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IBM Optimization Supply Chain Mgmt Technical Mastery Test v1
IBM information hunger
Killexams : IBM information hunger - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=IBM+information+hunger&cc=us&format=RSS Search results Killexams : IBM information hunger - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=IBM+information+hunger&cc=us&format=RSS https://killexams.com/exam_list/IBM Killexams : IBM's existing Program Uses AI to Solve the Biggest Problems Facing Humanity Today

Data-Driven Solutions

On June 6, IBM launched Science for Social Good, a new program designed to take on some of the world's weightiest problems using technology and data. The team of researchers, nonprofits, and postdoctoral fellows will be working on 12 projects for the remainder of 2017 alone, each aligning with at least one of the United Nations' (UN) Sustainable Development Goals. These goals describe the most significant threats and inequalities that exist in the world today and sets them forth as problems to be solved by 2030. 

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All the Science for Social Good projects make use of analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and data science to meet their goals. Specific projects for 2017 include Emergency Food Best Practice, which will Strengthen food distribution practices during times of crisis, and the Overcoming Illiteracy project, which will help illiterate and low-literate adults more easily “decode” our information-rich society using AI. IBM's Watson will also be working on a project — Combatting the Opioid Crisis.

Deep Dive Problem Solving

Each project under the new program has been carefully designed to make use of AI, big data, and machine learning and has the potential to change millions of lives. In this way, the teams can shave years or even decades of work from traditional fixes for stubborn social problems. For example, the opioid project starts from the proven premise that most opioid abuse and addiction starts with a prescription. The team can use Watson's unparalleled abilities to recognize addiction patterns, learn evidence-based rules for more responsible prescription writing, and then develop early warning systems for use by healthcare professionals and public health officials.

“The projects chosen for this year’s Social Good program cover an important range of subjects — including predicting new diseases, promoting innovation, alleviating illiteracy and hunger, and helping people out of poverty,” director of IBM Research, Arvind Krishna, said in a press release. “What unifies them all is that, at the core, they necessitate major advances in science and technology. Armed with the expertise of our partners and drawing on a wealth of new data, tools and experiences, Science for Social Good can offer new solutions to the problems our society is facing.”


Fri, 09 Jun 2017 04:47:00 -0500 text/html https://futurism.com/ibms-newest-program-uses-ai-to-solve-the-biggest-problems-facing-humanity-today
Killexams : Surfaces aren't superficial

The 2007 Nobel prizes in both physics and chemistry stem from investigations into the properties of materials, but they share more in common than that.

Catalytic converters are just one of the technologies that rely on a detailed understanding of surface catalysis. Credit: © IAN HARWOOD; ECOSCENE/CORBIS

At first glance, little might seem to connect the elucidation of reaction mechanisms on heterogeneous catalysts, for which Gerhard Ertl of the Fritz Haber Institute in Berlin was awarded last year's chemistry Nobel prize, and the discovery of giant magnetoresistance in magnetic multilayers, which earned the physics prize for Albert Fert of the Université Paris-Sud and Peter Grünberg of the Forschungszentrum Jülich. But both awards point to the fundamental importance of surfaces and interfaces, and moreover both subjects depend on a detailed understanding of the electronic structures of materials.

Ertl's award has brought a smile to the faces of everyone in the field, because he has for decades conducted diligent, undemonstrative work in an area that has never been particularly fashionable or celebrated. Yet the fact that it was only in the early 1980s that Ertl succeeded in constructing a complete picture of the basic steps in the catalytic conversion of nitrogen and hydrogen to ammonia on iron — the process, of inestimable industrial significance, that won Haber a Nobel in 1918 — shows just what an intellectually and experimentally demanding problem this was. Naturally, the question had received a lot of attention before then, but Ertl was able to use state-of-the-art experimental methods, particularly electron spectroscopies, to characterize all the steps that followed the rate-determining dissociation of adsorbed nitrogen.

Under Ertl's directorship, the Fritz Haber Institute became a place where researchers could deploy whatever approach was needed to attack tricky questions in surface chemistry: the philosophy was not to apply a particular technique to diverse problems, but to make the problem itself the focus, tackling it from all angles until an explanation emerged. In this way, Ertl played a central role in connecting bench-top science to industrial realities. Previously, it was unclear how relevant the idealized surface catalytic processes studied under high vacuum and on single crystals were to the operation of real catalysts. In accurate years, such experimental approaches have been increasingly supplemented with sophisticated quantum-chemical calculations that can probe the fine details of how changes in a catalyst's surface electronic states influence the chemical processes that happen there.

Heterogeneous catalysis has always been a field led by pragmatic empiricism, so that processes such as Haber's, or more recently the use of catalytic converters in vehicle exhausts, can become pervasive technologies well in advance of a thorough understanding of how they work. Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) is also now the basis of an immense industry — hence the headlines describing the Nobel work as “the science behind the iPod”. But what is striking here is the rapid timescale involved, a testament to the hunger of the information-technology companies for better ways of storing and reading digital data. Fert and Grünberg discovered only at the end of the 1980s that magnetic multilayers composed of films just a few tens of nanometres thick, in which magnetic and non-magnetic metals alternate, can generate very large changes in resistance in response to a magnetic field. Within less than a decade — thanks in considerable measure to the efforts of Stuart Parkin and his co-workers at IBM's Almaden research centre in California — commercial GMR heads were reading out data from magnetic recording media.

Arguably this was one of the first real applications of nanotechnology. It was also the beginning of the field now known as spintronics, in which the quantum-mechanical spin of mobile electrons in conducting materials is used as a degree of freedom for information technology1. Spin-dependent electron scattering at the interface of the layers as their magnetization is switched creates resistance changes of not just a few percent, as in previous magnetoresistive materials, but an order of magnitude larger.

Fert continues to look for new materials physics that might have useful applications in data storage — as, for example, in his accurate report of oxide thin films with both ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties, which could permit four-state logic with non-destructive readout2. Whether or not such investigations pay off, it seems clear that we have by no means yet exhausted the diversity of interactions between electronic and magnetic states in matter, or ways to exploit them.

