Dont Miss these 000-579 Exam Questions

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IBM Tivoli Storage Manager V6.3 Fundamentals
IBM Fundamentals exam contents
Killexams : IBM Fundamentals exam contents - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/000-579 Search results Killexams : IBM Fundamentals exam contents - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/000-579 https://killexams.com/exam_list/IBM Killexams : Fundamentals of Engineering exam

When can I take the FE exam?

To be eligible to take the NCEES Fundamentals of Engineering exam, you must meet the following requirements:

  1. Completed 90 credits
  2. Achieved senior status
  3. Be enrolled in mostly 400-level courses toward your engineering degree
  4. Be enrolled in the ENGR 490 section assigned to your major department
    • Section 1002-Chemical & Materials Science Engr
    • Section 1003-Civil & Environmental Engr
    • Section 1004-Electrical & Biomedical Engr
    • Section 1005-Mechanical Engr
    • Section 1006-Geological Engr
    • Section 1007-Metallurgical & Mining Engr

For seniors ready to take the FE exam, you will still need to register for ENGR 490 the semester you plan on taking the exam. Please be mindful that if you plan on graduating in the semester you take the exam, you will need to take the exam no later than prep day to allow for adequate processing time (uploading your exam proof). Otherwise, this may delay your diploma.

CSE students are not required to take the FE exam. 

The exam will be held at any NCEES-approved testing facility year round at a testing day and time that you choose. Do not wait to sign up for an exam date! If you choose to wait to sign up for the test in the middle of or later in the semester, the testing center dates will most likely be FULL! This may cause a delay, or even denial, in receiving your diploma if you are taking the exam in your last semester. Yes, it is an expensive test, but isn't it more expensive to have wait an extra semester for your diploma?

How do I sign up for the FE exam?

Register for the exam on the NCEES website.

How do I prepare for the FE exam?

You may access and review the current FE Supplied Reference Manual, the same type you'll be using during the examination, on the NCEES website.

Study sessions are often organized by the student chapters of ASCE and ASME once a semester. Emails will be sent to students enrolled in ENGR 490, and flyers will be posted on the College's Facebook page. There is often a small cost in order to attend each session.

Please contact Sam DiMuzio (sadimuzio@unr.edu) with any questions about review sessions.

Once you've passed the FE exam

Go to the Nevada State Board of Engineering website and apply for Engineer Intern certification. Instructions on how to apply can be found on their website.

Ready to take the early PE exam?

More information about the early PE exam can be found on the Nevada State Board of Engineers website.

Wed, 14 Mar 2018 06:54:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.unr.edu/engineering/student-resources/fe-exam
Killexams : Best Database Certifications for 2020

Savvy, talented and knowledgeable database professionals are always in demand. This article covers some of the best, most in-demand certifications for database administrators, database developers and anyone else who works with databases. 

During the past three decades, we’ve seen a lot of database platforms come and go, but there’s never been any question that database technology is a crucial component for all kinds of applications and computing tasks. 

Database certifications may not be as sexy or bleeding-edge as cloud computing, storage, or computer forensics. That said, there has been and always will be a need for knowledgeable database professionals at all levels and in a plethora of database-related job roles. 

To get a better grasp of the available database certifications, it’s useful to group these certs around job responsibilities. In part, this reflects the maturity of database technology and its integration into most aspects of commercial, scientific and academic computing. As you read about the various database certification programs, keep these job roles in mind: 

  • Database administrator (DBA): Responsible for installing, configuring and maintaining a database management system (DBMS). Often tied to a specific platform such as Oracle, MySQL, DB2 or SQL Server. 
  • Database developer: Works with generic and proprietary APIs to build applications that interact with a DBMS (also platform-specific, like DBA roles).
  • Database designer/database architect: Researches data requirements for specific applications or users, and designs database structures and application capabilities to match.
  • Data analyst/data scientist: Responsible for analyzing data from multiple disparate sources to discover previously hidden insight, determine meaning behind the data and make business-specific recommendations.
  • Data mining/business intelligence (BI) specialist: Specializes in dissecting, analyzing and reporting on important data streams, such as customer data, supply chain data, and transaction data and histories.
  • Data warehousing specialist: Specializes in assembling and analyzing data from multiple operational systems (orders, transactions, supply chain information, customer data, etc.) to establish data history, analyze trends, generate reports and forecasts, and support general ad hoc queries. 

Careful attention to these database job roles highlights two important technical issues for would-be database professionals to consider. 

First, a good general background in relational database management systems, including an understanding of Structured Query Language (SQL), is a basic prerequisite for database professionals of all stripes. 

Second, although various efforts to standardize database technology exist, much of the whiz-bang capability that databases and database applications deliver come from proprietary, vendor-specific technologies. Serious, heavy-duty database skills and knowledge are tied to specific platforms, including various Oracle products (such as the open-source MySQL environment and Oracle itself,) Microsoft SQL Server and IBM DB2. That’s why most of these certifications relate directly to those enormously popular platforms. 

It’s important to note that NoSQL databases – referred to as “not only SQL” and sometimes “non-relational” databases – handle many different types of data, such as structured, semi-structured, unstructured and polymorphic. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data applications, which tend to be associated with certifications for data scientists, data mining and warehousing, and business intelligence. Although there is some natural overlap, for the most part, we cover those certs in our annually updated “Best Big Data Certifications.” 

Before you look at our featured certifications in detail, consider their popularity with employers. The results of an informal search on several high-traffic job boards show which database certifications employers look for most when hiring. Though these results vary from day to day (and by job board), such numbers provide a useful perspective on database certification demand in current job listings.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by certification)*

Certification

SimplyHired 

 Indeed 

 LinkedIn Jobs 

 LinkUp 

Total

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

463

607

845

747

2,662

Microsoft SQL Server database certifications**

1,661

1,955

1,259

1,373

6,248

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL Database Administrator

205

342

182

142

871

Oracle Database 12c Administrator

235

295

695

214

1,439

SAP HANA

101

150

84

80

415

*See our complete methodology for selecting top five certifications in the “Best Certifications” series.

