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Oracle Database 10g: New Features for Oracle8i OCPs
Oracle Database syllabus
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Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*

Certification

SimplyHired 

 Indeed 

 LinkedIn Jobs 

 LinkUp 

Total

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

463

607

845

747

2,662

Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**

1,661

1,955

1,259

1,373

6,248

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator

205

342

182

142

871

Oracle Database 12c Administrator

235

295

695

214

1,439

SAP HANA

101

150

84

80

415

*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)

plus

DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per test ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.

URL

https://www.ibm.com/certify/cert?id=08002109

Self-study materials

Each test webpage provides test objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the test Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.

MCSA

Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)

MCSE

There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One test (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam

URL

www.microsoft.com/learning/en-us/certification-overview.aspx

Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice questions and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single test (the same test can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one test from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.

URL

https://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/ou_product_category.getFamilyPage?p_family_id=32&p_mode=Certification

Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification test webpage lists test courses as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most recent SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), test code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam

$552

URL

https://training.sap.com/certification/c_hanatec_12-sap-certified-technology-associate—sap-hana-edition-2016-g/

Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to sample questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : A look inside Syllabus

What really is a syllabus? Is it a tool or a manifesto? A machine or a plan? What are its limits? Its horizon? And who is it really for? And what would happen if you took the syllabus as seriously as you take the most serious forms of writing in your own discipline? 

It’s so familiar. The first day, the first class meeting, the noises, the competing interests of choosing seats and choosing neighbors, the geometry of students and backpacks, tools, food, books. For you, it’s curtain up. You’ve brought with you a set of handouts, the ones you quickly say are also and always available online in the course learning module. You distribute the handouts, making eye contact as you do it—everyone is so young, and the class is more diverse each time you steal a glance. You’re looking for their response, even before they’ve read a word of what you’ve set down. 

You remind yourself that your students are there for one of two reasons. Either they have to be there, or they want to be there. Either your course is a) required of everyone or maybe required in some specific track, or b) it’s an elective. You know that neither category guarantees an easy ride, and you wouldn’t want it any other way. Teaching is hard. One of your goals is to have the students who have to be there want to be there. Another goal is surely to make students who choose your course tell others that it was amazing, that you were terrific. Teaching is hard, you tell yourself again. Knowing that is part of being a teacher. 

You feel the electricity of performance, the responsibility of winning students over to your discipline. You run through what you’re going to say this hour in a distracted, internal monologue. A few moments later, and the class has settled down into what looks like an attentive studying of the handout. It feels as if it’s your moment to lose: students poring over the little world you’ve created for them, a place where the hierarchy of the university—your mastery, their innocent but open-minded ignorance—is mediated by a simple document and the set of rules to which it conforms. Their eyes turn to you. Electronics are stowed. You pick up a piece of chalk. House lights down. You begin. You will be at that blackboard, chalk in hand, for sixteen weeks, and during that time your voice, and your brilliance, will fill the space. 

You begin talking, but something strange is happening. All your expertise seems to have left you, and you’re jabbering on in what you recognize as a steady stream of amateurish nonsense. But that’s not the most horrifying part. What’s truly frightening is that the students are looking at you as if you’re making perfect sense—or, more accurately, as if it doesn’t matter whether you’re brilliant or banal. 

Then the alarm clock goes off and you wake up. It’s four a.m., still dark, and you don’t have to be on campus for another two weeks. You spent last night fine-tuning your syllabus one last time and in the process ratcheting up your own anxiety. 

You’ve just awakened from one version of the Academic’s Performance Dream. In the dream-class, you were about to tell the students something for sixteen weeks, which might be fine if your course were a one-way transmission to an adoring audience and nothing more. You wouldn’t really teach a class that way. 

And yet you’re beginning to concede that the dream that woke you is more or less a critique—your critique—of your own teaching, your unconscious mind accusing you of a particular kind of earnest, hardworking—what to call it?—laziness. You’re half-awake now and recognize too much of your own teaching style. It isn’t a horror show—far from it. Reasonably genial, largely inert, a series of solos in which you enacted knowledge of the subject, underscoring memorable points with chalk, points dutifully copied by a silent room of students whose own thoughts remained locked away for the semester or at least until the final exam. 

