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IBM System z Technical V5
IBM Technical history
Killexams : IBM Technical history - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/000-604 Search results Killexams : IBM Technical history - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/000-604 https://killexams.com/exam_list/IBM Killexams : IBM: The Most Innovative and Prizewinning Tech Company

Founded in 1911 as a Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company, International Business Machines (IBM) needs to keep its finger on the pulse of the development of information technology not to be ousted by younger tech giants like Google, Microsoft, Apple, and Amazon. With the advent of the internet, IBM needed to widen the spectrum of its products and services to retain its strong position in the tech field. Although the company lost its dominance, having only a 5% market share in 2021, as opposed to 68% shared by Microsoft, Amazon, and Google, it has many spectacular achievements to its credit. IBM holds more patents than any other technology company and takes pride in employees who have earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, five National Medals of Technology, and five National Medals of Science. And it had been the top tech company for longer than any of the titans dominating the market now. 

Also called “Big Blue,” IBM indeed has an impressive pedigree. After starting to produce hardware at the beginning of the last century, it thrived in this business for decades and became the leading provider of mainframe computers worldwide. IBM’s gross income had inexorably grown in the last part of the twentieth century, expanding from $14.450 billion earned in 1975 to $71.940 billion made in 1995. The company’s revenue skyrocketed to the record level of $106.9 billion in 2011, after which it has steadily been declining amidst its transition into new technologies and lines of business. To move with the times and survive the competition from other tech titans, IBM gradually shifted its focus from hardware to software and services. It began to devote more energy and money to cloud-based services and cognitive computing. IBM focuses now on offering primarily network services, application services, cloud services, digital workplace services, business processes and operations, technology consulting services, and AI services. IBM Watson, a cognitive system capable of answering questions posed in natural language, has become the company’s high-visibility offering in the technology field. IBM has a strong faith in Watson, promoting the system as a benevolent digital assistant that would help hospitals, offices, factories, and farms. The company’s white paper referred to Watson as “the future of knowing.”

To see how well IBM has prepared for, what it calls, the new age of understanding, study the statistical data presented below.

Sources: IBM, Wikipedia

 IBM’s Outstanding Achievements

  • In 1891, IBM, then called CTR, invented the computing scale that could show both the weight and the proportionate price of the product simultaneously.
  • In 1888, the company invented the Time Clock, a device that records start and end times for hourly employees. Then, it designed the punch card base data processing machines. IBM is also responsible for inventing the magnetic stripe technology and the Universal Product Code.
  • IBM designed and developed the first smartphone in the world, launching it in November 1992. Designed by IBM and manufactured by Mitsubishi Electric, the device had a touchscreen, a calculator app, email capability, 2 MB RAM, and 2 MB internal storage. There were about 50,000 of these smartphones sold for $899 a unit.
  • IBM also revolutionized the computer industry, inventing DRAM, floppy disk, SQL programming language, ATMs, and hard disk drives.
  • IBM also invented the first personal computer, known as the IBM PC. It was launched in August 1981 and acquired by many companies before PCs were commercialized.
  • Since 1920, IBM has received 151,302 US patents. In 2019, the company received a staggering amount of 9,262 US patents. A year later, IBM beat the record of most US patents received by a business for 27 consecutive years. In 2021, IBM had 1,811 patents granted, while this year it has so far received 492 patents.
  • IBM has long worked with NASA. Although IBM contributed to many missions, the most memorable is landing on the Moon in 1969. IBM’s responsibility was to develop the software and various programs, build computers, and streamline the mission for NASA.
  • One of the fascinating inventions of IBM is the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope developed in 1981 for imaging at the atomic level. Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer received the Noble Prize in Physics in 1986 for the invention. 
  • IBM developed several chess computers, the most popular of which is Deep Blue. In 1996, Deep Blue beat the chess world champion, Garry Kasparov, who accused IBM of cheating. IBM declined Kasparov’s offer of a rematch. 
  • IBM invented the ASME (The Anatomic and Symbolic Mapper Engine) that offers a 3D interactive avatar of the human body to doctors in real-time, helping them visualize patients’ medical records.
  • Big Blue made LASIK eye surgery mainstream.
  • The company invented the IBM 2990 Blood Cell Separator, designed to harvest white blood cells from blood donors to support patients with leukemia. Later, IBM engineers improved the device, introducing its more sophisticated version, IBM 2997.
  • IBM offers the IBM LinuxONE for cloud computing solutions. This powerful computer system can manage the work of 1000×86 servers simultaneously on a single platform.  

IBM Statistics in 2022

  • Over 90% of credit card transactions are processed by IBM mainframes.
  • About 80% of global retailers use IBM retail solutions in their stores and for online sales.
  • Over 80% of travel reservations are processed through an IBM product.
  • Nearly 97% of banks worldwide use IBM products.
  • There are 245,000 IBM employees worldwide in 2022.
  • IBM employees live in 170 countries.
  • There are 130,000 IBM employees in India.
  • 3,000 researchers are working in IBM’s fifteen laboratories around the world.
  • During the pandemic, between 2020 and 2021, IBM reduced the number of its employees by around 0.24%.
  • Over 29% of IBM managers are women.
  • There are an average of 108 applications per available job position at the company. 
  • Every day, IBM handles 70 billion security events.
  • Every second, it manages 8.18 million security events.
  • Over 27.3 million people use the IBM website every month.
  • The IBM website has a bounce rate of 52.66%.
  • In 2020, IBM’s earnings hit about $73 billion.
  • In 2021, its global revenue diminished by 22%.
  • Almost half of IBM’s revenue is generated in the North American market.
  • IBM bought Red Hat for $33.4 billion.
  • Cognos was purchased by IBM for $4.9 billion in 2008.
  • Big Blue acquired SoftLayer Technologies in 2013 reportedly for $2 billion.
  • To date, IBM has acquired more than 183 companies.

