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Exam Code: 1Z0-071 Practice exam 2022 by team
1Z0-071 Oracle Database 12c SQL

Relational Database concepts
Explaining the theoretical and physical aspects of a relational database
Relating clauses in SQL Select Statement to Components of an ERD
Explaining the relationship between a database and SQL

Restricting and Sorting Data

Applying Rules of precedence for operators in an expression
Limiting Rows Returned in a SQL Statement
Using Substitution Variables
Using the DEFINE and VERIFY commands
Sorting Data

Using Conversion Functions and Conditional Expressions
Applying the NVL, NULLIF, and COALESCE functions to data
Understanding implicit and explicit data type conversion
Using the TO_CHAR, TO_NUMBER, and TO_DATE conversion functions
Nesting multiple functions

Displaying Data from Multiple Tables
Using Self-joins
Using Various Types of Joins
Using Non equijoins
Using OUTER joins

Understanding and Using Cartesian Products
Using SET Operators
Matching the SELECT statements
Using the ORDER BY clause in set operations
Using The INTERSECT operator
Using The MINUS operator
Using The UNION and UNION ALL operators
Managing Indexes Synonyms and Sequences

Managing Indexes
Managing Synonyms
Managing Sequences
Managing Views
Managing Objects with Data Dictionary Views
Using data dictionary views

Retrieving Data using the SQL SELECT Statement
Using Column aliases
Using The SQL SELECT statement
Using concatenation operator, literal character strings, alternative quote operator, and the DISTINCT keyword
Using Arithmetic expressions and NULL values in the SELECT statement
Using Single-Row Functions to Customize Output

Manipulating strings with character functions in SQL SELECT and WHERE clauses
Performing arithmetic with date data
Manipulating numbers with the ROUND, TRUNC and MOD functions
Manipulating dates with the date function

Reporting Aggregated Data Using Group Functions
Restricting Group Results
Creating Groups of Data
Using Group Functions

Using Subqueries to Solve Queries
Using Single Row Subqueries
Using Multiple Row Subqueries
Update and delete rows using correlated subqueries

Managing Tables using DML statements
Managing Database Transactions
Controlling transactions
Perform Insert, Update and Delete operations
Performing multi table Inserts
Performing Merge statements
Use DDL to manage tables and their relationships
Describing and Working with Tables
Describing and Working with Columns and Data Types
Creating tables
Dropping columns and setting column UNUSED
Truncating tables
Creating and using Temporary Tables
Creating and using external tables
Managing Constraints
Controlling User Access
Differentiating system privileges from object privileges
Granting privileges on tables
Distinguishing between granting privileges and roles
Managing Data in Different Time Zones
Working with INTERVAL data types

Oracle Database 12c SQL
Oracle Database exam contents
Killexams : Oracle Database exam contents - BingNews Search results Killexams : Oracle Database exam contents - BingNews Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*




 LinkedIn Jobs 



IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2






Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**






Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator






Oracle Database 12c Administrator












*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)


DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

Each exam webpage provides exam objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the exam Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.


Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)


There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One exam (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam


Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice tests and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one exam from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.


Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification exam webpage lists exam subjects as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most latest SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), exam code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam



Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to trial questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Series 65

What Is the Series 65?

Designed by the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) and administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), the Series 65 is an exam and securities license required for individuals to act as investment advisers in the US.

The Series 65 exam, known formally as the Uniform Investment Adviser Law Examination, covers laws, regulations, ethics, and various subjects important to the role of a financial adviser.

Key Takeaways

  • Financial professionals in the U.S. must often pass licensing examinations in order to practice.
  • The Series 65 exam qualifies an investment professional to function as an Investment Adviser Representative (IAR) in most states.
  • Topics include state and federal securities acts, rules and regulations for investment advisers, ethical practices, and fiduciary obligations—including communications with clients, compensation, client funds, and conflicts of interest.
  • The exam features 130 multiple-choice questions, and you have 180 minutes to earn a passing score of at least 72%.
  • If you passed the Series 65, you may also need to take the FINRA Series 7 exam to be fully-licensed to sell securities and execute trades.

Understanding the Series 65

Successful completion of the Series 65 exam is designed to qualify candidates as investment adviser representatives (IARs) in their home states.  As an IAR, advisors must act in a fiduciary capacity, offering investment advice to clients for a fee. 

Passing the Series 65 exam, formally known as the Uniform Investment Advisor Law Exam, is the only requirement for becoming an IAR. There are no prerequisites, and candidates do not need to be sponsored by an investment firm to sit for the exam, but they need to file a Form U10 (Form U4 for brokers) and pay the $187 exam fee. 

The Series 65 exam includes 130 questions that cover subjects determined to be necessary to understand in order to provide investment advice to clients. These include questions on the subjects of economics, financial markets, investment vehiclesinvestment strategies, analysis, and ethics.

If you are not charging a fee and you do not regularly provide advice on securities, then you most likely do not need to get your Series 65 license. Other FINRA-administered qualification examinations include the Series 3 National Commodities Futures (NCFE), Series 7 General Securities Representative (GS), and Series 63 Uniform Securities Agent State Law.

Financial professionals who have successfully passed the Series 65 exam may not act as investment advisers until licensed and registered in their state.

Series 65 exam Structure

The Series 65 examination contains 130 multiple-choice questions. Candidates have 180 minutes to complete the exam. Candidates must get 94 of the 130 questions correct to pass (a score of 72.3%).

Test takers must schedule an exam at a qualified testing center, where they are provided with a basic four-function electronic calculator. Only this calculator may be used during the exam. Dry-erase boards and markers are also provided for candidates. No reference materials of any kind are permitted in the exam room, and there are severe penalties for those who are caught cheating or attempting to cheat.

An individual's firm can schedule a candidate to take the exam by filing Form U4 and paying the $175 examination fee. If an individual is not firm-registered, the candidate uses Form U10 to request and pay for the exam.

