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Killexams : SCO Recertification study help - BingNews Search results Killexams : SCO Recertification study help - BingNews Killexams : Study hacks to help you ace your midterms

If you’re stuck on a problem or a concept discussed in class, ask for help. Ask a classmate, visit office hours or a help lab. Consider joining or starting a study group. And take advantage of other free resources. If you live on campus or are a first-year student, check out the Academic Success & Achievement Program (ASAP) for free tutoring support. If you need help writing a paper, visit The Writing Center. If you have a big research project, University Libraries offers consultations to help you get started. Review more academic resources for students. 

Sometimes the hardest part of studying is just getting started. Schedule out time in your week to study and do your best to get started right away. Find a favorite place that can become your study spot, like a coffee shop, library or community room in your residence hall. Establishing study routines and finding the right study spot can help you feel prepared for midterms.

Tue, 13 Sep 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Innovative SCO cooperation sought
China-SCO Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Area is located in Jiaozhou, Qingdao, Shandong province. [Photo provided to]

To offer better support for strong talent growth in enhancing opening-up, the Qingdao, Shandong province-based China-Shanghai Cooperation Organization Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Area has explored innovative cooperation with SCO member states in education.

In January, the China-SCO Institute of Economy and Trade was officially inaugurated. It was designed to be developed into a major educational institution for advanced international economic and trade talent based in the area.

"It serves as an open platform for the integration of scientific research, education and industries with international influence, and to further train talent from SCO member countries to enhance multilateral economic and trade cooperation," said Zhang Xinzhu, secretary of the area's Party working committee and a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Qingdao Committee.

Progress in governing institutions and systems, physical educational spaces, faculties, life and supporting facilities has been seen during the past months, and training sessions on various subjects and academic exchanges both online and offline have been held.

Avazov Nasimjon, an international student at Shandong University of Science and Technology from Tajikistan, enrolled in a training course on new-generation communications technologies at the institute this summer.

"Through this training session, I have deepened my understanding of cross-border e-commerce, which is an important part of my study in China," Nasimjon said.

"After returning home, I want to put what I have learned into practice and work as a messenger of economic and trade exchanges between China and my home country," he added.

The courses Nasimjon attended were part of the many sessions the China-SCO Institute of Economy and Trade offered to international trainees from SCO member states and countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative this year.

So far, the institute has carried out 81 training sessions for more than 7,200 participants, empowering them with practical skills through online and offline training sessions, academic exchanges and practice programs covering languages, e-commerce, sci-tech-powered poverty alleviation, trade and multimedia to prepare for a future career.

Qingdao University, the operator of the institute, has established cooperation programs with universities and colleges in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.

The University of International Business and Economics, Shandong Foreign Trade Vocational College and Shandong University have also started joint training, research and practice programs in the institute with universities from Russia, India and Tajikistan, as well as enterprises.

"More efforts will be made on developing new cooperation platforms with countries involved, so as to promote more concrete cooperation in the fields of economic cooperation and trade and humanistic exchanges and to make new progress in developing new platforms for Belt and Road cooperation," Zhang added.

Mon, 19 Sep 2022 21:44:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : The world is moving closer to a new cold war fought with authoritarian tech

Despite President Biden’s assurances at Wednesday’s United Nations meeting that the US is not seeking a new cold war, one is brewing between the world’s autocracies and democracies—and technology is fuelling it.

Late last week, Iran, Turkey, Myanmar, and a handful of other countries took steps toward becoming full members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), an economic and political alliance led by the authoritarian-regimes of China and Russia. 

The group, formed in 2001, has quickly become one of the most important forces in global politics and has indicated that technology is a big part of its strategic future. Although much of the SCO’s focus is on regional development, such as railways and trade agreements, it has been a key player in the proliferation of technologies designed for social control, which foreign policy experts call “digital authoritarianism.”

Following China’s lead, research shows that the majority of SCO member countries, as well as other authoritarian states, are quickly trending toward more digital rights abuses by increasing the mass digital surveillance of citizens, censorship, and controls on individual expression.

Democracies use massive amounts of surveillance technology as well, of course. The United States is one of the most surveilled countries in the world, and it buys much of that tech from China. Yet it’s the technology trade relationships between authoritarian countries everywhere—SCO members, as well as its allies—that are rapidly growing deeper, and such states have begun to adopt similar playbooks for digitally enabled social control.

What do we mean when we say “digital authoritarianism”?

Four years ago, Freedom House, a non-profit research and advocacy group for global democracy, focused on “the rise of digital authoritarianism” when it published its annual report on the state of freedom and the internet in 2018. As the report explains, “Digital authoritarianism is being promoted as a way for governments to control their citizens through technology, inverting the concept of the internet as an engine of human liberation.” Since then, this has been a common way for Washington to frame the US-China power competition in the tech realm. 

There is a strong correlation between governance systems and the state of digital rights, with authoritarian regimes more likely than democratic regimes to use tech as another domain for social control. 