Facts about IBM’s Incumbent CEO, Arvind Krishna

  • Arvind Krishna became IBM’s CEO in 2020, arriving with the mission to reverse the company’s decline. He is expected to create a new line of business that would rediscover IBM’s former glory.
  • Before becoming the company’s CEO, Krishna worked as the Senior Vice President for IBM’s cloud and cognitive software. He developed IBM’s security software business.
  • Krishna was the general manager of IBM Systems and Technology Group’s development and manufacturing organization. He also managed IBM’s acquisition of Red Hat and supervised its synergy with IBM.
  • Krishna is the co-author of 15 patents and has been the editor of IEEE and ACM journals. He has received distinguished alumni awards from IITK and the University of Illinois, where he completed his PhD. His scholarly articles appear in numerous journals.
  • Krishna leads the IBM business unit that provides the cloud and data platform. His responsibilities include IBM Research, IBM Cloud, and IBM’s security and Cognitive Application business.
  • Krishna guides IBM’s overall strategy in core and emerging technologies including AI, quantum computing, blockchain, cloud platform services, data-driven solutions, and nanotechnology.
  • IBM Chairman and CEO Arvind Krishna was paid $17.5 million for 2021, up from $17 million paid in the year before, according to IBM’s 2022 Notice of Annual General Meeting and Proxy Statement.
  • In 2021, IBM’s board approved an annual incentive payment of $2.9 million to Krishna for the 2021 performance, which was 98% of the target.
  • The estimated net worth of Arvind Krishna was about $27.4 million in June 2022. He also owns over 21,803 units of International Business Machines stock worth over $23,629,581.

Source: Fortune

IBM’s Annual Revenue since 2000

Once an unparalleled tech giant, IBM has been struggling for the last decade. It had to adjust to the changing world by selling its low-margin businesses and investing in high-margin ones. To implement its strategies, Big Blue sold IBM WebSphere Commerce to HCL Technologies in 2018 and a part of the Watson Health business at the beginning of this year. Although IBM’s earnings are still high, they do not reach the levels hit between 2006 and 2012. The company’s annual revenue skyrocketed to $106.9 billion in 2011, whereas it was only $57 billion last year. In the second quarter of 2022, IBM’s earnings dropped below expectations. IBM’s falling fortune is reflected in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Revenue since 2000 (in $US Billion)

Year Annual Revenue (in $US Billion)
2000 $88.4
2001 $83.07
2002 $81.19
2003 $89.13
2004 $96.29
2005 $91.13
2006 $91.42
2007 $98.79
2008 $103.63
2009 $95.76
2010 $99.87
2011 $106.92
2012 $104.51
2013 $99.75
2014 $92.8
2015 $81.74
2016 $79.92
2017 $79.14
2018 $79.59
2019 $57.71
2020 $55.18
2021 $57.35
2022 (Q1; Q2) $14.2 billion; $15.5 billion

Source: Statista; IBM

IBM’s Annual Revenue by Segment for 2020-2021

Big Blue has repeatedly changed the segment reporting to reflect its move away from being hardware, software, and service company towards becoming a cognitive solutions and cloud platform company. It changed its segment reporting in 2016, 2019, and 2021. The last change was dictated by IBM’s need to align its segment reporting with its platform-centric approach to hybrid cloud and AI. There are presently six segments in IBM’s business: Technology Services and Cloud Platforms, Infrastructure, Software, Consulting, Financing, and Other. In 2021, IBM’s software segment generated $24.14 billion of its global revenue of $57.35 billion. In 2022 so far, the Software division earned $5.77 billion and $6.2 billion, in the first and second quarters, respectively. The Consulting sector brought the company $4.83 billion in Q1 and $4.8 billion in Q2 of the current year. The revenue earned by the Infrastructure segment amounted to $3.22 billion in the first quarter and $4.0 billion in the second quarter. Revenues generated by IBM’s segments in the last two years are shown in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Revenue by Segment for 2020-2021 (in $US billion)

Segment 2020 2021
Software $22.93 $24.14
Consulting $16.26 $17.84
Infrastructure $14.53 $14.19
Financing $0.98 $0.77
Technology Services and Cloud $25.00 $28.00
Other  $0.49 $0.41

Source: Statista

Worldwide Market Share of Cloud Infrastructure Providers in Q2 2022

In the second quarter of 2022, IBM’s Cloud Infrastructure had only a 4% share of the worldwide market, lagging behind Amazon, Azure, and Google Cloud. The spending on global cloud infrastructure services soared to $55 billion and thus brought the industry’s total for the twelve months to more than $203.5 billion. Outshining IBM, Amazon and Microsoft together accounted for more than half of cloud infrastructure revenues in the three months that ended on June 30.