Series 65 exam Content

NASAA provides updated information on the exam's content on its website. The exam is structured as follows:

  • Economic Factors and Business Information (15%, 20 questions): subjects include monetary and fiscal policy, economic indicators, financial reporting, quantitative methods, and basic risk concepts.
  • Investment Vehicle Characteristics (25%, 32 questions): subjects include cash and cash equivalents, fixed income securities, methods of fixed income valuation, equities and methods used in equity valuation, pooled investments, derivative securities, and insurance-based products.
  • Client Investment Recommendations and Strategies (30%, 39 questions): subjects include individuals; business entities and trusts; client profiles; capital market theory; portfolio management styles, strategies, and techniques; tax considerations; retirement planning; ERISA issues; special types of accounts; trading securities; exchanges and markets; and performance measurement.
  • Laws, Regulations, and Guidelines, including Prohibition on Unethical Business Practices (30%, 39 questions): subjects include state and federal securities acts; rules and regulations for investment advisers, investment adviser representatives, broker-dealers, and agents; ethical practices; and fiduciary obligations, including communications with clients, compensation, client funds, and conflicts of interest.

NASAA updated questions on the Series 65 exam in light of 2018 changes to the tax code. Tax-related questions appearing on the exams starting in Jan. 2019 reflect the tax code changes.

Studying for the Series 65

There are several resources in book form or online to help study and prepare for the Series 65 exam. Candidates are encouraged to devote between 50-70 hours to studying for the exam. Unlike many other securities exams, preparing for the Series 65 exam primarily involves memorizing rules and laws. People with good recall might require less preparation time than those who struggle with recall. Regardless, some exam sections are more challenging than others, especially for people with no background in securities.

In addition, Investopedia has reviewed several of the best Series 65 test prep courses, which you can find here.

Series 65 vs. Series 63 vs. Series 66

The NASAA offers three exams: the Series 65; Series 63; and Series 66.

The Series 65 was the first exam created by NASAA back in 1989, used to evaluate the competency of individuals who wanted to engage in commission or fee-based investment advisory services, such as being a financial advisor or RIA. At the time it was launched, it focused primarily on the Uniform Securities Act, NASAA rules, and ethical practices in the securities industry.

The Series 63 was developed to qualify candidates who wished to work in the securities industry within a state and to sell investment products, such as stocks, mutual funds, variable annuities, and unit investment trusts. In other words, to execute trades rather than deliver out financial advice. The exam covers the principles of state securities regulations and laws, and is formally known as the Uniform Securities Agent State Law Examination.

The Series 66 is a newer NASAA exam that combines subject matter from both the Series 63 and Series 65, and is fittingly known as the Combined State Law Exam. Test-takers of the Series 66 must also take the FINRA Series 7 licensing exam (which is not a co-requisite of the Series 63 or 65, although many individuals will still need the Series 7 to legally operate).

If you only have a Series 65 license, you can deliver financial advice but you cannot sell securities, execute trades on behalf of clients, or manage portfolios. To do so, you will also need to pass the FINRA Series 7 exam, which is more intensive

Does the Series 65 License Expire?

No, the Series 65 license does not expire as long as you are actively working in the financial services industry. If you leave the industry for more than two years, your new employer may require you to pass the Series 65 exam again.

Do I Need A Sponsor to Take the Series 65?

No. To sit for the Series 65 exam, a candidate does not require sponsorship by a member firm.

How Much Does the Series 65 exam Cost?

The cost for sitting for the Series 65 exam is currently $187. You'll need a passing score of 72%, but if you fail you can pay the exam fee again and retake the test after 30 days.

Can I Become An IAR Without Taking Series 65?

Yes, but you will instead need to take the Series 7 and Series 66 exams.

Is the Series 65 a Hard Exam?

The NASAA does not release official pass rates, however test preparation programs estimate that the pass rate is around 65-70% of test takers.

The Bottom Line

The Series 65, officially known as the Uniform Investment Adviser Law Exam, is designed to test an individual's knowledge and ability to advise clients in the area of investing and to discuss general financial concepts. The Series 65 exam tests candidates' comprehension of financial concepts and qualifies them to deliver investment advice and charge a fee for doing so. Most state securities regulators have set the Series 65 as the minimum requirement to become an investment advisor representative (IAR).

Wed, 01 Aug 2018 05:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Prepare for the CAP Exam

ISA offers a variety of resources to help you prepare for the Certified Automation Professional (CAP®) exam.

Primary Textbook

A Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge is the primary text resource for the CAP exam and provides a complete overview of all technical topics. Order the Guide to the Automation Body of Knowledge.

Study Guide

The CAP Study Guide is a comprehensive self-study resource that contains a list of the CAP domains and tasks, 75 review Questions and Answers complete with justifications. References that were used for each study guide question are also provided with the question. The Study Guide also includes a recommended list of publications that you can use to do further study on specific domains. Order the CAP Study Guide.

Review Courses

A CAP review course is available in several formats as preparation for taking the certification exam. This course is offered by ISA and can also be offered at your location.

ISA also has a variety of training courses that would be helpful in preparing for CAP. Visit the Automation Professional Training page for a complete list.

Additional Resources

Exam Topics

  1. Basic Continuous Control: Process Instrumentation, Analytical Instrumentation, Continuous Control, Control Valves, Analog Communications, Control System Documentation, Control Equipment
  2. Basic Discrete, Sequencing, and Manufacturing Control: Discrete Input & Output Devices and General Manufacturing Measurements, Discrete and Sequencing Control, Motor and Drive Control, Motion Control
  3. Advanced Control Topics: Process Modeling, Advanced Process Control, Control of Batch Processes, Environmental, Environmental Monitoring, Building Automation
  4. Reliability, Safety, and Electrical: Alarm Management, Reliability, Process Safety and Safety Instrumented Systems, Electrical Installations, Safe Use and Application of Electrical Apparatus
  5. Integration and Software: Digital Communications, Industrial Networks, Manufacturing Execution Systems and Business Integration, System and Network Security, Operator Interface, Data Management, Software, Custom Software
  6. Deployment and Maintenance: Operator Training, Checkout, System Testing, and Startup, Troubleshooting, Maintenance, Long-Term Support and System Management
  7. Work Structure: Automation Benefits and Project Justifications, Project Management and Execution, Interpersonal Skills

CAP trial Questions

Questions on the exam were derived from the genuine practice of automation professionals as outlined in the CAP Role Delineation Study and job task analysis. Using interviews, surveys, observation, and group discussions, ISA worked with automation professionals to delineate critical job components to develop exam specifications to determine the number of questions related to each domain and task tested. This rigorous program development and ongoing maintenance process ensures that CAP certification accurately reflects the skills and knowledge needed to excel as an automation professional.