Freedom House researchers have worked to quantify this phenomenon in its annual reports, scoring countries on a variety of factors—including privacy protections, censorship, and obstacles to internet access. Globally, scores have been on the decline for 11 consecutive years, meaning the world is generally trending away from an internet that protects the digital rights of users. None of the non-democratic countries were determined by Freedom House to have a “free” internet, whereas all the democratic countries were deemed either “free” or “partially free.” 

All of the SCO’s eight current members—China, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, India, and Pakistan—consistently score poorly. Their scores declined an average of 10 points over the past decade.

China was ranked at the bottom of Freedom House’s report card last year, as it has been every year since 2014. 

And while it's not yet a full member of the SCO, Iran scored second to last. It’s no coincidence that its economic relationship with China has been heating up in exact years, and Iran has been one of many enthusiastic consumers of the superpower’s digital technology. 

Electoral democracies

Internet freedom

The Chinese model

Experts in the West disagree on whether China really is strategically “exporting authoritarianism” or whether US propagandists and other observers have demonized Chinese tech supremacy while ignoring their own soaring demand for surveillance tech. We’ve previously written about how a Justice Department initiative intended to suss out Chinese spies unraveled into a big mess. Other research points to a strong demand for Chinese surveillance tech in countries with high levels of crime, regardless of whether they are democracies or not.   

But it is a largely accepted fact that the Chinese state—through the SCO and the Belt Road Initiative (BRI), its major foreign policy enterprise that offers infrastructure development in over 140 countries—and state-affiliated companies have provided other countries with security and surveillance technology, in addition to infrastructure like roads and 5G networks. 

China’s influence on digital authoritarianism is hard to overstate. Its public and private social credit programs, first announced in 2014, collects and aggregates data about people’s purchases, traffic violations, and social activities. And Chinese cities are the most heavily surveilled in the world, with more CCTV cameras per square mile than anywhere else. Those cameras are often equipped with sophisticated facial recognition and visual computing analytics, making the surveillance easier for the Communist Party to act on. 

Closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras per square mile

And other countries are following its lead. 

The SCO’s biggest projects are usually led and funded by China; they include the trans-Afghan railroad that connects Uzbekistan to Pakistan, a digital trade platform in Chongqing, and joint military exercises. But it has also boosted initiatives like the Thousand Cities Strategic Algorithms program, which encourages central governments to use mass amounts of data to inform their decisions. 

Between January and August of this year, Chinese trade with SCO countries increased by 26% over the same period last year. Chinese exports of electronic components, including data processing technologies, drove a large portion of that volume. 

The SCO’s members, along with a dozen other states with various levels of attachment to the group, met just last week, and more countries showed eagerness to formally join the group. Notably, Turkey wants to become the first NATO country to fully join the SCO. 

Beyond the SCO, Venezuela’s autocratic regime announced in 2017 a smart identification card for its citizens that aggregated employment, voting, and medical information with the help of the Chinese telecom company ZTE. And Huawei, another Chinese telecom corporation, boasts a global network of 700 localities with its smart city technology, according to the company’s 2021 annual report. This is up from 2015, when the company had about 150 international contracts in cities.

Chinese surveillance platforms used for policing and public security

Democracies are implicated in digital authoritarianism, too. The US has a formidable surveillance system built on a foundation of Chinese tech; a exact study by the industry research group Top10VPN showed over 700,000 US camera networks run by the Chinese companies Hikvision and Dahua. 

US companies also prop up much of the digital authoritarianism industry and are key players in complex supply chains, which makes isolation and accountability difficult. Intel, for example, powers servers for Tiandy, a Chinese company known for developing “smart interrogation chairs” reportedly used in torture. 

Networks of Hikvision and Dahua cameras outside China

Beyond the code 

Digital authoritarianism goes beyond software and hardware. More broadly, it’s about how the state can use technology to increase its control over its citizens. 

Internet blackouts caused by state actors, for instance, have been increasing every year for the past decade. The ability of a state to shut off the internet is tied to the extent of its ownership over internet infrastructure, a hallmark of authoritarian regimes like China and Russia. And as the internet becomes more essential to all parts of life, the power of blackouts to destabilize and harm people increases. 

Early this year, as anti-government protests rocked Kazakhstan, an SCO member, the state shut down the internet almost entirely for five days. During this time, Russian troops descended on major cities to quell the dissent. The blackout cost the country more than $400 million and cut off essential services. 

Other tactics include models for using data fusion and artificial intelligence to act on surveillance data. During last year’s SCO summit, Chinese representatives hosted a panel on the Thousand Cities Strategic Algorithms, which instructed the audience on how to develop a “national data brain” that integrates various forms of financial data and uses artificial intelligence to analyze and make sense of it. According to the SCO website, 50 countries are “conducting talks” with the Thousand Cities Strategic Algorithms initiative. 

Relatedly, the use of facial recognition technology is spreading globally, and investment in advanced visual computing technologies that help make sense of camera footage has also grown, particularly in Russia. 