**Combined totals for MCSA: SQL Database Administration (540), MCSA: SQL Database Development (569), MCSE: Data Management and Analytics (640) and MTA: Database (503).

If the sheer number of available database-related positions isn’t enough motivation to pursue a certification, consider average salaries for database administrators. SimplyHired reports $86,415 as the national average in the U.S., in a range from $60,960 to over $128,000. Glassdoor’s reported average is somewhat higher at $93,164, with a top rung for experienced, senior DBAs right around $135,000.

Top 5 database certifications

Now let’s look at the details of our top five database certification picks for 2020.

1. IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2

IBM is one of the leaders in the worldwide database market by any objective measure. The company’s database portfolio includes industry standard DB2, as well as IBM Compose, Information Management System (IMS), lnformix, Cloudant and IBM Open Platform with Apache Hadoop. IBM also has a long-standing and well-populated IT certification program, which has been around for more than 30 years and encompasses hundreds of individual credentials. 

After redesigning its certification programs and categories, IBM’s major data-centric certification category is called IBM Data and AI, which includes a range of database credentials: Database Associate, Database Administrator, System Administrator, Application Developer and more. It’s a big and complex certification space, but one where particular platform allegiances are likely to guide readers straight to the handful of items that are relevant to their interests and needs. 

Database professionals who support DB2 (or aspire to) on Linux, Unix or Windows should check out the IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 certification. It’s an intermediate credential that addresses routine administration, basic SQL, and creation of databases and database objects, as well as server management, monitoring, availability and security. 

This certification requires candidates to pass two exams. Pre-exam training is recommended but not required.

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 facts and figures

Certification name

IBM Certified Database Administrator – DB2 11.1 (Linux, UNIX and Windows)

Prerequisites and required courses

None required; recommended courses available

Number of exams

Two exams: IBM DB2 11.1 DBA for LUW (exam C2090-600) (60 questions, 90 minutes)

plus

DB2 11.1 Fundamentals for LUW (exam C2090-616) (63 questions, 90 minutes)

Cost per exam

$200 (or local currency equivalent) per exam ($400 total). Sign up for exams at Pearson VUE.

URL

https://www.ibm.com/certify/cert?id=08002109

Self-study materials

Each exam webpage provides exam objectives, suggested training courses and links to study guides for sale through MC Press. Click the exam Preparation tab for detailed information. You can also visit the Prepare for Your Certification Exam webpage.

2. Microsoft SQL Server database certifications 

SQL Server offers a broad range of tools and add-ons for business intelligence, data warehousing and data-driven applications of all kinds. That probably explains why Microsoft offers database-related credentials at every level of its certification program. 

Microsoft has taken significant steps over the last year to change its certification program from technology-focused to role-centric, centered on the skills one needs to be successful in specific technology jobs. With these changes in mind, Microsoft now identifies four job tracks in its certification program: Developers, Administrators, Solution Architects and Functional Consultants. You will find a wide variety of skills and technologies within each of those categories, but we’ll concentrate below on the company’s SQL Server certifications.

MTA: Database Fundamentals

The MTA program includes a single database-related exam: Database Fundamentals (98-364). This credential is ideal for students or as an entry-level cert for professionals looking to segue into database support.

MCSA

Microsoft offers several SQL-related credentials at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) level:

  • MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014 (three exams)
  • MCSA: BI Reporting (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration (two exams)
  • MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development (two exams)

MCSE

There is one SQL database credential at the Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert level: Data Management and Analytics. This certification has the MCSA as a prerequisite (a list of valid items follows in the table) and then requires passing one elective exam.

Microsoft SQL Server database certification facts and figures

Certification name

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting 

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics

Prerequisites and required courses  

No prerequisites:

MTA: Database Fundamentals

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSE Data Management and Analytics prerequisites (only one required):

MCSA: SQL Server 2012/2014

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development

MCSA: Machine Learning

MCSA: BI Reporting

MCSA: Data Engineering with Azure

Training courses are available and recommended for all certifications but not required.

Number of exams

MTA: Database Fundamentals: One exam

  • Database Fundamentals (98-364)

MCSA: BI Reporting: Two exams

  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Power BI (70-778)
  • Analyzing and Visualizing Data with Microsoft Excel (70-779)

MCSA: SQL Server: Three exams

  • Querying Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-461)
  • Administering Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 Databases (70-462)  
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse with Microsoft SQL Server 2012/2014 (70-463

MCSA: SQL 2016 BI Development: Two exams

  • Implementing a SQL Data Warehouse (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Administration: Two exams

  • Administering a SQL Database Infrastructure (70-764)
  • Provisioning SQL Databases (70-765) 

MCSA: SQL 2016 Database Development: Two exams

  • Querying Data with Transact-SQL (70-761)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762) 

MCSE: Data Management and Analytics: One exam (from the following)

  • Developing Microsoft SQL Server Databases (70-464)
  • Designing Database Solutions for Microsoft SQL Server (70-465)
  • Implementing Data Models and Reports with Microsoft SQL Server (70-466)
  • Designing Business Intelligence Solutions with Microsoft SQL Server (70-467)
  • Developing SQL Databases (70-762)
  • Implementing a Data Warehouse Using SQL (70-767)
  • Developing SQL Data Models (70-768)
  • Analyzing Big Data with Microsoft R (70-773)
  • Implementing Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB Solutions (70-777

All exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

MTA: $127 (or equivalent in local currency outside the U.S.)

MCSA/MCSE: $185 (or equivalent) per exam

URL

www.microsoft.com/learning/en-us/certification-overview.aspx

Self-study materials

Microsoft offers one of the world’s largest and best-known IT certification programs, so the MTA, MCSA and MCSE certs are well supported with books, study guides, study groups, practice tests and other materials.

3. Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator 

Oracle runs its certifications under the auspices of Oracle University. The Oracle Database Certifications page lists separate tracks for Database Application Development (SQL and PL/SQL), MySQL (Database Administration and Developer) and Oracle Database (versions 12c, 12c R2, and 11g, and Oracle Spatial 11g). 

MySQL is perhaps the leading open-source relational database management system (RDBMS). Since acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2010 (which had previously acquired MySQL AB), Oracle has rolled out a paid version of MySQL and developed certifications to support the product. 

A candidate interested in pursuing an Oracle MySQL certification can choose between MySQL Database Administration and MySQL Developer. The Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator (OCP) credential recognizes professionals who can install, optimize and monitor MySQL Server; configure replication; apply security; and schedule and validate database backups. 

The certification requires candidates to pass a single exam (the same exam can be taken to upgrade a prior certification). Oracle recommends training and on-the-job experience before taking the exam.

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5.7 Database Administrator facts and figures

4. Oracle Database 12c Administrator

Most Oracle DBMS credentials require candidates to attend authorized training classes to qualify for the related exam, but MySQL (and Sun-derived) credentials often do not. Oracle certifications also represent a true ladder, in that it is generally necessary to earn the associate-level credentials first, professional-level credentials second and master-level credentials third, culminating with the expert level. 

Oracle Database 12c R2 is the latest version, which includes enhancements to Oracle Database 12c. Oracle 12c certifications are currently offered at the associate, professional and master levels. 

A Foundations Junior Associate certification (novice level) is also available for Oracle Database 12c, as are three specialist designations: the Implementation Specialist, the Oracle Database Performance and Tuning 2015 Certified Implementation Specialist, and the Oracle Real Application Clusters 12c Certified Implementation Specialist. 

Available expert-level credentials include the Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administrator; Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Expert; Oracle Certified Expert; Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administrator; Oracle Certified Expert; and Oracle Database 12c: Performance Management and Tuning. Oracle still offers 11g certifications as well. 

NoteAlthough premium support for Oracle 11g Database ended on Dec. 31, 2014, extended support lasts until December 2020, so it’s probable that Oracle Database 11g will remain in use for the short term. 

We focused on requirements for Oracle Database 12c certifications. One important consideration is that Oracle 11g is forward-compatible with Oracle 12c, but Oracle 12c is not backward- compatible with the prior version. Because Oracle 12c is a newer version, IT professionals with Oracle 11g certifications should consider upgrading their 11g credentials.

Oracle Database 12c Administrator facts and figures

Certification name

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Associate (OCA 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Professional (OCP 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master (OCM 12c)

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master

Prerequisites and required courses

OCA 12c: Training recommended but not required

OCP 12c: OCA 12c credential and one training course required; complete course submission form

OCM 12c: OCP 12c or 12c R2 credential and two advanced training courses (must be different from the course used to achieve the OCP); complete course submission form; submit fulfillment kit request

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: Three credentials

  • Oracle Database 12c Administrator Certified Master
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: RAC and Grid Infrastructure Administration
  • Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Database 12c: Data Guard Administration

Oracle training: Classes typically run 2-5 days; costs range from $1,360 to over $5,580.

Number of exams

 OCA 12c: Choose one exam from the following:

  • Oracle Database 12c SQL (1Z0-071) (73 questions, 100 minutes)
  • Oracle Database 12c: Installation and Administration (1Z0-062) (67 questions, 120 minutes)

OCP 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c: Advanced Administration (1Z0-063) (80 questions, 120 minutes)

OCM 12c: One exam: Oracle Database 12c Certified Master (12COCM), a two-day, performance-based exam

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Cost per exam

OCA 12c: 1Z0-071and 1Z0-062 cost $245 each.

OCP 12c: 1Z0-063, 1Z0-082 and 1Z0-083 cost $245 each

OCM 12c: 12COCM costs $2,584; contact Oracle for pricing/availability of upgrade exam.

Oracle Database 12c Maximum Availability Certified Master: None

Note: Prices vary by geography.

URL

https://education.oracle.com/pls/web_prod-plq-dad/ou_product_category.getFamilyPage?p_family_id=32&p_mode=Certification

Self-study materials

Each Oracle certification exam webpage lists exam Topics as well as recommended training courses, seminars and practice tests. A variety of self-study guides are available on Amazon. Oracle Database certification candidates benefit from student manuals, labs and software provided as part of class offerings.

5. SAP HANA: SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

SAP SE has a large portfolio of business application and analytics software, including cloud infrastructure, applications, and storage. The foundation of the SAP HANA platform is an enterprise-grade relational database management system, which can be run as an appliance on premises or in the cloud. The cloud platform enables customers to build and run applications and services based on SAP HANA. 

SAP offers a comprehensive certification program, built to support its various platforms and products. We chose to feature the SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA cert because it aligns closely with other certifications in this article and is in high demand among employers, according to our job board surveys. This certification ensures that database professionals can install, manage, monitor, migrate and troubleshoot SAP HANA systems. It covers managing users and authorization, applying security, and ensuring high availability and effective disaster recovery techniques. 

SAP recommends that certification candidates get hands-on practice through formal training or on-the-job experience before attempting this exam. The SAP Learning Hub is a subscription service that gives certification candidates access to a library of learning materials, including e-learning courses and course handbooks. The annual subscription rate for individual users on the Professional certification track is $3,048. This online training program is designed for those who run, support or implement SAP software solutions. Though this may seem like a steep price for online training, you will likely be able to pass any SAP certification exams you put your mind to by leveraging all of the learning resources available to SAP Learning Hub Professional subscribers. 

Typically, SAP certifications achieved on one of the two most recent SAP solutions are considered current and valid. SAP contacts professionals whose certifications are nearing end of life and provides information on maintaining their credentials.