The sun’s coming up, and your morning resolution is not to teach that way again. You’re not even sure what kind of teaching that was, but it felt deeply incomplete. You’re awake now and, breaking the rules you’ve set for yourself, you’ve got your laptop open in bed. You’re anxiously looking over that syllabus one more time. Is it too much, too little, too complicated, too filled with arrows that point the student to side roads? Could you read your own syllabus and make a reasonable guess as to what the course wants to accomplish, as opposed to what your department’s course catalogue says that the course studies or describes? Could you recognize what the course challenges students to do? And how exactly would you, the teacher who wrote that syllabus, follow through on your own expectations for students? 

Dreaming or waking, these questions never seem to go away. Teachers aim high. Big targets, big goals. A class that sings with intellectual engagement. Rigorous but fair grading, and each student doing better than you had hoped. The gratification of giving the exemplary lecture to a room of attentive students. Your own delight in the difficulty that comes with thinking seriously about things that count. All good goals, which, taken together, add up to an ideal of the teacher-focused class. “You’re a star!” says somebody in the hallway, possibly without irony. 

But stars are bright, distant things, and the light they throw off is old, old news. What might it mean to teach now, to shine now, in the present, close to the moment and our students? This question is about more than diversity or age or ethnic sensitivity or a sympathetic engagement with the complexities of gender, or disability, or any of the other qualities that distinguish person from person. First or last, teaching is inevitably about all of these things.3 But to be present asks that we do so much more. Our students, hungry for something that starry light can’t provide by itself, need from us not just knowledge—even knowledge tempered by sensitivity—but craft. 

The myth of Prometheus—the Greek name means “forethought”—tells us that this most generous of Titans stole fire from the gods and brought it to us clay-built human creatures, functionally kindling life in our dark world. Teaching in the present is a bit like stealing fire. Here, o starry teacher, the fire is your own but briefly. Teaching is renouncing the glamour and assurance of the well-executed solo and sharing that light with your students, moving the focus from something we’ve long called teaching and giving the torch to learning. You can teach by yourself, or at least tell yourself that you can, but you can’t learn (let’s for a moment allow it to be a transitive verb meaning “to make them learn”) by yourself. 

Modern English learn has as one of its antecedents the Old English form gelaeran, which meant “to teach.” This etymological paradox isn’t a paradox at all, of course. If teaching is the thing that happens when students are learning, subject and object come to be bound together, like Aristophanes’s conception of the sexes balled up inseparably in The Symposium, a Möbius-like continuum of teaching and learning, enacted by teacher and student. 

We begin to discern the contours of this perplexing space of learning when we awake from the dream (it was always only a dream, never a solid reality) of the masterful teacher delivering knowledge. We can map out something so complex only by making a concerted effort to describe its nuances, conundrums, its areas of density and lightness. We perform this mapping and engage in this forethought when we compose a syllabus, but only if it is indeed an attempt to map the space of learning. Which means that, as we’ll say in several ways throughout this book, a syllabus isn’t so much about what you will do. It’s about what your students will do. 


This essay is an excerpt from Syllabus: The Remarkable, Unremarkable Document That Changes Everything by William Germano and Kit Nicholls.


William Germano is professor of English at Cooper Union. His books include Getting It Published and From Dissertation to Book. Twitter @WmGermano Kit Nicholls is director of the Center for Writing at Cooper Union, where he teaches writing, literature, and cultural studies.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 09:05:00 -0500 en text/html https://press.princeton.edu/ideas/a-look-inside-syllabus
Killexams : Syllabus Development

The Syllabus area of the myCourses course template is organized into the following sections:

  1. Course Information and Expectations
  2. Instructor Contact Information
  3. Course Requirements and Resources
  4. Activities and Assignments
  5. Assessment and Grading
  6. Course Policies
  7. Course Schedule

Much of the information needed for the Course Information and Expectations section—particularly the all-important learning outcomes and assessment methods—should be taken directly from the official Course Outline Form for your assigned course(s). Your department chair or program head can provide you with the form(s) and guidance on what is and is not modifiable in the transition to a course syllabus. If you are designing a new course, however, you will need to successfully complete the RIT course proposal process. 

Before completing the Course Policies section, we encourage you to first consult our companion webpage, RIT Policies for Your Syllabus. The External Resources section (below) provides helpful information, advice, and examples for developing the remaining sections of your syllabus.

