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Killexams : Lotus Infrastructure study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/190-981 Search results Killexams : Lotus Infrastructure study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/190-981 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Lotus Killexams : Green energy and uranium outlook remains strong in June quarter

Both the uranium and green energy sectors were simmering quietly in the background of the global energy industry for years until the international market started to gather steam in its transition toward carbon-neutrality and energy sustainability and began to look for tried-and-true alternatives to hydrocarbons.

Now, the green energy market is experiencing a resurgence, prompting uranium developers and producers to reboot uranium assets held in suspension while the uranium spot price languished, and green energy-based producers of hydrogen to devote capital and labour in the creation of an entirely new market sector, built from the ground up.

In a moment we’ll investigate what ASX uranium and green energy companies have been up to this quarter, but first a look at the changing state of the market.

Green energy and uranium market overview

Russia’s war in Ukraine and the subsequent global oil and gas squeeze has reignited conversation around energy security as a strategic necessity, jump-starting the static uranium market.

The uranium spot price has surged over the last year:

While the Mineral Council of Australia’s Commodity Demand Outlook report offered a moderately strong forecast on uranium:

In its latest taxonomy report, the European Union agreed to consider nuclear power a sustainable energy source, reducing red tape and improving access to financing for companies moving within the industry.

In the same vein, Germany is considering operational extensions for its three remaining nuclear plants while Belgium has extended the life of two of its nuclear plants by 10 years and the UK has given development consent for two new nuclear plants.

Meanwhile, the green hydrogen industry is more difficult to define, given its nascent nature, but demand is nonetheless growing rapidly.

A report prepared by the International Energy Agency (IEA) for the G20 in 2021 places demand for hydrogen at 87 million tonnes in 2020 and forecasts that demand to increase to 500-680 million tonnes by 2050.

From 2020 to 2021, the Energy Transitions Commission valued the hydrogen production market at A$185 billion (US$130 billion), estimated to grow at a compounding annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.2%.

Current hydrogen production is more than 95% fossil-fuel based, with green, renewable-based hydrogen production enjoying a renewed wave of interest.

In the spotlight: ASX uranium stocks

Peninsula Energy

Peninsula Energy Ltd (ASX:PEN, OTCQB:PENMF) is an ASX-listed uranium mining company which began in-situ recovery (ISR) operations in 2015 at its 100%-owned Lance Projects in Wyoming, USA.

The company is embarking on a project transformation initiative at Lance to change from an alkaline ISR operation to a low-pH ISR operation with the aim of aligning the operating performance and cost profile of the project with industry-leading global uranium production projects.

Peninsula’s early preparatory works have been delayed by supply chain and contract labour hurdles. The company expects to complete catch-up programs and an updated study for Lance in the coming quarter.

In more positive news, PEN has secured approval for a licence amendment to support its shift in uranium processing techniques, and Uranium Royalty Corp has acquired a 1% gross revenue royalty interest for the entirety of the Lance Projects area in return for US$1.25 million from a third party, a strong endorsement for the potential of the project.

Peninsula is well funded to continue its conversion activities, having US$7.6 million in cash on hand and a further possible US$15.6 million from 310,000 pounds of uranium currently in converter accounts as of June 30, 2022.

GTI Energy

GTI Energy Ltd (ASX:GTR) is focused on defining and developing economic in-situ recovery (ISR) uranium resources.

The company holds tenure in Wyoming’s Great Divide Basin and Utah’s Henry Mountains, having recently sold the Niagara Gold Project in Western Australia’s central Goldfields.

This quarter, GTR acquired an additional 13,800 acres (55.8 square kilometres) of contiguous ISR uranium exploration claims, abutting Rio Tinto’s tenure at Green Mountain in Wyoming, increasing GTI Energy’s holding to about 35,000 acres (141 square kilometres).

The company also raised $5 million in a share placement and sold the Niagara Gold Project for $4.5 million, generating plenty of funding for continued work on its uranium assets.

Between some exact drilling success – which revealed shallow mineralisation which GTR believes can support low-cost, rapid exploration – and a solid grasp of the conditions necessary for successful ISR, GTI Energy considers itself well places to capitalise on the growing uranium market.

To that end, GTI shares start trading on North America’s OTCQB market under the code GTRIF back in April.

Alligator Energy

Alligator Energy Ltd (ASX:AGE) is a uranium and energy metals exploration and development group with a multi-jurisdictional portfolio.

The company holds three uranium assets in various areas of Australia, as well as a battery metals project in Italy prospective for nickel, copper, cobalt, gold and platinum group elements (PGEs).

During the quarter Alligator confirmed the presence of high-grade uranium in drilling at the Blackbush Deposit, began a resource re-estimation to upgrade the Blackbush resource to the indicated category and kicked off a scoping study assessing ANSTO leach/ion exchange recovery.

AGE also conducted a re-examination of historical gravity data over the Samphire Project, giving the company a greater understanding of the area, before applying for two additional exploration licences around Samphire and a further 11 new licences at Big Lake.

Once granted this will take the strategic land holding for Samphire to 550 square kilometres (from 370 square kilometres) and for Big Lake to 10,787 square kilometres (from 818 square kilometres).

Finally, Alligator has secured approval from traditional owners for the Nabarlek North (Alligator Rivers) work program, which paves the way for execution of a large airborne gravity survey and regional auger and rotary air blast (RAB) follow-up drilling.

Valor Resources

Valor Resources Ltd (ASX:VAL) is focused on uranium, precious and base metals in Peru and Canada. The Picha Project in Peru is a copper-silver exploration project with a 3,000-hectare exploration concession south of Buenaventura's San Gabriel Gold Porphyry Project.

The company also holds land in the Athabasca Basin of Canada, with uranium projects at Surprise Creek, Cluff Lake, Hook Lake and Hidden Bay.