These figures show how much Big Blue fell from grace because, in the past, it used to enjoy the leading position. In 2017, IBM reported cloud revenue growth of 33% year-over-year in its first quarter earnings. In that quarter, its cloud revenue jumped to $3.5 billion. IBM’s total cloud revenue over the past 12 months that year hit $41.6 billion and catapulted IBM to the top of the list in the field of enterprise cloud.  In the first quarter of 2017, today’s winners were obliged only to trail behind with lower earnings: Microsoft with $14 billion, Amazon with $12.20 billion, and Google with $10 billion. The latest market share of the main providers of cloud infrastructure can be seen in the table below:

Worldwide Market Share of Cloud Infrastructure Providers in Q2 2022

Company Market Share
AWS 34%
Azure 21%
Google Cloud 10%
Alibaba Cloud 5%
IBM Cloud 4%
Salesforce 3%
Tencent Cloud 3%
Oracle Cloud 2%

Sources: Statista, IBM

IBM’s Annual Net Income since 2009

Net income is defined as a company’s net profit or loss after it has accounted for all its revenues, income items, and expenses. IBM’s net income for the quarter ending on June 30, 2022, was $1.292 billion, which constituted a 5.06% jump year-over-year. The company’s net profit for the 12 months ending on June 30, 2022, was $5.588 billion, demonstrating an increase of 4.76% year-over-year. Last year, IBM’s annual net income reached $5.743 billion, a 2.74% surge from 2020. The first year of the pandemic brought IBM a net income of $5.59 billion, which was a whopping 40.73% drop from 2019. In 2019, IBM’s annual net profit was $9.431 billion, an 8.05% advance from 2018. The uneven trajectory of IBM’s annual net income is drawn in the table below:

IBM’s Annual Net Income since 2009 (in $US Billion)

Year Net Income in $US Billion
2009 $13.425
2010 $14.833
2011 $15.855
2012 $16.604
2013 $16.483
2014 $12.022
2015 $13.190
2016 $11.872
2017 $5.753
2018 $8.728
2019 $9.431
2020 -$5.590
2021 $5.743

IBM’s Number of Employees Worldwide from 2000 to 2022

IBM is the fifth largest employer in the United States. In 2021, the company employed 282,000 people worldwide. This year, the number of people working for Big Blue dipped to 245,000. As the company has lately been struggling, experiencing drops in its revenues, it is trying to restructure its business and be on par with such tech giants as Amazon, Microsoft, Google, and Apple. Hence the decline in the number of its employees this year. The table below shows how the number of IBM’s employees has changed over the years:

IBM’s Number of Employees Worldwide from 2000 to 2022 (in 1,000s) 

Year Number of Employees (in 1,000s)
2000 316.3
2001 319.88
2002 315.89
2003 319.27
2004 329
2005 329.37
2006 355.77
2007 386.56
2008 398.46
2009 399.41
2010 426.75
2011 433.36
2012 434.25
2013 431.21
2014 379.59
2015 377.76
2016 380.3
2017 366.6
2018 350.6
2019 352.6
2020 345.9
2021 282.1
2022 245

Source: Statista

Conclusion

As the world is facing a probable recession, analysts believe that the enterprise tech sector will still continue going strong. People who are tech-savvy will turn to IBM in these unpleasant times to help them survive in a tighter economic environment and use the company’s software, consulting, and infrastructure to work productively during an economic decline. Big Blue can definitely provide the products and services people will need in the near future. IBM’s Q2 2022 results signify that technology spending in such spheres as AI, cloud, automation and networking is steady. The company beat anticipated results in the second quarter and boasted its first double-digit quarterly revenue growth in more than a decade. Automatic calculations conducted at Coinpriceforecast.com inspire faith in the company’s future and the cost of its stock. At the beginning of the year, IBM’s stock price was $116.92. At the time of writing, IBM is trading at $118.81, thus demonstrating a 2% jump from January 2022. Coinpriceforecast.com foresees that by Christmas, IBM will surge to $138. In the first half of 2023, the price of the stock might advance to $145 and end the next year at $155, adding 30% to today’s price. Whether or not these predictions prove to be correct, IBM will surely continue pushing technology and innovation forward, as it has spectacularly done since the beginning of the twentieth century.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 00:38:00 -0500 Daniel Shvartsman en-US text/html https://www.investing.com/academy/statistics/ibm-facts/
Killexams : IBM's Outperformance Is Likely Coming To An End
IBM headquarters located in SOMA district, San Francisco

Sundry Photography

Technology stocks have been battered for most of 2022. There are many names that I consider of the highest quality that have been absolutely destroyed this year, but that's not the case for all tech stocks. In fact, IBM (NYSE:IBM) has bucked the trend and has actually outperformed the broader market by a wide margin in 2022.

I've made it no secret that I don't see any reason to own IBM, including in my last update back in March. I said then the ~5% yield wasn't good enough to warrant owning the shares, unless you are focused on income and nothing else. Today, even though IBM has returned -5% since that article against -18% for the S&P 500, I still don't think this is one you want to own near a market bottom. The reason is simple; IBM is a defensive stock in tech - if there is such a thing - which is why it has outperformed this year during a horrendous bear market. When we turn higher, defensive names are the last thing you want to own, so I'm sticking to my sell call here.

Chart

StockCharts

Looking at the daily chart, I don't see a lot of cause for long-term optimism, although the stock is oversold on a short-term basis. We can see there have been several rally attempts, but all have ultimately resulted in another turn lower. This current rally attempt is the result of a long string of declines that produced a PPO studying near -2, which is where the stock has bounced in the past. This one is no different, but do not mistake a bounce for a rally.

The 14-day RSI, which is a shorter-term indicator than the PPO, hasn't cleared the centerline in the past two rally attempts. That's the sign of a stock with a lack of bullish momentum, and it's why I said not to mistake a bounce for a rally; this is one of the ways you can tell the difference.

On a relative strength basis, as I said, IBM has been great this year. It's convincingly outperformed its peer group, which in turn, has outperformed the S&P 500. That's the kind of thing you want to see from your stocks, but as I said, given IBM is defensive in the tech group, this outperformance makes sense during a bear market. Rest assured this relative strength will flip on its head when we do turn higher, because Wall Street wants exposure to growth during bull markets, and IBM simply doesn't have it.