Internet blackouts in 2021

“A closer SCO community” 

In his speech at the SCO summit last week, Chinese president Xi Jinping went so far as to acknowledge the global cold war mentality and the increasingly protectionist attitude toward trade. Xi urged that cooperative agreements “in such areas as trade and investment, infrastructure building, protecting supply chains, scientific and technological innovation, and artificial intelligence” be “adopted within the framework of the summit.” 

His solution? Bring more nations into the Chinese orbit. While he espoused the values of peace and multilateralism, he called for “a closer SCO community with a shared future.” 

That future is already beginning to take shape. At this year’s meeting, China formally announced a new educational program, the China-SCO Institute of Economic and Trade at Qingdao University, which began in January and will train students in SCO and BRI states on courses like economic development and digital trade. (This builds on previous training China has conducted on digital media management with BRI countries.) 

As countries with questionable human rights records—like Iran, Turkey, Belarus, and Myanmar—move to more closely integrate their economies with the China- and Russia-led SCO, digital authoritarianism is ripe for far greater expansion and far-reaching harm. And there will be little to halt the continued growth of this thorny and increasingly global web. 

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 02:59:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Weight Lifting May Help You Live Longer, Study Says

September 28, 2022 2:59 PM EDT

Lifting weights can build strength, add muscle, and put you in a good mood. Now, a new study finds that the practice may have an even bigger benefit: a longer life.

An observational study of nearly 100,000 people over about ten years, published Sept. 27 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine, found that people who reported lifting weights once or twice a week—without doing any other exercise—had a 9% lower risk of dying from any cause except for cancer. People who paired 1-2 days of weekly weight lifting with aerobic exercise fared even better; their risk of dying was 41% lower than those who did not exercise.

Jessica Gorzelitz, an assistant professor of health promotion at the University of Iowa and co-author of the study, says that the findings fit with the federal activity guidelines, which recommend that adults do at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise per week, plus muscle-strengthening exercises two or more days a week. “If you want the biggest bang for your buck, the lowest risks were observed in those groups that were doing both aerobic exercise and weightlifting,” says Gorzelitz.

Read More: Can Exercise Prevent Depression? Here’s What the Science Says

While other studies have found that muscle-strengthening exercises Improve health, Gorzelitz—who’s a power-lifter—says she couldn’t find any research on weight lifting and mortality, which is why she decided to study that question. The results are especially important for women, she says, because they seemed to get an even bigger benefit from weight lifting than men in the study. When Gorzelitz worked as a personal trainer, women often told her they feared that strength exercises would make them “too bulky”—a common misconception about weight lifting, Gorzelitz says. “Beyond our study, we see that it’s linked with better muscle mass, healthier muscle…and stronger bones,“ she says. “It’s really important to not just live long, but to live well.”

The study has several limitations. Researchers weren’t able to analyze the intensity and other details about the weight lifting workouts. People in the study also tended to be older than the general population, with an average age of 71, which means that the results might not generalize to younger adults.

It also raises further questions to explore. Even though the study did not find a link between weight lifting and a reduction in deaths caused by cancer, it could require longer term follow-up studies, says Alpa Patel, a senior vice president at the American Cancer Society. For instance, “we know from various other studies that strength training is beneficial for survival after a cancer diagnosis,” she says. Another intriguing finding was that people who did aerobic exercise and lifted weights three to seven times a week—which exceeds the federal guidelines—had an even lower risk of death, although Gorzelitz noted that this is a single study’s finding, and the guidelines come from the totality of evidence. So far, it’s unclear whether the benefits have an upper limit.

Other research provides plausible reasons why weight lifting could lower the risk of death. The exercise improves body composition, trims fat, and builds muscle, which research has linked to a lower risk of death from any cause, especially cardiovascular deaths.

Despite the clear benefits, however, less than a quarter of Americans meet the U.S. physical activity guidelines. “People don’t have to run out and start training for bodybuilding,” Gorzelitz says. “Doing something is better than nothing.” Start slow and look for help online or from a personal trainer, she says. “It’s okay to start with small steps for improving your health.”

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Sat, 08 Oct 2022 05:21:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Doing weight training daily can help to lower the risk of death: Study

A study conducted in older people found that regular weight-training exercise is connected with a lower chance of death from any cause, with the exception of cancer. The statistics also suggested that sticking to a weekly workout schedule that includes both weights and cardio activity has an additional benefit. The findings of the study were published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. (Also read: Exactly how much should you exercise to prevent death? You can find out now )

Current physical activity guidelines for all people recommend at least 150 weekly minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or an equivalent combination of the two (known as MVPA) (moderate to vigorous physical activity).It is also recommended that all adults incorporate activities that work all of the major muscle groups. While aerobic exercise is consistently related to a lower risk of death, it is unclear if weight training has the same impact.

To fill this knowledge vacuum, the researchers set out to examine the possible influence of weight training and aerobic exercises on the risk of death in older persons separately and together. They drew from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial (PLCO). This study began in 1993 and comprises 154,897 men and women between the ages of 55 and 74 from ten different cancer centers in the United States.