During the quarter, drilling at Surprise Creek generated some promising results of up to 2.1 metres at 4.37% U3O8, while geochemical sampling identified a 500-metre strike with rock chip ups to 6.37% U2O8, only partially drilled and open in several directions.

Copper was also identified in rock chip and soil samples at Surprise Creek, with concentrations as high as 5.9% copper in chips and 3,300 parts per million in soils.

At Cluff Lake, Valor identified seven priority targets backed up by historical data, geophysical interpretation and surface geochemical anomalies (0.15% uranium) and completed an airborne gradiometry survey to look for more areas of interest.

Speaking of surveys, Valor also completed an extensive airborne gravity gradiometry survey over Hook Lake and Hidden Bay, totalling 2,080 line kilometres at Hook Lake and 416 line kilometres at Hidden Bay.

In April, Valor acquired a further 60 square kilometres to the northeast of the Picha Project, situated along a regional northwest-southeast geological trend host to several deposits and prospects.

At the Picha Copper-Silver Project, Valor produced channel samples from the Ichucollo target of up to 1.45% copper and 9.1 g/t silver and delineated two new targets – the Occsani target, which returned rock chip samples up to 2.48% copper and 92 g/t silver, and the Chullunquiani target, which returned channel sampled up to 5.57% lead and 5.33% zinc.

Lotus Resources

Lotus Resources Ltd (ASX:LOT) is an ASX-listed uranium developer based in Perth, Western Australia, and focused on restarting the Kayelekera uranium mine in Malawi, Africa. Lotus owns an 85% equity interest in Kayelekera with the remaining 15% held by the Malawi government.

The project historically produced about 11 million pounds of uranium oxide (U3O8 equivalent) over five-year between 2009-2014, before closing to preserve the asset longevity due to a sustained low uranium price.

Kayelekera’s current mineral resource estimate is 37.5 million pounds of U3O8 at 630 parts per million (ppm).

Lotus is nearing completion for its restart definitive feasibility study expected to be released early this month and has also increased its total mineral resource estimate 11% to 51.1 million pounds uranium.

The resource estimate upgrade followed a 29-hole reverse circulation (RC) drilling program at the Livingstonia deposit, which both confirmed historical drilling results and extended the mineralised resource footprint.

A management visit to Malawi garnered fresh support from the government for a restart in production at Kayelekera, while negotiations continue for an updated mine development agreement which will set the fiscal regime for the project and company.

Discussions were also held with the ESCOM, the Malawian Electricity Utility, regarding the connection of the mine site to the national grid, and with several key stakeholders, including Karonga District Commissioner, non-government organisation (NGO) groups in Karonga and the local communities.

As of June 30, 2022, Lotus had cash in hand of $4.9 million (unaudited), exclusive of the restricted cash of $14.6 million held as part of an environmental bond.

In the spotlight: ASX green energy stocks

Frontier Energy

Frontier Energy Ltd (ASX:FHE) is developing the Bristol Spring’s Solar (BSS) Project 120 kilometres southwest of Perth, Western Australia, designed to be a major source of renewable energy and provide power as part of the company’s strategy to become a green hydrogen producer.

During the June quarter FHE produced preliminary results from a hydrogen study, indicating green hydrogen can be produced at the BSS Project earlier than anticipated, with existing infrastructure and access to the SWIS power grid enhancing the development timeline.

The company also selected Alkaline Water Electrolysis (AWE) as the preferred technology for green hydrogen production due to its technical maturity and identified several existing local water sources suitable for hydrogen production, negating the need for a desalination plant.

Finally, Frontier signed an MoU with global hydrogen experts, Nel Hydrogen Electrolyser AS (Nel) and ENGV to support the company’s hydrogen production ambitions.

FHE’s cash position was $4.8 million as of June 30 2022, with Hydrogen and Expansion studies on track to be released this month.

Provaris Energy

Provaris Energy Ltd (ASX:PV1) styles itself as an ‘early mover’ in the future of green energy, focused on developing integrated green hydrogen projects for export to regional markets through compressed hydrogen technology.

Provaris has been advancing the Tiwi Hydrogen Project on the Tiwi Islands of Australia’s Northern Territory, intending to build a solar farm, hydrogen electrolysis hub and hydrogen compression export port on the strategically placed islands.

Outline of the proposed Tiwi Hydrogen Project

During the quarter Provaris lodged a referral submission to the Northern Territory (NT) Environmental Protection Authority (EPA), continued outreach programs – supported by Austrade – to attract hydrogen offtake, project investment and technical partners, and in August completed a conceptual design that covers all aspects of the project from solar generation to shipping scheduling.

For the HyEnergy export project itself, PV1 completed milestones 3 and 4 (out of 5) for submission to the Western Australian government as part of the WA Renewable Hydrogen Fund grant.

The company also delivered an environmental assessment for a proposed offshore loading terminal, a H2Neo fleet cycle-time analysis, designs for shore crossing and subsea pipeline, unloading terminal designs, and an assessment of job creation for construction and operational phases.

As for PV1’s H2Neo Hydrogen carrier, Provaris has completed 90% of its contract design package for the ship, while the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) has begun a Front-end Engineering and Design (FEED) review of the carrier.

ABS Consulting is also undertaking dispersion, fire, and explosion safety studies to advance HAZID analysis and Class Approval milestones in 2022, and small-scale testing is underway for structural steel plate and stainless-steel liner plates delivered to CFER Technologies, with cutting, machining and weld plans performed for testing.

Finally, PV1 executed an MoU with Northern Marine for a technical partnership to develop the GH2 carrier and advanced development for near-shore and off-shore compressed H2 unloading terminal designs suitable for Singapore and other target end-market port locations.