Speaking of growth…

I've long maintained that IBM is a company that struggles to hit its own guidance, and therefore, estimates that Wall Street produces. This is, of course, highly undesirable because it means that when investors try to value the stock, they are doing so with shrinking estimates. Plus, there aren't many investors that want a stock with shrinking estimates, given those stocks that perform the best are the ones consistently raising guidance and beating estimates. IBM hasn't been one of those stocks in decades, literally, and today is no different.

Let's take a look at revenue, beginning with a historical view of its three major segments.

segment revenue

TIKR

One of the things you must understand about IBM's revenue is that it is choppy. All of its segments produce oscillating revenue - rather than steadily growing revenue - and that generates the same on a consolidated enterprise basis. This is not a desirable trait, and it means that even though there's clear leadership from software, even that segment has struggled in the past to produce growth.

software results

Investor presentation

The most exact quarter saw software produces 8% growth in annual recurring revenue, which is fine, with the best growth from transaction processing. Red Hat continues to be a growth driver for IBM, and in my opinion, is one of the best things this company has ever done with its capital. The second best thing was spinning off Kyndryl (KD), which is now a significant customer of IBM. Kyndryl is obviously a captive audience when it comes to revenue for IBM, so as long as Kyndryl is around, IBM has some built-in software revenue growth.

But as we can see, that simply hasn't been enough, and I don't think it ever will be based on IBM's history of missing its own guidance. Below are revenue estimates for the next few years, and the revision history of those estimates.

revenue revisions

Seeking Alpha

We're looking at current estimates of 3% or 4% growth annually, but with nearly-constant revisions downward to those. The best the company can show is a lack of negative revisions on this year's numbers in the past month; it's a sad state of affairs. However, anyone that has followed IBM for any period of time knows one thing this company is always good for is missing estimates. This is not new.

Moving to earnings, below we have the same chart as above, but with earnings before taxes instead of revenue.

segment EBT

TIKR

Software's dominance is very clear here, given margins are much better than the other segments. That means that if you insist on owning this stock for whatever reason, you want to keep a hurry eye on software's performance. The others simply don't matter nearly as much when it comes to earnings and cash flow. The fact that IBM has some growth drivers in software is a good sign, but is it enough to overcome weakness elsewhere? You can be the judge of that.

Looking ahead

We've touched on two of the drivers of EPS growth - revenue and margins - but IBM has spent tens of billions of dollars buying back its own shares in the past couple of decades. The company's "strategy" used to just be to milk as much cash from its business as possible and then spend almost all of it on repurchases, hoping financial engineering would work its magic into EPS growth. While I'm a fan of buybacks when they're done correctly, IBM's blunt force approach never worked because it forgot to stay competitive in the marketplace. Newer leadership is focusing more on the genuine business rather than just buying as many shares as possible, but the end result doesn't appear to be that different.

EPS revisions

Seeking Alpha

EPS revisions just continue to go lower, and it's still happening today, as it has for many years. This makes it challenging to value IBM on a P/E basis because you simply don't know how low the "E" part of the equation will go. That's also why Wall Street prefers stocks with growing "E" values because it means the share price must rise in order to maintain the same valuation; IBM has the opposite issue.

What's interesting is that despite IBM's complete inability to even meet estimates - let alone beat them - the stock is actually quite near its highs in terms of valuation. Below we have five years of history of forward P/E ratios to illustrate this point.

forward P/E ratoi

TIKR

The stock trades today at 13X forward earnings, against a five-year average of 11X. It's certainly in the upper echelons of historical valuations, which is perhaps understandable given 2022 has been awful for the markets, and therefore good for defensive names. However, this overvaluation (as I see it) should unwind pretty quickly once the bull market returns. I'm of the view that the bull market has either already begun again or is quite close to doing so, and given that, names like IBM will almost certainly be discarded to the back burner again.

One quick note on the dividend is that IBM's yield is exemplary at 5.2%. It's a proper income stock, and as we can see, the yield is very high by historical standards.

dividend yield

Seeking Alpha

If you're a pure income investor, maybe that's good enough for you to own it. I'm not, and I see no reason to own this stock other than the yield, if that's your thing.

We have a stock that is overvalued on a historical basis, has very little growth to speak of, years and years of declining revenue and earnings estimates, and no catalysts that I can see that would change any of those characteristics. The chart looks pretty weak to me, and this appears to be a bounce, and not a rally. I'm sticking to my sell recommendation for IBM as I think it's relative outperformance in 2022 is coming to an end.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 01:36:00 -0500 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4545014-ibm-outperformance-coming-end
Killexams : Celebrating ThinkPad’s 30th Anniversary - An Insider’s Perspective

Not long after I joined Creative Strategies in 1981, I received a call from IBM looking for forecasts on the PC market. At that time, the PC market was in its infancy, and it was anyone's guess then as to its future growth.

However, they had seen a quote I made to a major tech publication stating that I thought PCs could be a significant growth market and be transformational for the business market. I based that theory on my familiarity with the first spreadsheet product on the Apple II called VisiCalc. I saw how large companies bought Apple IIs and VisiCalc for their accounting departments. (Full disclosure- my wife worked for VisiCorp, the company that made VisiCalc; thus, my familiarity with the product was firsthand.)

That led to a set of research assignments from IBM, and for many years I worked with them on various projects related to the growth of the PC market at the product and channel level.

One of the most interesting programs I was asked to help with was the design of their original laptop in late 1985. At that time, IBM only made large PCs with separate monitors, mostly in battleship grey.

