Database professionals are in high demand. If you already work as one, you probably know this. And if you are looking to become a database administrator, that high demand and the commensurate salary may be what is motivating you to make this career move.
How can you advance your career as a database administrator? By taking the courses on this list.
If you want to learn more about database administration to expand your knowledge and move up the ladder in this field, these courses can help you achieve that goal.
Udemy’s Oracle DBA 11g/12c – Database Administration for Junior DBA course can help you get a high-paying position as an Oracle Database Administrator.
Best of all, it can do it in just six weeks.
This database administrator course is a Udemy bestseller that is offered in eight languages. Over 29,000 students have taken it, giving it a 4.3-star rating. Once you complete it and become an Oracle DBA, you will be able to:
To take the intermediate-level course that includes 11 hours of on-demand video spanning 129 lectures, you should have basic knowledge of UNIX/LINUX commands and SQL.
The 70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA) course from Udemy was initially designed to help beginner students ace the Microsoft 70-462 exam. Although that exam has been officially withdrawn, you can still use this course to gain some practical experience with database administration in SQL Server.
Many employers seek SQL Server experience since it is one of the top database tools. Take the 70-462: SQL Server Database Administration (DBA) course, and you can gain valuable knowledge on the subject and supply your resume a nice boost.
Some of the skills you will learn in the 70-462 course include:
DBA knowledge is not needed to take the 10-hour course that spans 100 lectures, and you will not need to have SQL Server already installed on your computer. In terms of popularity, this is a Udemy bestseller with a 4.6-star rating and over 20,000 students.
Nearly 10,000 students have taken the MySQL Database Administration: Beginner SQL Database Design course on Udemy, making it a bestseller on the platform with a 4.6-star rating.
The course features 71 lectures that total seven hours in length and was created for those looking to gain practical, real-world business intelligence and analytics skills to eventually create and maintain databases.
What can you learn from taking the Beginner SQL Database Design course? Skills such as:
The requirements for taking this course are minimal. It can help to have a basic understanding of database fundamentals, and you will need to install MySQL Workbench and Community Server on your Mac or PC.
If you want to immerse yourself into the world of database administration and get a ton of bang for your buck, TechRepublic Academy’s Database Administration Super Bundle may be right up your alley.
It gives you nine courses and over 400 lessons equaling over 86 hours that can put you on the fast track to building databases and analyzing data like a pro. A sampling of the courses offered in this bundle include:
Here is another bundle for database administrators from TechRepublic Academy. With the Ultimate SQL Bootcamp, you get nine courses and 548 lessons to help you learn how to:
The Complete Oracle Master Class Bundle from TechRepublic Academy features 181 hours of content and 17 courses to help you build a six-figure career. This intermediate course includes certification and will supply you hands-on and practical training with Oracle database systems.
Some of the skills you will learn include:
Coursera’s Learn SQL Basics for Data Science Specialization course has nearly 7,000 reviews, giving it a 4.5-star rating. Offered by UC Davis, this specialization is geared towards beginners who lack coding experience that want to become fluent in SQL queries.
The specialization takes four months to complete at a five-hour weekly pace, and it is broken down into four courses:
Skills you can gain include:
Once finished, you will be able to analyze and explore data with SQL, write queries, conduct feature engineering, use SQL with unstructured data sets, and more.
IBM offers the Relational Database Administration (DBA) course on Coursera with a 4.5-star rating. Complete the beginner course that takes approximately 19 hours to finish, and it can count towards your learning in the IBM Data Warehouse Engineer Professional Certificate and IBM Data Engineering Professional Certificate programs.
Some of the skills you will learn in this DBA course include:
Offered by Oracle, the Autonomous Database Administration course from Coursera has a 4.5-star rating and takes 13 hours to complete. It is meant to help DBAs deploy and administer Autonomous databases. Finish it, and you will prepare yourself for the Oracle Autonomous Database Cloud Certification.
Some of the skills and knowledge you can learn from this course include:
Looking for more database administration and database programming courses? Check out our tutorial: Best Online Courses to Learn MySQL.
Let’s be honest, shall we?
At enterprises today, cybersecurity teams are narrowly focused on addressing exploits. In addition to monitoring security alerts and incident data, security teams scan technology company news and software releases for information about new vulnerabilities that need to be patched. At the same time, they’re likely paying experts to monitor online criminal marketplaces to understand the latest threats that are being productized and weaponized. All of this data helps these experts quickly evolve their strategies and reduce their company’s attack surface.