The following six questions were taken from the CAP exam question item bank and serve as examples of the question type and question content found on the CAP exam.

  1. The method by which the tasks and hazards associated with a machine or process are analyzed is known as:
    • A. Risk assessment.
    • B. Machine assessment.
    • C. Risk reduction.
    • D. Risk abatement.
  2. To test controller tuning or prototype new control strategies offline, the model should be a(an):
    • A. Tie-back (loopback) simulation.
    • B. Artificial neural network.
    • C. Dynamic process simulation.
    • D. Steady state process simulation.
  3. The temperature measurement with the BEST repeatability and resolution is the:
    • A. Thermocouple.
    • B. Resistance temperature detector (RTD).
    • C. Dial thermometer.
    • D. Capillary system.
  4. Which of the following is NOT a variable speed drive setup parameter?
    • A. Acceleration rate.
    • B. Motor winding type.
    • C. Output frequency.
    • D. Maximum speed.
  5. A complete test plan for system integration testing MUST include:
    • A. Comments for the application programmer.
    • B. Multiple test cases for each mode of operation.
    • C. At least five test cases for each test.
    • D. Expected results for each test case.
  6. Frequency of maintenance should be determined by:
    • A. Failure rates of components.
    • B. Availability of personnel and parts.
    • C. Management targets for efficiency and productivity.
    • D. Effectiveness of maintenance personnel.

Sample Questions Answer Key

Question Number Correct Answer Exam Content Outline
1 A Domain 1, Task 4
2 C Domain 2, Task 2
3 B Domain 3, Task 3
4 B Domain 4, Task 7
5 C Domain 5, Task 5
6 A Domain 6, Task 2
Wed, 14 Jul 2021 04:33:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Microsoft introduces Oracle database migration assessment tool

Partner content: Taking AI to ROI

AI continues to garner interest across industries, demonstrating clear benefits to cost savings, decision-making speed, and customer insights. However, fully realising benefits in a measurable way can prove difficult. Unsurprisingly, a return on investment...

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 02:43:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The 13 most promising cybersecurity startups of 2022, according to VCs


Robert Ross, the founder and CEO of FireHydrant.

Startup: FireHydrant

Recommended by: Matt Murphy, Menlo Ventures

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: New York City

Year founded: 2018

Total funding: $32.5 million

Valuation: $98 million

What it does: FireHydrant's platform helps companies respond to cybersecurity incidents using common industry practices. The platform helps figure out the root cause of an issue, manage the response, and log it to be able to refer back to it later.

Why it's on the list: FireHydrant was founded by site-reliability engineers, who help keep a website or app up and running — the exact customers the company is targeting. That's one reason Matt Murphy at Menlo Ventures decided to invest in the company.

"They have closed customers such as Spotify, Twilio, Snap, Chegg, and BigCommerce demonstrating they can scale to some of the largest websites and that the value of uptime and reliability that FireHydrant helps deliver is worth these large company's bet on an early-ish startup," Murphy said.

The startup is backed by firms like Salesforce, Menlo Ventures, and Work-Bench.

Chris Evans, Stephen Whitworth, and Pete Hamilton founded


Recommended by: Saam Motamedi, Greylock Partners

Relationship: No financial interest

Headquarters: London

Year founded: 2020

Total funding: $37.88 million

Valuation: $204.11 million

What it does: automates responses to malware and data breaches by sending update emails to executives — that way, employees don't have to write up incident reports. The platform also includes an insights dashboard to provide an overview of a cyberattack. It integrates with products like Jira, Zoom, Google Meet, and GitHub.

Why it's on the list: Saam Motamedi, a partner at Greylock, told Insider that as cyberattacks get more advanced, a platform like can help businesses catch security breaches before they happen. He added that automating incident responses can also save employees time and energy. is backed by VC firms such as Index Ventures, Point Nine Capital, and Mantis VC. says companies like Loom, a video-messaging tool, Linear, an issue-tracking firm, and Vanta, which makes security-compliance software, use the platform.


Joe Robinson, the CEO of Hummingbird.

Startup: Hummingbird

Recommended by: Ben Fletcher, Accel

Relationship: No financial interest

Headquarters: Walnut, California

Year founded: 2016

Total funding: $38.09 million

Valuation: $216.88 million

What it does: Hummingbird is a platform to investigate fraud and financial crime. It's meant to help reduce paperwork, provide analytics, and help compliance professionals and law-enforcement agents collaborate by bringing together the necessary data.

Why it's on the list: Ben Fletcher, a partner at Accel, said Hummingbird, which is creating a cloud-based platform to investigate cybercrime, is one to watch because of how it integrates all the information needed to investigate these incidents.

"We've seen our portfolio adopt them as customers as well as partner with them very closely," he said.

The startup is funded by VCs like Battery Ventures, Homebrew, and Flourish Ventures.


Tines was founded by Eoin Hinchy, its CEO, and Thomas Kinsella, its chief operating officer.
Tines/Conor McCabe

Startup: Tines

Recommended by: Avery Rosin, Lead Edge Capital

Relationship: No financial interest

Headquarters: Dublin

Year founded: 2018

Total funding: $41.73 million

Valuation: $300 million

What it does: Tines makes tools to automate a cybersecurity team's response to incidents without having to use code. It can also create automatic workflows to address common types of cyberthreats.