Earlier that year, at CEBIT, a major technology show in Hannover, Germany, Toshiba introduced what became the first genuine commercial clamshell laptop design called the T100.

I was at that CEBIT show and the launch of the T100, and I asked to "borrow" it to help me cover the show. Of course, Toshiba denied this request, although they did get me one to test once I was back in the U.S.

IBM was deeply interested in the Toshiba T100 design, and the IBM design group in Austin, TX asked me to consult on the project. So for about a year, I would go between Austin and Atlanta, where part of IBM's technical design was developed, and Boca Raton, where the marketing strategy was developed.

This led to IBM introducing the 5140 in 1986.

This first product was still in the luggable category of personal computers, but soon after it was released, IBM launched its first series of clamshell-based laptops. IBM's first clamshell

was the IBM PS/2 Model L40 SX.

Most of IBM's earliest models had only minor success until 1992, when IBM introduced its first line of ThinkPad models.

In 1988, the father of the ThinkPad, Arimasa Naitoh, a Lenovo Fellow located in Japan, received a call about the need to spearhead a new portable computing venture in IBM's research center in Yokohama, Japan. At the time, he was based in White Plains, NY but moved back to Japan to develop what has become the iconic ThinkPad line of portable computers.

I got to watch the development of the ThinkPad from the beginning. Mr Naitoh's leadership, assisted by David Hill, who was instrumental in creating the unique ThinkPad design, made IBM at that time one of the most important portable computer companies in the market.

This chart shows the design history of the Thinkpad and why it is still a big part of Lenovo's success in portable computing:

Under IBM's leadership, the ThinkPad became one of the best-selling laptops in the enterprise. Still, from its introduction to when Lenovo bought IBM's PC business in 2005, they had only sold 25 million ThinkPads.

However, the ThinkPad's growth under Lenovo's leadership has been remarkable. Today, Lenovo has sold over 200 million ThinkPads, and the company continues to innovate around the ThinkPad design to Excellerate it. Although many key players inside Lenovo had a significant impact on ThinkPad's growth, its most considerable thrust and success came under the leadership of Dilip Bhatia, Vice President of Global Marketing, User and Customer Experience, and former Vice President and General Manager of ThinkPad.

A great example of their innovative design and thinking comes with their new line of foldable ThinkPads called the ThinkPad X1 Fold.

Although foldable technology is still in its infancy, Lenovo's willingness to blaze new trails with new and innovative designs has been the trademark of Lenovo's design teams since they first introduced the line of ThinkPads in 1992.

Watching the overall growth of the mobile computing market, especially the birth and evolution of the ThinkPad, has given me a deeper appreciation for the men and women who worked so hard to make portable computing the largest PC market today. And the Lenovo team has played a major role in helping the mobile computing industry grow exponentially over that last few decades.

For those interested in the history of the ThinkPad, I recommend Mr. Naitoh's book on the subject-

How the ThinkPad Changed the World and Is Shaping the Future."

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 01:00:00 -0500 Tim Bajarin en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/timbajarin/2022/10/05/celebrating-thinkpads-30th-anniversaryan-insiders-perspective/
Killexams : Cisco vs. IBM: Which is the Better High-Yield Tech Dinosaur? No result found, try new keyword!Nonetheless, in this piece, we used TipRanks' Comparison Tool to determine which old-school tech stock — CSCO or IBM — is the better Buy, according to Wall Street estimates. Based purely on ... Mon, 03 Oct 2022 21:39:00 -0500 text/html https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/cisco-vs.-ibm:-which-is-the-better-high-yield-tech-dinosaur Killexams : IBM’s former CEO downplays the importance of a college degree for six-figure earning ‘new collar’ jobs that now make up half of its workers

A four-year bachelor’s degree has long been the first rung to climbing America’s corporate ladder.

But the move to prioritize skills over a college education is sweeping through some of America’s largest companies, including Google, EY, Microsoft, and Apple. Strong proponents say the shift helps circumvent a needless barrier to workplace diversity.

“I really do believe an inclusive diverse workforce is better for your company, it’s good for the business,” Ginni Rometty, former IBM CEO, told Fortune Media CEO Alan Murray during a panel last month for Connect, Fortune’s executive education community. “That’s not just altruistic.”

Under Rometty’s leadership in 2016, tech giant IBM coined the term “new collar jobs” in reference to roles that require a specific set of skills rather than a four-year degree. It’s a personal commitment for Rometty, one that hits close to home for the 40-year IBM veteran.

When Rometty was 16, her father left the family, leaving her mother, who’d never worked outside the home, suddenly in the position to provide.

“She had four children and nothing past high school, and she had to get a job to…get us out of this downward spiral,” Rometty recalled to Murray. “What I saw in that was that my mother had aptitude; she wasn’t dumb, she just didn’t have access, and that forever stayed in my mind.”

When Rometty became CEO in 2012 following the Great Recession, the U.S. unemployment rate hovered around 8%. Despite the influx of applicants, she struggled to find employees who were trained in the particular cybersecurity area she was looking for.

“I realized I couldn’t hire them, so I had to start building them,” she said.

In 2011, IBM launched a corporate social responsibility effort called the Pathways in Technology Early College High School (P-TECH) in Brooklyn. It’s since expanded to 11 states in the U.S. and 28 countries.

Through P-TECH, Rometty visited “a very poor high school in a bad neighborhood” that received the company’s support, as well as a community college where IBM was offering help with a technology-based curriculum and internships.

“Voilà! These kids could do the work. I didn’t have [applicants with] college degrees, so I learned that propensity to learn is way more important than just having a degree,” Rometty said.