This model, unfortunately, is broken. It’s more than likely that the adversary is already hiding within the network, and equally as likely that they got in with stolen, now compromised, credentials.
Digital transformation, hybrid work, third-party partnerships, and other factors have weakened security controls, created shadow IT and introduced other issues cybersecurity teams will be working on for years to come. As a result, these professionals are almost always working from a reactive position.
In addition, their assumption is that they can match pace with increasingly sophisticated, well-funded adversaries, such as nation states. Malicious insiders, hacktivists, and curious teenagers round out the mix, creating a confusing mix of attackers, motivations, strategies, and toolkits. As just one example, multiple people have been arrested for Lapsus$ hacks, including a teenager who has reportedly amassed a fortune of more than $14M in bitcoin from his attacks.
So, if focusing on the exploit no longer works against cyber mayhem, what does? I propose that enterprises should take a different lens to Improve their cybersecurity posture moving forward.
There are so many ways to harvest these credentials. In addition to mining past data dumps, cyberattackers can phish employees, use social engineering to gain personal data for password attacks, automate credential stuffing, target devices with default passwords, scan cloud environments for exposed credentials and more. Organizations need to enable multi-factor authentication for passwords and enforce the concept of least-privilege granted and automate the enforcement of creating new passwords. Yet even this won’t be enough, as user profiles can be misconfigured, and determined insiders can maneuver around security policies and tools. As a result, cybersecurity teams must be able to identify when abnormal user behavior becomes risky, such as when administrator privileges are used to access new or existing systems in uncharacteristic ways.
That said, 66 percent of survey respondents said they had experienced a malicious leak in the last year. Insider data breaches are costly, typically take 85 days to detect and cost up to $15.4 million to remediate—up 34 percent from 2020. I predict that insider attacks will likely grow, as cybercriminals step up the pace of advertising to employees willing to hand over credentials and approve multi-factor authentication prompts or the installation of remote management software on their desktops. For example, one ad offered employees at companies such as Apple, AT&T, IBM, and others up to $20K a week to perform “insider jobs.”
So, if cyber attackers are already inside networks, traditional security tools typically won’t detect them. Outsiders and insiders are using legitimate credentials and access privileges to explore networks and launch attacks. As a result, companies need to take a different approach.
They should use security platforms that use machine learning to establish a picture of normal activity for users and assets and automatically compare new activity against these thresholds and assign them risk scores. As more anomalous activities occur, that risk score increases. When these activities exceed preset levels, security analysts are then automatically engaged to investigate. Their work is streamlined with a machine-built timeline of a potential attacker’s complete journey, rather than a laundry list of alerts.
By using this approach, analysts no longer have to filter out noise, including false alerts or wait for alarms. Instead, they can focus on early warning signs, detecting and preventing breaches before they cause significant harm. Automation and behavioral analytics also Improve analysts’ focus and productivity at every step of the journey, from collecting and analyzing data, to triaging incidents, to speeding investigation and response.
It’s time to stop treating cyberattackers and threats as if they’re coming outside-in. The truth is that they’re already inside enterprise networks. Using the right tools can help cybersecurity teams drive faster to insight, focusing on the problems that truly matter and reducing their impact. That work will translate to higher customer trust, a better brand in the marketplace and fewer operational distractions, as well as the ability to avoid fines, lawsuits, and the destabilizing impacts of widespread breaches.
Did you forget your hardware-based password and now you’re locked out? If it’s an IBM ThinkPad you may be in luck but it involves a bit more than just removing the backup battery. SoDoItYourself has an article detailing the retrieval of password data from an EEPROM.
The process is a fun one. Disassemble your laptop. Build a serial interface and solder it to the EEPROM chip where the password is stored. Connect this interface to a second computer and use it to dump the data into a file. get a special program to decipher the dump file and dig through the hex code looking for something that resembles the password. Reassemble your laptop and hope that it worked.
We know that most people won’t be in a position to need a ThinkPad administrator password, but there must be other situations in which reading data off of an EEPROM comes in handy. What have you used this method for?
