the VAT system where businesses can recover VAT they incur. What they’re also doing, as well as mandating e-invoicing for B2B domestically, is introducing a parallel e-reporting requirement normally for the same e-invoicing platform. But instead of having to raise the invoice to a consumer, you merely report a mandated subset of data to the government platform. That means the tax authority has a holistic picture. They now have visibility on every single transaction the business is involved in: all revenue streams, domestic, cross-border, B2B, B2C, as well as cross-border purchase data. That gives them all the data they need to not only audit the business but also pre-prepare the VAT returns. If e-invoicing doesn’t have a natural tax catalyst moment in the U.S. because of the lack of a federal VAT and the issues around interstate and intrastate, you can pass legislation in relation to that. Maybe it's e-reporting that we could see thrive in the U.S., and we could start seeing state tax authorities bring in a reporting mandate. It’s not how you do business, but it’s a parallel process, sharing a subset of that invoice data electronically, either in real time or periodically to a state tax authority.”

Some companies may be able to get a competitive advantage by becoming early adopters of the technology in markets where e-invoicing has yet to catch on heavily.

“There are advantages for early adopters, businesses that issue and receive invoices,” said Baulf. “There should be lower costs on a per invoice basis. Maybe the payment cycle is reduced and they get paid quickly, which is better for cash flow, as well as increased spend visibility. Because there’s a lot of powerful data if you’re receiving that electronically, you can run analytics and a quite powerful visualization. That’s feedback we’re getting from our customers within Europe who have adopted e-invoicing. Suddenly the tax department becomes kind of a fountain of all knowledge. They’ve got great insights into the supply chain, into sales and purchase data because they need that for tax reporting. They’re then sharing that for management reporting, for wider procurement strategy and things like that. With e-invoicing, there’s always at least two parties because you’ve got the vendor and the customer. Therefore there are going to be advantages where your peers, your customers, your vendors all join that digital journey and are a part of that e-invoicing network.”

The timeline for the rollout in the U.S. looks uncertain right now, but the pilot test is nearing completion at least.

“The last wave of this pilot will finish at the end of this year, Dec. 31,” said Baulf. “At that point it’s anticipated there will be at least 31 participants actively sharing e-invoices on this network that’s being created. At the end of that wave, they would have been building on all the feedback they’ve received in the earlier two waves, making slight tweaks and starting to roll out more infrastructure. Then the plan is next year, 2023, the pilots are over and now we just encourage more businesses to join this network. There’s real hope and optimism that there will be organic growth. It’s not a mandate, but there’s this proof that businesses can share e-invoices, they can receive them, they’re getting paid quicker, and there are process advantages. And this is then something that moves from a pilot to an actual go-live system community of businesses deciding to streamline their procurement and invoicing function.”

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 05:55:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Syllabus & Latest test Pattern Post-wise

DDA JE Syllabus & test Pattern 2022: Delhi Development Authority (DDA) will be conducting the Single Stage Online Written test for eligible Indian candidates to fill up 279 vacancies of Junior Engineer (Civil/Electrical/Mechanical), Junior Translator (Official Language), Programmer, Assistant Director (Landscape), and Planning Assistant. Online applications were invited for the DDE Recruitment 2022 from 10th June 2022 to 10th July 2022. The Single Stage Online Written test will be held on 16th August 2022 for the posts of Assistant Director (Landscape), Planning Assistant, Jr. Translator (Official Language) and on 27th August 2022 for Programmer. Date of examination for the post of Jr. Engineer (Civil) and Jr. Engineer (Elect./Mech.) will be declared separately.

In this article, we share the DDA JE Syllabus & test Pattern for the posts of Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil), Junior Engineer (Elect. / Mech.), Programmer, Junior Translator (Official Language), and Planning Assistant.

DDA Recruitment 2022 Calendar

Events Important Dates
Opening date & time for online registration 11th June 2022 (10 am)
Last date & time for online registration and fee payment  10th July 2022 (6 pm) 

Single Stage Online Written Exam

Assistant Director (Landscape), Planning Assistant, Jr. Translator (Official Language) 

16th August 2022


27th August 2022

DDA Recruitment test Pattern 2022

For Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil/ Elec/ Mech), Programmer, Planning Assistant Posts

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


Respective discipline



2 hours


Quantitative Aptitude

General Awareness

English Language

For Junior Translator (Official Language) post

Stage I

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


General English



2 Hours

General Hindi



Stage II Convention Paper (Pen & Paper Method)

Name of the Subject

Number of Questions

Number of Marks


Translation from Hindi to English



2 Hours

Translation from English to Hindi



NOTE: The medium of the On-Line examination will be Hindi / English only for all categories of posts.  Penalty for wrong answers: in all such cases where the question is of 01 marks, there will be penalty of 0.33 marks (negative marking) for wrong answers/multiple answers marked by a candidate in the objective type question papers having four alternatives. However, where question is of 02 marks, there will be penalty of 0.66 marks (negative marking).