References

  1. Chappert, C., Fert, A. & Nguyen Van Dau, F. Nature Mater. 6, 813–823 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Gajek. M. et al. Nature Mater. 6, 296–302 (2007).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

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Thu, 04 Apr 2019 20:12:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nature.com/articles/nmat2092
Killexams : US Data Center Market 2022 updated

Data Center is the space dedicated for the computer systems for transmission & storage of data. Nowadays the data is one of the crucial asset of the world, as the technological advancement took place the data and information started to store on computer system, as the storage capacity increases the companies started to assign the dedicated room than building containing the storage server and device for keeping the data secure.

As the importance increases the hackers have started attacking their server and leak or lock their information for ransom.

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The complexity of data centres continuously increases and leads to a growth of a huge potential market which costs billions of dollars. The hunger of data storage of people continuously increased lead to the addition of cloud based data storage systems.

The various market growth and their technological advancement took place to facilitate the data centre industry like, cooling systems, data communication, connection system, storage capability, renewable energy, etc. Due to advancement, the Telecommunications Industry Association accredited by American National Standards Institute (ANSI)was formed in 1988 and Uptime Institute established in 1993. The data centre term originated when the dot – com boom came in the late 1990s, due to massive adoption and usage of the internet system.

US DATA CENTER MARKET DYNAMICS

Hyper scale data centres are prominent in the US, more than 45 hyper scale data centres are operational or under construction in the US by companies like Amazon, Facebook, Google, Apple, Digital Reality, QTS Realty trust, etc. South Eastern States like Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, etc. are the main attraction of installing the data center in the US because of strong network connectivity, use of renewable sources of energy and tax incentives.

As a sustainable activity going in the data center space Hyperscalers such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google have made carbon-neutral commitments and have made significant investments in sourcing renewable energy for their facilities.

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In 2021 alone, the likes of ChinData, MTN, and IBM have made similar pledges to become carbon neutral before 2040.

The data center consumes a lot of energy for its infrastructure and equipment to run in proper manner, now the companies are trying new ways to save energy demand or to use renewable sources of energy for their functions to perform.

 EFFECT OF COVID ON US DATA CENTER MARKET

The COVID-19 pandemic is resulting in a massive increase in computing capacity demand in pharmaceutical companies and research institutions in the region, which focused for using HPC systems on a large scale to carry out calculations and simulations in the bioinformatics and epidemiology field in the shortest possible time, where the conventional computer systems can take several months or even years.

The COVID has affected the future plan and current manufacturing or establishing data center work, leading to decrease in the growth rate of data centres. During the lockdown this has also shown that the data center is very important for the current world to survive because of increased internet usage, sharing and saving files in the cloud.

Some companies like Facebook have slowed down the process of their new construction due to decrease in workforce and raw material during the lockdown. After the COVID the health care sector is expected to grow at a faster rate and the information of patients is needed to be kept online.

US DATA CENTER MARKET COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE 

Data centres use huge amounts of concrete and steel, which are major sources of CO2, and as the sustainability gains from operational efficiencies dry up, firms will have to look to embodied carbon in the construction phase if they are serious about being climate neutral. Therefore, the modern green building movement has largely focused on reducing operational energy – the energy used to heat, cool, and power buildings.

CarbonCure reduces the emissions of the concrete industry, by injecting waste CO2 into the mix. It hopes to remove 500 megatons of carbon dioxide annually from the concrete industry by 2030. Compass Data Centres are a CarbonCure customer, with CIO Nancy Novak saying the company estimates an average of 1,800 tons of CO2 per campus as a result. Amazon and Microsoft have also invested in the company.

CyrusOne announced quarterly revenues of $284.6 million, up 11 percent year on year. Net income was $7.4 million, an 84 percent decrease. Adjusted EBITDA for the period was $141.9 million, an increase of 4%.

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THIS REPORT WILL ANSWER FOLLOWING QUESTIONS 

  1. What is the average cost per US Data centre market right now and how will it change in next 5-6 years?
  2. Average cost to set up a US Data centre market in US?
  3. How many US Data centre market are manufactured per annum globally? Who are the sub-component suppliers in different regions?
  4. What is happening in the overall public, globally?
  5. Cost breakup of a  and key US Data centre market vendor selection criteria
  6. Where is the US Data centre market manufactured? What is the average margin per equipment?
  7. Market share of US Data centre market manufacturers and their upcoming products
  8. The most important planned US Data centre market in next 2 years
  9. Details on network of major US Data centre market and pricing plans
  10. Cost advantage for OEMs who manufacture US Data centre market -house
  11. 5 key predictions for next 5 years in US Data centre market
  12. Average B-2-B US Data centre market price in all segments
  13. Latest trends in US Data centre market by every market segment
  14. The market size (both volume and value) of US Data centre market in 2022-2027 and every year in between?
  15. Global production breakup of US Data centre market, by suppliers and their OEM relationship

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Thu, 30 Jun 2022 22:13:00 -0500 Newsmantraa en-US text/html https://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/us-data-center-market-2022-updated
Killexams : Logicalis Acquires Q Associates to extend specialist Microsoft and data-centric IT services capabilities across their UK&I operation

London, 8th August, 2022Logicalis, an international IT solutions and managed services provider, today announced it has acquired Q Associates, one of the UK's leading providers of IT consultancy and advisory services around data management, data protection, compliance and information security.

The acquisition adds complementary capabilities to Logicalis UKI's core expertise in digital infrastructure, networking & cloud, enabling a broader portfolio of best-in-class solutions and services for customers operating in the digital-enabled World. Q Associates provides technology solutions to UK Universities and Research Councils, Government Security Services and Home Office departments and commercial clients across major industry sectors, including finance, legal, transportation and energy.

Q Associates holds advanced technical accreditations with many of the World's leading technology vendors, including Microsoft, NetApp, Oracle, IBM and Rubrik. The company is headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, with regional offices in London, Manchester and Newcastle, as well as a Microsoft technical delivery team in Zimbabwe.