In 2006, 104,002 of the participants were also asked if they had exercised with weights in the previous year, and if so, how frequently--anywhere from once a month to several times a week. They were also quizzed on moderate and intense intensity physical activity frequency and duration throughout the previous year.

Moderate intensity was defined as "exercise that produced a light sweat or raised your breathing and heart rate to moderately high levels," while severe activity was defined as "activity that produced a heavy perspiration or elevated your breathing and heart rate to very high levels."

Based on total weekly minutes of MVPA, four activity groups were formed: (1) inactive, 0 minutes; (2) insufficient aerobic MVPA, 1-149 minutes; (3) sufficient, 150+ minutes of moderate, or equivalently vigorous, activity; and (4) highly active, 301 or more minutes of moderate, or equivalently vigorous, activity.

The final study contained the responses of 99,713 people, 28,477 of whom died over an average of 912 years of monitoring. Their average age at the start of the monitoring period was 71, and their average body mass index (BMI) was 27.8 kg/m2, indicating that they were overweight.

Almost one-quarter (23%) of respondents reported some weightlifting activity, and 16% stated they exercised with weights one to six times per week. Nearly one-third (32%) were aerobically active enough, meeting (24%) or above (8%) MVPA requirements. Weight training and aerobic MVPA were both related to a lower risk of death from any cause, as well as cardiovascular disease, but not cancer.

Working out with weights was related to a 9-22% lower risk of death in the absence of MVPA, depending on the amount: for example, using weights once or twice a week was connected with a 14% lower risk. Similarly, among those who did not exercise with weights, aerobic MVPA was linked to a 24-34% decreased risk of death from any cause, compared to those who reported neither MVPA nor weight training.

However, those who reported doing both types of physical activity had the lowest risk of dying. For example, those who stated they met the recommended weekly amounts of MVPA and exercised with weights once or twice a week had a 41-47% lower risk of death than those who were physically sedentary.

Educational achievement, smoking, BMI, race, and ethnicity had no effect on the observed relationships, but gender did: the associations were higher in women.This is an observational study, thus it cannot establish a cause, and it relies on personal recall and data from a single moment in time. There were no specific details on training intensity, training load, volume (sets and repetitions), or how long participants had been exercising with weights, which could have influenced the findings.

The study only employed weights, although the researchers include callisthenics (push-ups and squats), Pilates, and plyometric activities (tuck jumps and burpees) as other types of muscle strengthening exercises. Weight training can help you lose weight: total lean mass is independently connected with a lower risk of death, according to the researchers as an explanation for their findings. And, if done in a gym, it might be quite sociable--yet another aspect linked to living a longer, better life.

"Our finding that individuals who participated in both types of exercise tended to have the lowest mortality risk provides strong support for current recommendations to engage in both aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercises," they write. They conclude, "Older adults would certainly benefit from adding weightlifting activities to their physical activity programmes."

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This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.
Sun, 02 Oct 2022 04:50:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Breath training may help reduce blood pressure by serving as a 'dumbbell for the diaphragm': New study

Strength training isn’t just for biceps.

It may also provide support for the muscles that help us breathe to reduce blood pressure.

A daily dose for six weeks of high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) reduced the systolic blood pressure by an average of nine millimeters of mercury, according to a new study published in the Journal of Applied Physiology.


"In our research, we’ve found that high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training, consisting of 30 resisted inhalations per day through a handheld device, lowered systolic blood pressure by 9 mmHg on average," said lead author Dr. Daniel Harrison Craighead.

He is assistant research professor of integrative physiology at the University of Colorado Boulder.

Researchers wanted to apply the same concept of strength training used for keeping muscles healthy to the muscles that help us inhale — such as our diaphragm. (iStock)

"This is important," Craighead said, "because a reduction in blood pressure of that level would reduce someone’s risk for getting cardiovascular disease and other health problems associated with high blood pressure." 

Since muscles weaken over time, strength training is often used to keep the muscles of the body healthy.


Craighead, however, wanted to apply that same concept to the muscles that help us inhale, such as the diaphragm.

Along with other researchers, he recruited healthy volunteers ages 18-82 to use a device called PowerBreathe, which provides resistance training for the muscles that help us inhale. (There are several such devices on the market.)

The study's participants were asked to use the device for five minutes a day for six weeks.

"Just as you would use a heavier dumbbell as your bicep strength improves, you can increase the resistance on the breathing device as your breathing strength improves." (iStock)

It’s often referred to as the "dumbbell for your diaphragm" because it creates resistance when we take a breath, according to the PowerBreathe website. 

"Just as you would use a heavier dumbbell as your bicep strength improves, you can increase the resistance on the breathing device as your breathing strength improves," the website added.

The new study found that performing 30 breaths per day for six weeks lowered systolic blood pressure by approximately 9 millimeters of mercury, which is similar to the reduction attained by conventional aerobic exercise such as walking, running or cycling.