On the business development side of things, Provaris holds $11.5 million in cash as of June 30, 2022, and has kicked off a compressed hydrogen study for a connected supply chain transporting H2 into ports of Europe, while also advancing several opportunities to review compressed H2 as an alternative transport carrier into European markets.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 18:17:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.proactiveinvestors.com.au/companies/news/988919/green-energy-and-uranium-outlook-remains-strong-in-june-quarter-988919.html
Killexams : Shelling 'seriously damages' occupied Ukrainian nuclear power plant as head of UN watchdog warns there is a 'very real risk' of new Chernobyl disaster

Shelling 'seriously damages' occupied Ukrainian nuclear power plant as head of UN watchdog warns there is a 'very real risk' of new Chernobyl disaster

  • The attacks forced one of the reactors to shut down, the plant's operator said
  • Ukraine's Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, Europe's largest, saw a power cable damaged in the strikes that forced one of its reactors to stop working
  • The operator said there are 'risks' of 'hydrogen and radioactive' leaks in the area

There is a 'very real risk of a nuclear disaster' after military strikes damaged parts of Ukraine's Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in echoes of the Chernobyl catastrophe, the UN's nuclear watchdog said Saturday.

Kyiv and Moscow blamed each other for the attacks, which forced one of the plant's reactors to shut down.

The munitions landed on the nuclear power plant - Europe's largest atomic power complex - on Friday, damaging a station containing nitrogen and oxygen and an auxiliary building, said Ukrainian state-run nuclear operator Energoatom.

Rafael Grossi, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), said the strikes 'threaten public health and the environment in Ukraine and beyond.'

No radioactive leak has yet been detected, but the strikes hit a power cable and forced one of the reactors to stop working.

'There are still risks of leaking hydrogen and radioactive substances, and the risk of fire is also high', said Energoatom.

A view shows the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant in the course of Ukraine-Russia conflict outside the Russian-controlled city of Enerhodar in the Zaporizhzhia region, Ukraine August 4

Fire-damaged buildings at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear complex are pictured in March after coming under attack by Russian forces during the early stages of the invasion of Ukraine

Moscow has accused Ukrainian forces of targeting the plant, with the European Union hitting out at Russia on Saturday over the shelling.

'The EU condemns Russia's military activities around #Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant,' the bloc's top diplomat, Josep Borrell, wrote on Twitter.

'This is a serious and irresponsible breach of nuclear safety rules and another example of Russia's disregard for international norms.'

Enerhoatom said Russian troops are using the plant's basement to hide from Ukrainian shelling and have barred its Ukrainian staff from going there.

'Ukrainian personnel do not yet have access to these premises, so in the event of new shelling, people have no shelter and are in danger,' Enerhoatom, a Ukrainian state enterprise, said on its Telegram channel.

The shelling had 'caused a serious risk for the safe operation of the plant'.

Russian troops have occupied the Zaporizhzhia plant since the early days of their invasion and Kyiv has accused them of storing heavy weapons there.

Borrell insisted that the UN's nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency, be given access to the plant.

Rafael Grossi (pictured speaking in June), director general of the IAEA, said in an interview that the situation is getting more perilous every day at the Zaporizhzhia plant

A Russian tank covered in green sheets outside the power plant. The UK Ministry of Defence has said Russia is using the power plant as a place to store equipment safe from Ukrainian strikes

A Russian soldier stands guard in the grounds of Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant in May. Although the plant remains operational, there are concerns the Russian occupation has undermined security and safety at the station

A Russian serviceman stands guard outside Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station in May after Putin's troops occupied the site

He added that 'military action jeopardising the safety and security' of the plant was 'completely unacceptable and must be avoided at all costs'.

The IAEA has been trying for weeks to send a team to inspect the plant. Ukraine has so far rejected the efforts, which it says would legitimise Russia's occupation of the site in the eyes of the international community.

It said employees of Russian nuclear operator Rosatom had left the plant shortly before the attacks but that Ukrainian personnel had stayed on and the plant was still generating electricity.

Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky had said on Friday that 'any bombing of this site is a shameless crime, an act of terror'.

And the Ukrainian foreign ministry had said that the 'possible consequences of hitting a working reactor are equivalent to using an atomic bomb'.

Earlier in the week the IAEA described the situation at the nuclear power plant as 'volatile'.

'Every principle of safety has been violated one way or the other,' said Grossi.

There are warnings that the power plant, which lies on the banks of the Dnipro river, is 'out-of-control' and fears a Chernobyl-like incident could take place

The United Nations nuclear chief warned that Europe's largest nuclear power plant in Ukraine 'is completely out of control', raising fears of another Chernobyl. Pictured: Surveillance camera footage shows a flare landing at the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant during shelling in Enerhodar, Ukraine March 4 - in the early days of Russia's invasion

Grossi also reiterated his willingness 'to lead a mission of IAEA safety, security and safeguards experts' to Zaporizhzhia.

'I will continue to push and push again for this IAEA mission to finally take place,' he said, while admitting that it would require 'cooperation, understanding and facilitation from both Ukraine and Russia'.

As part of such a mission 'IAEA safeguards inspectors could conduct essential verification activities at the plant' and the IAEA 'would also provide impartial and independent information' about the status of the plant, Grossi said.

Servicemen of Ukrainian National Guard patrol area near the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, amid Russia's invasion of Ukraine, in Chernobyl, Ukraine April 7, 2022

The governor of the eastern Dnipropetrovsk region said three civilians were injured after Russian rockets fell on a residential neighborhood in Nikopol, a city across the Dnieper River from the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power station.

Another Russian missile attack overnight damaged unspecified infrastructure in the regional capital of Zaporizhzhia.

Russian forces have began an assault on two key cities in Ukraine's eastern Donetsk region, further jeopardising cooperation over nuclear safety.