"The acquisition of Q Associates is fantastic news for all our customers and further strengthens our partnership portfolio. This announcement shows our commitment to being at the top table in the UKI partner market and customer landscape, especially around the Higher Education and Government Secured Services sectors, says Alex Louth, CEO of Logicalis UKI. "In addition, extending the reach and skills of Logicalis UKI shows our hunger to grow and provide increased value to customers across all sectors."

Commenting on the announcement, Andrew Griffiths, Business Development Director, Q Associates, adds: "We are extremely proud of the achievements of Q Associates with strong values around technical excellence and customer satisfaction. This acquisition is a natural fit for both organisations and will provide clear benefits to our customers through the extended capability and reach of Logicalis. I am very excited by this next stage in our evolution."

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About Logicalis
Logicalis is an international solutions provider of digital services currently accelerating the digital transformation of its 10,000 customers around the world.

Through a globally connected network of specialist hubs, sector-leading experts (in education, financial services, government, healthcare, manufacturing, professional services, retail, and telecommunications) and strategic partnerships (including Cisco, Microsoft, HPE, IBM, NetApp, Oracle, ServiceNow, and VMware), Logicalis has more than 6,500 employees focused on understanding customer priorities and enhancing their experience.

As Architects of Change, Logicalis’ focus is to design, support, and execute customers’ digital transformation by bringing together their vision with its technological expertise and industry insights. The company, through its deep knowledge in key IT industry drivers such as Security, Cloud, Data Management and IoT, can address customer priorities such as revenue and business growth, operational efficiency, innovation, risk and compliance, data governance and sustainability.

The Logicalis Group has annualised revenues of $1.5 billion, from operations in Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia Pacific, and Africa. It is a division of Datatec Limited, listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, with revenues of over $4.1 billion.

For more information: https://www.logicalis.com/

About Q Associates
Established in 1986, Q Associates is an award-winning IT solutions provider, specialising in the in the design, deployment and support of IT infrastructure and data management platforms to more than 400 clients across the UK commercial and public sectors. The company is recognised as a leading provider of technology solutions to UK Universities and Research Councils and works with commercial clients across all major industry sectors including finance, legal, retail, transportation and energy. Working closely with many of the World’s leading technology providers, Q Associates has strategic partnerships with organisations that include NetApp, Oracle, Microsoft, VMware, AWS, Lenovo, and Dell. The company is headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, with regional offices in London, Manchester, and Newcastle.

Sun, 07 Aug 2022 21:54:00 -0500 text/html https://www.realwire.com/releases/Logicalis-Acquires-Q-Associates-to-extend-capabilities-across-UKI-operation
Killexams : My Favorite Childhood Sci-Fi Author Fries My Brain

As a kid, I raised my hand too often in class and looked forward to science projects. I drew pictures of space ships and aliens on my notebooks before rushing home after school to play on my IBM 386. As for many young nerds, school could make for a solitary life. I related to a set of books—the My Teacher Is an Alien series—better than I could with most of my lunch-table peers. If you are in your mid 20s like me, chances are you've read the series, penned by Bruce Coville, one of the most acclaimed names in children's sci-fi. It's the ongoing story of a young boy named Peter who—kidnapped by an alien disguised as his teacher—visits other planets, travels on space ships and meets a universe of aliens first hand, before having to argue humanity's case against a galactic jury, lest they quarantine or even kill us for our warmongering ways. After rereading the series on a nostalgic rainy weekend, I decided to call up Coville and ask him what was going through his head when he wrote it all. It ends up, he's just as interesting now as I, at age eight, would have imagined him.The devices Coville dreamed up for Peter's journey were amazing then, and still amazing now. Peter uses a URAT ("Universal Reader and Translator," kind of like a PDA on steroids) to teleport around a ship the size of New Jersey. Meanwhile his crush Susan is caught in a stasis forcefield, and his arch nemesis, Duncan the former dunce, is the smartest person alive following a zap to the brain. Some of the tech was and is farfetched, while much of what was once considered alien (literally) has become commonplace. The first book in the series was published back in 1989, before broadband, 3G wireless and laptops in every home. Peter Thompson is your stereotypical dork, does well in school, gets picked on and is always reading science fiction. Do you think geeks are perceived differently in society today than around 1990?

Oh yeah. Geekhood is definitely much cooler than it used to be. It’s come a long way. Would Peter get by better today? Not necessarily. In the kid culture, I don’t think that’s caught up. When you enter the adult world, you realize, wow, geeks make more than I do. But in the kid world, he’s still kind of geeky. Did you think early in your career that we’d see technology become a mainstream subject? Yeah, actually I did. As a sci-fi writer you have to be a futurist. I was a very early adopter of a personal computer. And one thing that I try to apply when I’m thinking about things is the curve of technology and the way technology feeds on itself and speeds things up. Science fiction is not as predictive as we’d like to think it is. Yeah, Jules Verne talked about submarines, but they were around already. What science fiction does well is not predict what the change is going to be, but make it clear that there is going to be change. What the great science fiction writers missed in computers was miniaturization. You go back to those stories and see where they were talking about the UNIVAC, these room-sized, building- sized computers. They missed miniaturization and the fact that computers would not be owned by giant corporations, that we’d all have them. OK, now this is kind of unfair. But I made a small list of technologies that are in the My Teacher series and I thought you could say “yes” or “no” as to whether or not they’ll ever exist. (Laughing nervously)…if I’d known there’d be a pop quiz, I would have reread the books. Brain-zapping intelligence booster? Yes. Universal language translator? Yes. Machine-based telepathy? Maybe. Faster-than-light travel? Maybe…that’s the big one…it may be that we’re limited to the world as we understand it now but my sense is that we’ll find a way around that…Yeah, I think it’s gonna happen. Teleportation? No. Pocket holograms? Yes. Forcefields? Yes. Self-fitting masks? Yes. With 20 years of perspective, do you think you’d write the technology differently? The Earth technology in the series is not much part of the story. It’s really about the alien technology. What the series does not include that I would have to do differently now is kids using the internet, going online or using cellphones.