Why it's on the list: In its short history, Tines has already signed on customers across industries, including security companies like KnowBe4, pharmaceutical companies like McKesson, and consumer applications like OpenTable. Avery Rosin, a partner at Lead Edge Capital, said Tines is making automation tools more accessible to all types of companies.

"With breaches happening more regularly and with security teams overworked and understaffed, platforms like Tines help teams automate duplicative and manual work," Rosin said.

Tines is backed by VCs like Blossom Capital, Accel, and Index Ventures.


Isaac Evans, the founder and CEO of R2C.

Startup: R2C

Recommended by: Aydin Senkut, Felicis Ventures

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: San Francisco

Year founded: 2017

Total funding: $43 million

Valuation: $117 million

What it does: R2C makes a tool that scans software's source code to find and prevent vulnerabilities. It's open source, meaning it's software that anyone can edit. It can work across 25 programming languages and includes thousands of code-scanning rules built by its developer community.

Why it's on the list: R2C's open-source tool, called Semgrep, is used by software companies like Dropbox, Slack, Figma, Snowflake, and GitLab.

Aydin Senkut, the founder and managing partner of Felicis Ventures, said the company rapidly deploys new tools, which makes it equipped to keep up with the pace of software innovation today.

R2C is backed by VCs like Sequoia Capital and Felicis Ventures.


Scott Arnold, the president and CEO of AuditBoard.

Startup: AuditBoard

Recommended by: Michael Brown, Battery Ventures

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: Cerritos, California

Year founded: 2014

Total funding: $43.31 million

Valuation: $150 million

What it does: AuditBoard makes integrated audit, risk, and compliance software that companies use to adhere to regulations across industries.

Why it's on the list: AuditBoard helps companies manage and solve risk and compliance issues in one platform instead of over several tools.

Michael Brown, a partner at Battery Ventures, said it's a startup to watch because it has high efficiency and high growth rates.

"It is a business that can stand on its own two feet, especially in this market environment today," he said.

The startup is funded by VCs like Battery Ventures, Dragoneer Investment Group, and Tiger Global Management.


Matt Moore, Ville Aikas, Kim Lewandowski, and Dan Lorenc, the cofounders of Chainguard.

Startup: Chainguard

Recommended by: Sai Senthilkumar, Redpoint Ventures

Relationship: No financial interest

Headquarters: Kirkland, Washington

Year founded: 2021

Total funding: $55 million

Valuation: $200 million

What it does: Chainguard offers a suite of products to help businesses automate their security-compliance processes so they adhere to regulation. It also includes services such as supply-chain consulting and audits, as well as security-skills training.

Why it's on the list: The software supply chain — every step involved in the creation and deployment of a program — is vulnerable to attack. Hackers are getting more advanced, exploiting vulnerabilities in the supply chain to steal sensitive data, plant malware, and take control of systems.

That's where Chainguard can help. Sai Senthilkumar, an investor at Redpoint, told Insider that the platform helps organizations eliminate software vulnerabilities.

"As cyberattacks continue to accelerate in 2022, Chainguard establishes trust and gives developers and chief information security officers alike confidence in the software they are running," Senthilkumar said.

It's backed by VC firms like Sequoia Capital, Amplify Partners, and K5 Ventures.


Rehan Jalil, the founder and CEO of Securiti.

Startup: Securiti

Recommended by: Dave Zilberman, Norwest Venture Partners

Relationship: No financial interest

Headquarters: Coyote, California

Year founded: 2018

Total funding: $81 million 

Valuation: $250 million

What it does: Securiti provides artificial-intelligence and machine-learning tools like data-mapping automation and breach notifications to help businesses verify user identities and pinpoint vulnerabilities in data-storage systems. These tools also help companies simplify their regulatory-compliance processes.

Why it's on the list: The market for data-privacy software is projected to grow, but it's crowded, Dave Zilberman, a general partner at Norwest Venture Partners, told Insider.

Securiti stands out by building an all-in-one database. And Zilberman said it maintains strong relationships with some of the most complex customers across banking, consumer, and healthcare.

Securiti says thousands of companies of all sizes in many industries use the software. The data firm HG Insights suggests its customers include the car-rental provider Hertz, the accounting firm Grant Thornton, and the shoe manufacturer Skechers.

The startup is backed by venture funding from Cisco Investments, Workday Ventures, and General Catalyst.


Tarun Thakur, Maohua Lu, and Robert Whitcher founded Veza.

Startup: Veza

Recommended by: Rama Sekhar, Norwest Venture Partners

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: Los Gatos, California

Year founded: 2020

Total funding: $112.7 million, according to the company

Valuation: $500 million

What it does: Veza is a data-security platform that hosts an authorization graph — a tool that maps identity authenticators like Okta to cloud permission systems, apps, and data systems — to help companies moving to the cloud understand who has access to and control over their data.

Why it's on the list: Companies increasingly want to store their data across public and private cloud servers, but that can make them vulnerable to cyberattacks. Data stored across platforms can be difficult to track and secure, which can lead to malware and breaches.

Rama Sekhar, a partner at venture capital firm Norwest Venture Partners, told Insider that an authorization platform like Veza can help companies pinpoint unprotected data.

"Despite all the innovation in the authorization space, companies still struggle to answer the question 'Who can and should take what action on what data?'" Sekhar said.

Sekhar said the firm is also rapidly growing. Veza raised $110 million during its Series C funding round in June and announced a partnership with Google Cloud a month later.

Veza is backed by the VC firm Accel and the private-equity firms Bain Capital and Blackstone. It says companies like the stock-trading firm Robinhood, the telecommunications company ATN International, and the financial-software company Intuit use the platform.


Troy Markowitz, Adam Markowitz, and Daniel Marashlian founded Drata.