For the post of Junior Translator (Official Language): Stage II examination shall be evaluated in respect of only those candidates who attain the minimum qualifying standards in Stage I examination as may be fixed at the discretion of the Authority. Merit list will be prepared on the basis of marks obtained in Stage I and Stage II taken together.

Also Read: DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Eligibility, Age, Qualifications, How to Apply 

Also Read: DDA JE Recruitment 2022: Check Preparation Strategies for Reasoning & General Awareness

DDA Recruitment Syllabus 2022

For Assistant Director (Landscape), Junior Engineer (Civil/ Elec/ Mech), Programmer, Planning Assistant Posts

Assistant Director (Landscape)


1. Plants: Familiarity with local flora; criteria for plant selection; history of planting design; planting as a design element with respect to trees, shrubs, ground cover and creepers; planting features like form, leaf color and texture, color of flowers and fruits in different seasons; role of plant material in environmental improvement (e.g. soil conservation, modification of microclimate); maintenance of plant material; preparation of planting concepts, planting plans and plant schedules; estimation of costs and bill of quantity. Planting design in various environments such as woodlands, forests, rural areas, urban areas, roadside planting in urban and rural areas, industrial sites and in habitats such as grasslands, woodlands, sloping areas, marshes, bogs, wetlands, waterside and aquatic planting etc. Planting for shelter, windbreaks and shelter belts, visual effect and accent; Field ecology: Quadrat, line transect, community analysis.

2. Geology, Hydrology & Geomorphology: minerals and metals; rock type (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic); principles of stratigraphy and geology of India; relationships between geology, soils and vegetation; morphology and classification of soil type; properties of soils; soil management (evaluation, water conservation, fertility and plant nutrition, degradation control and reclamation techniques); hydrological cycle, sources of surface water; watersheds and drainage basins; infiltration characteristics; rainwater harvesting, artificial recharge; groundwater management, ground water pollution; landscape evolution.

3. Site Planning and Landscape Engineering: Site planning process; site character and design requirement relation; site survey and appraisal; contours and grading principles; efficient surface drainage pattern and watershed area, calculation of surface runoff, catchments areas and discharge rate; types of drainage systems, design of surface and sub-surface drainage elements; sports field drainage; earthwork volume computations; construction of roads, parking, paths, plazas, planter, water elements, etc; external lighting; irrigation and plumbing system; street/ site furniture; landscape working drawings; site mobilization and protection measures; water conservation; protection of water retention structures; soil conservation and erosion control measures; land reclamation and rehabilitation process; disposal of sludge, fly-ash, solid and liquid waste; transportation corridors; environment-friendly materials; sustainable landscape features (bioswales, bio retention ponds etc); estimation of costs and preparation of bill of quantities, specifications and tender documents.

4. Landscape Design and Communication: Urban and rural landscape appraisal, analysis and design; application of ecological principles; language skills for technical report ‘writing and- professional communications with planning authorities, statutory bodies, contractors and other professionals; communication techniques in digital media; research ability towards establishing a strong theoretical background. Ecology: Concept of ecosystem: energy flow; production; biogeochemical cycles; carbon cycle, global water cycles, nitrogen cycle; bioaccumulation and biomagnifications; ecosystem services; ecosystem types; ecological succession and maturity; population dynamics; ecosystem management; climate change.

5. Theory of Landscape Architecture: Concepts of space, time and scale in terms of garden, landscape and nature; evolution of landscape and garden design in relation to art, architecture and city planning; changing perceptions of man’s relationship with nature in various phases of history; environmental and behavioral theories; social and cultural dimensions of landscape; Ancient Indian traditions; Landscape from various geographic locations and periods, highlighting aspects of Form, Space and Order; Development of landscape design and gardens; Eastern, Central and Western traditions; Ancient Heritage: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome. Western Civilization: Europe; Italy, France and England. The middle-east: The Persian tradition and its far reaching influence. Eastern Civilisation: China and Japan. Ancient and medieval period in India; Mughal and Rajput Landscapes. Influences and linkages across cultures and traditions, e.g Chinese tradition and the English Landscape style, influence of Persian traditions towards the West and East. Colonial landscape development in India.