The lead author of a new study said the breathing "protocol takes only 5-10 minutes per day, so we hope it’ll be easy for people to adhere to."

"In addition, the protocol takes only 5-10 minutes per day, so we hope it’ll be easy for people to adhere to," Craighead told Fox News Digital. 

"It can easily be done while doing things like watching TV or waiting for your coffee to brew."

Lowering systolic blood pressure by 10 mm Hg reduces the risk of stroke by about 35% and that of heart disease events by approximately 25% at age 65, according to a British Medical Journal report. 

What is high blood pressure?

The American Heart Association defines a normal blood pressure as less than 120/80 mm Hg.

The top number is the systolic blood pressure, which is pressure inside the artery when the heart is contracting and sends blood throughout the body.

A nurse measures a patient's blood pressure. "A patient is at risk for high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, if the systolic blood pressure readings are consistently 120-129, which is termed elevated blood pressure," said one health professional. (iStock)

The bottom number is the diastolic blood pressure, or when pressure of the artery when the heart is at rest and fills with blood, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine.

A patient is at risk for high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, if the systolic blood pressure readings are consistently 120-129, which is termed elevated blood pressure.

People who are diagnosed with stage 1 hypertension have systolic blood pressure readings that consistently range from 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic studying that range from 80-89 mm Hg.

"High blood pressure is a common problem and contributes to stroke, heart failure, kidney failure and a variety of other cardiovascular complications."

When people are diagnosed at this stage, lifestyle changes are often recommended first before starting any medication.

"High blood pressure is a common problem and contributes to stroke, heart failure, kidney failure and a variety of other cardiovascular complications," Dr. Deepak L. Bhatt, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical school, told Fox News Digital. 

"Lifestyle measures, such as restricting salt intake and weight loss, can help lower blood pressure, though many people with high blood pressure eventually end up needing medications," added Bhatt. 

"Many people with high blood pressure eventually end up needing medications," said a professor medicine at Harvard Medical School.  (iStock, File)

He is also executive director of interventional cardiovascular programs at Brigham and Women’s Hospital Heart & Vascular Center in Boston.

Stage 2 hypertension is when systolic blood pressure readings consistently range at 140/90 mm Hg or higher, according to the American Heart Association.

"Potentially, breath training, as was done in this [new] study, might help strengthen the muscles involved with breathing and additionally lower blood pressure," Bhatt said.

"It seems like a safe approach," he added, "though further study is needed to determine just how effective it may be and who the ideal candidates might be." 

People who are on high blood pressure medications, said Bhatt, should not stop these medications without consulting their physicians first.

"We need to do much longer studies to confirm that we actually see a lower rate of blood pressure-associated conditions in people who do this training," said the lead author of a new study. 

"I don’t think it will be a magic fix on its own," Craighead of the University of Colorado Boulder told Fox News Digital about IMST, the strength training process for respiratory breathing muscles.

"A reduction in systolic blood pressure won’t be enough to fully control blood pressure in people with more than mild hypertension," he said.

"However, so far we’ve seen that it is effective in people already taking antihypertensive medications — so it could be a good ‘add-on’ therapy to medications."

He also noted it has additional benefits to conventional exercise "because the breathing training is so different from running or walking — but that question still needs to be confirmed with further research."

How does breath training work?

Endothelial cells cover the lining of the blood vessels, which in turn help produce a key compound that protects the heart called nitric oxide, according to Cleveland Clinic.

Nitric oxide widens the blood vessels, which promotes healthy blood flow.

The study found that six weeks of inspiratory-muscle strength training increased endothelial function by about 45%.

Limitations of the study

Craighead noted that his current study has some limitations, including that it only tested participants for six weeks.

"We need to do much longer studies to confirm that we actually see a lower rate of blood pressure-associated conditions in people who do this training," he told Fox News Digital.


He also noted that most participants in his study were non-Hispanic white adults, so it’s difficult to generalize the research to a diverse population of people.

"We need to learn about how effective this breathing training is when people train on their own, without researcher oversight."

All the research was done in a controlled laboratory setting, said Craighead, so "we need to learn about how effective this breathing training is when people train on their own, without researcher oversight."

Future research needed

He hopes, however, that the study results inspire more research on high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training. 


"If the health benefits are confirmed in larger trials with longer treatment durations, then I can see this becoming another important tool in the toolbox for helping control blood pressure," Craighead added.


"I think it is really promising because it is so time-efficient — and thus far has been shown to be safe in the groups investigated."

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 23:01:00 -0500 Fox News en text/html
Killexams : CGTN America releases "What has China proposed at SCO Summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan?"

It was the most important gathering of Eurasian heads of state this year – an opportunity to bolster unity, cooperation, and a vision for shared prosperity among the nations of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

WASHINGTON, Sept. 19, 2022 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- CGTN America releases "What has China proposed at SCO Summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan?"

It was the most important gathering of Eurasian heads of state this year – an opportunity to bolster unity, cooperation, and a vision for shared prosperity among the nations of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).