By Julian Moffett, CTO BFSI at EDB
Digitalisation and the desire to build data-enabled business models is sweeping through the Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) sector. And, as with other verticals, those organisations that can best optimise and capture data as an asset will benefit from agility, smarter decision making, lower costs and minimised risks. Getting there though, is a major challenge for traditional BFSI institutions as they must overhaul long-established organisational and operational processes, if they are to take advantage of the vast amounts of valuable data lurking within their IT systems. It is why a growing number of BFSI companies are turning to open source databases, such as PostgreSQL, as they offer far greater flexibility to unleash the power of data, while continuing to offer the robustness required for enterprise-ready databases. Let’s look at the big picture…and it’s pretty stark.
Our oldest financial institutions date back hundreds of years: in the UK Lloyds Bank and Aviva have their roots in the 18th century; Coutts and Barclays go back a further century. Perhaps in part because of this, they suffer from an image problem with a reputation for being risk-averse, late adopters of technology. Most will be weighed down by large legacy IT systems and monolithic applications that slow them down and make change hard. But they persist with them because they feel (with some justification) that they are hard to re-platform and dangerous to migrate.
But their world is being shaken up by new, well-funded fintechs, enjoying the newfound freedoms of open banking. These digital-native players can design processes and technology platforms with a blank sheet of paper. That means they can use the latest tools, build on open-source software, think mobile-first, create compelling customer experiences and generally move very quickly to make new apps and offers.
So, BFSI veterans face a tricky Catch-22 conundrum: how to be nimble without demolishing the underpinnings of processes that have served them for years or even decades. One obvious way for them to move faster is widespread adoption of cloud technology to access the latest software, gain elastic compute capacity, support mobile devices, shrink hardware cost bases and reduce their IT administration overheads. Cloud is also widely seen as an offramp for those afore-mentioned older applications by refactoring to embrace the new in the form of microservices and to shave off risks such as software being no longer supported. This is far from easy but many take a middle road which sees them deconstruct applications, placing more services in modern environments in an extended iterative process.
But moving to the cloud is an architectural change that has major implications for related infrastructure and dependencies. And a key aspect here is the chance to re-evaluate the choice of software that is at the heart of all attempts to digitise, automate and analyse – the database.
Most BFSI firms will have deep sunk investments in Oracle, Microsoft or IBM relational database management systems (RDBMS) and would like to relax that dependency in order to avoid vendor lock-in, reduce costs and gain access to databases designed for the modern world of private and public cloud, Big Data analytics and flexible tooling ecosystems. There are other advantages to re-examining database choice too and many will enjoy the flexibility, ease of deployment, low-admin footprint and cost effectiveness of database as a service. This is where working with the right expert partner can prove beneficial to supply BFSI companies the confidence that the chosen database is truly enterprise-ready.
This is what we are seeing with the rise of open source, in particular PostgreSQL databases. Many customers will trial and run their new databases alongside core databases so risk is minimised, but increasingly we are seeing PostgreSQL emerge as the defacto standard for RDBMS requirements, as working with the right partner ensures customers have access to the expertise and reassurances necessary to ensure open source databases can run mission-critical applications.
The veteran’s ace card
Fintechs can move nimbly, fail fast and bring a spirit of adventure and innovation to their work but they lack one thing that the veterans have in spades: data. Big BFSI firms can look back and across a huge number of interactions to predict customer behavior, identify preferences, perform targeted marketing campaigns, provide tailored portfolio advice and anticipate needs. They can bathe in vast data lakes with myriad data sources and apply data science, AI and Machine Learning atop these. Again, here modern databases with relational stores such as Postgres are an excellent fit.
In summary, adopting modern databases and embracing open source offerings such as PostgreSQL supported by the right partners will not only deliver an enterprise-class service. It will deliver a giant leap forward in flexibility and have very significant knock-on effects in driving a culture of innovation and a sense of freedom to try things. If BSFI veterans can unleash the potential of the data within their organisations, they can capitalise on a significant advantage over their younger, upstart rivals: now they need to find the right data store.
IBM Global Entrepreneurship Program (GEP) has announced the winners for its SmartCamp Pune edition, which took place last week.
The startups were judged by Srikanth Sundarajan, Partner at Helion ventures; Dulles Krishnan, Executive Director-Asia Pacific at IBM Smart Commerce; Aruna Schwartz, Founder of Stelae Technologies and Anoop Mathur, Founder of CIO Angel Network.