6. Nineteenth-Century Europe: Open space development in its urban design and planning context. Early industrial towns and the Garden City movement. USA: Further evolution of the public park as a major component of urban landscape. The work of F. L. Olmsted and other pioneers. Park-Systems and suburban development centered on open space. The Modern Movement: changing concepts of space and the relationship of architecture and landscape illustrated through studies of selected works of the modern masters. Post-war development in Europe: New Towns in England and the concept of Landscape Structure. Landscape Urbanism; Examples of open space development in new towns and urban renewal to illustrate the close conceptual relationship between town planning, urban design and landscape architecture (e.g. Haussmann’s Paris, Lutyen’s Delhi); influence of Ian McHarg on mid and late 20th Century landscape architecture. The work of selected twentieth century landscape architects, in the west as well as in India. Contemporary concepts and concerns: “Green” Architecture and EnergySaving site planning and Landscape Architecture; Cultural landscapes, their definition, identification, characteristics and policies; Landscape inventory and conservation of historical landscape; Artistic sensibility in Landscape Architecture, land art; new developments in urban landscape design. The Indian Context: Understanding contemporary attitudes to open space design in India: ancient horticultural tradition, Mughal influence, British colonial influence. Trends in landscape design in India in the late 20th and the first decade of the 21st Century.

7. Landscape Economics, Management & Horticultural Practice: Economics: Cost and benefits related to open space development; costs: intangible costs, depletion of natural resources, Management: Landscape management at the regional scale in relation to soil conservation, water management, grassland management, forestry and agriculture. Management practices related to urban ecology and urban habitats, such as urban forests, river banks, regional parks and greenbelts: ecological, economic and administrative issues. Management models. Horticulture Practice: Nursery establishment and Plant propagation. Establishment and maintenance of grass, shrubs and trees with respect to: ground preparation, planting and transplanting, pruning;

8. Landscape Resources: Settlements and Landscape: Siting and evolution of cities; Role of landform, water systems, climate and vegetation; Illustrative studies of cities in India and elsewhere; Microclimate; Air pollution; Solid waste management; conservation of water resources and vegetation cover; Urban forest; Landscape heritage; City development Plans, Zonal Plans. Development controls and their role in the conservation and creation of urban landscape; Delhi Master Plan; National Environment Policy; The rural landscape; Forest types of India; Biodiversity, urban biodiversity, Wetlands: definition, wetland values and conservations; Wastelands management; Land reclamation and rehabilitation; Watersheds and its management; Ramsar Convention, Forest Policy and management of forest resources. Conservation Forestry, Bye laws and planning regulations applicable to landscape development.

9. Landscape Conservation and Regional Landscape Planning; Concept of Landscape Planning and Landscape Conservation; Landscape Assessment techniques; Basic quantitative methods of collecting, analyzing, projecting and presenting data for Landscape Planning. Landscape Conservation: Priorities, Policies and Programmes; National parks and other protective designations; Biodiversity and Biosphere reserves; Endangered landscapes; Aspects of watershed management. The application of landscape planning techniques to large scale developments such as infrastructure and power projects, extractive and manufacturing industry, new towns and urban extensions, and developments for tourism and eco-tourism; Landscape perception, visual assessment and the aesthetic dimension of landscape planning. Environmental Impact Assessment and the Environmental Impact Statement: Theory and Practice; role of Environmental Legislation and the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

10. Landscape Project Management and Professional Practice: The role of statutory and regulatory bodies such as the Municipal Corporation, N.D.M.C, D.D.A and Urban Art commission etc.; Construction administration , Implementation process; Sequence of activities from inception to completion; progress evaluation and monitoring: (Estimation), Site documentation, Techniques of inspection and quality control; Construction documents Comparison of various kind of tenders with regard to objectives, utility and appropriateness. Tender Documentation and evaluation of tender; negotiations with contractors. Contract Documentation: Forms of contract; General and special conditions, specifications, Bill of quantities; significant clauses pertaining to defects, maintenance, arbitrations, etc. Parties to the contract; their roles, contractual relationships and legal obligations; Forms of agreement, conditions of engagement, scope of work and services to be provided. Scale of Professional Fees: Relationship of Landscape Architect with other professionals. Landscape Design Competitions: Types, Guidelines.

Junior Engineer (Civil)

Civil Engineering

Building Materials: Physical and Chemical properties, classification, standard tests, uses and manufacture/quarrying of materials e.g. building stones, silicate based materials, cement (Portland), Asbestos products, Timber and Wood based Products, laminates, bituminous materials, paints, varnishes.

Surveying: Principles of surveying, working of properties, compass and bearing, plane table surveying, theodolite traverse, adjustment of theodolite, levelling and contouring, curvature, refraction, permanent adjustment of dumpy level, methods of contouring and uses of a control map, tachometric survey.

Soil Mechanics: Origin of soil phase diagram, definitions of void ratio, porosity, degree of saturation, water content, specific gravity of soil grains and unit weights, grain size distribution curves for different solid and their uses. Atterjerg's limits, ISI soil classification, plasticity chart, coefficient of permeability, effective stress, consolidation of soils. Calculation of shear strength of soils, direct shear test, vane shear test, triaxial test, soil compaction, Lab compaction, Lab compaction test, moisture content and bearing capacity of soils, plate load test, standard penetration test.