Anything different in terms of alien technology? I don’t think I’d do that much differently. We’re moving more rapidly to having something like a URAT ourselves than I thought we would. I have friends in the science-fiction world who say the ebook will never catch on because people love real books and I could never read off the screen. To me that’s like saying television will never catch on because who wants to watch a black-and-white picture on a circle that’s 12 inches wide. The URAT was really me trying to envision where that kind of [handheld computing] technology would go, and we’re getting there faster than I anticipated. The URAT itself combines a PDA, networking and a 3D hologram projector... You know, it’s been a while since I’ve read it. I can’t tell you everything the URAT did. I’m having a real SNL Star Trek moment where William Shatner starts yelling at the Trekkies. (Laughs) Are there any examples of a scientific announcement or invention that makes you say, “I came up with that!” (Laughs) I do look at things and say I was talking about that. I don’t necessarily say I came up with it. The iPhone is really pushing forward what the URAT is. I look at that and think, yeah, that’s what I was talking about 15 or 20 years ago. Do you think that Jobs ripped you off? Oh, no no. (laughs) Even if they saw it—which I highly doubt—I would be thrilled if I had any hand in it. Ideas should be exchanged. A lot of sci-fi shares these mutual visions. It’s sort of an ongoing conversation in the sci-fi field that builds on itself. One thing you have to feel your way around is communication across vast spaces. Even at the speed of light, intergalactic communication would take tens of thousands of years. You either say that’s a limitation, and build a story around that. Or you say, I’m going to come up with a fix around this. Science fiction writers have come up with a few ways around this and other writers adapt and pick them up. Kids have said to me, “you got that from Star Wars” or something. I said, actually, I wrote that book before Star Wars came out. Do you remember any specific influences of the My Teacher series? I will tell you where one aspect of the books came from, particularly in My Teacher Fried My Brains. When Duncan has the brain fry and he’s able to receive all those messages and read what’s going through the air. That insight came from Buckminster Fuller when I heard him speak, a decade before I wrote the book. He talked about that idea, that there was this massive amount of information flowing through the air at all times. You have your radio on and no matter where you are, you still hear information being broadcast. That idea really sank in. I thought, what would it be like if you actually could receive that without the intervention of the machine?

Aliens… do they exist or not? I don’t think it’s possible that they don’t exist. I cannot conceive of a universe as large as this one in which we’re the only intelligent species. If aliens do exist, what do you think they think of us? The might not even know of us. They might be in the same place that we are. If they do know about us, I think what’s in the books is what they think of us. The underlying theme of the My Teacher series seems to be, “Man’s brain may be bigger than his heart.” We’re capable of technological advancements that we’re not ethically ready to handle. I really like how you put that, though I would change it slightly: “Man’s brain is bigger than he allows his heart to be.” Has your perspective on this moral changed in 20 years with new technology? No, actually my perspective has not changed. I would have liked it to have. When you write social commentary, you hope it will become irrelevant. We are no further ahead in world hunger—look at Darfur right now. We are still making the same mistakes. I would like to have had the humiliation of having been proved wrong. Do you think that good enough technology could solve world problems like global hunger and war? A device that provided unlimited clean water and food? Or is the problem the people themselves? The "Santa Claus" machine. It would be such a radical change that it’s tough to tell what would happen. Human greed remains and the attempt to control that and profit from it—there would be a huge battle as to how that technology is used. And I’m not sure which side would win. If you've enjoyed the interview so far, head on over to part two. Its focus is more literary, the outtakes of what wasn't quite gadget-focused enough to fit here. But if you're a fan of the series, check it out. [Bruce Coville]

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://gizmodo.com/my-favorite-childhood-sci-fi-author-fries-my-brain-5066863
Killexams : Food Security - Access for All Is a Human Right

By Margarita Lysenkova, Manager – Sector Program, Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

Northampton, MA --News Direct-- GRI

Food imports from both countries

Ores mined in war zones have long been subject to heightened attention when it comes to sustainability and reputational risks. Yet in 2022, it is the production and sourcing of ‘soft’ commodities, like wheat, that are increasingly under scrutiny.

As the conflict in Ukraine continues to escalate, the impacts on sustainable development become more pronounced, and the vulnerabilities in global food supply chains are increasing. Almost half of the world’s calorie intake is derived from essential crops, such as maize, rice, and wheat – and according to World Bank analysis, Ukraine and Russia account for 29% of global wheat exports and 17.4% of world trade in maize. Supply of crucial cooking oils and fertilizers has also been affected.

Many companies have suspended trade and operations in Russia due to sanctions and stakeholder pressure. While the diplomatic agreement reached to unblock Black Sea trade routes from Ukrainian ports offers some encouragement, uncertainties remain. In addition, concerns over products being obtained under extortion add to the challenges for companies involved in commodity trade throughout the region.

Rights to food are being eroded

It goes without saying that when agricultural areas are devasted and water installations destroyed, the right to food of the local population is violated. Yet the impact of the Ukraine crisis spreads well beyond the nation’s borders. It is expected that many millions will be at risk of hunger globally as a result of tightening supply and affordability of essential crops, which comes on top of existing difficulties that have already been exacerbated by two and a half years of COVID-19.

Not all world regions are exposed in the same way. Where people are already experiencing severe poverty, the risks of hunger and malnutrition are much higher. As the World Food Programme has warned, countries dependent on food exports from the conflict-affected region are being hit hardest. Meanwhile, to prevent local shortages, we are seeing some countries restricting food exports, which may further impact the global supply.

When viewed from the human rights perspective, the right to food for many is not primarily about a lack of sufficient quantity but lack of access – largely due to affordability. However, with continuing declines in Russia-Ukraine food exports, we are seeing heightened concern over insufficiency of food availability. Less crops harvested and planted in 2022 is likely to instigate a spiral of worsened food security in the year ahead.