Regardless of where you are in the syllabus-design process, you can always request one-on-one consultations with an Instructional Design Researcher and Consultant.

Sun, 30 Jan 2022 08:56:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.rit.edu/teaching/syllabus-development
Killexams : Supplemental Syllabus Killexams : Supplemental Syllabus

Establishing Connection...

Sat, 15 Aug 2020 07:21:00 -0500 en text/html https://ung.edu/academic-affairs/policies-and-guidelines/supplemental-syllabus.php
Killexams : UGC launches Cyber Security Course syllabus

Express News Service

NEW DELHI: The University Grants Commission (UGC) on Thursday launched the Cyber Security Course syllabus at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Rolling out the curriculum, UGC Chairman Professor M. Jagadesh Kumar said, “the syllabus aims to create more aware, responsive and responsible digital citizens, thereby contributing effectively to an overall healthy cybersecurity posture and ecosystem.”

He said that the importance of cyber security due to the increased dependency and use of cyberspace by all of us in our personal and professional lives could not be overemphasised. “One of the key actions for preventing cyber crimes is to generate sustained awareness among the public, especially among the vulnerable sections and groups, on cyber hygiene,” Kumar told this newspaper.

The proposed syllabus gives broad guidelines, and teachers who would teach the subject will have enough flexibility to balance time vis-a-vis depth of coverage. According to the UGC, students should be taught the foundation of cyber security and the threat landscape to equip them with technical knowledge and skills to implement and monitor cyber security mechanisms to protect information technology assets.

Further, after completing the degree program, students will be able to understand the cyber security threat landscape and develop a deeper understanding and familiarity with various types of cyber attacks, cyber crimes, vulnerabilities and remedies.

Kumar said UGC has been making sustained efforts towards creating cyber security awareness amongst Higher Educational Institutes (HEIs). The UGC said that HEIs might invite cyber security, computer, IT qualified faculty or other experts from industry and subject matter experts to take the lectures, practicals and tutorials.

To celebrate the Cyber Jaagrookta Diwas 2022, the UGC organised a webinar on Thursday in which a presentation on the prevention of cybercrime and adoption of cyber hygiene was made by Deepak Virmani, Deputy Secretary, Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre, Ministry of Home Affairs.
The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has been launched to strengthen the capabilities of law enforcement agencies (LEAS) and Excellerate coordination among the LEAS and other agencies.

The MHA has also launched the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (NCRP) to facilitate online reporting of cybercrime incidents. The home ministry has requested all the states and union territories to observe the Cyber Jaagrookta (Awareness) Diwas (CJD)on the first Wednesday of every month in all the schools, colleges, universities, Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and municipalities. The UGC has also requested HEIs not only to celebrate Cyber Jaagrookta Diwas (CJD) but also to appoint Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) at their institutions.

Purpose of cyber syllabus

Syllabus aims to create more aware, responsive and responsible digital citizens

Students should be taught the foundation of cyber security and the threat landscape

Students will be imparted technical knowledge and skills to implement and monitor cyber security mechanisms

Students will have deeper understanding and familiarity with various types of cyber attacks

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 22:32:00 -0500 text/html https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2022/oct/07/ugc-launches-cyber-security-course-syllabus-2505568.html
Killexams : CBSE Class 10 Hindi deleted syllabus 2022-23: What NOT to Study?

Check to know the deleted portions of CBSE Class 10 Hindi (A & B) syllabus not to be assessed in CBSE Class 10 Hindi Board test 2022-23.

CBSE Class 10 Hindi deleted syllabus 2022-23

CBSE Class 10 Hindi deleted syllabus 2022-23: CBSE Class 10 students are gradually beginning their preparations for the their Board Exams, likely to be commencing from February 2023. Now, as important as it is for students to know what to study, it is equally important for them to know what not to study.  Students of CBSE Class 10 Hindi must be aware that the board has reduced the portions to be assessed in this upcoming year. Certain courses have been removed to unburden the students who were dealing with online classes and the pandemic itself.

In this article, you will get below the list of courses that you do not need to study because these will not be assessed in the CBSE Class 10 Hindi Board test 2022-23.