The cities of Bakhmut and Avdiivka have been considered key targets of Russia's ongoing offensive across Ukraine's east, with analysts saying Moscow needs to take Bakhmut if it is to advance on the regional hubs of Sloviansk and Kramatorsk.

Emergency service workers search for two people in the rubble after a shelling in Bakhmut, Ukraine on July 31

People clean up at the damaged sites after Russian missiles hit residential areas in Sloviansk city, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine on July 29

'In the Donetsk direction, the enemy is conducting an offensive operation, concentrating its main efforts on the Bakhmut and Avdiivka directions. It uses ground attack and army aviation,' the Ukrainian General Staff said on Facebook.

The last Russian strike on Sloviansk was July 30, but Ukrainian forces are fortifying their positions around the city in expectation of new fighting.

'I think it won't be calm for long. Eventually, there will be an assault,' Col. Yurii Bereza, head of the volunteer national guard regiment, told The Associated Press.

Russian shelling killed five civilians and injured 14 others in the Donetsk region in the last day, Donetsk governor Pavlo Kyrylenko wrote Saturday on Telegram, saying two people were killed in Poprosny, and one each in Avdiivka, Soledar and Pervomaiskiy.

On Thursday, Russia fired 60 rockets at Nikopol, damaging 50 residential buildings in the city of 107,000 and leaving residents without electricity.

Firefighters are shown putting out the fire from a destroyed building after a missile strike in the city of Nikopol, Dnipro region

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Sat, 06 Aug 2022 13:01:00 -0500 text/html https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11087907/Shelling-seriously-damages-occupied-Ukrainian-nuclear-power-plant.html
Killexams : Human-caused climate change made heatwave 'at least 10 times more likely', study suggests

UK's record-breaking 40°C heatwave would have been 'almost impossible' without human-induced climate change, study suggests

  • Last week's heatwave saw British temperatures hit 104°F (40°C) for the first time
  • Climate change made the heatwave at least 10 times more likely, probably more
  • This is as UK's temperatures are higher than climate change simulations predict

Searing heat in Britain last week saw temperatures push past 104°F (40°C) for the first time in the country, while a provisional reading of 40.3°C (104.5°F) at Coningsby in Lincolnshire on July 19 marked a record high. 

Now, experts have said that human-caused climate change made the record-breaking heatwave at least 10 times more likely, but probably more as this is a 'conservative estimate'. 

The extreme temperatures were higher than climate models had predicted, suggesting the consequences of climate change for heatwaves could be even worse than previously thought. 

Intense temperatures triggered wildfires and thunderstorms, caused infrastructure damage and likely killed more than 800 people, the researchers say.  

Searing heat in Britain last week saw temperatures push past 104°F (40°C) for the first time in the country. Now, researchers say human-caused climate change made record heatwave 'at least 10 times more likely' Pictured, Brighton beach on July 19, 2022

Residents take a dip in a paddling pool to cool off outside their home on July 19, 2022 in Leeds. Temperatures exceeded 104°F (40°C) in parts of England after the Met Office issued its first red extreme heat warning. Now, researchers say human-caused climate change made record heatwave 'at least 10 times more likely'

JULY'S RECORD-BREAKING HEATWAVE 

On July 15, the Met Office issued its first ever red alert warning for extreme heat, for period between July 18-19 in parts of England. 

In the days that followed, many weather stations across the country recorded their highest-ever temperatures, in many cases breaking previous records by 3-4°C (5.4-7.2°F). 

On July 19, Coningsby in Lincolnshire set a national record, with temperatures reaching 40.3°C (104.5°F).

This was 1.6°C (2.8°F) warmer than the previous record and 3.6°C (6.4°F) hotter than the record that had stood until 1990. 

Researchers say there could be hundreds of deaths in England and Wales due to the heat, although the precise number of casualties will not be available for weeks. 

Children, the elderly and those with chronic health conditions are particularly vulnerable to extreme heat.

City dwellers are also at a higher risk of death from heat, which is more effectively trapped in built-up areas.

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The analysis was conducted by an international team of 21 researchers as part of the World Weather Attribution group, including experts at Imperial College London, the University of Oxford and the University of Edinburgh. 

'Even with a conservative estimate, we see a large role of climate change in the UK heatwave,' said Mariam Zachariah at Imperial's Grantham Institute for Climate Change.

'Under our current climate that has been altered by greenhouse gas emissions, many people are experiencing events during their lifetime that would have been almost impossible otherwise.' 

Using published peer-reviewed methods, the researchers analysed how human-induced climate change altered the likelihood and intensity of last week's heatwave.

They focused on a region roughly corresponding to the area of the red alert warning, but also including parts of east Wales. 

They used computer modelling to compare the likelihood of the temperatures seen in the 2022 heatwave under the current climate and in a world without the 1.2°C (2.1°F) of global warming seen since the 19th century.

The modelling suggests climate change, driven by more heat-trapping greenhouse gases put into the atmosphere by human activity, made the heatwave 10 times more likely and probably even more.

While models estimate greenhouse gas emissions increased temperatures in this heatwave by 2°C (3.6°F), separate historical weather records indicate that the heatwave would have been 4°C (7.2°F) cooler preindustrial times, when the world was yet to be significantly warmed by human activities.

This shows that extreme temperatures are higher than even climate models predict, because extreme temperatures in Western Europe are rising faster than expected. 

Meanwhile, the likelihood of having a heatwave like the one last week in a world that is just 1.2°C (2.1°F) cooler is 'extremely low', and 'statistically impossible' in some locations, they found. 