SAP Certified Technology Associate facts and figures

Certification name

SAP Certified Technology Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016)

Prerequisites  and required courses        

 None required

 Recommended: SAP HANA Installation & Operations SPS12 (HA200) course ($3,750)

Number of exams

One exam: SAP Certified Application Associate – SAP HANA (Edition 2016), exam code C_HANATEC_12 (80 questions, 180 minutes)

Cost per exam

$552

URL

https://training.sap.com/certification/c_hanatec_12-sap-certified-technology-associate—sap-hana-edition-2016-g/

Self-study materials

The certification webpage includes a link to sample questions. SAP HANA trade books and certification guides are available on Amazon. The SAP Help Center offers product documentation and a training and certification FAQs page. The SAP Learning Hub (available on a subscription basis) provides access to online learning content.

Beyond the top 5: More database certifications

Besides the ones mentioned in this article, other database certification programs are available to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work with database management systems. 

While most colleges with computer science programs offer database tracks at the undergraduate, master and Ph.D. levels, there are few well-known vendor-neutral database certifications. The Institute for the Certification of Computing Professionals (ICCP) is part of this unique group, offering its Certified Data Professional and Certified Data Scientist credentials. Find out more about ICCP certifications here

EnterpriseDB administers a small but effective certification program, with two primary certs: the EDB Certified Associate and the EDB Certified Professional. PostgreSQL was the fourth-ranked relational database management system in October 2019, according to DB-Engines

Credentials from GoogleMarkLogicTeradata and SAS may also be worth considering. All of these credentials represent opportunities for database professionals to expand their skill sets – and salaries. However, such niches in the database certification arena are generally only worth pursuing if you already work with these platforms or plan to work for an organization that uses them. 

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant, and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro and GoCertify, and is the author of more than 140 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems. 

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who has worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism, and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press, with many e-books, whitepapers and articles to his credit.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10734-database-certifications.html
Killexams : International Business Machines Corp

52 week range

114.56 - 144.73

  • Open121.80
  • Day High122.88
  • Day Low121.43
  • Prev Close120.04
  • 52 Week High144.73
  • 52 Week High Date06/06/22
  • 52 Week Low114.56
  • 52 Week Low Date11/26/21
  • Market Cap109.754B
  • Shares Out903.18M
  • 10 Day Average Volume4.46M
  • Dividend6.60
  • Dividend Yield5.43%
  • Beta0.83
  • YTD % Change-9.08

KEY STATS

  • Open121.80
  • Day High122.88
  • Day Low121.43
  • Prev Close120.04
  • 52 Week High144.73
  • 52 Week High Date06/06/22
  • 52 Week Low114.56
  • 52 Week Low Date11/26/21
  • Market Cap109.754B
  • Shares Out903.18M
  • 10 Day Average Volume4.46M
  • Dividend6.60
  • Dividend Yield5.43%
  • Beta0.83
  • YTD % Change-9.08

RATIOS/PROFITABILITY

  • EPS (TTM)6.42
  • P/E (TTM)18.92
  • Fwd P/E (NTM)12.46
  • EBITDA (TTM)11.935B
  • ROE (TTM)27.73%
  • Revenue (TTM)59.677B
  • Gross Margin (TTM)54.01%
  • Net Margin (TTM)9.61%
  • Debt To Equity (MRQ)259.21%

EVENTS

  • Earnings Date10/19/2022
  • Ex Div Date08/09/2022
  • Div Amount1.65
  • Split Date-
  • Split Factor-

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/quotes/IBM
Killexams : What the GRE Test Is and How to Prepare No result found, try new keyword!"This test is not like that. ... The main thing students need to know is that it's not just about content, and it's not enough to have memorized hundreds of vocabulary words and have gone through ... Mon, 25 Jun 2018 03:17:00 -0500 text/html https://www.usnews.com/education/best-graduate-schools/articles/what-the-gre-test-is-and-how-to-prepare Killexams : What Is a Self-Service Government?

Swipe left to report a pothole. Swipe right for social services. (Illustration: Andrés Moncayo)

.

Social media should soon replace paperwork in local government.

In September, the Philadelphia Police Department posted a surveillance video of a hate crime to its YouTube channel. Shortly thereafter, a handful of civic-minded social media sleuths tracked down the suspects—connecting the video with Twitter photos and Facebook check-ins—and contacted the police. After investigating the leads, the detective on the case thanked them with a tweet.

Since 2008, the city police have explored social media as a new avenue to protect and serve. Reaching more than 60,000 people with the push of a button, with updates including everything from the digial-age wanted poster to the pilot testing of body cameras, the @PhillyPolice Twitter feed and its YouTube channel have become increasingly vital tools for connecting with the people the department protects.

The benefits of “having authentic voices engage in public conversation” outweigh the threats of social media, says Susan Crawford, currently a visiting professor at Harvard Law School. Crawford also recently co-authored The Responsive City: Engaging Communities Through Data-Smart Governance, and argues that effective Twitter use is one way governments can “show their work” and get unfiltered feedback.

Up to 75 percent of the population will live in cities by 2050, so finding new ways to make city governments responsive and accountable will become even more important with time. “Cities are at the heart of citizen-centric services,” says Charles Prow, general manager of the global government team at IBM. That makes them best-positioned to use civic technology to reinvigorate democracy and strengthen the social fabric between the people and their public servants, says Crawford.

Social networking is just one of the most visible ways that technology is changing the ways that citizens and their governments can interact and communicate. Big cities like New York and Chicago have embraced the idea that, like many businesses and industries, they can best function as data-driven enterprises. But having direct access to citizen feedback has its own difficulties. The biggest challenge is balancing the need for being responsive—actually listening to citizens and acting to address their needs—without being overwhelmed. There will always be more complaints than policemen, more potholes than construction crews.