First, download the prescribed syllabus for 2022-23 from the link below:

The deleted syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Hindi A 2022-23:

CBSE Class 10 Hindi A deleted syllabus 2022-23

The deleted syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Hindi B 2022-23:

CBSE Class 10 Hindi B deleted syllabus 2022-23

If you are a candidate appearing for CBSE class 10 examinations then, also check:

How to Prepare for CBSE Class 10 Board test 2022-23?

Click on the link below to analyse which courses you need more practise in:

Best of luck to all the candidates.

What is the syllabus of Class 10 Hindi 2022-23?

The syllabus for CBSE Class 10 Hindi (A and B) can be accessed from this article by Jagran Josh

Can I download the Class 10 Hindi syllabus 2022-23 from here?

Yes, download CBSE Class 10 Hindi 2022-23 syllabus from Jagran Josh.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 07:59:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/cbse-class-10-hindi-deleted-syllabus-1665741854-1 Killexams : Oracle brings its souped-up MySQL database to the Amazon cloud

Oracle today is following through on its announced plans to make its MySQL HeatWave database management systems available on the Amazon Web Services Inc. cloud.

MySQL HeatWave is a major upgrade to the popular open-source database engine that combines online transaction processing, analytics, machine learning and machine learning-based automation within a single MySQL instance. Oracle said the new features, which were introduced two years ago, eliminate the need for extract/transfer/load duplication between separate databases such as Amazon Aurora for transaction processing and Amazon Redshift for analytics.

Oracle said the new offering is optimized for AWS and delivers superior economics over services from Amazon and others. It cited a 4-terabyte TPC-H benchmark that it said showed MySQL HeatWave performing seven times better than Redshift and 10 times better than Snowflake Inc.’s cloud data warehouse. It also said its machine learning extensions perform 25 times better than Redshift ML.

MySQL HeatWave on AWS provides millisecond-level latencies for applications and a full-featured console that facilitates schema and data management and executes queries interactively. MySQL Autopilot, a component that uses machine learning techniques to automate many HeatWave features, is included with the console. Its features include automated provisioning, parallel loading, encoding, data placement, scheduling, query plan improvement, change propagation and error handling.

Available everywhere

Although Oracle and AWS compete in the public cloud, Oracle has always said HeatWave would be available on other cloud platforms. AWS customers that want to use the platform face “several challenges, including exorbitant data egress fees charged by AWS, the high latency of accessing the database from applications running on AWS, and the need to integrate with other applications running in AWS,” said Nipun Agarwal, senior vice president of research and advanced development at Oracle.

HeatWave is a core part of what Oracle calls a distributed cloud strategy that will make the engine available on multiple clouds as well as on-premises as part of Oracle Dedicated Region Cloud@Customer. “Customers can also replicate data from their on-premises MySQL OLTP applications to MySQL HeatWave on AWS or Oracle Cloud Infrastructure to obtain near real-time analytics,” Agarwal said. “MySQL HeatWave is always running the latest version of the MySQL database, which is not the case for many of the other MySQL-based services.”

Oracle also said the offering doesn’t compete with its own Autonomous Database. The two “address very different markets,” Agarwal said. “MySQL HeatWave supports popular open-source web applications such as WordPress, Magento and Drupal, whereas Autonomous Database supports Oracle Fusion Cloud SaaS applications. HeatWave is currently targeted at open-source cloud database users and developers with databases of less than 50 terabytes [while] Autonomous Database can scale to practically unlimited levels.”

Features added

MySQL HeatWave has also been beefed up with new security features that include server-side data masking, de-identification, asymmetric data encryption and a database firewall. Asymmetric data encryption enables developers and database administrators to use digital signatures to confirm the identity of people signing documents, Oracle said. The database firewall provides real-time protection against database-specific attacks, such as SQL Injections.

HeatWave ML, which is an optional feature provided at no charge, provides in-database machine learning capabilities for training, inference and explanations to enable customers to securely use machine learning on real-time data without ETL, Oracle said. HeatWave ML automates the machine learning lifecycle and stores all trained models inside the MySQL database, eliminating the need to move them to a separate machine learning tool or service.

While the core MySQL engine is available under an open source license, “HeatWave is designed and optimized specifically for the cloud and as such, it is not open source,” Agarwal said.