Global baseline for transparency

Most food is produced, processed, traded, and distributed by private businesses. At the same time, when an individual company looks at their impacts on food security in isolation, it often struggles to determine them. Multinational companies may also focus on developed markets where food security is not a significant concern. The risk is that food security is perceived as a macro “development” issue, which is why expectations for transparency on food security is relatively new for many companies.

The GRI Agriculture, Aquaculture and Fishing Standard (GRI 13), launched in June, supports any organizations operating in these sectors to communicate and disclose their sustainability impacts in a comprehensive and comparable way. This new reporting standard singles out food security as one of the significant issues that companies need to consider, providing a new global baseline for transparency on the topic.

As GRI 13 recognizes, there is no silver bullet solution to global food security. A myriad of approaches and actions are needed, including:

  • Strengthening capacity for farmers to increase production and supply, such as a newly launched US$1.5 billion African Emergency Food Production Facility that is delivering urgently needed seeds and fertilizers and helps producers to cover food shortages in the region. Rising fuel and transportation costs is another pressure on farmers’ incomes, further increasing the vulnerability of small producers. By reporting their contribution to economic inclusion of farmers, companies can demonstrate the role they are playing – and where more action is needed.

  • Partnerships and collaboration to alleviate food security concerns, with some companies working with governments and international development institutions. For example, a link up between the International Finance Corporation and Olam Agri will boost exports of wheat, maize and soy to developing countries. The existing distribution channels of companies can be leveraged in cases of a crisis for a prompt response. This why GRI 13 recognizes partnerships on food security as key information to report.

  • Greater action on food loss, to ensure more food is persevered for human consumption. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, globally 13.8% of food is lost from harvest to retail. And of course, mitigating food loss also brings cost savings and economic benefits, while reporting can help assess the efforts to minimize food loss.

  • Food sovereignty policies, which emphasize local resilience within agriculture systems, to help countries that are largely dependent on food imports to redress the balance and reduce vulnerability to crises in other regions. Localized food production also reduces the distance between producers and consumers. By reporting actions to strengthen food security at the local and regional level, companies can highlight how they address food security locally or regionally.

  • Trade-offs and compromises – such as those related to land use for products, or changes to align dietary choices with sustainably produced food. As the EAT-Lancet Commission report outlines, food production needs to shift to be beneficial for both human health and the environment. This means businesses need to be taking active decisions about how they are using land and natural resources.

A persistent and pressing challenge

The actions of the companies producing the essential food and materials on which humanity’s survival depends can be a multiplying factor when it comes to the UN Sustainable Development Goals. And given we are presently on a trajectory to fail to reach SDG 2 (Zero Hunger), with 800 million people going hungry every day (according to a UN Food & Agriculture Organization report), it’s clear that we need private companies to take greater accountability for their food security related impacts.

The global population is projected to rise to 10 billion by 2050, meaning that we can expect the issue of food security will continue to rise up priority lists – for governments, policy makers and big business alike. That means that civil society groups, responsible investors and other stakeholders will press companies to be transparent.

Food is more than just a commodity that can be left to the whims of market forces – nor should its supply and security be undermined as a consequence of armed conflicts and natural disasters. The integration of food security considerations into the sustainability strategies of companies, as encouraged through GRI’s new Sector Standard, is a crucial next step towards the long-term solution.

About the author

Margarita Lysenkova joined GRI in 2019 and has been instrumental in the development of the new Sector Program, where she has led the pilot project for the development of GRI 13. With a professional background in corporate, UN and non-for-profit sectors across four countries, Margarita’s expertise spans international labor standards and sustainability. She has previously worked for the International Labour Organization in Geneva, and in a financial reporting role with a Belgian multinational. Margarita holds degrees in economics (Saint Petersburg University of Economics & Finance) and business management (ESC Rennes School of Business).

About GRI

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) is the independent, international organization that helps businesses and other organizations take responsibility for their impacts, by providing the global common language to report those impacts. The GRI Standards are developed through a multi-stakeholder process and provided as a free public good.

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View source version on newsdirect.com: https://newsdirect.com/news/food-security-access-for-all-is-a-human-right-293531707

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:45:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/food-security-access-human-124524358.html
Killexams : Digital Agriculture Market to Grow Three Fold by 2028 | BlueWeave Consulting

New Delhi, Aug. 04, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The agricultural market has experienced a significant rise as a result of growing awareness of the advantages of digital agriculture in maximizing agricultural productivity. The use of technologies in the agriculture sector, such as AI, drones, GPS, moisture detectors, etc., to gather, store, and analyses data in order to take necessary action is known as digital agriculture. Technology has been developed to include the whole value-addition chain till the product is delivered to the client, and not only farms.

A accurate study conducted by the strategic consulting and market research firm, BlueWeave Consulting, revealed that the global digital agriculture market was worth USD 10.7 billion in the year 2021. The market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 16.8% during the forecast period (2022-2028), earning revenues of around USD 31.8 billion by the end of 2028. The demand for higher crop health and production, growing labor scarcity in agriculture, and rising concern about food security and nutrition are the main reasons propelling the market for digital agriculture. A better environment for agriculture is created by the continuous income and higher standard of living without having to labor in the fields. This has led to urbanization and the use of technology on farms for day-to-day operations, which will aid in enhancing productivity at a cheap cost.

Digital agriculture provides substantial advantages for farmers in addition to wider social advantages elsewhere in the world. Additionally, it enables firms to share information beyond traditional industry borders, creating new, disruptive potential. The development of the digital era is pushing people everywhere to adopt new work practices. Technology enhances agriculture industry capabilities. The rise in demand for the creation of novel technologies without compromising productivity or the environment, the installation of software systems for waste reduction detection, and the growth in manufacturer profits are all factors that are anticipated to increase total market demand. The usage of mobile phones for digital farming hastens this trend. Increasing internet and digital connection have positive effects in underdeveloped nations. Over the course of the forecast period, these factors are predicted to fuel the expansion of the global digital agriculture market.