Researchers focused on a region (shown here within the rectangle) roughly corresponding to the area of the red alert warning, but also including parts of east Wales. a) shows the daily maximum temperatures for July 19; b) shows the two-day average for July 18-19

Intense temperatures triggered wildfires and thunderstorms, caused infrastructure damage and likely killed more than 800 people. Pictured, fire breaks out in residential areas in Wennington, Greater London, July 19, 2022

Researchers point out that heatwaves during the height of summer pose a 'substantial risk to human health' and are 'potentially lethal'. 

This risk is aggravated by climate change, but also by other factors such as an ageing population, urbanisation, changing social structures and levels of preparedness. 

Professor Tim Palmer at the University of Oxford, who was not involved with the study, said there is 'very little doubt' that human induced climate change is making UK heatwaves more likely.

'You would have to be an ostrich with your head buried in the sand to think otherwise,' he said.

Professor Palmer also highlighted the need for exascale supercomputers – computers that can a billion billion calculations per second – to be dedicated to climate modelling for more accurate results.  

Intense temperatures triggered wildfires and thunder and likely killed more than 800 people, the researchers add. Pictured is Bella Wood in South Yorkshire on fire last week

A young woman dives into the River Cam as the temperatures reach record levels on July 19, 2022 in Cambridge, England

Unfortunately, the UK has very little experience with extreme high temperatures and much of the UK's homes have a limited ability to withstand heat. 

Partly due to the country's long and cold winters, British infrastructure that was built to retain heat is 'rare', the World Weather Attribution experts say. 

Last year, the UK Climate Change Committee warned that over 570,000 homes were not resilient to high temperatures, making many of them uninhabitable. 

Zachariah said the longer the UK takes to reach net zero emissions, 'the worse the heatwaves will become'. 

Net zero emissions means any carbon emissions from the UK would be balanced by schemes to offset an equivalent amount of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. 

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions including CO2 and methane is seen as key to achieving the aims of the Paris Agreement to limit climate change.

Adopted in 2016, the Paris Agreement aims to hold an increase in global average temperature to below 3.6ºF (2°C) and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 2.7°F (1.5°C).

Hitting the Paris targets is seen as key to averting a planetary catastrophe, leading to devastation in the form of frequent climate disasters and millions of deaths. 

Dr Radhika Khosla, a professor at the Oxford Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, said: 'The level of heat the UK is now experiencing is dangerous.

'It puts strain on our infrastructure, economy, food and education systems, and on our bodies. As the study points out, many homes in the UK become uninhabitable in extreme heat.

'Adapting to rising temperatures, building heat resilience with sustainable approaches, and protecting people is an urgent priority as unprecedented temperatures become the norm.' 

THE PARIS AGREEMENT: A GLOBAL ACCORD TO LIMIT TEMPERATURE RISES THROUGH CARBON EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETS

The Paris Agreement, which was first signed in 2015, is an international agreement to control and limit climate change.

It hopes to hold the increase in the global average temperature to below 2°C (3.6ºF) 'and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C (2.7°F)'.

It seems the more ambitious goal of restricting global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F) may be more important than ever, according to previous research which claims 25 per cent of the world could see a significant increase in drier conditions. 

The Paris Agreement on Climate Change has four main goals with regards to reducing emissions:

1)  A long-term goal of keeping the increase in global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels

2) To aim to limit the increase to 1.5°C, since this would significantly reduce risks and the impacts of climate change

3) Governments agreed on the need for global emissions to peak as soon as possible, recognising that this will take longer for developing countries

4) To undertake rapid reductions thereafter in accordance with the best available science

Source: European Commission 

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Thu, 28 Jul 2022 10:59:00 -0500 text/html https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-11058477/Human-caused-climate-change-heatwave-10-times-likely-study-suggests.html
Killexams : Climate Action Collaborative: We need your help to accomplish our climate goals

Rochester, Michigan. One measly drop in a vast sea of suburban development that is Metro-Detroit. One might think it would be hard to develop an environmental ethic while living amongst urban sprawl, but I found my havens.

I was fortunate to grow up in one of the only homes in my suburb that backed into an undeveloped wooded area. The Paint Creek River flowed through my backyard, and a large pond behind that, where I’d catch fish and crawfish, and squint into the distance looking for turtles perched on felled trees. These are the childhood memories — the moments of inspiration and simple joys — that forged my reciprocal relationship with the Earth.

Fast forward to 2014, and a place not too far from my home was making national headlines: Flint, Michigan. As I watched the Flint Michigan Water Crisis unfold before my eyes, I began to understand that the state of our environment is not just happenstance. We sit upon a legacy of decisions from our predecessors and hope that their decisions, and the decisions we make today, are in good faith.



Unfortunately for Flint, Michigan, and many other communities across the nation , much of this legacy has been rooted in systemic environmental racism . This was a sobering realization for me. Armed with a love for my environment from my childhood, I now added a desire for justice and ethical leadership to my arsenal.

I moved to Colorado in 2016 to attend Colorado State University, earning a Bachelor of Science in Human Dimensions of Natural Resources. At CSU, I worked as the deputy director, and then director, of Environmental Affairs for my student government. I also served as an ambassador for the Energy Institute, an intern for the Center for Collaborative Conservation, and as a research assistant for the hydrology department.



While in these roles, I started the university’s first community-based textile and thin-film plastics recycling programs, organized and sat on a panel discussing the city of Fort Collins’ renewable electricity commitments, helped pass legislation for a $100,000 student-funded solar array, and represented student interests on the CSU President’s Sustainability Commission.

Upon graduating from CSU, I moved to Logan, Utah, to begin a research program at Utah State University, receiving a Master of Environmental Sociology. Coupling sociology with my background in natural resources allowed me to study the intersections of social inequality and environmental issues, in many ways coming back to my Flint, Michigan-inspired roots. For my thesis, I examined how climate change was being discussed differently between Indigenous and Western news media outlets. It was a privilege and honor to work closely with the Indigenous community in northern Utah.