One way cities can make time for communication is to provide automated services that citizens can access directly. Permits, registrations, service requests—much of a government’s work is informational in nature, and historically required lots of paperwork. But these days, when we can do almost anything from our smartphones, paper-bound government processes are increasingly seen as too slow and expensive. “Governments realize that the expectations of citizens have fundamentally changed,” says Prow, and what citizens want is digital access to government services anytime and anywhere. Self-service government isn’t just convenient—it’s also more efficient, saving time for employees and lowering costs for taxpayers

Ultimately, says Crawford, the more digital tools make it easier to interact with the government, the more confidence citizens will have in the government to provide important public services. The way that technology changes the nature of an interaction has the power to also change the perception of it. When Chicago launched its “Open311” mobile app, in many ways it was an extension of the city’s existing 311 service. But because users were encouraged to submit photos of things they were reporting, it changed the way they felt about the service. People are more used to posting to Facebook or Instagram than calling hotlines, and, when similar programs across the nation were surveyed, users said that the app made them feel like they were helping, not just complaining. Says Crawford, “the sense of agency it creates is tremendous.”

In turn, pictures made it easier for employees to determine the severity of the problem. As an added benefit, because most pictures are geo-coded with detailed location information, work crews know exactly where the problem is and can respond quicker. Mobile apps on a cloud infrastructure are a great “opportunity to put information in citizens' hands and make citizens real partners in making government work better,” says Prow.

.

A Conversation with Charles Prow, General Manager, Global Government Team at IBM

Q: We hear more and more about how government needs to do more to adapt to today’s technology. Can you the discuss approach it’s taking?

Governments realize that the expectations of citizens have fundamentally changed. So it is no longer good enough for government to be able to provide capabilities in very long cycles of system implementation programs—taking years to upgrade services or make it easier to access employment programs, early childhood programs, programs for the elderly, programs for the disabled.

When I think about citizen demand for faster and easier access to government, I think about what I call systems of engagement. Social and mobile applications are fundamentally—and for the better—transforming how citizens and governments can interact. For example, iPad applications that allow caseworkers to work more directly with clients, untethered from their desks, allowing them to be much more efficient and effective in dealing with individual citizens.

And in the U.S. alone there are about 700,000 caseworkers. recent industry studies have indicated those caseworkers spend more than 50 percent of their time on activities unrelated to direct client engagement. So there is a major opportunity to Excellerate the lives of millions of people by allowing caseworkers to focus more of their time on helping citizens.

Q: How could those systems of engagement help?

As jurisdictions begin to provide mobile applications to do things that citizens used to have to wait in line for or do by mail, it does two things. It provides the citizen immediate access to whatever particular program or service they’re looking for and it really does eliminate a lot of cost and workload from the jurisdiction—whether it be a city, a county, a municipality—that they’re now not having to provide manually.

Q: Can you supply a couple examples of how that’s happening?

We’re beginning to see some results—being able to quantitatively prove, through analytics and social media—that there are steps that can be taken by governments to keep people employed once they get a job and keeping them off of the unemployment rolls.

Then there are examples of cities wanting to take their 311 programs, which provide a broad range of information on and access to government services—from homeless shelters to trash pickup—and put it on a mobile application. It is exciting to see so much happening in this area in cities around the world and we can expect this trend to accelerate in the future.

Q: And how far along are we to arriving at that future? Are government officials buying into these ideas?

Every about 18 months or so we host a forum on social programs. I remember that at the last program, there were large debates about the lawfulness and the efficacy of systems of engagement—social and mobile type applications. At the most recent forum, which took place recently, the conversation had shifted completely and the focus of the participants was on "How can we do mobile and social faster?"

If you listen to government officials that are responsible to serving citizens through these programs, they are way past the intellectual conversation of will this or will this not happen. Their citizens are demanding new ways to engage government and officials see that mobile and social offer powerful new tools for citizens—and employees—that will enhance the ability of government to serve the people. Now it’s all about how fast will it happen and how can we make sure we do it in a secure way.

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Using social technology can even Excellerate face-to-face interaction. Prow notes that nationwide, there are nearly 700,000 caseworkers who are interacting with constituents, but they’re a limited resource. “That creates a bottleneck in how we serve citizens,” Prow says, and “it’s amazing to see the improved engagement when (caseworkers) have access to social analytics.”  For example, workers in employment programs can use social networking data to detect warning signs that indicate a slip back toward unemployment, and then work proactively to prevent that. In Manchester, England, a program working with troubled teens found that just a few influencers were responsible for dragging down a bunch of their friends. By focusing only on these few, the caseworkers produced better results—and were able to work more efficiently.

And as more services go digital, it will also be important to make sure that all citizens have the devices, cloud-connectivity, and digital literacy to be able to take advantage of them. For citizens in the small town of Jun, Spain, that means all residents need a Twitter account. That’s because the town has fully embraced Twitter as a communications platform, and tweets can do a lot more than express an opinion. Even the conference rooms in City Hall have their own twitter accounts: Anyone in town can send a direct message to reserve a room, and a second direct message even unlocks the doors. To make the system accessible, though, the town had to make sure everyone had a unique digital ID and Twitter handle. Just as today’s cities are responsible for providing clean water and electricity, says Crawford, it will be important for future cities to provide ubiquitous, cheap, and well-understood digital tools.

he real power of social media, however, is that because it’s designed to be used with other people, it’s inherently humanizing. It strips away barriers—real or perceived—to working together, offering a new way to convene to solve problems, as the collaboration between the Philadelphia police and a handful of citizens proved earlier this year. And the more that technology gives government employees and citizens a way to rapidly and effectively solve problems together, the less that government seems like an abstract entity.

Crawford hopes that eventually using such technologies will bring citizens and government closer together, breaking down barriers between civil servants and their constituents, and ushering in a new transparency—and collaboration—to civic engagement. The alternative, she says, is a government “retreats behind the invisibility of big walls.”

NEXT: Employee Training Isn’t What It Used To Be

Tue, 03 May 2022 22:36:00 -0500 text/html https://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/ibm-transformation/what-is-a-self-service-government/248/ Killexams : IBM pumps $20B into US tech sector

IBM announced it would invest $20 billion in the state of New York over the next ten years to increase development and manufacturing of semiconductors, AI, mainframe technology and quantum computing.