Photo: Valeriya Zankovych

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Mon, 12 Sep 2022 09:16:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://siliconangle.com/2022/09/12/oracle-brings-souped-mysql-database-amazon-cloud/
Killexams : Oracle is pushing some of its most popular database tools to AWS null © Provided by TechRadar null

Oracle's cloud-based database service MySQL HeatWave is now available to host on Amazon Web Services (AWS), the company has confirmed.

Launched in December 2020, HeatWave is designed to enable customers to run analytics on data that is stored in MySQL databases, without the need for ETL (Extract, Transform, Load).

Though Oracle's database service will be hosted on AWS, it is not delivered in partnership with Amazon and is directly competitive with the latter's own database services such as Amazon Aurora, Amazon RDS, or Amazon Redshift.

Oracle claims the move will mean that users will be able to run transaction processing, analytics, and machine learning workloads in one service, without "requiring time-consuming ETL duplication" between separate databases

Oracle used the example of using Amazon Aurora for transaction processing, Redshift or Snowflake on AWS for analytics, and SageMaker for machine learning.

The new product apparently boasts delivers price performance that is 7X better than Amazon Redshift, 10X better than Snowflake, 12X better than Google BigQuery, and 4X better than Azure Synapse on the 4TB TPC-H* benchmark, if Oracle's claims are to be believed. 

The new product also brings new security features to the table, which apparently include server-side data masking and de-identification, asymmetric data encryption, and a database firewall

In addition, Oracle also that the service will also soon be available Microsoft Azure, as well as Oracle's own Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI)

Oracle may be participating in activities that could threaten AWS's cloud dominance.

Microsoft is reportedly rallying other big players in the space, such as Google Cloud and Oracle in preparation to lobby the US government to ensure that large-scale cloud computing contracts are spread out between different vendors, what is known as a multicloud approach. 

"Many of our MySQL HeatWave customers migrated from AWS. Others wish to continue running parts of their application on AWS," said Edward Screven, Oracle chief corporate architect. "Those customers face serious challenges including exorbitant data egress fees charged by AWS and higher latency when accessing a database service running in Oracle's cloud".

He added: "We are addressing these issues while delivering outstanding performance and price performance across transaction, analytics, and machine learning compared to other database cloud providers."

The news comes as Oracle has posted strong corporate results in the quarter ending August 2022, Oracle's revenue grew 18% year-on-year to $11.4 billion, while its net income rose 14% to $1.5 billion according to its latest report.

Tue, 13 Sep 2022 03:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/oracle-is-pushing-some-of-its-most-popular-database-tools-to-aws/ar-AA11MtLw
Killexams : CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23: download Syllabus and Assessment Scheme

CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23: Check CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus for the academic session 2022-2023. download the latest curriculum to know the required course content to be prepared for CBSE Class 10 German Annual test 2022-23.

CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23

CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23: Class 10 Syllabus and Assessment Scheme for the foreign language German is available for free access on the academic website of CBSE. Candidates appearing for the CBSE board exams 2022-23 can get ready for the upcoming board examinations using this. 

German is an optional foreign language course offered by CBSE to students from class 6 onwards. Although learning any new language is considered difficult, 10 to 16 is generally considered the ideal age group to learn a foreign language. However, it definitely takes time, practice and commitment. It’s the same with the German language. The syllabus of German in CBSE class 10 is more focused on communication and practical usage than grammar. 

The assessment scheme for CBSE Class 10 German, in short, is as follows:

SECTION MARKS
Section A - Reading  20
Section B - Writing 10
Section C - Applied Grammar  30
Section D -Textbook  20
Internal Assessment 20

View the complete syllabus for CBSE Class 10 German below:

Class X 

Lesson  Situation/Topic Speech intention Structure
Lesson 6 Food To present a topic To state advantages and disadvantagesTo conclude a presentation To thank the audience for their interest Indirect questions with question words and using “ob”Adjectives in Nominative and Accusative case without article 
Lesson 7 Media and Advertisements To report about something To ask for directions and describe the route To formulate a slogan for an advertisement Simple past tensePrepositions of place and direction in Accusative, Dative and Mixed Relative clause: Relative pronouns with prepositions.Degrees of adjectives: comparative and superlative
Lesson 8 Learning languages  To talk about limitations To talk about one’s own experience with a foreign language To negotiate Subordinate clauses: “weil” and “obwohl”Past perfect tense(Not to be tested in Grammar)
Lesson 9 Involvement in social causes To narrate about one’s own lifeTo speculate To state the order of events Relative clause: relative pronoun “wo”, “was”(Not to be tested in Grammar)Clause of time: “als” Clause of time:“nachdem”(Not to be tested in Grammar) 