In terms of geographic scope and population, the SCO is the world's largest regional organization. Its members include China, India, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan – the chair of this year's summit – and newly admitted member, Iran. Together, they account for more nearly two-thirds of the Eurasian land mass, more than 40 percent of the world's population and, according to the World Bank, nearly a quarter of global GDP.

Having granted Iran full membership, the organization also began the process of admitting Belarus, and recognizing Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar as "dialogue partners."

In his keynote speech, Chinese President Xi Jinping observed that an increasing number of countries have applied to join the SCO, demonstrating the broad appeal of the group's vision" and a "widely-shared confidence in its future."

In a time of accelerated change, uncertainty and transformation, President Xi called for renewed commitment to the "Shanghai Spirit," to strengthen trust, promote cooperation to help ensure mutual benefit among all SCO members.

President Xi reinforced his call to action with a commitment to enact a series of concrete initiatives, including the creation of a China-SCO training center for counterterrorism, a China-SCO big Data Cooperation Center, as well as emergency humanitarian assistance, providing 1.5 billion RMB (214 million USD) in grain and other supplies to developing countries in need.

Xi expressed confidence that SCO nations will together build a "peaceful, stable, prosperous, and beautiful home."

The Shanghai Spirit is named for ShanghaiChina's most populous city and the city where the SCO's founding nations inaugurated the organization.

Click here to read more about "What has China proposed at SCO Summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan?"

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE. (This material is distributed by MediaLinks TV, LLC on behalf of CCTV. Additional information is available at the U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.)

Media Contact

Zeng Siwei, CGTN America, 1 2023931850,


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Mon, 19 Sep 2022 09:46:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : At Regional SCO Summit, Xi Jinping Cautions Against "Colour Revolutions" Samarkand:

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Friday asked SCO member states to guard against "colour revolutions" instigated by "external forces" and asked them to maintain strategic independence and safeguard regional stability, in a veiled attack on the US as it expands its influence in the Indo-Pacific region.

Addressing the 22nd SCO summit here in the historic Uzbek city, Xi also announced plans to establish a centre in China to train counter-terrorism personnel by the grouping and mooted a development bank to speed up regional economic integration.

Xi congratulated India for taking over the rotating Presidency of the Beijing-based eight-member regional grouping.

"Here I wish to express China's congratulations to India on assuming the next SCO presidency. We will, together with other member states, support India during its presidency," he said at the summit, also attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

"The once-in-a-century pandemic has continued unabated. Regional conflicts keep flaring up. The Cold War mentality and group politics are resurfacing, so are unilateralism and protectionism. Economic globalisation has encountered headwinds," he said in a thinly veiled attack against the US.

Under these new conditions, the SCO, as an important constructive force in international and regional affairs, should keep itself well-positioned in the face of changing international dynamics, strengthen solidarity and cooperation, he said.

"We should guard against attempts by external forces to instigate "colour revolution", jointly oppose interference in other countries' internal affairs under any pretext, and hold our future firmly in our own hands," Xi, also the general secretary of the ruling Communist Party, said amid Washington's growing confrontation with both Beijing and Moscow over a range of issues.

China claims nearly all of the disputed South China Sea, though Taiwan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Vietnam all claim parts of it. Beijing has built artificial islands and military installations in the South China Sea. The US has been regularly contesting Beijing's claims by sending warships to the strategically vital Indo-Pacific region.

He has also announced new initiatives for the SCO.

China is ready to train 2,000 law enforcement personnel for SCO member states in the next five years, and establish a China-SCO base for training counter-terrorism personnel, so as to enhance capacity-building for law enforcement of SCO member states, he said.

China will provide developing countries in need with emergency humanitarian assistance of grain and other supplies worth 1.5 billion RMB yuan, (USD 105 million).

"We need to ensure the implementation of the roadmap for SCO member states to expand shares of local currency settlement, better develop the system for cross-border payment and settlement in local currencies, work for the establishment of an SCO development bank, and thus speed up regional economic integration," he said.

Next year, China will host an SCO ministers' meeting on development cooperation and an industrial and supply chains forum, and will set up the China-SCO Big Data Cooperation Center to create new engines of common development, Xi said.

China stands ready to carry out space cooperation with all other parties and provide satellite data service to support them in agricultural development, connectivity and disaster mitigation and relief, he said.

China will build a China-SCO ice and snow sports demonstration zone and host the SCO forums on poverty reduction and sustainable development and on sister cities next year. In the next three years, China will carry out 2,000 free cataract operations for SCO member states and provide 5,000 human resources training opportunities for them, he said.

"Member states need to advocate the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security and reject any attempt to create bloc confrontation and damage regional stability," he said.

China has been critical of the Quad (US, India, Japan and Australia) and AUKUS (US, UK and Australia) alliances, alleging they were aimed at containing its rise.