Chairman and CEO Arvind Krishna stated investing in innovation was key for tackling large-scale challenges across climate, energy and transportation.

The company stated it aims to bolster the broader technology sector in the US state, along with seeking semiconductor innovations.

IBM’s move centres on its facility in the city of Poughkeepsie, which it noted stands to benefit from the recently-passed CHIPS and Science Act.

US President Joe Biden is scheduled to tour the plant today (6 October). IBM noted the legislation will contribute to delivering a “reliable and secure supply of next-generation chips” for PCs and AI platforms, while fuelling “the future of quantum computing” by boosting R&D and supply chains.

Earlier this week, Micron Technologies laid plans to invest up to $100 billion over the next 20 years to build a large chip factory in the US state.

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Thu, 06 Oct 2022 03:47:00 -0500 en-GB text/html https://www.mobileworldlive.com/featured-content/top-three/ibm-pumps-20b-into-us-tech-sector/
Killexams : A new ‘common sense’ test for AI could lead to smarter machines

Content provided by IBM and TNW.

Today’s AI systems are quickly evolving to become humans’ new best friend. We now have AIs that can concoct award-winning whiskey, write poetry, and help doctors perform extremely precise surgical operations. But one thing they can’t do — which is, on the surface, far simpler than all those other things — is use common sense.

Common sense is different from intelligence in that it is usually something innate and natural to humans that helps them navigate daily life, and cannot really be taught. In 1906, philosopher G. K. Chesterton wrote that “common sense is a wild thing, savage, and beyond rules.”

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Robots, of course, run on algorithms that are just that: rules.

So no, robots can’t use common sense — yet. But thanks to current efforts in the field, we can now measure an AI’s core psychological reasoning ability, bringing us one step closer.

So why does it matter if we teach AI common sense?

Really it comes down to the fact that common sense will make AI better at helping us solve real-world issues. Many argue that AI-driven solutions designed for complex problems, like diagnosing Covid-19 treatments for example, often fail, as the system can’t readily adapt to a real-world situation where the problems are unpredictable, vague, and not defined by rules.

Common sense includes not only social abilities and reasoning but also a “naive sense of physics.”

Injecting common sense into AI could mean big things for humans; better customer service, where a robot can actually assist a disgruntled customer beyond sending them into an endless “Choose from the following options” loop. It can make autonomous cars react better to unexpected roadway incidences. It can even help the military draw life-or-death information from intelligence.

So why haven’t scientists been able to crack the common sense code thus far?

Called the “dark matter of AI”, common sense is both crucial to AI’s future development and, thus far, elusive. Equipping computers with common sense has actually been a goal of computer science since the field’s very start; in 1958, pioneering computer scientist John McCarthy published a paper titled “Programs with common sense” which looked at how logic could be used as a method of representing information in computer memory. But we’ve not moved much closer to making it a reality since.

Common sense includes not only social abilities and reasoning but also a “naive sense of physics” — this means that we know certain things about physics without having to work through physics equations, like why you shouldn’t put a bowling ball on a slanted surface. It also includes basic knowledge of abstract things like time and space, which lets us plan, estimate, and organize. “It’s knowledge that you ought to have,” says Michael Witbrock, AI researcher at the University of Auckland.

All this means that common sense is not one precise thing, and therefore cannot be easily defined by rules.

Secret AGENT

We’ve established that common sense requires a computer to infer things based on complex, real-world situations — something that comes easily to humans, and starts to form since infancy.

Computer scientists are making (slow) but steady progress toward building AI agents that can infer mental states, predict future actions, and work with humans. But in order to see how close we actually are, we first need a rigorous benchmark for evaluating an AI’s “common sense,” or its psychological reasoning ability.

Researchers from IBM, MIT, and Harvard have created just that: AGENT, which stands for Action-Goal-Efficiency-coNstraint-uTility. After testing and validation, this benchmark is shown to be able to evaluate the core psychological reasoning ability of an AI model. This means it can actually supply a sense of social awareness and could interact with humans in real-world settings.

To demonstrate common sense, an AI model must have built-in representations of how humans plan.

So what is AGENT? AGENT is a large-scale dataset of 3D animations inspired by experiments that study cognitive development in kids. The animations depict someone interacting with different objects under different physical constraints. According to IBM:

“The videos comprise distinct trials, each of which includes one or more ‘familiarization’ videos of an agent’s typical behavior in a certain physical environment, paired with ‘test’ videos of the same agent’s behavior in a new environment, which are labeled as either ‘expected’ or ‘surprising,’ given the behavior of the agent in the corresponding familiarization videos.”

A model must then judge how surprising the agent’s behaviors in the ‘test’ videos are, based on the actions it learned in the ‘familiarization’ videos. Using the AGENT benchmark, that model is then validated against large-scale human-rating trials, where humans rated the ‘surprising’ ‘test’ videos as more surprising than the ‘expected’ test videos.

Common sense?

IBM’s trial shows that to demonstrate common sense, an AI model must have built-in representations of how humans plan. This means combining both a basic sense of physics and ‘cost-reward trade-offs’, which means an understanding of how humans take actions “based on utility, trading off the rewards of its goal against the costs of reaching it.”

While not yet perfect, the findings show AGENT is a promising diagnostic tool for developing and evaluating common sense in AI, something IBM is also working on. It also shows that we can utilize similar traditional developmental psychology methods to those used to teach human children how objects and ideas relate.

In the future, this could help significantly reduce the need for training in these models allowing businesses to save on computing energy, time, and money.

Robots don’t understand human consciousness yet — but with the development of benchmarking tools like AGENT, we’ll be able to measure how close we’re getting.

Sat, 01 Oct 2022 10:50:00 -0500 en text/html https://thenextweb.com/news/common-sense-test-for-ai-smarter-machines
Killexams : The Secret Weapon for Sustainable Business? AI.