Startup: Drata

Recommended by: Will Griffith, Iconiq Capital

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: San Diego

Year founded: 2020

Total funding: $128.24 million

Valuation: $1.02 billion

What it does: Drata is a security platform that provides compliance with various standards to companies of all sizes. The platform includes automation tools to monitor and collect data on a firm's security measures. It also helps monitor the compliance status of the company so it's ready for cyber-risk audits.

Why it's on the list: Will Griffith, a partner at Iconiq Capital, told Insider that cybersecurity compliance can be a pain for businesses. The government and private industry groups have imposed many security controls and rules that businesses need to meet to avoid fines, and that can slow them down. He said Drata could fix this by helping companies accelerate the compliance process.

He added that Drata is growing quickly. The firm rose out of stealth with $1 billion valuation. In 2022, Drata launched 10 regulatory frameworks, expanded overseas, and grew its team, Griffith said.

Oren Yunger, a partner at GGV Capital, also recommended the firm.

Drata has partnered with data giants like Snowflake, Datadog, and GitLab to build out its data-security protocols.

Drata is backed by VCs like Salesforce Ventures, GGV Capital, Okta Ventures, and Iconiq Capital. It says companies like the content-management system WordPress and the recruiting software SmartRecruiters use the product.

Noname Security

Oz Golan, the cofounder and CEO of Noname Security.
Noname Security

Startup: Noname Security

Recommended by: Guru Chahal, Lightspeed Venture Partners

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: San Jose, California

Year founded: 2020

Total funding: $220 million

Valuation: $1 billion

What it does: Noname Security is designed to detect application-programming-interface bugs and vulnerabilities before hackers can exploit them. This can protect a firm's APIs — which connect software to help them communicate — from data leakage, identity-authorization issues, and malware by using tools that test for threats and block attacks.

Why it's on the list: Noname Security is cashing in on a fast-growing API security market, Guru Chahal, a partner at Lightspeed Venture Partners, told Insider. A 2022 Future Market Insights report suggests the global API market is expected to grow at an annual rate of 26.3% over the next 10 years.

Chalal said the startup is also growing its revenue quickly, as API security is a "key area of focus for security teams."

Noname Security provides its tools to industries such as financial services, healthcare, and retail, as well as the public sector.

The startup is backed by the VC firms Lightspeed Venture Partners, Georgian, and Insight Partners. It's partnered with the cloud giants Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud and is part of technology alliances with cloud competitors like Oracle, Palo Alto Networks, and Citrix.

Salt Security

Roey Eliyahu, the CEO and cofounder of Salt Security.
Salt Security

Startup: Salt Security

Recommended by: James Luo, CapitalG

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: Palo Alto, California

Year founded: 2016

Total funding: $270.74 million

Valuation: $1.4 billion

What it does: Salt Security uses machine learning and artificial intelligence to identify APIs that contain private data as a way to deter hackers. It also generates insights that developers can use to Improve their firms' security functions.

Why it's on the list: APIs are vulnerable to attacks. In a January survey from 451 Research, 41% of the 350 companies surveyed said they'd an API security incident such as authentication fraud in the past year.

James Luo, a partner at CapitalG, told Insider that Salt Security's platform offers peace of mind to companies looking to protect their data.

Salt Security is backed by major investors such as CapitalG, Google's VC unit; Sequoia Capital; Y Combinator; and Advent International. It says companies like the healthcare firm Baxter International, the data-center producer Equinix, and the videoconferencing tool Zoom use the platform.


Rotem Iram, the CEO of At-Bay.
Courtesy of Rotem Iram

Startup: At-Bay

Recommended by: Vishal Lugani, Acrew Capital

Relationship: Investor

Headquarters: San Francisco

Year founded: 2016

Total funding: $291.79 million

Valuation: $1.35 billion

What it does: At-Bay offers cybersecurity insurance for companies and makes proactive risk-management tools.

Why it's on the list: Vishal Lugani, a partner at Acrew Capital, said At-Bay is addressing a huge and growing need as companies in all industries become digital-first.

"Cyberattacks are up dramatically over the past few years, and the trend is not slowing down," Lugani said. "The company goes above and beyond and helps advise its customers on how to better shore up their cyber defenses and safety."

The company recently raised a $185 million Series D funding round. It has funding from VCs like Harmony Partners, Acrew Capital, Khosla Ventures, and Lightspeed Venture Partners' Israel division.

Sun, 02 Oct 2022 23:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oracle is pushing some of its most popular database tools to AWS null © Provided by TechRadar null

Oracle's cloud-based database service MySQL HeatWave is now available to host on Amazon Web Services (AWS), the company has confirmed.

Launched in December 2020, HeatWave is designed to enable customers to run analytics on data that is stored in MySQL databases, without the need for ETL (Extract, Transform, Load).

Though Oracle's database service will be hosted on AWS, it is not delivered in partnership with Amazon and is directly competitive with the latter's own database services such as Amazon Aurora, Amazon RDS, or Amazon Redshift.

Oracle claims the move will mean that users will be able to run transaction processing, analytics, and machine learning workloads in one service, without "requiring time-consuming ETL duplication" between separate databases

Oracle used the example of using Amazon Aurora for transaction processing, Redshift or Snowflake on AWS for analytics, and SageMaker for machine learning.

The new product apparently boasts delivers price performance that is 7X better than Amazon Redshift, 10X better than Snowflake, 12X better than Google BigQuery, and 4X better than Azure Synapse on the 4TB TPC-H* benchmark, if Oracle's claims are to be believed. 

The new product also brings new security features to the table, which apparently include server-side data masking and de-identification, asymmetric data encryption, and a database firewall

In addition, Oracle also that the service will also soon be available Microsoft Azure, as well as Oracle's own Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI)

Oracle may be participating in activities that could threaten AWS's cloud dominance.

Microsoft is reportedly rallying other big players in the space, such as Google Cloud and Oracle in preparation to lobby the US government to ensure that large-scale cloud computing contracts are spread out between different vendors, what is known as a multicloud approach. 