Xi said "bearing in mind the security needs of countries in the region, they should build consensus on security cooperation, and work together to protect sustained stability and security in the region." The SCO should enhance its law enforcement cooperation and prevent terrorist and extremist forces from jeopardising regional security.

Over the years, the SCO has developed a counter-terrorism force called Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) which was regarded as one of the organisation's main strengths.

Security concerns in the South and Central Asian region increased after the Taliban took control of Afghanistan following the sudden withdrawal of the US troops amid reports that Al Qaida and Islamic State militants regrouped in the war-torn country.

"We should ensure that the SCO-Afghanistan contact group and the mechanism of coordination and cooperation among Afghanistan's neighbours continue to play their roles; and we should encourage Afghan authorities to establish a broadly-based and inclusive political structure and remove the ground that breeds terrorism", Xi said "We should continue to carry out joint anti-terrorism exercises, crack down hard on terrorism, separatism and extremism, drug trafficking as well as cyber and transnational organised crimes; and we should effectively meet the challenges in data security, biosecurity, outer space security and other non-traditional security domains", he said.

He said China supports the expansion of SCO. Iran has already been admitted as the ninth member of the grouping.

China supports advancing SCO expansion in an active yet prudent manner, and this includes going through the procedure to admit Iran as a member state, launching the procedure for Belarus' accession, admitting Bahrain, the Maldives, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Myanmar as dialogue partners, and granting the relevant applying countries the legal status due to them, Xi said.

He also spoke of next month's Congress of the ruling Communist Party of China, (CPC) which is widely expected to endorse an unprecedented 3rd five-year term for Xi. All his predecessors retired after two terms.

The 20th National Congress will draw up a blueprint for China's development in the next stage, Xi said.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

Fri, 16 Sep 2022 07:05:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : SCO en route to promising future with Shanghai Spirit as guide

Chinese President Xi Jinping has just wrapped up his two-nation trip to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan and attendance at the 22nd meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), during which he delivered a keynote speech.

His words summarized the successful experience of SCO's growth, emphasized upholding the Shanghai Spirit, strengthening solidarity and cooperation, and promoting the building of a closer SCO community with a shared future.

To translate such proposals as the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative into real actions, China announced at the summit a series of tangible measures, which are set to meet the needs of various countries.

China will establish a China-SCO base for training counter-terrorism personnel, host an industrial and supply chains forum, and set up a China-SCO Big Data Cooperation Center and provide developing countries in need with emergency humanitarian assistance of grain and other supplies worth 1.5 billion RMB yuan (about 214 million US dollars).

Meanwhile, the new and the largest round of SCO expansion at the summit also demonstrates the vitality, cohesion and attraction of the Shanghai Spirit, featuring mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diversity of civilizations and pursuit of common development.

Since its inception more than two decades ago, the SCO has upheld its bedrock Shanghai Spirit and gradually found a path for the growth and expansion of a new type of international organization.

Practice has shown that the Shanghai Spirit has always been the source of strength for the development of the SCO and the fundamental guide that the SCO must continue to follow in the years to come.

The world today is undergoing accelerating changes unseen in a century, and has entered a new phase of uncertainty and transformation. Human society has reached a crossroads and faces unprecedented challenges.

Under these new conditions, the SCO, as an important constructive force in international and regional affairs, should keep itself well-positioned in the face of changing international dynamics and better assume its historical mission.

Countries should enhance mutual support and work together to cope with complex changes in the external environment. In today's world, conflicts are looming large between unity and division, cooperation and confrontation. The SCO is under great test in maintaining regional peace and security, and its member states face severe challenges in maintaining their own security and stability.

Only by strengthening high-level exchanges and strategic communication, deepening mutual understanding and political trust, guarding against attempts by external forces to instigate "color revolution" and jointly opposing interference in other countries' internal affairs under any pretext, can countries safeguard their security and development interests and hold their future firmly in their own hands.

Countries should expand security cooperation and jointly uphold long-term peace and stability in the region. Over the years, with an eye on common security, the SCO member states have carried out practical and efficient security cooperation, which has ensured the overall security and stability in the region.

Amid a complex and volatile regional security landscape, it is all the more important to stay true to the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security and build a balanced, effective and sustainable security architecture, constantly upgrade the level of law enforcement and security cooperation within the SCO, and strictly prevent terrorist and extremist forces from destabilizing regional security.

Countries need to deepen practical cooperation to materialize a shared vision of development and rejuvenation. Common development is real development, and sustainable development is good development. All SCO countries are at a crucial stage of development. They should leverage their unique strengths of geographical proximity and intertwined interests.

They should uphold the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared growth to achieve integrated regional economic development, energize growth vitality and deliver a better life to their people.

Countries should enhance people-to-people and cultural exchanges to consolidate public support for the long-term development of the SCO. The most solid foundation for SCO's development lies in mutual learning among civilizations and the most profound strength lies in people-to-people ties.

They need to promote exchanges, dialogue and harmonious co-existence among different civilizations, deepen cooperation in such areas as education, science and technology, culture, health, media, radio and television, and build bridges of mutual understanding and amity between the peoples.