Illustrations by Timo Lenzen

I n a city brimming with skyscrapers, One Vanderbilt still manages to stand out. At 1,401-feet, the two-year-old office tower is one of the tallest buildings in Manhattan. It’s also one of the greenest. The building was constructed with 90 percent recycled steel rebar. It has a state-of-the-art cogeneration system that keeps its energy use low and a 90,000-gallon rainwater collection system that recycles water for irrigation and cooling. As a result, it boasts one of the highest levels of LEED certification. “We see environmental sustainability as a social obligation. It’s not just a trend,” says Laura Vulaj, senior vice president of hospitality and sustainability at SL Green, the real estate company that owns the tower.

While One Vanderbilt is well ahead of the pack on sustainability, Vulaj knows that she and her team are nonetheless going to have to pick up the pace. In New York City, a rigorous new climate law is requiring landlords to dramatically reduce their environmental impact. That comes on top of state and federal regulations, United Nations targets, as well as requests from board members, investors, and potential tenants for data on environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance.

Fulfilling those demands is particularly complex for a landlord like SL Green, which has hundreds of tenants and a vast portfolio of properties. According to Vulaj, requests for environmental compliance data have increased tenfold in recent years, and each new framework requires different reporting methodologies. So today, getting a full picture of SL Green’s environmental footprint, and figuring out how to shrink it, is a tall order. It requires aggregating and analyzing a mountain of data from a variety of sources across multiple buildings. “There’s energy data. There’s water data. There’s waste data,” Vulaj says. “Data is pouring in for every building, and it’s living in so many different areas. You get data fatigue.”

Vulaj’s data challenges are shared by leaders at many companies focused on sustainability. This year, according to a poll conducted by the IBM Institute for Business Value, more than half of CEOs ranked sustainability among their top concerns. Yet 44 percent of CEOs said they lack the ability to translate sustainability data into insights that help them meet environmental targets. “It’s coming to a head,” says Kareem Yusuf, Ph.D., general manager of IBM Sustainability Software. “Society cares a lot more, investors are using this to inform where they place their dollars, and regulation is only going to become more apparent.”

Faced with such challenges, companies like SL Green often come to IBM for help. “Often the conversation starts with, ‘I need to get a handle on this,” says Yusuf. “‘How can I make sense of all this data? I can’t do it with spreadsheets anymore.’” Yusuf’s solution for these organizations is simple: AI. “Machine learning can look at data, bring it together, and make sense of it—and then, most importantly, place it in front of you in a way that allows an informed, intelligent decision to be made,” Yusuf says. “It’s operationalizing sustainability.”

More and more companies are following this advice. According to an IBM study, two-thirds of IT leaders say their company is currently planning or already in the process of using AI to manage the complexity of data for sustainability. According to Witold Henisz, vice dean and faculty director of the Environment, Social and Governance Initiative at the Wharton School, that’s a huge shift. In years past, many companies kept such minimal sustainability data that they could effectively relegate it to a single spreadsheet column. Now, he says, the scale of the sustainability data companies are collecting requires more sophisticated technology. “This is a big data problem,” he says.

Bjarne Jørgensen, executive director of asset management and operations at Danish civil infrastructure operator Sund & Bælt, came to understand that problem well in 2020, when he began looking into how to preserve the Great Belt (Storebælt) Link, an 11-mile system of bridges and tunnels connecting the Danish islands Zealand and Funen. When it was built in the 1990s, Jørgensen says, the system looked indestructible. But it turned out to be no match for the ravages of the North Sea and climate change, which have deteriorated the system with fierce winds and tidal surges. “Our focus was on prolonging the lifetime of the bridge, which also reduces its carbon footprint, because if you have to rebuild something, it releases more carbon,” Jørgensen says.

To preserve the system, Sund & Bælt needed to know its health in real time. This meant processing between 12,000 and 14,000 data points collected from moisture-detecting sensors and a fleet of drones inspecting 300,000 square meters of concrete. And the data itself could only go so far. “Data doesn’t necessarily Excellerate your decisions,” says Jørgensen. “You have to see into it and find the essence in order to use it.” It’s a common complaint. “The promise of big data analytics is that we’re going to gain insight, which is going to help performance and address the climate transition,” says Henisz. “But it’s not a crystal ball. A lot of analysis has to be done.”

That analysis, in the case of the Great Belt Link, relied heavily on AI. Using IBM Maximo Civil Infrastructure and Maximo Application Suite for intelligent asset management helped Sund & Bælt generate penetrating, real-time analysis on the condition of the bridges, tunnels, and other critical infrastructure components. Harnessing the power of AI to analyze visual inspection data on rust, corrosion, displacement, and stress, alongside maintenance records, design documents and 3-D models, provides Jørgensen’s team with crucial insights not only on the current health of the bridge but also on the potential impact of changing environmental conditions.

The results have been game-changing for the team managing the Great Belt Link. IBM’s AI has accelerated and streamlined workflow processes, including the timing of inspections. It has also quickened the decision-making power of engineers in the field and allowed them to plan further ahead.

To its surprise, the Sund & Bælt team found that the Great Belt Link system, which had been expected to last 100 years, could significantly lengthen its lifespan using AI. “We now know that if we keep getting better information about the health of the concrete and steel, then we can reach 200 years,” says Jørgensen. Those extra hundred years will save the company the cost of new construction and reduce its carbon footprint by 750,000 tons, twice the mass of the Empire State Building—an achievement for both the business and the environment. “Thankfully, they go hand in hand,” Jørgensen says.

For SL Green, the promise of that win-win motivates the company’s ongoing pursuit of even more sustainable buildings. In the coming year, Vulaj says, the company will develop targets to achieve carbon neutrality at buildings like One Vanderbilt—both because the science demands it and because SL Green customers expect it. “Regardless of what the legal mandates are, we feel we have an obligation to reduce emissions and Excellerate the energy efficiency of our buildings,” she says. To ensure its success, SL Green is ditching its sea of spreadsheets and shifting to Envizi, an IBM software suite that will allow the company to manage all its ESG indicators—including energy use, carbon emissions, and environmental and social responsibility metrics—in one place, making it easier to analyze, operationalize, and report.