Realizing the students were fully capable of the tasks that IBM needed moved Rometty to return to the drawing board when it came to IBM’s own application process and whom it was reaching. She said that at the time, 95% of job openings at IBM required a four-year degree. As of January 2021, less than half do, and the company is continuously reevaluating its roles.

For the jobs that now no longer require degrees and instead rely on skills and willingness to learn, IBM had always hired Ph.D. holders from the very best Ivy League schools, Rometty told Murray. But data shows that the degree-less hires for the same jobs performed just as well. “They were more loyal, higher retention, and many went on to get college degrees,” she said.

Rometty has since become cochair of OneTen, a civic organization committed to hiring, promoting, and advancing 1 million Black individuals without four-year degrees within the next 10 years.

If college degrees no longer become compulsory for white-collar jobs, many other qualifications—skills that couldn’t be easily taught in a boot camp, apprenticeship program, or in the first month on the job—could die off, too, University of Virginia Darden School of Business professor Sean Martin told Fortune last year.

“The companies themselves miss out on people that research suggests…might be less entitled, more culturally savvy, more desirous of being there,” Martin said. Rather than pedigree, he added, hiring managers should look for motivation.

That’s certainly the case at IBM. Once the company widened its scope, Rometty said, the propensity to learn quickly became more of an important hiring factor than just a degree.

This story was originally featured on Fortune.com

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Sun, 16 Oct 2022 06:27:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/ibm-former-ceo-downplays-importance-165139880.html
Killexams : Better Buy: IBM Stock vs. 2-Year Treasury Notes

Investors this year increasingly turned away from dividend stocks in favor of the rising yields being offered on bonds. Given that investors can now earn a 4.3% return on a 2-year Treasury note, many prefer that guaranteed return to the risks of putting money into the stock market.

International Business Machines (IBM -1.44%) offers a dividend yield that exceeds that bond return. But with a bear market in progress, are investors better served to take a chance on the cloud stock or to take the 4.3% return at virtually zero risk?

IBM and its dividend

IBM didn't participate in the bull market of the 2010s. The stock dropped as its tech businesses suffered a considerable growth slowdown. In an effort to change that, IBM pivoted into the cloud computing sector aggressively, in part via its $34 billion purchase of Red Hat in 2019. Grand View Research forecasts a compound annual growth rate of 16% through 2030 for the cloud industry. Growth like that could certainly help both IBM and its stock.

Also, IBM spun off its managed infrastructure business into a new public company, Kyndryl. This business was less of a fit with the parent company amid its pivot to the cloud. Separating it off should make it easier for IBM to grow its revenue.

Time will tell if these moves can help the stock price recover. Nonetheless, IBM currently pays its shareholders $1.65 per share every quarter, or $6.60 per share annually. At the current stock price, that adds up to a yield of 5.6% per year. Moreover, depending on your financial situation, the IRS may tax your dividends at a lower capital gains rate, which can offer an added advantage.

Additionally, IBM hiked its payout annually for 27 consecutive years, making it a Dividend Aristocrat. That status carries some importance as many income investors will be more inclined to buy and hold IBM stock because of this status. Also, since abandoning Dividend Aristocrat status tends to hurt a stock, management will probably prioritize maintaining it by continuing to raise those payouts.

Investors also can also reinvest their dividend payments into more IBM stock. However, such newly purchased shares will pay you the dividend yield at that time. The return will rise if the stock falls since investors can buy the exact cash return at a lower price. Conversely, cash yields will drop if the stock rises, but those investors still benefit since the stock has increased in value.

What to know about 2-year Treasury notes

U.S. Treasury notes offer more stability than stocks such as IBM. Investors who purchase the 2-year Treasury note receive semiannual interest payments. At the current interest rate of 4.3%, investors will receive a 2.15% cash return on their invested amount in each of the subsequent three six-month periods. In the fourth period, when the note matures, investors receive the final 2.15% payment along with the return of their principal.

Investors should also be aware that bond values can fluctuate. If interest rates drop, the value of the bond will fall; the opposite will happen if rates rise. This affects investors if they decide to sell the bond early. Upon maturity, the note will return to its par (or nominal) value.

Additionally, bond interest payments are subject to federal income tax but exempt from state and local taxes. In some cases, this is higher than taxes on dividends. Still, bond issuers are obligated to make such payments. In contrast, IBM faces no legal obligation to continue its dividend.

Also, like with a stock, investors can reinvest their interest payments into more notes or other forms of Treasury bonds. However, those purchases will be subject to the prevailing interest rates at that time.

IBM or the 2-year Treasury note?

Investors who lack much risk tolerance should choose the Treasury note. Given its guaranteed return, they will not have to worry about volatility.

Nonetheless, for investors comfortable with buying stocks, IBM is a surprisingly strong buy. The cloud industry is in growth mode, which should propel IBM stock to a long-awaited turnaround. Moreover, IBM has repeatedly shown it wants to hold on to its Dividend Aristocrat status. This should supply its income investors returns that are not only larger than the bonds offer, but also likely to increase in size.

Will Healy has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 00:20:00 -0500 Will Healy en text/html https://www.fool.com/investing/2022/10/14/better-buy-ibm-stock-vs-2-year-treasury-note/
Killexams : Notable Monday Option Activity: JPM, SPGI, IBM No result found, try new keyword!Below is a chart showing SPGI's trailing twelve month trading history, with the $310 strike highlighted in orange: And International Business Machines Corp (Symbol: IBM) saw options trading volume ... Mon, 10 Oct 2022 07:38:00 -0500 text/html https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/notable-monday-option-activity%3A-jpm-spgi-ibm Killexams : IBM Expands Partner Access To Training Resources

Channel programs News

Wade Tyler Millward

“We can‘t be essential unless our partners are skilled in our products and confident in going to their clients with our products and selling them with us and for IBM,” IBM channel chief Kate Woolley said.