Hydraulics: Fluid properties, hydrostatics, measurements of flow, Bernoulli's theorem and its application, flow through pipes, flow in open channels, weirs, flumes, spillways, pumps and turbines.

Environmental Engineering: Quality of water, source of water supply, purification of water, distribution of water, need of sanitation, sewerage system, circular sewers, oval sewer, sewer appurtenances, surface water drainage, sewage treatments.

Structural Engineering: Theory of structures: Elasticity constants, type of beams, determinate and indeterminate, bending moment and shear force diagrams of simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams. Moment of area and moment of inertia for rect. & circular section, bending moment and shear stress for tee, channel and compound sections, chimneys, dams and retaining walls, eccentric loads, slope deflection of simply supported and cantilever beams, critical load and columns, torsion of circular section.

Concrete Technology: Properties, Advantages and uses of concrete, cement aggregates quality, water cement ratio, workability, mix design, storage, batching, mixing, placement, compaction, finishing and curing of concrete, quality control of concrete, hot weather and cold weather concreting, repair and maintenance of concrete structure.

RCC Design:

RCC beams: flexural strength, shear strength, bond strength, design of single reinforced beans, lintels, cantilever beams, double reinforced beams, one way slabs, two way slabs, isolated footings, reinforced brick work. T-beams, columns, staircases, retaining walls, water tanks (RCC design questions may be based on both Limit State method and Working Stress method).

Steel Design: Steel design and construction of steel columns, beams, roof trusses, plate girders.

Junior Engineer (Electrical/Mechanical)

General Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical)

Electrical Engineering

Basic Electrical Engg.: Elect. Measurements, Concepts of current, voltage, resistance, power and energy, their units, Ohm’s law.

Circuit Law: Kirchooff’s law, solution of simple network problems, Network theorems and their applications, Electro-magnetism, concept of flux, e m f, reluctance, magnetic circuits. Electromagnetic induction, self and mutual inductance. A.C. fundamentals, instantaneous, peak, R.M.S. and average values of alternating waves, Equation of sinusoidal wave form, simple series and parallel AC. circuits consisting of R.L. and C, Resonance. Measurement and measuring instruments, Moving coil and moving iron ammeters and voltmeters, Extension of range, Wattmeters, Multimeters, megger, Basic Electronics.

Electrical machines: Basic principles of D.C. motors, generators, their characteristics, Speed control and starting of D.C. motors, losses and efficiency of D.C. machines.1-Phase and 3-phase transformers: Principles of operation, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, O.C. and S.C. tests, efficiency, auto transformers. Synchronous machines, generation of 3-phase e m f, armature reaction, Voltage regulation, parallel operation of two alternators, synchronizing, starting and applications of synchronous motors. 3-Phase Induction motor, rotating magnetic field, principle of operation, equivalent circuit, torque-speed characteristics, starting and speed control of 3-phase induction motors, Fractional KW motors, 1-phase induction motors, A.C. series motor, reluctance motor.

General, Transmission and Distribution: Different types of power stations, Load factor, diversity factor, demand factor, simple problems thereon, cost of generation, inter- connection of power stations. Power factor improvement, various types of tariffs, types of faults, short circuit current for symmetrical faults. Switchgears- rating of circuit breakers: Principles of a extinction by oil and air, H.R.C. fuses, Protection, earth leakage, over current, Buchhotgz relay, Merz- Prince system of protection of generators & transformers, protection of feeders and bus bars. Lightning arresters, Various transmission and distribution systems, Comparison of conductor materials, efficiency for different systems. Utilization of Electrical Energy, Illumination, electric heating, Electric welding, electroplating, electric drives and motors.

Mechanical Engineering

Flow of Fluids: Laminar & turbulent flow, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem, measurement of discharge, flow through pipes, friction losses, Forces of jet impinging on vanes, blades, work done and efficiency, classification of turbines & pumps.

Thermal Engineering: Laws of thermodynamics, change in entropy in various processes; uses of steam, Properties of steam table & charts; Construction & Working of Cochran, Lancashire locomotive & Babcock & Wilcox boilers, working of steam turbine, Otto & Diesel Cycles, working of IC engines, Carburetion, Solex Carburettor. Diesel fuel, pump & injector: Cooling & lubrication.

Production Engineering: Foundry- Different casting processes, concept of Patterns; types of mould making, purring defect in castings, causes & remedies, Welding-classification and types of welding, Testing and defects in welds. Lathes- working of lathe, various tools, operation on lathes, types of lathes. Drilling operations performed on drilling machines. Description, principles of working and various operations on machine tools, milling machine, shaper, grinder, boring and slotting machines.

Strength of Materials: Stresses in composite bars, relation between elastic constants, Resilience under different types of loads, SF and BM diagrams; stresses in beams-combined direct and bending stresses, Struts and columns – Euler’s and Rankin’s theories, Torsion of circular shafts.