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Lack of Workforce and Rising Food Demand are the Two Main Factors Boosting the Growth of the Global Digital Agriculture Industry

Global population growth causes a rise in food demand, which in turn causes productivity to Strengthen while using less resources. The need for digital agricultural solutions is also being augmented by the rising labor scarcity in agriculture as a result of urbanization and the need for reliable sources of income. Furthermore, the need for digital agriculture is growing due to the decreasing availability of natural resources like water and the effects of climate change such as the greenhouse effect. The lack of technical expertise among people, however, may prevent the industry from expanding.

 Digital Agriculture Market is Anticipated to Witness Potential Growth Owing to Rising Technological Advancements in the Asia-Pacific Region

During the forecast period, the Asia-Pacific region is anticipated to register highest growth rate in the digital agriculture market due to increasing awareness about new technologies related to agriculture and adopting favorable government policies to promote digitization in the agriculture sector. With the increase in urbanization and the growing need for improving food security, the demand for digital agriculture is expected to increase in this region. APAC is expanding rapidly as a result of a number of reasons, including local corporate expansion and governmental initiatives supporting cutting-edge technical advancements. Some countries in the region, including China and Japan, have embraced, and are quickly deploying digital agriculture technologies. However, the vast development potential is still largely unrealized in the majority of Asia-Pacific markets.

New farming technology, such as precision farming, can help in using agricultural inputs in precise quantities to increase average yields as compared to traditional cultivation approaches. It is projected that the United States would contribute significantly to supporting the ecology for future foods. In the United States market, it is anticipated that there would be an increase in the availability of recently produced veggies across retail channels as more consumer insights into fresh-from-farm-to-table food are created. The UK government has placed AI at the center of its expanding productivity goals in its industrial policy. Growing worries about nutrition and food security are predicted to create a variety of new chances for the business to flourish.

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Impact of COVID-19 on the Global Digital Agriculture Market    

The impact of COVID-19 resulted in significant and widespread increase in the global food insecurity, impacting vulnerable households in virtually every nation, and the effects are anticipated to last through 2022. Even before COVID-19, reduced wages and disrupted supply chains, chronic and acute hunger were on the rise for a variety of causes, including conflict, socioeconomic conditions, natural catastrophes, climate change, and pests. The consequences of COVID-19 on vulnerable households have led in considerable and widespread increases in global food insecurity. These effects are expected to persist through 2022.

Although the forecast for important grain production globally is still favorable, increased prices are a result of the strong demand, weather-related issues, macroeconomic variables, and supply disruptions brought on by COVID-19. Retail food prices are rising significantly in several countries, which points to supply disruptions brought on by COVID-19 social distancing policies, currency devaluations, and other factors. Individuals in low- and middle-income countries are more impacted by rising food prices than people in high-income countries as they spend a larger percentage of their income on food. Due to the restrictions, consumers were forced to prepare their own meals at home. Furthermore, individuals are staying away from marketplaces and supermarkets due to the possibility of getting COVID-19 virus. In addition to producers, distributors, and consumers, labor-intensive food processing industries have also been impacted by supply chain interruptions.

Competitive Landscape

The existence of several regional and local suppliers is what defines the global digital agricultural market. The digital agriculture market is competitive with domestic, regional, and international companies are all competing for a sizeable piece of the market share. Some of the prominent player in the global digital agriculture market includes Agrellus, Inc., Agri Marketplace, Agrofy, Agrostar, COFCO International, Crofarm Agriproducts Pvt. Ltd., DeHaat, Eden Farm, Farmcrowdy, Kaset Thai Hitech Co., Ltd., Ninjacart Platform (63Ideas Infolabs Pvt. Ltd.), Tanihub, WayCool Foods and Products Pvt Ltd.

By expanding their service offerings and introducing better consumer packages and discounts, the companies continue to lead the industry. In addition to producers, distributors, and consumers, labor-intensive food processing industries have also been impacted by supply chain interruptions. A variety of tactics are used, including signing agreements, mergers, and strategic alliances. For instance, for the purpose of offering an international precision agricultural solution, IBM teamed up with Solinftec. Unparalleled IBM climate-based information is combined with Solinftec's artificial intelligence and powerful algorithms to offer real-time decision-making solutions to Strengthen operation efficiency, usage of inputs, and agricultural compliance, which reduces environmental impact.

Don't miss the business opportunity of the Global Digital Agriculture Market Consult our analysts to gain crucial insights and facilitate your business growth.

The report's in-depth analysis provides information about growth potential, upcoming trends, and global digital agriculture market. It also highlights the factors driving forecasts of total market size. The report promises to provide accurate technology trends in the global digital agriculture market ­along with industry insights to help decision-makers make sound strategic decisions. Furthermore, the report also analyses the market's growth drivers, challenges, and competitive dynamics.

Recent Developments

  • In April 2021, the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Microsoft India have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for a pilot initiative to promote digital agriculture in 100 communities across six states. Microsoft will launch a pilot project in 100 villages across ten districts in six states (UP, MP, Gujarat, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Andhra Pradesh) to build a farmer interface for smart and well-organized agriculture, including post-harvest management and distribution.
  • In February 2021, IBM and Solinftec collaborated to provide precision agricultural solutions throughout the world. IBM's unrivaled climate understanding, combined with Solinftec's artificial intelligence and advanced algorithms, result in real-time decision-making solutions that Strengthen operation efficiency, input utilization, and agricultural compliance, resulting in lower environmental impact.

Scope of Report:

Attribute Details
Years Considered Historical data – 2018-2021
Base Year – 2021
Forecast – 2022 – 2028
Facts Covered Revenue in USD Million
Market Coverage North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Africa
Product/Service Segmentation By component type, by application, by deployment, and by region
Key Players The key players operating in the global digital agriculture market are et are Agrellus, Inc., Agri Marketplace, Agrofy, Agrostar, COFCO International, Crofarm Agriproducts Pvt. Ltd., DeHaat, Eden Farm, Farmcrowdy, Kaset Thai Hitech Co., Ltd., Ninjacart Platform (63Ideas Infolabs Pvt. Ltd.), Tanihub, WayCool Foods and Products Pvt Ltd, and other prominent players

By Component Type

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Devices

By Application

  • Field Mapping
  • Livestock Monitoring
  • Greenhouse Farming
  • Crop Scouting
  • Weather Tracking
  • Drone Analytics
  • Financial Management
  • Farm Inventory Management
  • Others

By Deployment

By Region

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

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Thu, 04 Aug 2022 03:16:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/08/g28357480/digital-agriculture-market-to-grow-three-fold-by-2028-blueweave-consulting
Killexams : Ecumenical Hunger Program seeks school supplies for students in need

In addition to clothes, backpacks, hygiene products and school supplies, the nonprofit also is requesting gift cards that families will use to shop for their children. Amazon, Walmart, Target and Costco are the most popular choices, according to Preston.