"Many of our MySQL HeatWave customers migrated from AWS. Others wish to continue running parts of their application on AWS," said Edward Screven, Oracle chief corporate architect. "Those customers face serious challenges including exorbitant data egress fees charged by AWS and higher latency when accessing a database service running in Oracle's cloud".

He added: "We are addressing these issues while delivering outstanding performance and price performance across transaction, analytics, and machine learning compared to other database cloud providers."

The news comes as Oracle has posted strong corporate results in the quarter ending August 2022, Oracle's revenue grew 18% year-on-year to $11.4 billion, while its net income rose 14% to $1.5 billion according to its latest report.

Tue, 13 Sep 2022 03:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Series 7: Definition and Formula for Calculation, With Example

The Series 7 exam licenses the holder to sell all types of securities products except commodities and futures. Known formally as the General Securities Representative Qualification Examination, the Series 7 exam and its licensing is administered by the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA).

Stockbrokers in the United States need to pass the Series 7 exam to obtain a license to trade. The Series 7 exam focuses on investment risk, taxation, equity, and debt instruments; packaged securities, options, retirement plans, and interactions with clients for prospective securities industry professionals. This introductory-level exam assesses a candidate’s knowledge of basic securities industry information including concepts fundamental to working in the industry.

The purpose of the Series 7 license is to set a level of competency for a registered representative or stockbroker to work in the securities industry. The Series 7 license is an essential requirement for an entry-level broker. The licensing exam covers an extensive range of financial terms and subjects as well as securities regulations.

Key Takeaways

  • The Series 7 is an exam and license that entitles the holder to sell all types of securities products except commodities and futures.
  • The Series 7 exam covers subjects on investment risk, taxation, equity and debt instruments, packaged securities, options, and retirement plans.
  • The purpose of the Series 7 license is to establish a level of competency for registered representatives in the securities industry.

Candidates who pass the Series 7 exam can trade many securities, such as stocks, mutual funds, options, municipal securities, and variable contracts. The Series 7 license does not cover selling real estate or life insurance products. In addition to obtaining the Series 7 license, many states require that registered representatives pass the Series 63 exam, also called the Uniform Securities Agent State Law Exam.

Series 7 Requirements

Since Oct. 1, 2018, Series 7 candidates are required to pass the Securities Industry Essentials (SIE) exam as well as the Series 7 exam in order to receive the General Securities registration. According to FINRA, the SIE is an introductory-level exam that "assesses a candidate’s knowledge of basic securities industry information including concepts fundamental to working in the industry, such as types of products and their risks; the structure of the securities industry markets, regulatory agencies and their functions; and prohibited practices." If you need more information on the SIE, FINRA's SIE exam content outline provides more details.

Candidates who want to take the Series 7 exam must be sponsored by a FINRA member firm or other applicable self-regulatory organization (SRO) member firm. The member firm must file a Form U4 (Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer Form) for the candidate to be registered for the licensing exam. Non-FINRA members should use the Test Enrollment Services System (TESS) in order to register for the exam. FINRA governs the activities of securities firms and registered brokers, ensuring that anyone who sells securities products is qualified and tested.

Candidates who want to take the Series 7 exam must be sponsored by a FINRA member firm or other applicable self-regulatory organization (SRO) member firm.

Series 7 exam Structure

The Series 7 is structured as follows:

  1. Seeks Business for the Broker-Dealer from Customers and Potential Customers: 9 questions
  2. Opens Accounts after Obtaining and Evaluating Customers’ Financial Profile and Investment Objectives: 11 questions
  3. Provides Customers with Information about Investments, Makes Suitable Recommendations, Transfers Assets, and Maintains Appropriate Records: 91 questions
  4. Obtains and Verifies Customers’ Purchase and Sales Instructions and Agreements; Processes, Completes, and Confirms Transactions: 14 questions

The Series 7 exam has 125 multiple choice questions, lasts 225 minutes, and cost $300. The passing score is 72%.

Prior to Oct. 1, 2018, the Series 7 exam contained 250 questions covering five major job functions. The exam duration was six hours, had no prerequisites, and cost $305. A score of 72% was required to pass.

FINRA does not provide candidates with any physical certificate as proof of exam completion. Current or potential employers who wish to view proof of completion must access this information through FINRA's Central Registration Depository (CRD).

Completion of the Series 7 exam is a prerequisite for many other securities licenses, such as the Series 24, which permits the candidate to supervise and manage broker activities.

Mon, 28 Aug 2017 05:11:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : SQL In-Memory Database Market Size in 2022, Share Movements by Trend Analysis, Growth Status, Revenue Expectation to 2028 | Top Countries Data

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Oct 14, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- Global SQL In-Memory Database Market (2022-2028) Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Global SQL In-Memory Database industry. Moreover, research report categorizes the global SQL In-Memory Database market by top players/brands, region, type and end user. This report also studies the global SQL In-Memory Database market status, competition landscape, market share, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, sales channels and distributors. Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of SQL In-Memory Database in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

Get a trial PDF of Report -

List of TOP KEY PLAYERS in SQL In-Memory Database Market Report are: -
● MicrosoftCorporation
● Oracle
● Teradata
● Amazon
● Tableau
● McObject
● Altibase

Get a trial Copy of the SQL In-Memory Database Market Report

An SQL in-memory database is a type of purpose-built database that relies primarily on memory for data storage, in contrast to databases that store data on disk or SSDs. In-memory databases are designed to attain minimal response time by eliminating the need to access disks. Because all data is stored and managed exclusively in main memory, it is at risk of being lost upon a process or server failure. In-memory databases can persist data on disks by storing each operation in a log or by taking snapshots.

Report Overview

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War Influence, the global market for SQL In-Memory Database estimated at USD million in the year 2022, is projected to reach a revised size of USD million by 2028, growing at a CAGR during the forecast period 2022-2028.

The USA market for SQL In-Memory Database is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The China market for SQL In-Memory Database is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The Europe market for SQL In-Memory Database is estimated to increase from USD million in 2022 to reach USD million by 2028, at a CAGR during the forecast period of 2023 through 2028.