Theory of Machines: Simple Machines – Four bar chain, Slider crank chain, double slider crank chain, Flywheel – Turning moment diagrams. Fluctuation of energy, Friction-in collar and pivots, plate clutch, conical clutch, journal bearing. Transmission of power through flat and V-belts, Gears, profile of gears, Governors- Watt and Hartnell governors.


Computer Architecture, Computer Organization. Data Communication And Net-Working, Artificial Intelligence, Micro-Processors, Number Systems & Digital Logics, Peripherals And Storage Devices.

Operating Systems: Windows, Unix And Linux

Programming: Programming in Angular Java, PSP, Asp.Net, Java And Android/ Mobile Aps Programming, Programming In D2k, Programming In Visual Basic, PL/SQL, HTML.

Data Base Management (DBMS): Oracle 8i And Above, SQL server 2003 and above, Open Sources DBMS, My SQL Sybase Ingress etc.

Internet and Web Technologies

Planning Assistant

i. Basic concepts of urban planning and Architecture, Planning Legislation and GIS

Section 1: Architecture Elements, construction, architectural styles and examples of different periods of Indian and Western History of Architecture; Oriental, Vernacular and Traditional architecture; Architectural developments since Industrial Revolution; Influence of modern art on architecture; Art nouveau, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture; latest trends in Contemporary Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects.

Section 2: Environmental Planning and Design Ecosystem- natural and man-made ecosystems; Ecological principles Concepts of Environmental Impact Analysis; Environmental considerations in planning and design; database for incorporation of environmental concerns in planning analysis, land suitability analysis, vulnerability analysis; Climate responsive design; Solar architecture; methods of addressing environmental quality; Green Building Concepts and Rating; ECBC; Building Performance Simulation and Evaluation; Environmental pollution- types, cause, controls and abatement strategies.

Section 3: Services, Infrastructure and Transportation Urban infrastructure- Transportation, Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management, Electricity and Communications, Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road capacity; Traffic survey method; Traffic flow characteristics; Traffic analyses and design considerations; Travel demand forecasting; Land use transportation – urban from inter-relationships; Design of roads, intersections/ grade separates and parking areas, Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Traffic and transport management and control in urban areas; Mass transportation planning; Para-transits and other modes of transportations Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning; Intelligent Transportation Systems.

Section 4: Planning Legislation and GIS Planning legislation will include acts and legislation related to development management and maintenance of Delhi and other towns of NCR, municipal corporation and local bodies, Land Acquisition Act, PPP etc. Local self- Governance.

ii. Delhi Development Act, (DD Act), 1957 will include all sections and provisions of the Act.

iii. Master plan of Delhi 1962-2021 will include provisions, strategies and Master Plan proposals as per documents published from time to time.

Junior Translator


a) General Hindi: 100 marks (Objective type)

b) General English: 100 marks (Objective type)

The questions will be designed to test the candidate's understanding of the languages and literature, correct use of words, phrases and idioms, and ability to write the languages correctly, precisely, and effectively. The questions will be of degree level.


Translation and Essay: 200 Marks (Conventional Type) The paper will contain two passages for translation-one passage for translation from Hindi to English and one passage for translation from English to Hindi, and an Essay each in Hindi and English, to test the candidates‟ translation skills and their ability to write as well as comprehend the two languages correctly, precisely and effectively. The level of the paper will be consistent with the educational qualifications prescribed.

DDA Recruitment 2022 Apply Online

Tue, 26 Jul 2022 01:07:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Human-Centered Computing Bachelor of Science Degree Course Sem. Cr. Hrs. First Year ISTE-110

General Education – First-Year Writing: FYW: Ethics in Computing (WI)

Computing and the Internet are now integral parts of our lives. In this course, we consider and discuss how ethical theories and principles can inform and provide guidance about interactions and uses of computing technologies. Topics include the development interpretation, and application of ethical theory, moral values, personal responsibility, codes of conduct, ethics in the real and virtual worlds, intellectual property, and information security. This is a Writing Intensive (WI) course. Students are provided with guidance and opportunities for improving informal and formal writing skills. Grades received on writing assignments will constitute a significant component of the final course grade. Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-140

Web & Mobile I

This course provides students with an introduction to internet and web technologies, and to development on Macintosh/UNIX computer platforms. Topics include HTML and CSS, CSS3 features, digital images, web page design and website publishing. Emphasis is placed on fundamentals, concepts and standards. Additional Topics include the user experience, mobile design issues, and copyright/intellectual property considerations. Exercises and projects are required. Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-262

Foundations of Human Centered Computing

This course explores how the fields of psychology, digital design, and computing converge in the design, development, and evaluation of new technologies that people find effective and enjoyable to use. Students will investigate the field of human-computer interaction (HCI), with a focus on how users' various sensory, motor, and cognitive abilities are essential to their successful use of technology. Students will be exposed to modern research methods and paradigms in field of human-computer interaction, including predictive modeling, heuristic evaluation, interpretive methods, and experimental user testing. Students will learn key design principles and guidelines and apply them to analyze existing designs and conduct a design process that is centered on human users of technology. (Prerequisite: ISTE-140 or IGME-230 or NACA-172 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall).