Here are the six startups that won the IBM SmartCamp 2015 Pune edition:
SmartCommute enables end-to-end automation of employee transportation services for corporate BPOs. The company’s technology platform SmartCommute, built on Web and Mobile is a GPS device based platform that provides interfaces for employees, managers, transport admin, fleet vendors, drivers and company management to provide a safe and optimized transport management solution.
Perpetuuiti address IT Service Continuity & Availability Assurance through its software products. The company solves the aforesaid problem by enabling users’ visibility, accountability, manageability, orchestration and automation. Perpetuuiti’s flagship product Continuity Patrol is an automated end-to-end IT Service Availability Management Suite which enables “Live Business Impact Analysis”.
kPoint is a comprehensive enterprise platform for video enabling organizations that gives the power to organizations to easily create enhanced video that is internally searchable, demonstrative, and interactive. The platform is delivered as a cloud based service which is responsive and users are not hampered by working with large files.
AllizHealth is a preventive healthcare startup that identifies a patient’s health risks through their health records. The startup has built a repository of health information to predict health trends. It has also has a web-based tool to record existing medical conditions, allergies, medications, prescriptions, surgeries, reports and clinical diagnosis.
Agnie Software is a scalable online advertising platform that caters the needs of adNetwork. It’s products include AdSirver and AdNitwork. AdSirver enables big and small publishers to manage their direct engagement with advertisers as well as agencies whereas; AdNitwork is a white labeled adNetwork platform which offers to provide required customisation of customer data to target end user.
MindChipps Consulting Services owns SAAS based product CADashboard. CADashboard is a communication, collaboration & compliance management platform for CAs/CSs/Legal Professionals & SMEs. It helps these professionals to save time by automating their practice, collaboration and increase revenue.
IBM SmartCamp 2015 is a startup challenge in which startups pitch to IBM executives, VCs and government executives. The Global Entrepreneur Program (GEP) was launched last year by IBM with an aim to provide comprehensive and strong network resources to drive collaborative cloud innovation for startups.
This time GEP is being hosted at nine different startup hotspots (cities) including Kochi, Hyderabad, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Ahmedabad, Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore and Delhi, started from September 8, 2015.
After getting selected from all the nine cities, the startups will compete in regional finals that will be held in Mumbai, Delhi and Bangalore.
The event will culminate with a final showdown wherein top six startups will pitch to eminent VCs (e.g. Nexus Ventures, Intel Ventures, Seedfund, Reservoir Ventures and Ravi Gururaj) in Bangalore.
Startups can apply for the program to the nearest city by filling this form.
[This article is part of a sponsored series by IBM SmartCamp]
Were you unable to attend Transform 2022? Check out all of the summit sessions in our on-demand library now! Watch here.
Gone are the days of batch data processing. Modern enterprises have started racing into the real-time era with tools and technologies that collect streaming data – information on business events as they happen – and derive insights from it.
The goal of the upgrade is pretty obvious: faster decision-making. However, according to Slack’s senior vice president of platform, Steve Wood, this shift can go sideways if enterprises fail to empower their human resources to use real-time data from their systems at the same time.
“We are seeing a huge proliferation of data, and all this data is changing all the time,” Wood said during a session at VentureBeat’s Transform 2022 conference. “These changes often need people to be very aware of them for decision-making.” If not, there would be endless information flowing in from different directions (tools) but no way to act on it. This can directly affect work productivity as well as business outcomes for enterprises.
Luckily, Slack is already on the problem.
Wood emphasized that the Salesforce-owned platform, which started out as a solution for business communication, has now evolved into an “engagement layer.” It provides capabilities to rally all real-time events, marshal and bring them together, and then builds automation to help individual teams stay on task, coordinate and be more productive.
“We came to that realization ourselves since we were already hanging out, talking and working in Slack. Yes, there was messaging and video, but there was a lot in between to help with … So, we built a bunch of tools to help our customers in this middle-ground space,” he said.
As part of this, the company also rewrote the platform to make sure that apps are composable and reusable according to user needs.
By using Slack as an engagement layer, a number of enterprises have already seen a transformation in how they work and get things done.
HSBC Bank, for one, was able to get a better understanding of all the changes that were happening and build 220 new customer journeys (such as credit card onboarding) in a year, up from seven. Similarly, IBM has seen a 33% improvement in employee productivity by developing automated workflows to detect new joiners and help onboard them inside of Slack.