Countries should uphold multilateralism and work together to make the international order more just and equitable. As a Chinese saying goes, "power may win for the time being, but justice will prevail for the long run."

Faced with power politics, bullying and hegemonic practices, the SCO should assume its due international responsibility by safeguarding the UN-centered international system and the international order based on international law, promoting the common values of humanity, expanding SCO's exchanges with other international and regional organizations such as the UN, and improving global governance, so as to make greater contributions to world peace and development.

Over the years, with its own development, China has propelled the development of countries in the region, brought more benefits to people around the world, and continuously injected vigorous impetus into the SCO development.

China-proposed initiatives, such as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and a community with a shared future for mankind, have been included in the outcome documents of the SCO mechanism. Its proposals, such as the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative, have also been highly praised by leaders of various parties within the SCO.

At the summit, China called for continued efforts to achieve the complementarity of the BRI with national development strategies and regional cooperation initiatives. This call has received active response from relevant parties, who agreed that the BRI is an important engine for building a community with a shared future for mankind.

Building on past achievements, countries should continue to act in the Shanghai Spirit, work for the steady development of the SCO, and jointly build the region into a peaceful, stable, prosperous and beautiful home.

Thu, 22 Sep 2022 22:40:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Study Finds ‘Breath Training’ Works as Well as Exercise to Lower Blood Pressure
  • A new study found that a type of breathwork (or breath training) performed for 30 minutes per day can lower blood pressure.
  • A special device and a technique called high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training (IMST) can lower systolic blood pressure by almost 10 mmHg and DBP by nearly 5 mmHg.
  • Daniel Harrison Craigheahd, Ph.D., breaks down his research and how the breathing technique actually works to lower blood pressure.

Taking a deep breath can do so much more than calm anxiety and lower your heart rate. A

recent study found that a type of breath training, paired with an over-the-counter breathing device, can help lower blood pressure (BP) by almost 10 points.

The study, published in the Journal of Applied Physiology earlier this month, practiced breathwork, or breathing exercises, with a total of 128 healthy adults, aged 18 to 82, for six weeks.

Daniel Harrison Craighead, Ph.D., assistant research professor of integrative physiology of aging laboratory at the University of Colorado Boulder, and co-author of the study, says breathwork is a broad term that refers to any sort of conscious control of breathing. Many types have been shown to have effects on BP when performed regularly for 30 minutes per day, according to Craighead. The specific type of breathwork used in the study for lowering BP is high-resistance inspiratory muscle strength training, (IMST), which involves taking 30 resisted breaths a day for five to 10 minutes through a handheld device that provides resistance. The trick is that each of those 30 inhales is really challenging and requires a lot of effort, he says.

According to Craighead, initial reductions in BP are observed within two weeks, which is faster than the BP benefits usually seen with more conventional forms of exercise. And your BP will continue to decline over at least the first six weeks of training and may decline more with prolonged training, he says.

High blood pressure can lead to a slew of health issues, such as heart attack and stroke, as well as aneurysms, cognitive decline, and kidney failure. exact research has even found Americans’ blood pressure has been on the rise and was significantly higher during the COVID-19 pandemic than pre-pandemic. So now, more than ever, it’s important to take preventative measures and stay on top of your health.

Ahead, Craighead breaks down everything you need to know about breath training for lowering blood pressure.

How does breath training lower blood pressure?

IMST likely lowers BP in a few different ways, he explains. One is by turning down the activity of the sympathetic nervous system—your fight-or-flight response. People with high BP tend to have this system overactivated and the deep breathing techniques with IMST likely lower the activity. Another main mechanism is by improving the health of endothelial cells—the cells lining the inside of blood vessels and are critical for cardiovascular health. IMST might lower BP by making these cells function better.

How does it work?

During a single session, users will perform 30 resisted inspirations through a handheld device (he used the POWERbreathe) featuring an end-piece that loosely resembles a snorkel; there is no resistance to exhaling. You breathe in through the mouthpiece as quickly and powerfully as possible, trying to make as full of a breath as you can. While doing this, the device is providing resistance, making the inhale very challenging. The study had people do five sets of six successive resisted inhales, with a one-minute break of unresisted breathing between each set. Craighead notes that the last set of six breaths is usually very challenging and users will struggle to overcome the resistance of the device.

Who should try it?

Everyone should consult with their physician before performing IMST to make sure it is safe for them. In general, though, IMST will be safe for most people. Most of the research on IMST has been done in healthy adults or in adults with high BP. Thus far Craighead says they’ve seen that the BP benefits of IMST aren’t really impacted by age, sex, or body weight, suggesting IMST will be generally effective at lowering BP in most people. He says researchers are still studying various patient populations though, as such, we don’t currently know how effective IMST is for people with serious chronic illnesses.

If you’re interested in trying breathwork for lowering blood pressure, consult your doctor before purchasing any devices and practicing at home.

Wed, 28 Sep 2022 13:27:00 -0500 en-us text/html
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