Yet, when I was living in Utah, I realized just how much I missed Colorado, as most people who leave this great state do. I decided to re-orient my job search and climate work toward Colorado and found myself at one of the best organizations, situated in one of the best communities, in the state. It is an honor to work at Walking Mountains Science Center and serve the Eagle County community through my work — which we’ve been doing a lot of.



On May 23, I started my first day as the Climate Action Collaborative manager and kicked off the CAC’s quarter two working group meetings. We have some ambitious goals for this year, many of which are progressing quickly.

Thanks to Lotus Engineering and Sustainability, the Southwest Energy Efficiency Project, and the state of Colorado, we will be partnering to develop an Eagle County Code Cohort, and assisting municipalities in passing the 2021 IECC building codes, a big step toward sustainable, energy-efficient buildings.

Additionally, with the help of each municipality, we will be crafting an Electric Vehicle Plan for the county, helping to build out infrastructure to accommodate the projected rise in EVs across the state. Other goals on our horizon include passing a building benchmarking ordinance, expanding rooftop solar accessibility, doing a carbon sequestration accounting, and acquiring an anaerobic digester, all of which advance our Climate Action Plan goals. We have a big agenda ahead of us, and our community’s support is critical to accomplishing it!

Gina McCrackin is the new Climate Action Collaborative manager at Walking Mountains Science Center. The Climate Action Collaborative is working to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Eagle County 50% by 2030 and 80% by 2050.

Wed, 29 Jun 2022 12:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.vaildaily.com/opinion/climate-action-collaborative-how-i-became-the-new-climate-action-collaborative-manager/
Killexams : Sears, Kmart tap IBM for mobile commerce platform

Retail giant Sears Holdings Corp.—which includes Sears and Kmart—is tapping IBM’s software to deliver a personalized and more interactive shopping experience for the exploding population of mobile users worldwide.

The latest version of the software is called IBM WebSphere Commerce 7 and incorporates new social-networking and analytics capabilities that enable retailers to automate and personalize promotions for online shoppers. The adoption of this software—currently powering Sears2Go and Kmart2Go—underscores IBM’s commitment to the mobile space and the continued evolution of the mobile-commerce ecosystem.

“Sears2go sits on our IBMWebSphere Commerce software stack, as do the APIs we use for native apps,” said Imran Jooma, senior vice president of ecommerce at Sears Holdings, Hoffman Estates, IL. “We leverage new technologies to give customers more choices as a part of our Shop Your Way offering.

“These innovative technologies make shopping more convenient for our customers,” he said. “We are continuing to lead in the mobile commerce space, with new applications and mobile sites coming alongside improvements in our current offerings.” 

Sears, officially named Sears, Roebuck and Co., is an American chain of mid-range department stores offering various products such as clothing, footwear, bedding, furniture, jewelry, beauty products, appliances, housewares, tools and electronics

Sears merged with Kmart in early 2005, creating the Sears Holdings Corp.

Sears understands that its customer base is increasingly mobile and the company is making major strides in mobile commerce with its Sears2Go service (see story).

Sears Holdings is still using the previous version of IBM WebSphere Commerce and has not yet announced when it plans to upgrade to version 7.

International Business Machines Corp., abbreviated IBM, is a multinational computer technology and information-technology consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, Town of North Castle, NY.

IBM manufactures and sells computer hardware and software, and offers infrastructure services, hosting services and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology.

Automating the mobile buying experience
In June, IBM announced a five-year, $100-million research initiative aimed at improving mobile services and capabilities for businesses and consumers worldwide.

Advancements in mobile devices are reshaping the way customers interact with brands, expanding beyond mere information exchange to true mobile commerce.

According to Forrester Research, the purchase of goods and services from Web sites is projected to reach $211.7 billion by 2012 in the United States alone, up from $125.1 billion in 2007.

To meet this demand, IBM is introducing IBM WebSphere Commerce 7 software that is designed to deliver a new level of intelligence to consumer buying.

The new software aims to enhance the online shopping experience for mobile users by making it easier to both research products and complete transactions.

The new IBM Mobile Starter Store is designed to simplify the shopping experience, enabling customers to browse an online store, conduct side-by-side product comparisons, then view store locations, check inventory availability and complete the purchase.

Shoppers can place orders online and pick up their merchandise at the closest store, which is automatically mapped out for them on their mobile phone.

With the new IBM technology, retailers can also deliver timely, relevant and personalized brand information and promotions based on past purchases to the customer’s mobile device through text messages or email.

Emerging markets
According to IBM’s Institute for Higher Value, the number of mobile users will grow by 191 percent from 2006 to 2011 to reach approximately 1 billion users worldwide.

These numbers are being driven worldwide by people in both industrialized and developing nations. Because broadband access remains difficult in many places, handheld devices are often the only means of access to the Web.

Li-Ning, China’s largest athletics equipment and accessories manufacturer, has experienced steady growth in online sales since launching its ecommerce site in 2008, according to IBM. A growing number of these customers are accessing its site through mobile phones and other handheld devices.

With ecommerce largely untapped in China, Li Ning adopted IBM technology, which helps its customers view top-selling merchandise and detailed product information on a homepage they can customize.

Li-Ning intends to expand beyond these basic functions to take advantage of IBM’s new commerce software, which will allow the company to digitally deliver personalized sales promotions and other information.

Li-Ning also plans to pursue the latest trend in commerce, reaching customers through social networking sites.

Selling through social networking
IBM’s new software lets retailers leverage the growing influence of social networks, bringing brand and product discussions back to the retailer’s site and hopefully converting them into transactions.

For example, a product review or blog post with a link back to the retailers’ sites can automatically be sent with one click to Facebook or another social networking site.