“We’ve also seen the same with Intuit and QuickBooks. They’ve built a bot that helps answer questions for agents who are helping customers,” Wood said. “What I love is the fact that they resolve incidents more quickly, saving 9,000 hours annually, as well as increase employees’ confidence.”
Ultimately, the Slack executive believes that teams should adopt the automation capabilities – from workflows to the tools already existing in the platform’s app directory – by starting slow and building gradually. Over time, he said, opportunities and capabilities to automate will begin to appear.
“Slack has also built a bunch of admin controls to make sure that your data doesn’t go out and you’ve got the right policies in place. So lean into those tools,” he added.
Watch the entire discussion on how Slack’s reimagined platform helps businesses bring systems and human events together to empower more meaningful work and transformational outcomes.
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On Tuesday, December 8th, Red Hat and CentOS announced the end of CentOS 8. To be specific, CentOS 8 will reach end of life at the end of 2021, 8 years ahead of schedule. To really understand what that means, and how we got here, it’s worth taking a trip down memory lane, and looking at how the history of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), CentOS, and IBM are intertwined.
Red hat started way back in 1995, with the partnership between Bob Young and Marc Ewing. Ewing brought his nascent Linux distro, named Red Hat Linux after the
fedora red lacrosse cap Ewing was known for wearing. Red Hat Linux quickly introduced a set of killer features, such as the Red Hat Package Manager (RPM), the Anaconda installer, and ELF binaries, to name a few. By 2003, Red Hat Linux was split into two separate distros, RHEL and Fedora Core. RHEL was the subscription-only distribution, while Fedora Core was the bleeding-edge distribution available for free. Just a note, I was running Fedora on my machines since before they dropped “Core” from the name.
The RHEL product, while open source, is only available for paid subscribers, or developers in non-production environments. Because it’s open source, there is nothing preventing a third party from removing the branding, and recompiling the packages for free. This is exactly what Gregory Kurtzer and the other founding members of CentOS did back in 2004. CentOS version 2 was the first such release, bringing an Enterprise Linux to the Community.
The next bit of history we have to cover was in 2009, when Lance Davis went missing from the project. This was a problem, because Davis held the project domain registrations, the donations fund, and some of the other intellectual property of the project. There was a possibility that this would kill the project, but Davis finally responded to a published open letter from the project, and agreed to hand over control. Crisis averted.
In 2014, an important change was announced. Red Hat would officially sponsor CentOS. Several of the core CentOS team would go full time on the Red Hat payroll, Red Hat got a trio of seats on the governing board, and most importantly, the community was assured that “The CentOS Linux platform isn’t changing.” It wasn’t made entirely clear, but part of the deal included transferring the CentOS trademarks and IP to Red Hat for safe keeping.
This arrangement worked out well for years. CentOS 8 shipped September 2019, rapidly after RHEL 8, and CentOS Stream was announced and released as an early look at what was coming in the next minor update. CentOS Stream could be thought of as a polished beta channel.
IBM bought Red Hat in 2019. Part of the announcement was a promise that Red Hat would stay true to its Open Source roots, claiming that “Red Hat’s mission and unwavering commitment to open source will remain unchanged.” Even with such assurances, many users were concerned that the IBM acquisition would fundamentally alter the way Red Hat does businesses for the worse.
With this context in mind, the exact news is troubling. Many of us have deployed CentOS servers to production environments, trusting Red Hat’s promise that CentOS 8 would be supported through 2029. The Red Hat announcement means that those installs reach end of life after less than 2 years, with the only upgrade path being Centos Stream — AKA being a forced beta tester for RHEL. As you might imagine, the response from the community has not been positive. We feel betrayed and lied to. It’s unclear whether this decision was handed down from IBM, or was cooked up by Red Hat themselves. In any case, it’s become painfully clear that handing over control of CentOS was a terrible mistake.
For those of us who prefer RPM based systems, where does that leave us? Fedora is great, but the rapid development cadence is terrible for server deployment. OpenSUSE Leap is a rebuild of SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, much like CentOS, and is a viable option for new deployments.
In the comments on the CentOS announcement, Gregory Kurtzer asked for users and developers interested in a reboot to check in on one of his slack channels. Within 8 hours, over 250 of us showed up, wanting to make a CentOS replacement happen. I’ve talked directly with Gregory, and can confirm that a new community rebuild of RHEL is happening under the name Rocky Linux, in honor of one of another CentOS co-founder that has passed away. The plan is to support a direct transition path from CentOS to Rocky Linux.