Once those systems are integrated, Vulaj hopes, One Vanderbilt will stand out even more in the New York City skyline for its green bona fides. But to create a truly sustainable world, buildings like One Vanderbilt will have to become more commonplace, which means more companies will have to supercharge their sustainability initiatives. According to Henisz, companies are currently spending $35 billion per year on financial data, but only $1 billion on ESG data. On one hand, he says, you could look at those figures and focus on the fact that ESG data is just 3 percent of the total spend on financial data. Or you could recognize, as he does, that “there’s a lot of runway to do more.”

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 05:34:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.theatlantic.com/sponsored/ibm-2022/the-secret-weapon-for-sustainable-business-ai/3741/
Killexams : eBook: Fundamentals of uninterrupted IT

Keep IT always-on: defining the new IT profile

The role of IT as we know it is changing. Tech leaders around the globe are going through some of the most challenging IT transformation initiatives due to the trends from the last few years: the global pandemic, the “Great Resignation” and the proliferation and preference of cloud-based applications are among those trends.

Before this shift, IT was known and seen primarily as a support function. But now it’s undeniable that IT has taken centre stage as a business enabler and necessity for enterprise digital transformation. Any company that was delaying their digital transformation suddenly had no choice but to evolve or to disappear.

Serving this purpose isn’t without its difficulties or challenges. How do you keep your entire system online and functioning with no interruptions? We sat down with three tech leaders – Paul Wood, Jeffrey Wood and Laurence Hendy – to discuss what they’re doing to identify and overcome these challenges. And not only that. They also address how to deliver business expectations and a delightful employee experience, too.

Please get this eBook to learn more.

Sat, 24 Sep 2022 12:05:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.itweb.co.za/content/GxwQDq1DZYBMlPVo
Killexams : ‘Exam reports are your best friend’: How these students got 50 in science

Olivia says it doesn’t matter how you do your practice exams, as long as you do them and learn from them.

Key exam dates:

October 28 - Biology

October 31 - Psychology

November 8 - Chemistry

November 9 - Physics

November 10 - Environmental science

Voulgaris’ biology tips:

  • Biology is content heavy, but a lot of questions come up again and again.
  • If you look through exam papers you can sometimes see a pattern.
  • Think outside the box. Sometimes you may get two marks easily off a three-mark question. Think of a creative solution or think abstractly to develop the last answer.
  • Use your memorizing time in the biology exam strategically. Read the short answer question first, then start going through the multiple choice in your head.
  • Find someone you can bounce ideas off – a teacher, friend, parent or study buddy.

Ben Ostermeyer scored a 50 in VCE psychology in 2021 and received a premier’s award.

When Ben Ostermeyer, 18, was studying for his 2021 VCE exams, he was in and out of lockdown. It meant a lot of his study groups were online.

Ostermeyer, a former student of Whitefriars College in Donvale, scored a 50 in psychology and earned himself a premier’s award in the subject. He’s now studying speech pathology at the Australian Catholic University.

He leaned on his teachers, his friends and his mother to drill content before doing practice exams.

“I got other people involved. I studied with my mates and my mum and went through the content togther,” he says.

He did about 10 practice exams altogether, the first few of which he did open-book style to identify areas he needed to focus more on, before progressing to closed-book exams.

Although he didn’t use a timetable to study, Ostermeyer did make sure he did all his practice exams at the same time they were scheduled: 10am.

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The psychology exam includes multiple choice, short-answer questions and an extended-answer question. He says it was good to experiment with completing the different sections at different paces.

“In the exam, I found I spent more time on the multiple choice. In my practice exams I was flying through the multiple choice. I would recommend trying to do them at different paces,” he says.

He also recommends spending time studying research methods – hypotheses, independent variables and experiments.

“Just get in there, have a crack at it. I was little bit nervous. I was pretty confident going in because I put in a lot of work, so I knew that would put me in good stead.”

Both students advise getting a good night’s sleep before the exam and taking time to relax, whether that’s by listening to music, doing puzzles or exercising.

Voulgaris says to remember that there are many pathways into your future career. “I’m at uni now. It’s a completely different landscape. No one cares what my ATAR was,” she says.

“I’m doing bio-med. You can do the same path through science. There are always options. You aren’t looking at it as a score that evaluates yourself. It’s just another tool to get where you need to go.”

Tips from assessors from previous science exams:

PHYSICS

  • Show sufficient working. Assessors say students should imagine what they would write if they were explaining their thinking to a teacher or peer.
  • Don’t round too much during calculations. Students should carry as many decimal places as is reasonable and only round at the end.
  • Don’t copy text directly from reference sheets. Assessors say it’s obvious when the response has no relation to the question.
  • For calculation questions worth more than three marks, plan the layout of your work.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

  • Understand key terms from the study design and be able to apply them.
  • Include clear detail and be able to show key science skills.

CHEMISTRY

  • Use the study design to prepare for the exam. In last year’s exam, a number of questions directly related to the study design.
  • Be familiar with and use the key knowledge and skills in the study design.
  • Read the question carefully. If it asks to calculate a number, make sure it’s in the units specified in the stem.
  • Make sure all key aspects of a question are addressed in your answer, especially in descriptive responses.

PSYCHOLOGY

  • Respond to every multiple-choice question, even if you don’t know it.
  • Write within the marked boundaries of the exam paper and highlight if your response is continued on an extra space.
  • Make sure you answer the question asked.
  • Make sure you don’t misspell words that could alter the meaning of what you are saying, ie: “semantic” instead of “somatic”.

The Morning Edition newsletter is our guide to the day’s most important and interesting stories, analysis and insights. Sign up here.

Fri, 30 Sep 2022 13:33:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/exam-reports-are-your-best-friend-how-these-students-got-50-in-science-20220922-p5bkbp.html
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