Deleted Portion 

Lessons  Grammar Topics 
Lesson 8 Past perfect tense
Lesson 9 Relative clause: relative pronoun “wo”, “was” Clauses of time: “nachdem” 
Landeskunde Following pages not to be evaluated. Textbook pages 56, 57 Workbook Pages 64 and 94, 95

ASSESSMENT SCHEME FOR CLASS – X

CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23

Internal Assessment, Class X 

  (Total weightage out of 20)
1. Periodic tests, dictations 5/20
2. Listening comprehensions 5/20
3. Speaking activities – role play, presentations, recitation… (could be conducted as individual or group activity) 5/20
4. Regularity and quality of classwork & homework 5/20

PRESCRIBED TEXT BOOK: Beste Freunde B 1.1 (Lessons 5-8)

 (Hueber Publications, Published in India by Goyal Publishers)

SUGGESTED REFERENCES: 

  • Team Deutsch 2/1 
  • Planet 2 
  • Ping Pong 2 
  • Wir 3 
  • Langenscheidt Euro Dictionary 
  • K.M. Sharma; German-Hindi/ Hindi-German Dictionary. 
  • Rachna Publishing House

At Jagran Josh, you can also access CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23 in pdf, if you wish to download and print. 

DOWNLOAD CBSE Class 10 German Syllabus 2022-23

Best of luck to all the candidates.

ALSO CHECK:

What is the syllabus of Class 10 CBSE 2022-23 German?

Syllabus of Class 10 CBSE 2022-23 German covers reading, writing, applied grammar and practical usage. Check the full syllabus and assessment scheme on Jagran Josh.

Is CBSE 10th German 2022-23 syllabus reduced?

Yes. You can check the deleted portion for the Class 10 German syllabus in this article on Jagran Josh.com

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 19:37:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/cbse-class-10-german-syllabus-2022-23-download-1665560608-1
Killexams : UGC launches syllabus of cyber security courses at UG, PG level

The University Grants Commission(UGC) on Thursday launched the syllabus of cybersecurity courses at the Under Graduate(UG) and Post Graduate(PG) levels. The syllabus aims at developing an understanding of cyber security issues even for students from non-technical streams. 

Launching the syllabus on the occasion of Cyber Jagrukta Divas, Universities Grants Commission(UGC) Chairperson M Jagadesh Kumar said, “Cyber security as a subject needs to be incorporated at graduation and postgraduation level in all streams. The syllabus of these courses aims to create aware, responsive, and responsible digital citizens, thereby contributing effectively to an overall healthy cyber security posture and ecosystem,"

He added, “For classroom transaction of these courses at UG and PG level, Higher Education Institutions (HEIS) may invite Cyber Security/Computer/IT qualified faculty or experts from Industry/Subject Matter Experts to take the lectures, practical and tutorials."

As per the syllabus issued by the UGC, UG level students are expected to cover basic and mid-level concepts while students at the PG level will study mid and advanced-level concepts.

Topics at the UG level include introduction to cyber security, cybercrime and laws, social media overview, e-commerce, digital payments, and digital devices security, among others while at the PG level cyber crimes, cyber laws, data privacy and security, cyber security management, and compliance and governance, among others will be taught. 

As per the syllabus document, “After completion of this module, students will be able to understand the basic security aspects related to computers and mobile. They will be able to use basic tools and technologies to protect their devices,"

The document further reads, “After finishing this module, students will have an understanding of the legal framework that exists in India for cybercrime, including aspects related to personal data privacy and security. They will also get insight into the Data Protection Bill, 2019, and data privacy and security issues related to social media platforms,"

The courses will be introduced at universities and colleges under elective or optional categories. The will also include practicals for courses such as privacy settings on social media platforms, registering complaints of a social media platform, and preparing password policies for computer and mobile devices, among others.

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Thu, 06 Oct 2022 23:20:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.livemint.com/education/news/ugc-launches-syllabus-of-cyber-security-courses-at-ug-pg-level-11665117065102.html
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