Rocky Linux will be bug-for-bug compatible with RHEL. It will be CentOS as it was before the Red Hat takeover, just under a new name. I’m excited to see where the project goes, and hopeful to see an initial release in the following months. When it happens, we’ll be sure to tell you about it.
In exact years, headlines about cyber security have become increasingly common. Thieves steal customer social security numbers from corporations’ computer systems. Unscrupulous hackers grab passwords and personal information from social media sites or pluck company secrets from the cloud. For companies of all sizes, keeping information safe is a growing concern.
Cyber security consists of all the technologies and practices that keep computer systems and electronic data safe. And, in a world where more and more of our business and social lives are online, it’s an enormous and growing field with many types of job roles.
According to the Cyber Security & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), "Cyber security is the art of protecting networks, devices and data from unauthorized access or criminal use and the practice of ensuring confidentiality, integrity and availability of information."
Information security is the processes and tools designed and used to protect sensitive business information from modification, disruption, destruction and inspection, according to CISCO.
Information security and cyber security are often confused. According to CISCO, information security is a crucial part of cyber security but is used exclusively to ensure data security.
Everything is connected by computers and the internet now, including communication, entertainment, transportation, shopping, medicine and more. A copious amount of personal information is stored among these various services and apps, which is why information security is critical.
Getting hacked isn’t just a direct threat to the confidential data companies need. It can also ruin their relationships with customers and even place them in significant legal jeopardy. With new technology, from self-driving cars to internet-enabled home security systems, the dangers of cybercrime become even more serious.
So, it’s no wonder that international research and advisory firm Gartner Inc. predicts worldwide security spending will hit $170 billion in 2022, an 8% increase in just a year.
“We’re seeing a tremendous demand for cyber security practitioners,” said Jonathan Kamyck, associate dean of cyber security at Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU). “Most businesses, whether they’re large or small, will have an online presence, for example. Some of the things you would do in the old days with a phone call or face-to-face now happen through email or teleconference, and that introduces lots of complicated questions with regard to information.”
These days, the need to protect confidential information is a pressing concern at the highest levels of government and industry. State secrets can be stolen from the other side of the world. Companies whose whole business models depend on control of customer data can find their databases compromised. In just one high-profile 2017 case, personal information for 147.9 million people – about half the United States – was compromised in a breach of credit reporting company Equifax.
A cyber attack is an unwelcomed attempt to steal, expose, alter, disable or destroy information through unauthorized access to computer systems, according to the International Business Machines (IBM).
There are many reasons behind a cyber attack, such as cyber warfare, cyber terrorism and even hacktivists, but these actions fall into three main categories: criminal, political and personal.
Attackers motivated by crime typically seek financial gain through money theft, data theft or business disruption. Similarly, personal attackers include disgruntled current or former employees who will take money or data in an attempt to attack a company's systems. Socio-political motivated attackers desire attention for their cause, resulting in their attacks being known to the public, and this is a form of hacktivism. Other forms of cyber attacks include espionage, or spying to gain an unfair advantage over the competition, and intellectual challenging.
According to CISA, as of 2021, there is a ransomware attack every 11 seconds – a dramatic rise from every 39 seconds in 2019 (CISA PDF Source). In addition, small businesses are the target of nearly 43% of all cyber attacks, which is up 400%.
The Small Business Association (SBA) reports that small businesses make attractive targets and are typically attacked due to their lack of security infrastructure. The SBA also reports that a majority of small business owners felt their business was vulnerable to an attack. This is because many of these businesses:
Here are some of the most common threats among cyber attacks:
Attacks against enterprises can come from a variety of sources such as criminal organizations, state actors and private persons, according to IBM. An easy way to classify these attacks is by outsider versus insider threats.
Outsider or external threats include organized criminals, professional hackers and amateur hackers (like hacktivists).
Insider threats are typically those who have authorized access to a company's assets and abuse them deliberately or accidentally. These threats include employees who are careless of security procedures, disgruntled current or former employees and business partners or clients with system access.
Cyber security awareness month takes place every October and encourages individuals and organizations to own their role in protecting their cyberspace, according to Forbes, although anyone can practice being mindful of cyber security at any time. Awareness of the dangers of browsing the web, checking emails and interacting online in general are all part of developing cyber security awareness.