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IBM has started giving registered members of its PartnerWorld program access to the training, badges and enablement IBM sales employees get along with a new learning hub for accessing materials.

The expansion is part of the Armonk, N.Y.-based tech giant’s investment in its partner program, IBM channel chief Kate Woolley told CRN in an interview.

“We can‘t be essential unless our partners are skilled in our products and confident in going to their clients with our products and selling them with us and for IBM,” said Woolley (pictured), general manager of the IBM ecosystem.

[RELATED: Channel Chief Kate Woolley: ‘No Better Time To Be An IBM Partner’]

Partners now have access to sales and technical badges showing industry expertise, according to a blog post Tuesday. Badges are shareable on LinkedIn and other professional social platforms. IBM sales representatives and partners will receive new content at the same time as it becomes available.

“This is the next step in that journey in terms of making sure that all of our registered partners have access to all of the same training, all of the same enablement materials as IBMers,” Woolley told CRN. “That’s the big message that we want people to hear. And then also in line with continuing to make it easier to do business with IBM, this has all been done through a much improved digital experience in terms of how our partners are able to access and consume.”

Among the materials available to IBM partners are scripts for sales demonstrations, templates for sales presentations and positioning offerings compared to competitors, white papers, analyst reports and solution briefs. Skilling and enablement materials are available through a new learning hub IBM has launched.

“The partners are telling us they want more expertise on their teams in terms of the IBM products that they‘re able to sell and how equipped they are to sell them,” Woolley said. “And as we look at what we’re hearing from clients as well, clients want that. … Our clients are saying, ‘We want more technical expertise. We want more experiential selling. We want IBM’ – and that means the IBM ecosystem as well – ‘to have all of that expertise and to have access to all the right enablement material to be able to engage with us as clients.’”

The company has doubled the number of brand-specialized partner sellers in the ecosystem and increased the number of technical partner sellers by more than 35 percent, according to IBM.

The company’s exact program changes have led to improved deal registration and introduced to partners more than 7,000 potential deals valued at more than $500 million globally, according to IBM. Those numbers are based on IBM sales data from January 2022 to August.

Along with the expanded access to training and enablement resources, Woolley told CRN that another example of aligning the IBM sales force and partners was a single sales kickoff event for employees and partners. A year ago, two separate events were held.

“I want our partners to continue to feel and see this as a big investment in them and representative of how focused we are on the ecosystem and how invested we are,” she said.

Wade Tyler Millward

Wade Tyler Millward is an associate editor covering cloud computing and the channel partner programs of Microsoft, IBM, Red Hat, Oracle, Salesforce, Citrix and other cloud vendors. He can be reached at wmillward@thechannelcompany.com.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 07:15:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.crn.com/news/channel-programs/ibm-expands-partner-access-to-training-resources
Killexams : IBM Assimilates Red Hat Storage Technology Into Own Storage Business

Storage News

Joseph F. Kovar

IBM, which three years ago acquired Red Hat, is now moving Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation and Red Hat Ceph, along with their development teams, into IBM Storage as part of a move to make a bigger play in the software-defined and open-source storage worlds.

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IBM Tuesday said it has absorbed storage technology and teams from its Red Hat business to combine them with IBM’s own storage business unit as a way to help clients take advantage of the two without requiring extra integration or having to deal with multiple sales teams.

IBM is integrating Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation with its IBM Spectrum Fusion and will offer Red Hat Ceph-based storage technologies to its clients in a move to continue Big Blue’s software-defined storage leadership, said Brent Compton, senior director of Data Foundation for Red Hat’s hybrid cloud business.

For IBM, which in mid-2019 acquired Red Hat in a $34-billion deal, the move ensures maximum support for Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation and Ceph, Compton told CRN.

[Related: 2022 Storage 100: Who’s Got Your Backup?]

“OpenShift Data Foundation and Ceph will become a big part of IBM Storage,” he said. “IBM has been looking for a way to take advantage of Ceph and ODF, and now it can.”

Ceph is an open-source software-defined object storage technology with interfaces for object, block and file storage. Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation is a software-defined container-native storage that provides cluster data management capabilities as part of the OpenShift container platform.

Scott Baker, chief marketing officer and vice president of IBM hybrid cloud portfolio and product marketing, told CRN the move to combine Red Hat and IBM storage technologies sets the stage for growth in the combined software-defined storage portfolio.

“Customers not only get a choice of where storage runs—at the edge, in the cloud, or on-prem—but will find storage software releases will no longer be tied to the timing of storage hardware releases,” Baker said. “For instance, IBM normally enhances its Spectrum Virtualize or Spectrum Scale with new versions of the IBM FlashSystem. But with software-defined storage, we can drive changes quicker if they’re not tied to hardware releases.”

By bringing Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation and Ceph into IBM, customers get the opportunity to access unified block, file, and object storage without regard to the genuine underlying hardware, Baker said.

“They can use Ceph to add the right type of storage depending on the protocol they need,” he said. “Ceph and ODF also simplifies how IBM provides data storage and protection. To do all that with IBM’s storage portfolio takes time. With CEF and ODF as part of IBM Storage, this can get done immediately.”

It really is the best of both worlds, as Red Hat customers will also see strong benefits from IBM Storage, Compton said.