3 NMDE-111

New Media Digital Design Survey I

This project-based course is an investigation of the computer as an illustrative, imaging, and graphical generation tool. It develops foundational design skills in raster and vector image creation, editing, compositing, layout and visual design for online production. Emphasis will be on the application of visual design organization methods and principles for electronic media. Students will create and edit images, graphics, layouts and typography to form effective design solutions for online delivery. (This course is restricted to students in the WMC-BS or HCC-BS or NMDE-BFA or NWMEDID-BS or DIGHSS-BS program.) Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 PSYC-101

General Education – Scientific Principles Perspective: Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to the field of psychology. Provides a survey of basic concepts, theories, and research methods. Topics include: thinking critically with psychological science; neuroscience and behavior; sensation and perception; learning; memory; thinking, language, and intelligence; motivation and emotion; personality; psychological disorders and therapy; and social psychology. Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

3 PSYC-223

General Education – Elective: Cognitive Psychology

This course examines how people perceive, learn, represent, remember and use information. Contemporary theory and research are surveyed in such areas as attention, pattern and object recognition, memory, knowledge representation, language acquisition and use, reasoning, decision making, problem solving, creativity, and intelligence. Applications in artificial intelligence and human/technology interaction may also be considered. (Prerequisites: PSYC-101 or PSYC-101H or completion of one (1) 200 level PSYC course.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

3 STAT-145

General Education – Mathematical Perspective A: Introduction to Statistics I

This course introduces statistical methods of extracting meaning from data, and basic inferential statistics. Topics covered include data and data integrity, exploratory data analysis, data visualization, numeric summary measures, the normal distribution, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing. The emphasis of the course is on statistical thinking rather than computation. Statistical software is used. (Prerequisite: MATH-101 or MATH-111 or NMTH-260 or NMTH-272 or NMTH-275 or a math placement test score of at least 35.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

3 STAT-146

General Education – Mathematical Perspective B: Introduction to Statistics II

This course is an elementary introduction to the Topics of regression and analysis of variance. The statistical software package Minitab will be used to reinforce these techniques. The focus of this course is on business applications. This is a general introductory statistics course and is intended for a broad range of programs. (Prerequisites: STAT-145 or equivalent course.) Lecture 6 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

4 YOPS-10

RIT 365: RIT Connections

RIT 365 students participate in experiential learning opportunities designed to launch them into their career at RIT, support them in making multiple and varied connections across the university, and immerse them in processes of competency development. Students will plan for and reflect on their first-year experiences, receive feedback, and develop a personal plan for future action in order to develop foundational self-awareness and recognize broad-based professional competencies. Lecture 1 (Fall, Spring).


General Education – Elective


Open Elective

3 Second Year GCIS-123

Software Development and Problem Solving I

A first course introducing students to the fundamentals of computational problem solving. Students will learn a systematic approach to problem solving, including how to frame a problem in computational terms, how to decompose larger problems into smaller components, how to implement innovative software solutions using a contemporary programming language, how to critically debug their solutions, and how to assess the adequacy of the software solution. Additional Topics include an introduction to object-oriented programming and data structures such as arrays and stacks. Students will complete both in-class and out-of-class assignments. Lab 6 (Fall, Spring).

4 GCIS-124

Software Development and Problem Solving II

A second course that delves further into computational problem solving, now with a focus on an object-oriented perspective. There is a continued emphasis on basic software design, testing & verification, and incremental development. Key Topics include theoretical abstractions such as classes, objects, encapsulation, inheritance, interfaces, polymorphism, software design comprising multiple classes with UML, data structures (e.g. lists, trees, sets, maps, and graphs), exception/error handling, I/O including files and networking, concurrency, and graphical user interfaces. Additional Topics include basic software design principles (coupling, cohesion, information expert, open-closed principle, etc.), test driven development, design patterns, data integrity, and data security. (Prerequisite: C- or better in SWEN-123 or CSEC-123 or GCIS-123 or equivalent course.) Lab 6 (Fall, Spring, Summer).

4 ISTE-99

School of Information Second Year Seminar

This course helps students prepare for cooperative employment by developing job search approaches and material. Students will explore current and emerging aspects of IST fields to help focus their skill development strategies. Students are introduced to the Office of Career Services and Cooperative Education, and learn about their professional and ethical responsibilities for their co-op and subsequent professional experiences. Students will work collaboratively to build résumés, cover letters, and prepare for interviewing. (Prerequisites: This class is restricted to HCC-BS or CMIT-BS or WMC-BS or COMPEX-UND Major students with at least 2nd year standing.) Lecture 1 (Fall, Spring).