Cyber security awareness can mean different things to different people depending on their technical knowledge. Ensuring appropriate training is available to individuals is a great way to motivate lasting behavioral changes.
While cyber security awareness is the first step, employees and individuals must embrace and proactively use effective practices both professionally and personally for it to truly be effective, according to Forbes.
Getting started with cyber security awareness is easy, and many resources are readily available on the CISA government website based on your needs. Whether you need formal training or a monthly email with cyber security tips and tricks, any awareness and training can impact behavior and create a positive change in how you view cyber security.
Here are the most common types of cyber security available:
A cyber security degree provides an opportunity for students to develop skills and a mindset that empowers them to begin a career in securing systems, protecting information assets and managing organizational risks.
Alex Petitto ’21 earned his bachelor’s in cyber security. Petitto always wanted to work within the IT sector, and he chose cyber security because it’s an exponentially growing field. He transferred credits from a community college through a U.S. Air Force program and finished his bachelor's in under two years. "It was much quicker than I thought it would be,” he said.
It didn't take long for Petitto to begin exploring his career options. "Even before finishing (my) degree, I … received multiple invites to interview for entry-level positions within the industry and received three job offers," said Petitto. He decided to remain within the Air Force and transfer to a cyber security unit as opposed to joining the private sector.
Petitto said his cyber security degree opened doors for him in the field – “a monumental goal for me," he said. "This degree was a critical first step for breaking into the industry."
Your cyber security degree program can also connect you with experiential learning opportunities to further your growth as a cyber security professional. For example, the annual National Cyber League (NCL) has a competition wherein students from across the U.S. practice real-world cyber security tasks and skills. SNHU recently placed 9th out of over 500 colleges participating in the NCL competition.
As companies large and small scramble to respond to the growing threats, jobs in the cyber security field are growing fast. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts that employment for information security analysts will grow by 33% through 2030. That’s more than twice as fast as the average computer-related occupation and four times as fast as American jobs in general.
To help fill the need for more professionals in the cyber security world, CyberSeek, a project funded by the federal government and supported by industry partners, provides detailed information on the demand for these workers by state. The tool shows that, across the country, there were 180,000 job openings for information security analysts between May 2021 and April 2022, with only 141,000 professionals holding jobs in the role, reflecting an unfilled demand of 39,000 workers.
“There’s a huge shortfall right now in entry-level and midlevel cyber security roles,” Kamyck said. “You’re looking at demand across all business sectors, with companies of all sizes.
CyberSeek lists the following entry-mid-and advanced-level roles available in the field. Average salaries are based on job openings posted between May 2021 and April 2022.
Kamyck said cyber security professionals could play a wide range of roles in a modern company. For example, some small businesses may hire a single person to handle all kinds of work protecting data. Others contract with consultants who can offer a variety of targeted services. Meanwhile, larger firms may have whole departments dedicated to protecting information and chasing down threats.
While companies define roles related to information security in a variety of ways, Kamyck said there are some specific tasks that these employees are commonly called on to do. In many cases, they must analyze threats and gather information from a company’s servers, cloud services and employee computers and mobile devices.
“An analyst’s job is to find meaning in all of that data, see what’s concerning,” he said. “Is there a breach? Is someone violating a policy?”
In many cases, Kamyck said, security certified work with other information technology professionals to ensure a company’s systems are secure. That involves not just technical know-how but also people-oriented skills.
But breaches don’t just take the form of someone hacking into a server. They can also involve customer lists sent through unencrypted email, a password written on a sticky note in a cubicle or a company laptop stolen from an employee’s car.
Depending on their specific role, cyber security professionals must also think strategically. In many industries, companies rely on employees having quick access to highly sensitive data, such as medical records or bank account information.
“The goal is to balance the needs of the company or the organization you’re working for with the need to protect the confidentiality of customer data and trade secrets,” Kamyck said.
Kamyck said people who do well in these jobs tend to be curious, competitive and willing to keep learning to stay up to date with rapidly changing technology. The work draws on multidisciplinary knowledge, and people who continue with the work find there are a variety of directions they can take in their careers.
For example, Kamyck said, if you're interested in the business side, you might become a manager or run audits that let companies know where they need to Improve to meet compliance. If you love the adversarial part of the job, you might become a penetration tester, essentially an “ethical hacker” who tests for system vulnerabilities by trying to get through them.