Sellers can augment their brand experience with richer content that includes threaded discussions, along with phone- and video-sharing.

Sam Ash, a retailer of musical instruments and DJ equipment, is using WebSphere Commerce through IBM business partner SysIQ to enhance its online store with product ratings and reviews from customers. It is finding success combining this feature with performance simulations of products they sell.

For example, the company created a “virtual cymbal room” where shoppers can test the actual sound of their cymbals.

WebSphere Commerce 7 also has enhancements that IBM claims better address the needs of businesses selling to other businesses online, through a new Web 2.0-based B2B store platform.

This features a product finder, mini-shopping cart, drag-and-drop shopping capability and the ability to manage multiple saved orders.

Traditional B2B sites are cumbersome to use and often require customer service calls to complete sales, according to IBM.

As mobile becomes an increasingly important sales channel for businesses, IBM claims that its B2B store delivers B2C-like features to business customers while supporting contracts, advanced procurement options and a more streamlined checkout process.

WebSphere Commerce comes with the IBM WebSphere Application Server and DB2, with the goal of helping retailers attain high transaction volumes, reliable and highly available operation and integration to back-end systems and applications using SOA interfaces.

WebSphere Commerce 7 includes integrations to IBM Lotus Connections, Bazaarvoice and Pluck SiteLife.

IBM WebSphere Commerce software includes capabilities for marketing, catalog management and merchandising to help companies Boost the customer shopping experiences across all sales channels from online and over the phone to mobile and in-store.

IBM WebSphere Commerce 7 is available starting at about $30,000 for 100 Processor Value Units (PVUs).

IBM speaks
Mobile Commerce Daily’s Dan Butcher interviewed Errol Denger, Denver, CO-based strategy program director of WebSphere Commerce at IBM. Here is what he had to say:

What is IBM’s strategy behind the launch of WebSphere Commerce 7?
As today’s savvy customers embrace new touch points and interaction models, the brand experience has become increasingly fragmented.  These empowered customers expect a consistent, contextual and relevant brand experience even as they jump across channels or interaction models, such as social and community.

WebSphere Commerce is designed with this in mind and our strategy is to be the market leading Customer Interaction Platform enabling companies to deliver a consistent, customer-centric experience across multiple channels and touch points.  

To succeed with mobile commerce, companies need to view this channel as an extension of their ecommerce platform. Version 7 provides integrated mobile commerce support so companies can run their mobile site as a seamless extension of the online brand experience.

The foundation of the WebSphere Commerce v7 is a powerful Precision Marketing engine that enables companies to support rich, customer-centric “dialogues” across channels and interaction models, including social commerce and widgets.

Built from the ground up, the Precision Marketing engine orchestrates Web, mobile, cross-channel, third-party applications and services such as ratings, reviews, communities, email and other interactions enabling marketers to centrally control the digital experience both today and into the future.

Thus, mobile is now a true extension of the multi-channel brand experience.

In addition to powerful marketing capabilities, the WebSphere Commerce Mobile Store Solution offers the following capabilities:
• Integrated mobile message support (SMS) for marketing messages, digital coupons and other key messages such as account or order notification status
• Mobile optimized store supporting optimized browsing capabilities, as well as mobile marketing and promotions, product information and availability, store  and stock locator, mobile shopping list (Wishlist), mobile cart, buy on mobile and pickup, order status and tracking
• Integrated into cross-channel precision marketing with support for mobile triggers and events as outlined above

With which handsets is it compatible?
This is designed to support mobile phones with 240*320 or higher resolution, including RIM’s BlackBerry, Apple’s iPhone, Nokia, Microsoft’s Windows Mobile and Google’s Android.

How is IBM getting the word out about this software (i.e. marketing tactics)?
We are using our standard awareness mechanisms including press, analysts, Webinars and briefings, demos, tradeshow presentations, etcetera.

What is the current state of mobile commerce, and what is its potential?
Mobile devices have become “Lifestyle Infrastructure Tools.” There is more technology in your mobile phone today than there was in the first ship launched to the moon, and 3.8 billion people worldwide have a mobile device in 2008. Mobile services are expected to grow 6.5 percent for 2009.

More importantly, mobile Internet penetration is reaching a critical mass, with over 22 percent (eMarketer) of the U.S. population and 17 percent (Forrester) of Western Europeans accessing the Internet on their mobile devices. This is the same penetration as the percentage of the  population that had Internet access in 1999.

This indicates that we have clearly crossed the adoption chasm and are entering early mainstream—and more importantly, critical mass. 

The implication is that customers now expect to effectively and contextually interact with brands on their mobile devices. Innovative retailers will capitalize on this to not only enhance the overall brand experience, but will also use this as an opportunity to increase cross-channel stickiness.

An IBM Institute for Business Value study indicates that almost 50 percent of shoppers switch retailers when they switch channel—by effectively using mobile to complete transactions or drive shoppers directly to stores, retailers will help address this defection.

Mobile will continue to evolve as both a stand-alone shopping channel and over the next 18 months will play a significant role in enhancing the in-store experience. Given this vision, IBM will continue to invest in mobile and innovate this channel to enhance the overall brand experience.