The global key companies of SQL In-Memory Database include MicrosoftCorporation, IBM, Oracle, SAP, Teradata, Amazon, Tableau, McObject and Altibase, etc. In 2021, the global top five players had a share approximately % in terms of revenue.

Report Scope

This latest report researches the industry structure, revenue and gross margin. Major players’ headquarters, market shares, industry ranking and profiles are presented. The primary and secondary research is done in order to access up-to-date government regulations, market information and industry data. Data were collected from the SQL In-Memory Database companies, distributors, end users, industry associations, governments' industry bureaus, industry publications, industry experts, third party database, and our in-house databases.

This report also includes a discussion of the major players across each regional SQL In-Memory Database market. Further, it explains the major drivers and regional dynamics of the global SQL In-Memory Database market and current trends within the industry.

Product Type Insights: -

Global markets are presented by SQL In-Memory Database type, along with growth forecasts through 2028. Estimates on revenue are based on the price in the supply chain at which the SQL In-Memory Database are procured by the companies.

This report has studied every segment and provided the market size using historical data. They have also talked about the growth opportunities that the segment may pose in the future. This study bestows revenue data by type, and during the historical period (2017-2022) and forecast period (2023-2028).

SQL In-Memory Database Market Segment by Types:
● Main Memory Database (MMDB)
● Real-time Database (RTDB)

Application Insights:

This report has provided the market size (revenue data) by application, during the historical period (2017-2022) and forecast period (2023-2028).

This report also outlines the market trends of each segment and consumer behaviours impacting the SQL In-Memory Database market and what implications these may have on the industry's future. This report can help to understand the relevant market and consumer trends that are driving the SQL In-Memory Database market.

SQL In-Memory Database Market Segment by Applications:
● Transaction
● Reporting
● Analytics

Enquire before purchasing this report-

Key Drivers and Barriers

High-impact rendering factors and drivers have been studied in this report to aid the readers to understand the general development. Moreover, the report includes restraints and challenges that may act as stumbling blocks on the way of the players. This will assist the users to be attentive and make informed decisions related to business. certified have also laid their focus on the upcoming business prospects.

COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence Analysis

The readers in the section will understand how the Refrigerated Freight Service market scenario changed across the globe during the pandemic, post-pandemic and Russia-Ukraine War. The study is done keeping in view the changes in aspects such as demand, consumption, transportation, consumer behavior, supply chain management. The industry experts have also highlighted the key factors that will help create opportunities for players and stabilize the overall industry in the years to come.

Reasons to Buy This Report

This report will help the readers to understand the competition within the industries and strategies for the competitive environment to enhance the potential profit. The report also focuses on the competitive landscape of the global Refrigerated Freight Service market, and introduces in detail the market share, industry ranking, competitor ecosystem, market performance, new product development, operation situation, expansion, and acquisition. etc. of the main players, which helps the readers to identify the main competitors and deeply understand the competition pattern of the market.

● This report will help stakeholders to understand the global industry status and trends of Refrigerated Freight Service and provides them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities. ● This report will help stakeholders to understand competitors better and gain more insights to strengthen their position in their businesses. The competitive landscape section includes the market share and rank (in volume and value), competitor ecosystem, new product development, expansion, and acquisition. ● This report stays updated with novel technology integration, features, and the latest developments in the market ● This report helps stakeholders to understand the COVID-19 and Russia-Ukraine War Influence on the Refrigerated Freight Service industry. ● This report helps stakeholders to gain insights into which regions to target globally ● This report helps stakeholders to gain insights into the end-user perception concerning the adoption of Refrigerated Freight Service. ● This report helps stakeholders to identify some of the key players in the market and understand their valuable contribution.

Regional Outlook

This section of the report provides key insights regarding various regions and the key players operating in each region. Economic, social, environmental, technological, and political factors have been taken into consideration while assessing the growth of the particular region/country. The readers will also get their hands on the revenue data of each region and country for the period 2017-2028.

The market has been segmented into various major geographies, including North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa. Detailed analysis of major countries such as the USA, Germany, the U.K., Italy, France, China, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, and India will be covered within the regional segment. For market estimates, data are going to be provided for 2021 because of the base year, with estimates for 2022 and forecast revenue for 2028.

● North America (USA, Canada, Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Russia, Italy, Rest of Europe) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, South Korea, India, Southeast Asia, Rest of Asia-Pacific) ● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Rest of South America) ● Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa, Rest of MEA)

Core Chapters of SQL In-Memory Database Market

Chapter 1: Introduces the report scope of the report, executive summary of different market segments (by product type, application, etc), including the market size of each market segment, future development potential, and so on. It offers a high-level view of the current state of the market and its likely evolution in the short to mid-term, and long term.

Chapter 2: Introduces executive summary of global market size, regional market size, this section also introduces the market dynamics, latest developments of the market, the driving factors and restrictive factors of the market, the challenges and risks faced by companies in the industry, and the analysis of relevant policies in the industry.

Chapter 3: Detailed analysis of Refrigerated Freight Service companies’ competitive landscape, revenue market share, latest development plan, merger, and acquisition information, etc.

Chapter 4: Provides the analysis of various market segments according to product types, covering the market size and development potential of each market segment, to help readers find the blue ocean market in different market segments.

Chapter 5: Provides the analysis of various market segments according to application, covering the market size and development potential of each market segment, to help readers find the blue ocean market in different downstream markets.

Chapter 6, 7, 8, 9, 10: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and Africa segment by country. It provides a quantitative analysis of the market size and development potential of each region and its main countries and introduces the market development, future development prospects, market space, and capacity of each country in the world.

Chapter 11: Provides profiles of key players, introducing the basic situation of the main companies in the market in detail, including product revenue, gross margin, product introduction, latest development, etc.

Chapter 12: The main points and conclusions of the report.