If you’re wondering how to get into cyber security, it’s clear there are many positions out there. The question is how to make sure you’re a good fit for them. According to BLS, most information security analyst jobs require at least a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information assurance, programming or another related field.
In some cases, the work calls for a Master of Business Administration (MBA) in Information Systems. That degree typically takes an additional two years of study and involves both technical and business management courses.
Cyber security job requirements also sometimes include related work experience. Rather than jumping right into the security side of information technology, you can start as a network or computer systems administrator. Depending on the specific cyber security position, employers may have other job requirements. For instance, keeping databases secure might be an ideal job for someone who’s spent time as a database administrator and is also well-versed in security issues.
Aside from work experience and college degrees, some employers also prefer job candidates who have received certifications demonstrating their understanding of best practices in the field. For example, the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) credential validates a professional’s general knowledge and abilities in information security. There are also more specific certificates, which can highlight specialized knowledge of computer architecture, engineering or management.
Whatever path new employees in cyber security want to follow, Kamyck said, those who are willing to make an effort to learn the field will find abundant opportunities.
“There’s needs in government. There’s needs in finance. There’s needs in education,” Kamyck said. “There’s a tremendous unfilled need.”
Discover more about SNHU's online cyber security degree: Find out what courses you'll take, skills you'll learn and how to request information about the program.
Nicholas Patterson is a writer at Southern New Hampshire University. Connect with him on LinkedIn.
IBM today announced that it acquired Databand, a startup developing an observability platform for data and machine learning pipelines. Details of the deal weren't disclosed, but Tel Aviv-based Databand had raised $14.5 million prior to the acquisition.
Databand employees will join IBM's data and AI division, with the purchase expected to close on July 27.
In a statement, IBM general manager for data and AI Daniel Hernandez said that folding Databand into IBM's broader portfolio would help the latter's customers better identify and fix data issues including errors, pipeline failures and poor quality. The plan is to expand Databand's observability capabilities for integrations across open source and commercial tools, while allowing customers to have "full flexibility" in running Databand either as a service or a self-hosted subscription.
"Our clients are data-driven enterprises who rely on high-quality, trustworthy data to power their mission-critical processes. When they don't have access to the data they need in any given moment, their business can grind to a halt," Hernandez said.
Hernandez sees Databand complementing IBM's existing observability tools, namely IBM Observability by Instana APM and IBM Watson Studio. For example, he suggests, Databand could alert engineers when the data they're using to power an analytics system is incomplete, triggering Instana to explain where the missing data originated and why the system is failing.
"With the addition of Databand, IBM ... is continuing to provide our clients and partners with the technology they need to deliver trustworthy data and AI at scale," Hernandez added.
Databand was co-founded in 2018 by Josh Benamram, Victor Shafran and Evgeny Shulman. As my colleague Ingrid Lunden wrote in her profile of the company two years ago, Databand crunches various pipeline metadata including logs, runtime info and data profiles, and presents it in a single platform alongside data from other sources like Airflow, Spark and Snowflake. The goal is to supply engineers a view of where bottlenecks or anomalies are appearing and the potential reasons why.
Databand managed to attract notable customers including FanDuel, Agoda and Trax Retail. Accel, Blumberg Capital, Lerer Hippeau, Ubiquity Ventures, Differential Ventures and Bessemer Venture Partners were among the early investors.
"You can’t protect what you can’t see, and when the data platform is ineffective, everyone is impacted – including customers," Benamram said in a statement. "That’s why global brands ... already rely on Databand to remove bad data surprises by detecting and resolving them before they create costly business impacts. Joining IBM will help us scale our software and significantly accelerate our ability to meet the evolving needs of enterprise clients.”
Data observability is a burgeoning -- and perhaps even recession-proof -- market. As the volume of data continues to climb, organizations are struggling to manage the health and quality of their datasets (so the vendor narrative goes). Statista estimates that the sector will increase from $12.98 billion in worth in 2020 to $19.38 billion in 2024, buoyed by the growth of startups like Manta, Monte Carlo, Edge Delta and Cribl. Investors poured over half a billion dollars into observability startups in May alone.
In a press release, IBM notes that Databand is its fifth acquisition in 2022. It continues the buying spree Arvind Krishna kicked off when he became CEO two years ago, focused on companies in AI, automation, cloud and IT.
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