0 ISTE-240

Web & Mobile II

This course builds on the basics of web page development that are presented in Web and Mobile I and extends that knowledge to focus on theories, issues, and technologies related to the design and development of web sites. An overview of web design concepts, including usability, accessibility, information architecture, and graphic design in the context of the web will be covered. Introduction to web site technologies, including HTTP, web client and server programming, and dynamic page generation from a database also will be explored. Development exercises are required. (Prerequisites: (ISTE-120 or CSCI-140 or CSCI-141 or NACA-161 or IGME-105 or IGME-101 or NMAD-180 or GCIS-123) and (ISTE-140 or NACA-172 or IGME-230 or IGME-235) or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-264

Prototyping and Usability Testing

This course will explore how modern human centered computing design and evaluation methodologies can be effectively used to create high-quality and usable technologies for a variety of users. Students will learn how an initial design can be evaluated and improved through the use of prototyping and user evaluations. Students will investigate a variety of high- and low-fidelity prototyping techniques, plan an iterative design process for an application, conduct an evaluation of a prototype, and analyze the results of user testing to drive a design process. Programming is required. (Prerequisites: ISTE-262 or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Spring).

3 ISTE-266

Design for Accessibility

This course will explore the design, evaluation, and use of computing and information technologies to benefit people with disabilities and older adults. Students will learn how to analyze the accessibility of existing software or websites, and they will learn how to design technology that can be effectively, enjoyably, and efficiently used by people with diverse sensory, motor, and cognitive abilities. Students will learn about cutting-edge ways in which science and technology has provided assistance and accessibility for people with disabilities. Students will learn how to investigate the needs of users with disabilities, design technologies according to universal design or accessibility principles, interpret key accessibility regulations and guidelines, and include people with disabilities in the design and evaluation of new technologies. Programming is required. (Prerequisites: ISTE-264 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall).

3 ISTE-499

Undergraduate Co-op (summer)

Students perform paid, professional work related to their program of study. Students work full-time during the term they are registered for co-op. Students must complete a student co-op work report for each term they are registered; students also are evaluated each term by their employer. A satisfactory grade is given for co-op when both a completed student co-op report and a corresponding employer report that indicates satisfactory student performance are received. (Enrollment in this course requires permission from the department offering the course.) CO OP (Fall, Spring, Summer).

0 NMDE-112

New Media Digital Design Survey II

Through formal studies and perceptual understanding, including aesthetics, graphic form, structure, concept development, visual organization methods and interaction principles, students will design graphical solutions to communication problems for static and interactive projects. Students will focus on creating appropriate and usable design systems through the successful application of design theory and best practices. Assignments exploring aspects of graphic imagery, typography, usability and production for multiple digital devices and formats will be included. (Prerequisite: NMDE-111 or NMAD-155 or equivalent course.) Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 PSYC-250

General Education – Elective: Research Methods I (WI-PR)

This course will serve as an introduction to research methods in psychology, with the goal of understanding research design, analysis and writing. Topics include examining the variety of methods used in psychology research, understanding research ethics, developing empirical hypotheses, designing experiments, understanding statistical concepts, interpreting results, and writing research and review papers in APA style. This is a required course for all psychology majors, and is restricted to students in the psychology program. (Prerequisites: PSYC-101 or PSYC-101H and STAT-145 or STAT-145H equivalent course and student standing in PSYC-BS or HCC-BS programs.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 PSYC-251

General Education – Elective: Research Methods II (WI-PR)

This course will serve as an advanced research methods course in psychology, and will build on the foundational knowledge presented in Research Methods I. Topics and tasks for this course include designing single and multi-factor experiments, interpreting correlational research, completing statistical analyses appropriate to design, completing and analyzing an IRB application, understanding observational and survey research, and presenting results in APA style. This is a required course for all psychology majors, and is restricted to students in the psychology program. (Prerequisites: PSYC-250 and STAT-146 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).


General Education – Social Perspective


General Education – Natural Science Inquiry Perspective

3 Third Year ISTE-252

Foundations of Mobile Design

This course is an introduction to designing, prototyping, and creating applications and web applications for mobile devices. These devices include a unique set of hardware and communications capabilities, incorporate novel interfaces, are location aware, and provide persistent connectivity. Topics covered include user interaction patterns, connectivity, interface design, software design patterns, and application architectures. Programming projects are required. (Prerequisites: ISTE-240 or IGME-330 or equivalent course.) Lec/Lab 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-499

Undergraduate Co-op (summer)

Students perform paid, professional work related to their program of study. Students work full-time during the term they are registered for co-op. Students must complete a student co-op work report for each term they are registered; students also are evaluated each term by their employer. A satisfactory grade is given for co-op when both a completed student co-op report and a corresponding employer report that indicates satisfactory student performance are received. (Enrollment in this course requires permission from the department offering the course.) CO OP (Fall, Spring, Summer).