Important Features of the reports:

● Potential and niche segments/regions exhibiting promising growth. ● Detailed overview of Market ● Changing market dynamics of the industry ● In-depth market segmentation by Type, Application, etc. ● Historical, current, and projected market size in terms of volume and value ● latest industry trends and developments ● Competitive landscape of Market ● Strategies of key players and product offerings

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Detailed TOC of Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Report

1 Report Overview
1.1 Study Scope
1.2 Market Analysis by Type
1.2.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Size Growth Rate by Type: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
1.2.2 Main Memory Database (MMDB)
1.2.3 Real-time Database (RTDB)
1.3 Market by Application
1.3.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Growth Rate by Application: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
1.3.2 Transaction
1.3.3 Reporting
1.3.4 Analytics
1.4 Study Objectives
1.5 Years Considered

2 Market Perspective
2.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Size (2017-2028)
2.2 SQL In-Memory Database Market Size across Key Geographies Worldwide: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
2.3 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Size by Region (2017-2022)
2.4 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Size Forecast by Region (2023-2028)
2.5 Global Top SQL In-Memory Database Countries Ranking by Market Size

3 SQL In-Memory Database Competitive by Company
3.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Revenue by Players
3.1.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Revenue by Players (2017-2022)
3.1.2 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Share by Players (2017-2022)
3.2 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3)
3.3 Company Covered: Ranking by SQL In-Memory Database Revenue
3.4 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Concentration Ratio
3.4.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)
3.4.2 Global Top 10 and Top 5 Companies by SQL In-Memory Database Revenue in 2021
3.5 Global SQL In-Memory Database Key Players Head office and Area Served
3.6 Key Players SQL In-Memory Database Product Solution and Service
3.7 Date of Enter into SQL In-Memory Database Market
3.8 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion Plans

4 Global SQL In-Memory Database Breakdown Data by Type
4.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Historic Revenue by Type (2017-2022)
4.2 Global SQL In-Memory Database Forecasted Revenue by Type (2023-2028)

5 Global SQL In-Memory Database Breakdown Data by Application
5.1 Global SQL In-Memory Database Historic Market Size by Application (2017-2022)
5.2 Global SQL In-Memory Database Forecasted Market Size by Application (2023-2028) be continued

Browse the complete table of contents at-

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Thu, 13 Oct 2022 20:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oracle brings its souped-up MySQL database to the Amazon cloud

Oracle today is following through on its announced plans to make its MySQL HeatWave database management systems available on the Amazon Web Services Inc. cloud.

MySQL HeatWave is a major upgrade to the popular open-source database engine that combines online transaction processing, analytics, machine learning and machine learning-based automation within a single MySQL instance. Oracle said the new features, which were introduced two years ago, eliminate the need for extract/transfer/load duplication between separate databases such as Amazon Aurora for transaction processing and Amazon Redshift for analytics.

Oracle said the new offering is optimized for AWS and delivers superior economics over services from Amazon and others. It cited a 4-terabyte TPC-H benchmark that it said showed MySQL HeatWave performing seven times better than Redshift and 10 times better than Snowflake Inc.’s cloud data warehouse. It also said its machine learning extensions perform 25 times better than Redshift ML.

MySQL HeatWave on AWS provides millisecond-level latencies for applications and a full-featured console that facilitates schema and data management and executes queries interactively. MySQL Autopilot, a component that uses machine learning techniques to automate many HeatWave features, is included with the console. Its features include automated provisioning, parallel loading, encoding, data placement, scheduling, query plan improvement, change propagation and error handling.

Available everywhere

Although Oracle and AWS compete in the public cloud, Oracle has always said HeatWave would be available on other cloud platforms. AWS customers that want to use the platform face “several challenges, including exorbitant data egress fees charged by AWS, the high latency of accessing the database from applications running on AWS, and the need to integrate with other applications running in AWS,” said Nipun Agarwal, senior vice president of research and advanced development at Oracle.

HeatWave is a core part of what Oracle calls a distributed cloud strategy that will make the engine available on multiple clouds as well as on-premises as part of Oracle Dedicated Region Cloud@Customer. “Customers can also replicate data from their on-premises MySQL OLTP applications to MySQL HeatWave on AWS or Oracle Cloud Infrastructure to obtain near real-time analytics,” Agarwal said. “MySQL HeatWave is always running the latest version of the MySQL database, which is not the case for many of the other MySQL-based services.”

Oracle also said the offering doesn’t compete with its own Autonomous Database. The two “address very different markets,” Agarwal said. “MySQL HeatWave supports popular open-source web applications such as WordPress, Magento and Drupal, whereas Autonomous Database supports Oracle Fusion Cloud SaaS applications. HeatWave is currently targeted at open-source cloud database users and developers with databases of less than 50 terabytes [while] Autonomous Database can scale to practically unlimited levels.”

Features added

MySQL HeatWave has also been beefed up with new security features that include server-side data masking, de-identification, asymmetric data encryption and a database firewall. Asymmetric data encryption enables developers and database administrators to use digital signatures to confirm the identity of people signing documents, Oracle said. The database firewall provides real-time protection against database-specific attacks, such as SQL Injections.

HeatWave ML, which is an optional feature provided at no charge, provides in-database machine learning capabilities for training, inference and explanations to enable customers to securely use machine learning on real-time data without ETL, Oracle said. HeatWave ML automates the machine learning lifecycle and stores all trained models inside the MySQL database, eliminating the need to move them to a separate machine learning tool or service.

While the core MySQL engine is available under an open source license, “HeatWave is designed and optimized specifically for the cloud and as such, it is not open source,” Agarwal said.

Photo: Valeriya Zankovych

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Mon, 12 Sep 2022 09:16:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oracle offers its MySQL HeatWave database and analytics on Amazon’s cloud No result found, try new keyword!(Reuters) - Oracle Corp has started to offer MySQL HeatWave, its cloud database service for transactions, analytics and machine learning, on Amazon's AWS cloud, allowing customers whose data is ... Mon, 12 Sep 2022 08:31:00 -0500 text/html
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