“It’s important to note that IBM will continue to offer OpenShift Data Foundation inside the Red Hat OpenShift Platform Plus hybrid cloud platform,” he said. “So if a customer gets pre-integrated OpenShift Data Foundation inside Red Hat OpenShift Platform Plus, it accelerates their time to market. There’s no need to integrate the storage. This will not change.”

Also, Red Hat OpenShift customers have used Ceph to accelerate their time to scale for years, and Red Hat will continue to sell Ceph, Compton said.

“But by moving Ceph to IBM Storage, IBM will accelerate development of the storage-specific features,” he said. “Red Hat is not a storage company. So this will accelerate development of unified capabilities.”

IBM’s storage move makes good on the potential many saw with the company’s acquisition of Red Hat, said John Teltsch, chief revenue officer at Converge Technology Solutions, a Gatineau, Quebec-based solution provider and channel partner to both IBM and Red Hat that ranked No. 36 on CRN’s 2022 Solution Provider 500.

“This is something the channel has been waiting for ever since IBM acquired Red Hat,” Teltsch told CRN. “IBM has been doing a lot around software-defined storage. And when you add in Red Hat, it gives us an integrated solutions play. It lets us build an integrated sales team. We don’t have to first talk about IBM storage capabilities, and then bring in our Red Hat team to talk about Red Hat.”

Converge Technology Partners’ IBM and Red Hat sales teams are currently two separate teams, said Teltsch, who joined the company in March from IBM, where he held numerous sales leadership roles, including two years as Big Blue’s channel chief.

“Once IBM and Red Hat storage are together, it gets more simple to sell,” he said. “And it simplifies our training while IBM will have one integrated set of offerings for its clients. This lets us bring the best of Red Hat open-source capabilities with IBM storage. We’re living in a data-driven world. This move simplifies our go-to-market, as well as simplifies the client experience, client engagement, and client adoption.”

Joseph F. Kovar

Joseph F. Kovar is a senior editor and reporter for the storage and the non-tech-focused channel beats for CRN. He keeps readers abreast of the latest issues related to such areas as data life-cycle, business continuity and disaster recovery, and data centers, along with related services and software, while highlighting some of the key trends that impact the IT channel overall. He can be reached at jkovar@thechannelcompany.com.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 19:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.crn.com/news/storage/ibm-assimilates-red-hat-storage-technology-into-own-storage-business
Killexams : IBM Whale Trades Spotted

Someone with a lot of money to spend has taken a bearish stance on IBM IBM.

And retail traders should know.

We noticed this today when the big position showed up on publicly available options history that we track here at Benzinga.

Whether this is an institution or just a wealthy individual, we don't know. But when something this big happens with IBM, it often means somebody knows something is about to happen.

So how do we know what this whale just did?

Today, Benzinga's options scanner spotted 11 uncommon options trades for IBM.

This isn't normal.

The overall sentiment of these big-money traders is split between 27% bullish and 72%, bearish.

Out of all of the special options we uncovered, 7 are puts, for a total amount of $1,280,392, and 4 are calls, for a total amount of $243,682.

What's The Price Target?

Taking into account the Volume and Open Interest on these contracts, it appears that whales have been targeting a price range from $105.0 to $165.0 for IBM over the last 3 months.

Volume & Open Interest Development

Looking at the volume and open interest is an insightful way to conduct due diligence on a stock.

This data can help you track the liquidity and interest for IBM's options for a given strike price.

Below, we can observe the evolution of the volume and open interest of calls and puts, respectively, for all of IBM's whale activity within a strike price range from $105.0 to $165.0 in the last 30 days.

IBM Option Volume And Open Interest Over Last 30 Days

Biggest Options Spotted:

Symbol PUT/CALL Trade Type Sentiment Exp. Date Strike Price Total Trade Price Open Interest Volume
IBM PUT TRADE NEUTRAL 12/16/22 $115.00 $905.6K 351 1.8K
IBM CALL SWEEP BULLISH 06/21/24 $125.00 $151.2K 27 120
IBM PUT SWEEP BEARISH 01/20/23 $125.00 $113.7K 4.0K 5
IBM PUT SWEEP BEARISH 10/14/22 $120.00 $70.6K 816 322
IBM PUT TRADE BULLISH 01/19/24 $165.00 $64.4K 53 13
Symbol PUT/CALL Trade Type Sentiment Exp. Date Strike Price Total Trade Price Open Interest Volume
IBM PUT TRADE NEUTRAL 12/16/22 $115.00 $905.6K 351 1.8K
IBM CALL SWEEP BULLISH 06/21/24 $125.00 $151.2K 27 120
IBM PUT SWEEP BEARISH 01/20/23 $125.00 $113.7K 4.0K 5
IBM PUT SWEEP BEARISH 10/14/22 $120.00 $70.6K 816 322
IBM PUT TRADE BULLISH 01/19/24 $165.00 $64.4K 53 13

Where Is IBM Standing Right Now?

  • With a volume of 2,052,099, the price of IBM is up 1.05% at $118.99.
  • RSI indicators hint that the underlying stock may be approaching oversold.
  • Next earnings are expected to be released in 8 days.

What The Experts Say On IBM:

  • Morgan Stanley has decided to maintain their Overweight rating on IBM, which currently sits at a price target of $152.

Options are a riskier asset compared to just trading the stock, but they have higher profit potential. Serious options traders manage this risk by educating themselves daily, scaling in and out of trades, following more than one indicator, and following the markets closely.

If you want to stay updated on the latest options trades for IBM, Benzinga Pro gives you real-time options trades alerts.

© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 13:56:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/markets/options/22/10/29224106/ibm-whale-trades-spotted
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