HCC Concentration Courses


General Education – Artistic Perspective


General Education – Global Perspective


General Education – Immersion 1


Open Electives

6 Fourth Year ISTE-500

Senior Development Project I

The first course in a two-course, senior level, system development capstone project. Students form project teams and work with sponsors to define system requirements. Teams then create architectures and designs, and depending on the project, also may begin software development. Requirements elicitation and development practices introduced in prior coursework are reviewed, and additional methods and processes are introduced. Student teams are given considerable latitude in how they organize and conduct project work. (This course is restricted to WMC-BS, HCC-BS, CMIT-BS, and 2 ISTE-499 completed or (1 ISTE-498 completed and 1 ISTE-499 completed).) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).

3 ISTE-501

Senior Development Project II (WI-PR)

The second course in a two-course, senior level, system development capstone project. Student teams complete development of their system project and package the software and documentation for deployment. Usability testing practices introduced in prior course work are reviewed, and additional methods and processes are introduced. Teams present their developed system and discuss lessons learned at the completion of the course. (Prerequisites: ISTE-500 or equivalent course.) Lecture 3 (Fall, Spring).


HCC Concentration Courses


General Education – Ethical Perspective


General Education – Immersion 2, 3


Open Elective


General Education - Elective

3 Total Semester Credit Hours


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Killexams : The Latin American CFOs' Executive Program

John Burrows is senior lecturer in leadership at the University of Chicago’s Harris School of Public Policy and an associate fellow at Oxford University’s Saïd Business School. He also teaches healthcare leadership in a newly launched double masters degree program in health policy taught jointly by the University of Chicago and the London School of Economics & Political Science. Previously, he was an adjunct professor at the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business.

Before entering academia, John’s career spanned the public, private, and NGO sectors. He originally came to the USA from the UK to volunteer at the Southern Center for Human Rights and the Mississippi Capital Defense Resource Project. During college he interned with other anti-death penalty groups and also at the Cato Institute, a think tank in Washington, DC. Later he joined Arthur Andersen’s Office of Government Service (OGS) and led engagements with the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

John later switched into the private sector, where he was a partner with the consulting firm Accenture and held senior roles in sales and marketing at enterprise software companies including Siebel and Oracle. He negotiated, sold, managed, and implemented complex, multi-national, multi-million dollar projects around the globe, and gained experience building and growing operations in the UK, USA, and Japan, grappling with all that entails: BD, IJVs, M&A, etc. During his PhD studies John served as an advisor for Houses for Africa, a social enterprise firm based in Cape Town, South Africa.

At the University of Chicago and Oxford, John teaches leadership, negotiations, strategy, decision-making, and organizational psychology to MPP, MBA, and MA students, and to senior executives in open enrollment and custom executive-education programs. Custom executive education clients of John's include AbbVie, Alfa, American College of Surgeons, American Orthopaedic Association, Aon, BBVA, Brainlab, Cheung Kong Graduate School of Business (CKGSB), Civil Service Bureau of Hong Kong, Edelman, Health Care Service Corporation (HCSC), Kiewit, Kuwait University College of Business Administration, Merrill Lynch, State Farm, Syngenta, Trelleborg, and Workiva.

For three years now, John has also taught each cohort of the University of Chicago's International Innovation Corp (IIC) Fellows Program. The IIC recruits top-performing graduates of leading host-country universities and US based institutions and organizes them into teams of up to 3-5 Project Associates. Project Associates train for 5 weeks in skills required to translate their academic and professional knowledge into on-the-ground contributions. The IIC embeds each team within a government, non-profit, or foundation office in India or Brazil to work on an innovative development project with a discrete, tractable scope for 1-3 year projects. Last year, John taught in the University of Chicago Data and Policy Summer Scholar Program which offers top global undergraduate students a 4-week experience with rigorous training on data analytics and public policy.

John is a sought-after speaker across industries but especially within healthcare. He has presented to the American College of Surgeons (ACS), including to their Board of Regents, and delivered a grand rounds lecture to the University of Chicago’s Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Rehabilitation. John has also delivered keynote speeches for the American Orthopaedic Association (AOA) and the Association of Program Directors in Surgery (APDS).

John currently serves on the advisory board of Profitable Ideas Exchange (PIE), which builds communities of senior executive to tackle many of the world’s greatest challenges, and consults with clients across industries and geographies.

John received a Ph.D. and M.B.A. from the University of Chicago’s Booth School of Business and an A.B. from Vassar College.

Mon, 09 May 2022 07:17:00 -0500 en text/html
1Z0-1014 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List