Sun, 12 Jul 2015 05:42:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.retaildive.com/ex/mobilecommercedaily/sears-kmart-tap-ibm-for-mobile-commerce-platform
Killexams : Pension funds allowed to invest heavily in infrastructure No result found, try new keyword!National Treasury yesterday published final amendments to Regulation 28 under the Pension Funds Act, which apply to investments in infrastructure, hedge funds and private equity. The amendments ... Tue, 05 Jul 2022 05:07:00 -0500 en-za text/html https://www.msn.com/en-za/news/other/pension-funds-allowed-to-invest-heavily-in-infrastructure/ar-AAZeb7u Killexams : Metropolis: The Latest Architecture and News

For quaint riverfront views, historical fortifications, and castles, head to Luxembourg. For sky-high remnants of the steel industry, there’s the country’s second largest city, Esch-sur-Alzette. Suffering, until recently, from the 1970’s steel manufacturing exodus, Esch, 10 miles to the northeast of the border of France, is emerging as an unexpected cultural mecca, where industrial infrastructure is being converted en masse into cultural and learning space. This rebirth is being celebrated thanks to a generous flow of cash via its designation as Esch2022: Esch-sur-Alzette European Capital of Culture 2022 (Kaunas, Lithuania and Novi Sad, Serbia, also named European Capital of Cultures this year, share the designation for 2022). For Esch, the title comes with $54.8 million in funds from EU, national, local, and private sources.

Esch 2022 Celebrates One of Europe’s Most Stunning Industrial TurnaroundsEsch 2022 Celebrates One of Europe’s Most Stunning Industrial TurnaroundsEsch 2022 Celebrates One of Europe’s Most Stunning Industrial TurnaroundsEsch 2022 Celebrates One of Europe’s Most Stunning Industrial Turnarounds+ 11

Wed, 23 Feb 2022 19:31:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.archdaily.com/tag/metropolis
Killexams : GM Wants to Make EV Road-Tripping Easier with Fast-Chargers at 500 Pilot Flying J Truck Stops
  • As part of its nearly $750 million investment in electric-vehicle charging infrastructure, GM is building 2000 DC fast-chargers at 500 Pilot and Flying J truck stops.
  • The initiative will be powered by EVgo, which operates the most fast-charging locations in the U.S.
  • The first phase of chargers should be operational by 2023, and they will be placed along highways with the goal of facilitating coast-to-coast travel in EVs.

Remember the Smokey and the Bandit song about a 28-hour bootleg road trip, "Eastbound and down, loaded up and EVing"? Wait, those aren't the lyrics. But they could be in the near future, as GM looks to make cross-country travel in an electric car easier. And who better to do that with than the country's largest truck stop chain? The American automotive giant is partnering with Pilot Company, the majority owner of Pilot Flying J, to build 2000 DC fast-chargers capable of delivering up to 350 kilowatts, at 500 Pilot and Flying J truck stops.

Pilot Company CEO Shameek Konar said that the joint initiative was designed "to help reduce range anxiety and significantly close the gap in long-distance EV charger demand."

EVs' U.S. market share doubled from the start of 2021 to the start of 2022, and that figure keeps growing. However, existing charging infrastructure heavily favors metropolitan areas, and a limited quantity of rural and highway-side fast-chargers hinders EV owners' ability to drive cross-country. GM and Pilot Company want to alleviate that, as they intend to install their 2000 chargers at 50-mile intervals along highways.

To do so, GM and Pilot Company are employing EVgo, which, with over 850 locations, is the most extensive fast-charging network in the country. EVgo will install, operate, and maintain GM and Pilot Company's charging network through its eXtend program, with the first wave of chargers expected to be operational by 2023. Along with the EVgo logo, the chargers will be branded with both the Pilot Flying J logo and GM's charging brand, Ultium Charge 360.

The charging network is part of greater initiatives from both GM and Pilot Company. GM has pledged to invest nearly $750 million, alongside public grant money, into improving EV charging infrastructure, especially, as they said in 2021, in "underserved, rural, and urban areas where EV charging access is often limited." This goes hand in hand with the automaker's goal of only producing zero-emissions vehicles by 2035.

Meanwhile, Pilot Company is in the process of updating its Pilot and Flying J truck stops with expanded seating, nicer restrooms, free Wi-Fi, and more. Both these initiatives are good news for EV owners, as it means more charging locations and cushier amenities while you wait, even if the chargers' 350-kilowatt capacity will only keep you there for a few minutes.

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Thu, 14 Jul 2022 07:15:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a40614414/gm-ev-fast-chargers-pilot-flying-j-truck-stops/
Killexams : Video: The 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning Isn’t a Science Project, But That’s Why It’ll Be So Popular

The 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning may be the brand’s most significant vehicle in exact memory. Not only is the Lightning an all-electric version of Ford’s bestselling nameplate, it’s also a pickup truck, so it must satisfy a wide range of expectations from buyers. To see how it measures up to those expectations, we evaluated an F-150 Lightning for two weeks and subjected it to every test procedure at our disposal.

The video explains the results of our exhaustive testing, which includes acceleration, braking, interior noise, real-world highway range, charging speed, and storage. (We've already published the full test results elsewhere.)

The fully loaded Lightning Platinum we tested posted remarkably quick acceleration results, essentially tying the Rivian R1T—the quickest pickup we’ve tested—in real-world acceleration from 30 to 50 mph and 50 to 70 mph. On the other hand, the Lightning showed more brake fade in stopping tests than the Rivian.

In our real-world EV range test, where we drive at constant freeway speeds, the Lightning returned 230 miles against the Platinum’s 300-mile EPA rating. That result leads us to wonder how far a Lightning equipped with the standard 98.0-kWh battery might be able to travel versus the 230-mile EPA rating.

To measure charging, we hook up an EV to the fastest charger it will accept and record the rate from a 10 to 90 percent fill. The Lightning’s 106-kW average exceeded that of the first R1T we tested, at 98 kW.

How about towing? We loaded the Lightning with a 5100-pound trailer and set off on the freeway. While the power and stability were excellent, the range was lacking, falling to a mere 130 miles. Given the nature of the charging infrastructure and the fact you don’t start charging at empty, you wouldn’t want to travel more than 100 miles between stops.

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Thu, 28 Jul 2022 09:29:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a40746725/video-2022-ford-f-150-lightning-testing/
Killexams : Plans afoot to fix flood-hit Asherville

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