The annual event serves hundreds of students in East Palo Alto and Menlo Park's Belle Haven neighborhood who are in need of donations to reduce the outside stressors of the school experience.

Families who wish to benefit from the program can register with Ecumenical Hunger until supplies run out, according to Preston. Anyone who wishes to donate is encouraged to do so as soon as possible, although there is no deadline.

Gift cards and donations can be dropped off at 2411 Pulgas Ave. in East Palo Alto on Mondays through Thursdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. For more information, call 650-323-7781 or go to ehpcares.org.

Stanford Shopping Center's 'Do Good with Denim' campaign

Stanford Shopping Center will host its inaugural "Do Good With Denim" campaign Aug. 1-21 in partnership with Samaritan House, a San Mateo-based nonprofit that provides food, shelter and other services to low-income residents. Community members can donate any used denim item, including jeans, jackets, shirts, skirts and more, according to Simon Property Group, the parent company of Stanford Shopping Center.

Samaritan House plans to add the donated denim products to its Kid’s Closet, which allows children to select clothes without financial worries. The campaign organizers also hope to promote sustainability by recycling denim, rather than disposing of it.

Customers who donate any denim item will be eligible to receive discounts at participating stores, according to Simon Property Group. The participating stores are Everlane, The Gap, Levi’s, Lucky Brand, Madewell, Urban Outfitters, Amour Vert and Anthropologie.

If you know of an organization hosting a back-to-school donation drive, send detailed information, including requested items, the deadline for donations and a point of contact, to Digital Editor Jamey Padojino at [email protected].

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 05:49:00 -0500 en text/html https://almanacnews.com/news/2022/07/27/ecumenical-hunger-program-seeks-school-supplies-for-students-in-need
Killexams : Africa bets on technology to lure youth to farming

Since Marie Chantal Akingeneye lost her only cow to an unknown illness, she has no source for manure for her fruits and vegetables - but she hopes a new phone app could help.

After attending a training by the United Nations, which developed the technology, she thinks the app will help to keep her goats and pigs healthy and modernise her farm for her six-year-old son to take over.

"It tells farmers about symptoms and diseases that attack livestock," the 28-year-old single mother told the Thomson Reuters Foundation, sitting outside her home in northern Rwanda.

"The cow died because I didn't know it was sick. Now I don't have much fertiliser."

Donors and African governments hope such tools could also lure youth to farming as the continent struggles with rising hunger, unemployment and migration.

Africa has the world's youngest population - 60% of its 1.2 billion people are under 25 - but only 3 million jobs are created for some 12 million young people who enter the workforce each year, the African Development Bank says.

While developed nations turn to robots, blockchain, artificial intelligence and machine learning to solve agricultural challenges, simple, mobile phone-based offerings could produce great results in Africa, experts say.

The free app, which was created by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), also provides information on weather, market prices for crops, and producing and conserving nutritious foods.

"Digital technologies like these can make farming more interesting," said Andy Jarvis, research director at Colombia-based International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).

"They could be transformational for Africa. A simple text to a farmer just to say, 'The weather outlook for the next three days is this' can fundamentally change what they do."

Experts say it is becoming increasingly important for farmers to access up-to-date information as climate change brings erratic weather, making traditional knowledge on planting seasons unreliable.

Silver bullet?

Daniel Nshimiyimana, a Rwandan university graduate who turned his grandparents' neglected land into a thriving farm producing bananas, maize and beans, is one of 50 farmers who have been testing the app since late 2016.

"The app helps by telling me about the quality of seeds I have to plant, the quantity of fertiliser to use, the distance between the trees," he said.

"One bunch of (my) bananas used to weigh 30 kilos. Now they are 40, 50 kilos," Nshimiyimana said proudly, pointing at the trees planted on a precipitously steep slope.

Still, he is a rarity in a continent where the average age of farmers is 60, according to the FAO, and agriculture is seen as unprofitable back-breaking work.

But a growing number of tech-savvy young Africans are taking an interest in developing products to modernise farming, from solar-powered devices that measure soil conditions and optimise water and fertiliser use to tractors that analyse data.

"Normally people have the wrong perception of Africa - all the wars and political problems," said Mwila Kangwa, head of Zambian start-up AgriPredict, which developed an app, available later this month, to help farmers identify diseases and pests.

"But we're 54 (countries). If we can come together with these technologies and see how we can Strengthen agriculture, Africa will have a whole new face."

But technology is not "a silver bullet" and its viability is uncertain when it is donor-funded, said Worlali Senyo of agri-tech company, Farmerline, which created a free app, CocoaLink, to encourage young Ghanaians to farm.

"If the funding runs out, it's going to be like other interventions that failed," said Senyo, a senior consultant with the company, which developed CocoaLink with the support of the U.S. chocolate maker Hershey Co.

"The best would be to work with local companies to find more sustainable approaches."

It will also take time for technology to revolutionise Africa's agriculture, CIAT's Jarvis said, as farmers tend to be conservative with poor digital literacy.

"It's not like Google or IBM jump on this, create a major product, roll it out, with massive marketing. That's not how innovation works in those geographies and communities," he said.

And then there are things technology cannot help.

"I'm 29 and still not married," sighed graduate farmer Nshimiyimana looking at the large, new house he had built. 

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Thu, 04 Oct 2018 00:07:00 -0500 en-gb text/html https://timesofmalta.com/articles/view/africa-bets-on-technology-to-lure-youth-to-farming.690722
Killexams : Backed by Yoshua Bengio, Ubenwa is using AI to diagnose neurological issues through baby cries

Montréal’s Ubenwa foresees a world where the cries of a newborn baby can predict the presence of neurological conditions.

It’s a world that is not far off. The Mila spin-out has been analyzing baby cries for the last few years and claims to have a high accuracy rate of detecting a condition that can often result in brain damage.

Using machine learning, Ubenwa – which means the cry of a child in the Igbo language – claims it can decipher baby cries to detect and diagnose medical conditions that have traditionally been difficult to diagnose. With a particular focus on neurological conditions caused by perinatal asphyxia (a lack of oxygen before, during, or after birth), the company is gearing itself up in preparation for seeking U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, and is also launching an app to help parents decipher their baby’s cries.

“It’s about creating a world in which cry analysis becomes a standardized assessment that everybody receives.”
– Charles Onu, Ubenwa

Ubenwa co-founder Charles Onu told BetaKit in an interview that the goal of the company is to create a world where baby cries are no longer viewed as “noisy sounds that we are trying to quiet,” but as ways to better understand health.

The five-year-old company has piqued the interest of leading machine-learning expert Yoshua Bengio, who has served as an advisor for Ubwena over the past three years, and recently became an investor in the startup’s pre-seed funding round.

“Ubenwa’s AI technology has the potential to save the lives of newborns and significantly support the medical and research communities, demonstrating the importance of responsible AI innovation for all,” Yoshua Bengio, Mila’s founder and scientific director, said in a statement to BetaKit.

The $3.24 million CAD ($2.5M USD) round includes a spattering of artificial intelligence leaders. It was led by Radical Ventures and saw participation from AIX Ventures, which is a collective of experienced AI stakeholders, as well as Hugo Larochelle, the Montréal lead for Google Brain, and Marc Bellemare, who also works with Google Brain (and previously DeepMind).

The all-equity, pre-seed round marks Ubenwa’s first institutional capital to date. Previously, the startup funded its research and development through a collection of grants, including taking home two prizes from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2020. Ubenwa also made it through a couple of rounds of IBM’s Watson AI XPrize, which saw Montréal’s Aifred Health take home second place.

Ubenwa is led by Onu, who first heard about perinatal asphyxia while volunteering for the global non-profit organization Enactus in his home country of Nigeria.

A computer engineer by trade, but with a passion for medicine, Onu was taken by the health complications that these newborn babies were facing. The idea stayed with Onu as he moved to Montréal to study for his Master’s degree and Ph.D. in computer science at McGill University.

It was there that he met Innocent Udeogu and Samantha Latremouille, and the trio launched Ubenwa.

Analyzing the pitch of baby cries is not a new concept. In an interview with BetaKit, Onu noted that studies on cry sounds took place in the 1970s and ’80s that found a correlation between the pitch of a cry and the central nervous system. In more accurate years, machine learning has made it easier to analyze large sets of data, and there has been a smattering of studies on how cry acoustics can point to medical conditions.

RELATED: Babbly secures $3.2 million CAD to scale speech development software for children

UCLA’s health group launched an app in 2018 called ChatterBaby that helps parents to decipher their baby’s cries. Data collected on the app was used in a study that claimed 90.7 percent accuracy for identifying pain cries, and 71.5 percent accuracy in discriminating between cries related to fussiness, hunger, or pain.

Ubenwa is taking a more specific approach, hoping to help identify neurological conditions as early as when babies are born. The startup touts itself as the first technology for rapid detection of neurological conditions in infants using only their cry sounds.

“It’s about creating a world in which cry analysis becomes a standardized assessment that everybody receives everywhere they’re born almost, as de facto as blood pressure,” said Onu. That kind of test could allow for what Onu called “a cry stamp,” essentially giving medical practitioners or parents a baseline for what their child’s cries mean.

Radical Ventures investor Sanjana Basu argued that Ubenwa’s focus on the pediatric space is what sets the company apart from others studying speech biomarkers.

“The pediatric market has been traditionally underserved but is seeing rapid growth,” she said in a statement to BetaKit, noting that Radical Ventres was attracted to Ubenwa because its technology is built on “a unique and diverse database” of infant cry sounds, and based on research developed in collaboration with MILA, the Montréal Children’s Hospital, and pediatric hospitals in South America and Africa.

Over the last two years, a select group of doctors in six hospitals spanning Canada, Nigeria, and Brazil have used Ubenwa’s medical app as part of a clinical study. The doctors collect and record the various cry sounds of babies with neurological conditions and those without, with Ubenwa using machine learning to analyze what they mean. Onu said the data has shown that Ubenwa can detect asphyxia with an 88 percent accuracy rate.

Ubenwa had originally focused on creating a solution for the medical community, but Onu noted that through conversations with medical and nonmedical individuals many people assumed the company was also developing an app for parents.

RELATED: Willful’s Erin Bury shares how to prepare for parental leave as a founder

That led Onu and his founders to see a gap in the market, and the trio decided to split their focus between a medical app and a consumer one.

Now, the startup is looking to launch its app for parents later this year or in early 2022. The app is currently available for parents to sign up to join a beta test. The consumer app gives Ubenwa a quicker way to market as the startup has a long journey ahead to get FDA and Health Canada approval for its medical app.

Ubenwa is still a long way from Onu’s goal of having cry assessment become a de facto test for newborns, but he is hopeful that the work his startup is doing will help change the mindset of how we hear a baby’s cry.

“The infant cry, I believe, is such a vital sign that a baby should not leave the hospital without their cry stamp being analyzed and added to the medical information that is being looked at by the physician,” said Onu.

Feature image by Minnie Zhou on Unsplash

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 08:13:59 -0500 Meagan Simpson en-CA text/html https://betakit.com/backed-by-yoshua-bengio-ubenwa-is-using-ai-to-diagnose-neurological-issues-through-baby-cries/
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